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AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

OF THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF NEW MEXICO:



1970-1990













By





Neal W. Ackerly, Ph.D.



and



Sally J. Lee





























A Report Prepared by the Center for Anthropological Research,

New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM

for the

Historic Preservation Division, Santa Fe, NM











1991

REFNO. 1

ARMS LOG NO. 22598

AUTHOR Abbott, David R.

DATE 1979a

TITLE An Intensive Archaeological Survey of the Oso Site Preparation Locations. Carson National Forest, Canjilon Ranger District. Report No. 1979-02-037.



This block project encompassed 661 acres in Rio Arriba County. Landforms consisted of dissected ridges. Elevations were not mentioned in the report. Vegetation present in the study area included conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 9 - 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The two sites recorded were lithic scatter sites. No ages were assigned to these sites.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 2

ARMS LOG NO. 22597

AUTHOR Abbott, David R.

DATE 1979b

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of the Pinabetal Site Preparation Project Tres Piedras Ranger District Carson National Forest, New Mexico. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Southwestern Region. Report No. 1979-02-036.



This block project encompassed 714 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of volcanic rubble and exposed bedrock landforms. Elevation ranges from 8,900 to 9,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 15 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. The four sites recorded were all lithic scatter sites

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 3

ARMS LOG NO. 22590

AUTHOR Abbott, David R.

DATE 1979c

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of the Proposed Maestas Timber Sale. Taos Ranger District Carson National Forest, New Mexico. Report No. 1979-02-026.



This sample transect project encompassed 817 acres in Taos County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge landforms. Elevations ranged from 7300 - 7459 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 10% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and one isolated occurrence was recorded during this project.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 4

ARMS LOG NO. 26392

AUTHOR Abel, Brent H.

DATE 1988

TITLE Torito Timber Sale Area Cultural Resources Survey. U.S. Forest Service, Santa Fe National Forest, Pecos Ranger District, Report No. 1989-10-065.



This block project encompassed 1,946 acres in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 8,080 and 9,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included log cabins (3), lumber mill (1), and outbuildings (1). Most date between 1880-1930.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (milk, "Prince Albert", Baking Soda) and glass (aqua and amethyst).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 5

ARMS LOG NO. 28866

AUTHOR Ackerly, Neal W.

DATE 1990

TITLE Playa Margin Adaptations in the Southern Jornada del Muerto: The Isaack's Lake Playa Survey. New Mexico State University, Center for Anthropological Research, Report No. 681, Las Cruces.



This mixed project encompassed 2720 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of lower bajada and playa landforms. Elevations varied between 4295 -4875 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% block and 25% random sample of 11 mi2 in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 21 sites and 148 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 15 were lithic scatter sites and 5 were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites. One historic Anglo trash scatter dating to the 1930's was recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, five were assigned to the late Formative Period. Most sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 30 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Leslie's 3AJ, 2BI, 8CG, 1CB, 2DD, 1AG, and Cody types.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unidentified Red-on-terracotta, Classic Mimbres B/w, and El Paso Brownware.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include cans (hole-in-top, sanitary), glass (blue, purple, green, amber, clear), ceramics (earthenware, "Fiesta"), and metal items (tricycle). Maker's marks were presented.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifacts by site and inter-site comparisons of artifact assemblages. There were also detailed statistical analyses of site distributions by major environmental zones.

































REFNO. 6

ARMS LOG NO. 23747

AUTHOR Ackerly, Neal W., Cody B. Browning, Mary G. Canavan, and Michael Johnson

DATE 1988

TITLE A Preliminary Evaluation of Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in Grant and Luna Counties, New Mexico: Results of a Sample Survey on State of New Mexico Lands. New Mexico State University, Center for Anthropological Research, Report No. 7657, Las Cruces.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 1,600 acres in Grant and Luna Counties. The project area consisted primarily of basin and bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 4,500 and 4,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 7.9% judgemental sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 48 sites and 226 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 14 were lithic scatter sites, six were sherd/lithic scatter sites, 10 were sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter sites, 12 were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock and groundstone scatter sites, and two were pithouse villages.

Two historic Anglo sites were recorded in the study area. There was a small trash dump dating to the 1930's and a water control dam dating to 1919.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Archaic Period, three were assigned to the Three Circle-early Mimbres phase, and three were assigned to the Three Circle phase. One site contained multiple components (Georgetown-Mimbres).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownwares, Clapboard Corrugated, Mimbres B/w, Smudged Plain, Indented Corrugated, Mogollon R/br, San Francisco, Three Circle R/w, and El Paso Polychrome.

The report contained tabular summaries and statistical analyses of sites by environmental zones.

REFNO. 7

ARMS LOG NO. 18213

AUTHOR Acklen, John

DATE 1987

TITLE Report of Class II Survey and Testing of Cultural Resources at the WIPP Site at Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mariah Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, New Mexico.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 3,100 acres in Eddy and Lea Counties. The project area was situated in the Southern Great Plains Province and consisted primarily of valley and plains landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included desert-scrub.

The survey consisted of a 77% sample in which 20m crew spacing transects formed the basis for data collection. A total of 40 sites and 75 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 15 were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, nine were lithic/fire-cracked rock/sherd sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock/hearth sites, two were hearth/ lithic/sherd sites, one was lithic/sherd site, three were fire-cracked rock/sherd sites, one was a fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a fire-cracked rock/groundstone/lithic scatter site, one was a hearth/lithic scatter site, one was a lithic scatter site, one was a ash stain/lithic scatter site, one was an ash stained/sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter site, one was a fire-cracked rock/bone/lithic site, and one was a jacal structure site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, five were assigned to the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Culture Tradition.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic, Travis and Bajada.

Ceramic analyses of assemblages focused on primarily in-field analyses with a small sample analyzed in the laboratory. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Plain, Ochoa Brown, San Andres R/t, Jornada Brown, El Paso Painted, Chupadero Whiteware, South Pecos Brown, San Francisco Red, El Paso Polychrome, and Chupadero B/w wares.

Specialized studies focused only on radiocarbon dating. C14 samples from several of the hearths range from 1210 + 130 BP - 950 + 90 BP

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 8

ARMS LOG NO. 18212

AUTHOR Acklen, John C., Jack B. Bertram, Amy C. Earls, Daniel J. McGuire, and Kweren Kramer.

DATE 1986

TITLE Cuchillo Assessment Study, Cultural Resources Assessment Report. Mariah Associates, Inc., Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1108 acres in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of Basin and Range Province, ranges of low relief, and alluvial outwash landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included cresote, mesquite, yucca, cottonwood, oak, and walnut.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 20 sites and 72 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at six sites including Mogollon masonry rooms, kivas, and artifact scatters.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were rock masonry sites, two were pithouse/pueblo sites, two were lithic scatter sites, two were rockshelter sites, and two were lithic/sherd scatter sites. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. Cairns, mines, a child's fort, a Butterfield stage station/ranch, and an adobe ranch complex make up the majority of these remains.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, three were assigned to the late Archaic Period, one predates A.D. 1000 and four date to A. D. 1000-1300. Four sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 35 items. Lithic analyses focused primarily on technological and raw material analyses of debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro, Agate Basin, and Milnesand/En Medio.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unidentified B/w, Mimbres Boldface, brownware, Mimbres Classic, Red Mesa B/w, Reserve B/w, San Francisco Red, El Paso Plain, Clapboard Corrugated, White Mountain Redware, Socorro B/w, Three Circle, Chupadero B/w, and El Paso Polychrome ares.

Lepus sp. and Artiodactyl remains were recovered from the kiva site. Historic artifacts included aqua, green, purple, and brown glass, kitchenware (glaze and stoneware). Oral histories were collected from 18 residents regarding the possible inundation of a cemetary.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project. Tabular summaries of artifacts were provided.

REFNO. 9

ARMS LOG NO. 88

AUTHOR Acklen, John C., Scott P. Berger, Mark E. Harlan, Stephen C. Lent, Mary Beth Lucas, and James L. Moore

DATE 1982

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Approximately 4,000 Acres Located Near the Bisti Badlands South of Farmington, New Mexico. Public Service Company of New Mexico, Archaeological Report No. 2,

Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 4,000 acres in San Juan County. The project area was situated in the Navajo section of the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of badland-mesa landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included cool desertshrub and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m or less crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 72 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 13 were lithic scatter sites, 25 were lithic scatters with surface hearth sites, and 25 contain lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock scatters.

Seventeen historic sites were recorded in the study area, all Navajo, most predate 1900. Six were classified as habitation sites and contain wood/masonry hogans, sweathouses and, less often, corrals. Temporary camps consisting of tent pads, ramadas, and corrals comprise the remainder of the historic sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. This project was notable for an absence of Anasazi sites; a pattern attributed to soil unsuited for agriculture. Of these sites, one was assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the Pueblo IV phase of the Pueblo Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Puebloan).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Counts per site rwerely exceed 40 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose, Basketmaker II, Basketmaker III, and Bajada.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Burnham B/w, Lino Gray and Corrugated wares. Historic (Navajo) artifacts included purple glass.

The report contained preliminary analyses of artifact assemb-lages between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 10

ARMS LOG NO. 11717

AUTHOR Allen, Christina G. and Ben A. Nelson (eds.)

DATE 1982

TITLE Anasazi and Navajo Land Use in the McKinley Mine Area Near Gallup, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-282, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at 78 sites in McKinley County. Most of the sites were situated in mesa and canyon land-forms. Elevations varied between 6000 - 8700 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavation samples could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/8in. and natural levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature/structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, 21 were sherd/lithic scatter sites, 12 were small masonry (1-3 room) field-house sites, and 17 were large multi-room pueblo sites. Most sites date between A.D. 1000-1200. Forty-five historic Navajo sites were excavated. Of these, 17 were habitation sites, 21 were isolated sweathouse sites, and seven were corral/pen sites. Most post-date A.D. 1900. A detailed ethnohistory of the region and specific sites is included in the report.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 9 - 206 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Puerco B/r, Wingate B/r, Wingate Polychrome, St.John's B/r, St. John's Polychrome, Reserve B/w, Tularosa B/w, Black Mesa B/w, Sosie B/w, Holbrook B/w, Padre B/w, Walnut B/w, Forest Dale Plain, and Forest Dale Redware. Vessel form, temper, paste, and color data were presented.

Prehistoric architectural features included jacals, ramadas, masonry rooms with unprepwered, stone floors, and masonry and earthen kivas (oval). Extramural features included cists, middens, plazas, hearths, caches, and roasting ovens. Navajo architecture included hogans (log, stone, forked-stick), ramadas, tent pads, and dugouts.

Historic Navajo artifacts noted in the report included glass, metal cans, cartridges, and ceramics (ironstone). Maker's marks were presented for glass and metal items.

Specialized studies include faunal, flotation, pollen, and human osteology. Anasazi faunal consisted primarily of Lepus, Sylvilagus, and Artiodactyls. In contrast, Navajo fauna overwhelmingly consisted of sheep and goats.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained inter-site statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 11

ARMS LOG NO. 4466

AUTHOR Allen, Christina G., Joseph C. Winter, Frederick York and Paul Knight

DATE 1981

TITLE A Cultural Overview and Sample Survey of 21,440 Acres for the Salt River Project. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-67, Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 21,440 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted of plateau, mesa, butte, badland and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 10% systematic random sample in which 8-10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 32 sites, 28 localities, and 64 isolated finds were recorded.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic scatter sites, one was a structure site, one was a rock shelter site, one was a lithic/sherd scatter/corral site, and one was a lithic/sherd scatter/historic sheep camp site.

Twenty-four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 23 were Native American sites. These sites included six Navajo sweathouse sites, four Navajo hogan sites, four Navajo hogan complex sites, two corral sites, two Navajo habitation/corral complex sites, one Navajo hogan/corral/sweathouse site, one Navajo sweathouse/corral site, one Navajo ash scatter/lithic scatter site, one Navajo hogan/corral site, one Navajo corral/cairn site, one Navajo lambing pen/hearth site, one trash scatter site, and one Navajo Squaw Dance site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Anasazi cultural tradition. Two sites contained multiple components (Basketmaker/Pueblo I/Historic and Pueblo II/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, Faded B/w and Gallup B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (clear and purple) and milled lumber.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 12

ARMS LOG NO. 4987

AUTHOR Ambler, J. Richard

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of a Waterline Right-of-Way Near Casmero Lake, New Mexico. Northern Arizona University, Project No. 150-NM-G, Flagstaff, AZ.



This corridor project encompassed 134 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of bajada and plateau landforms. Elevations varied between 7,300 and 7,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 77 sites and 40 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 33 were sherd/lithic scatter sites, 10 were 1-10 room pueblo sites, six were field house sites, four were jacal structures, and one was a water control site. Twenty-one historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites included hogans (11), sweatlodges (3), ramadas (1), and shrines (1). Most post-date 1920.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Pueblo I/Pueblo II Period, 13 were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, seven were assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III Period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo III Period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes rarely exceed 30 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. One projectile point was noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic/technological analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallup B/w, Cibola White, corrugated plain, Red Mesa B/w, Tohatchi Banded, Kiatuthlana B/w, Escavada B/w, and Chuska White wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included metal (hole-in-top cans, crown cap beer) and glass (purple).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 13

ARMS LOG NO. 19074

AUTHOR Amick, Daniel S.

DATE 1987

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Manzano Prescribed Burn Areas for FY 1987. Cibola National Forest, Mountainair Ranger District, Report No. 1987-03-070.



This block project encompassed 984 acres in Torrance County. The project area was located on the eastern flank of the Manzano Mountains and consisted primarily of foothill, canyon, and steep hillslope landforms. Elevation ranges from 7,120 to 8,040 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included spruce and fir.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites and only one isolated occurrence was recorded during this project.

REFNO. 14

ARMS LOG NO. 2434

AUTHOR Anschuetz, Kurt F., Stephen C. Lent, Mark E. Harlan, and Peter Whitely.

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeolgical Survey of Approximately 3,800 Acres Within The Anaconda Company Jackpile Uranium Mine Near Paguate, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-31, Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 3,800 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected canyon and mesa landforms. Elevation ranges from 5,800 to 6,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included juniper, scrub oak, skunkbush, and big sagebrush.

The survey consisted of a 17% intensive survey in which 10-50m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 62 sites and 586 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at one site.

Of the total number of recorded sites, four were lithic scatter sites, nine were roomblock sites, four were sherd/lithic/ fire-cracked rock sites, three were rock alignment sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock/hearth/sherd sites, two were trash scatter/historic herding camp sites, one was a sherd scatter site, one was a sherd/lithic/hearth/rock alignment site, one was a rubble mound site, one was a fieldhouse/trash scatter site, one was a lithic scatter/fire-cracked rock site, one was a sherd/lithic site, one was a lithic/hearth/fire-cracked rock site, and one was an eroded structure/ash lens/trash scatter site. The remaining two sites were classified as unknown. Twenty-nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, twenty-four of the sites were temporary herding camps, one was a herding complex, one was a corral, and one was a firebreak/rubble corral wall/sherd/lithic site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g., projectile points and ceramics. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the Archaic Period, nine were assigned Basketmaker III Period, 20 were assigned to the Pueblo I Period, 25 sites were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, and 13 were assigned to the Pueblo III Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio, Basketmaker III, Indeterminate Pueblo, and Historic Laguna. Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino Polished, Socorro B/w, Mancos B/w, Kiatuthlana B/w, La Plata B/w, McElmo B/w, Socorro B/w, Ashiwi Polychrome, Puerco B/r, Chaco B/w, McElmo B/w, Wingate B/r, San Marcial B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Santa Fe B/w, and Tseh So Corrugated wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 15

ARMS LOG NO. 31178T

AUTHOR Anyon, Roger

DATE 1984

TITLE Test Excavations at Seven Prehistoric Sites on the Clo-Chin-Toh Land Exchange Near Ramah, McKinley County, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-188a, Albuquerque.



This project focused on test excavations at seven sites in McKinley County. Most of the sites were situated in valley landforms. Elevations varied between 6,950 and 7,100 feet. Vegetation in the study area was not included in the report.

Excavation samples of each site could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 or 1/8in. and arbitrary levels were used in most excavations. Excavations were feature or structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was a masonry room site, four were jacal structure sites, and two were mixed masonry, jacal, and pithouse sites. All sites date to A.D. 1200-1300. No historic sites were excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes averaged 319 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Reserve B/w, Corrugated Gray, Tularosa B/w, St. John's B/r, Wingate B/r, Wingate Polychrome, St. John's Polychrome, Plain Gray, and Pinnawa Glaze-on-white wares. Specialized studies include radiocarbon and tree-ring dates. Tree-ring dates were all "vv" dates.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 16

ARMS LOG NO. 31164E

AUTHOR Anyon, Roger, Susan M. Collins, and Kathryn H. Bennett

DATE 1983

TITLE Archaeological Investigations Between Manuelito Canyon and Whitewater Arroyo, Northwest New Mexico. Zuni Archaeology Program, Report No. 185, Zuni.



This project focused on testing and excavations at 16 sites in McKinley County. Most of the sites were situated in ridge and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 6838 - 7240 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavation samples could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on selective screening using screen sizes of 1/4in. and varied 10cm and natural levels were used as conditions warranted. Excavations were feature oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, five were pithouse sites, three were pithouse/masonry pueblo sites, and eight were sherd/lithic scatter sites. Sites range in age from A.D. 1000-1250. No historic sites were excavated. Features included oval, squwere and D-shaped pithouses, extramural features (roasting pits, hearths, and storage pits), masonry roomblocks, jacal structures, and ramadas.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 81 - 9000 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on tool assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Plano, San Jose, and side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Historic Zuni, Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, Puerco B/w, Indented Corrugated, smudged Indented Corrugated, whiteware, grayware, Reserve B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Flagstaff B/w, Walnut B/w, Black Mesa B/w, McElmo B/w, Puerco B/r, Wingate B/r, Wingate Polychrome, St. John's B/r, and St. John's Polychrome. Temper, paste, and vessel form studies were presented in the report. Volumetric studies of ceramics were presented.

Specialized studies include faunal, pollen, flotation, tree-ring dating, archaeomagnetic dating, and human osteology. Rattle-snake, cottontail, dog, turkey, and Lepus sp. were most common at sites in the study area. Pollen spectra reflect pinyon-juniper woodlands and sagebush in the area. Economic species include Cheno-ams, Zea, Cleome, Eriogonum, Yucca, Cruciferae, and Squash. Flotation studies confirm the presence of these species and add Phaseolus, Gossypium, Cycloloma, Echinocereus, and Portulaca to this list. Most tree-ring dates were "vv" dates deriving from secondary refuse. Archaeomagnetic dates post-date A.D. 1000. Studies of three burials were presented.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 17

ARMS LOG NO. 30922T

AUTHOR Anyon, Roger, Jack B. Bertram, Kweren H. Clary, Andrew R. Fowler, Eric E. Inqbar, Dale R. Rugge, and Mollie S. Toll

DATE 1985

TITLE Archaeological Testing at the Fairchild Site (LA 45732) Otero County, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-214a, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Otero County. The site is situated on alluvial fans of the Sacramento Mountains, with an elevation of 4,100 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavations were less than 2% samples of each site. Data recovery at the Fairchild site was restricted to a 1500 by 50ft. right-of-way through the site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/8in. and 10cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations.

The Fairchild Site, LA 45732, is a large lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter. No subsurface features were located. The site dates to A.D. 200-1150.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample size was 654 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages and fire-cracked rock. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unspecified brownwares, Mimbres B/w, El Paso Bichrome, and El Paso Polychrome.

Specialized studies include flotation, pollen, faunal, and radiocarbon studies. The radiocarbon sample dated to A.D. 860 + 90. Faunal remains identified include: blacktail jackrabbit, pronghorn, mule deer, cottontail, and prairie dog. The flotation sample produced pieces of Atriplex, Compositae, cf. Larrea, cf. Prosopis, and unknown conifers. The dominant pollen in samples were Cheno-ams, Larrea tridentata, and Low-Spine composites.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 18

ARMS LOG NO. 8261E

AUTHOR Baker, Craig and Joseph C. Winter (eds.)

DATE 1981

TITLE High Altitude Adaptions Along Redondo Creek: The Baca Geothermal Anthropological Project. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-44, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at 21 sites in Sandoval County. Most of the sites were situated in ridge and valley land-forms. Elevations varied between 8,300 and 9,500 feet. Vegetation in the study area included mixed conifers.

Excavations ranged from less than 1% to 2.6% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/8in. and arbitrary levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, all were lithic/groundstone scatter sites. Most were late Archaic Period or undated. No historic sites were excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 5 - 1000 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Chiricahua, Basketmaker II, and Basketmaker III.

Specialized studies include obsidian hydration dating, pollen, and floral analyses. Obsidian hydration was used to calibrate occupational intensity in the study area. Sourcing studies show the Jemez source to have been used by occupants of the study area. Pollen studies of near-site areas provide modern spectra data only. Dated bog samples extending from 4595 + 105 BP--1830 + 170 BP shows decreasing Pinus and increasing Betula over this interval. Floral results from three sites recovered only Chenoeodium and Polygonum.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 19

ARMS LOG NO. 9888

AUTHOR Baker, Thomas R., Colleen M. Beck, Scott C. Schermer, and Phillip H. Shelley

DATE 1983

TITLE Cultural Resources Reconnaissance of the Conchas Reservoir. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Portales.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 1,000 acres in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 4,155 and 4,218 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 10% environmentally-stratified sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 29 sites and 113 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 29 were lithic/groundstone scatter sites. Nine historic components were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites include five homesteads and four trash dumps.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period and six were assigned to the Archaic Period. Nine sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes almost always exceed 150 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Scallorn, Plainview, Agate Basin, Ensor, Harrell, and Yarbrough.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Kiva Polychrome.

The report contained no statistical analyses of site distributions by environmmental zones.

REFNO. 20

ARMS LOG NO. 22605

AUTHOR Bash, Dallas

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Investigation of the Proposed Lower Zinker Timber Sale. Lincoln National Forest, Cloudcroft Ranger District, Report No. 1979-08-025.



This block project encompassed 700 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and minor drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 8,100 and 8,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers and bluegrass meadows.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and one isolated occurrence was recorded during this project.

REFNO. 21

ARMS LOG NO. 20527

AUTHOR Batcho, David

DATE 1988

TITLE Sludge Drying Area for Sunland Park, New Mexico for Molzen -Corbin and Associates. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 03-15-1988, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 550 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 4,105 and 4,115 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite, yucca, and creosote.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 19 sites and 39 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were lithic, groundstone and fire-cracked rock scatter sites, 13 were sherd, lithic, fire-cracked rock and groundstone scatter sites, and one was a sherd, lithic and fire-cracked rock scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Agate Basin and Folsom/Midland.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brownware, unidentified B/w, El Paso Corrugated, and El Paso Polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (brown). Obsidian hydration dating of two points resulted in dates of 1289 B.C. + 127 and 3119 B.C. + 187 years.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 22

ARMS LOG NO. 19555

AUTHOR Beal, John D.

DATE 1987

TITLE Foundations of the Rio Grande Classic: The Lower Chama River, A.D. 1300-1500. Southwest Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Project No. 137, Santa Fe.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 4,000 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of riverine, badland, and pediment landforms. Elevations varied between 5,620 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and riparian associations.

The survey consisted of an unspecified sample percentage in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 76 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 45 were lithic scatter sites, 11 were sherd and lithic scatter sites, 13 were garden plot sites, five were stone (fieldhouse) sites, and two were rockshelter sites. In addition, 23 masonry pueblos containing between 23-1000 rooms were recorded.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. This was an Anglo trash scatter dating to the 1960's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, almost all were assigned to the post-A.D. 1250 period. Pueblo sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Basketmaker II, Archaic, Pueblo IV, Pueblo III/Pueblo IV, and Armijo.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Abiquiu B/g, Tsankwi B/c, Micaceous Utility, corrugated gray, Bandelier B/g, Indented Corrugated, Biscuit B, Wiyo B/w, Santa Fe B/w, Pindi B/w, Tesuque Smeared Indented, Cundiyo Micaceous, and Smeared Indented wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

Previous tree-ring dates from large pueblos were summarized.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 23

ARMS LOG NO. 21043T

AUTHOR Beal, John D.

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Testing and Interpretations: LA 46358. Southwest Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Project No. 180, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Sandoval County. The site was situated in terrace landforms, with an elevation of 5,200 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands (saltbush, sagebrush, snakeweed, galleta grass and ricegrass).

Excavations consisted of 60% samples of the site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/8in. and natural stratigraphic levels were used in all excavations.

Site LA 46358 was a hearth/sherd/lithic scatter site. It was assigned to the Alameda/Pueblo I transition. Both Anasazi and Mogollon traits were suggested for the site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. The sample size was 496 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino Smudged, Alma Smudged, Alma Plain, Alma Punched, Kana'a Gray, San Marcial B/w, and Mogollon Brownwares.

Specialized studies include pollen, obsidian, hydration, and flotation samples. The obsidian hydration samples resulted in approximate dates of A.D. 346, 614 B.C., A.D. 466, 994 B.C., and 164 B.C. Cheno-ams and Artemisia dominated the pollen samples. The macrofloral samples included Amaranthus, Cryptantha, Euphorbia, Oryzopsis, Juniperus, Arttemisia, and Artemisia/Chrysothamnus remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 24

ARMS LOG NO. 13227

AUTHOR Beal, John D.

DATE 1985

TITLE The Sheep Timber Sale: An Archaeological Survey. Southwest Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Project No. 168, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 2,052 acres in Santa Fe and Rio Arriba Counties. Landforms and vegetation were not discussed in the report.

The survey consisted of a 99% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and seven isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, three were lithic scatter sites. No ages were estimated for these sites.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. The site appeared to have been Hispanic in orgin.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 25

ARMS LOG NO. 6127

AUTHOR Beal, John D.

DATE 1983

TITLE A Predictive Sample Survey in the Southern San Juan Basin Preliminary Report. School of American Research, Report No. 0108, Santa Fe.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 2,447 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted of ridge, hilltop, slope, bench, valley bottom, drainage, and floodplain landforms. Eleva-tional ranges were not indicated. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grassland.

The survey consisted of a 15% sample in which 16-18m crew spacing transects formed the basis for data collection. A total of 94 sites and 217 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 35 were lithic scatter sites and 19 were sherd scatter sites. Forty historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 22 were Native American sites. These sites included eight hogan sites, three hogan/corral/sweatlodge/rock pile sites, two hogan/corral/rock wall sites, two hogan/corral/pen sites, two corral sites, two petro sites, two corral/windbreak/dump/hearth/pen sites, two pen/hogan sites, one cairn/windbreak site, one corral/sweatlodge site, one rectangular structure/corral site, one hogan/trash dump/ash pile/pen site, one storage site, one corral/trash dump site, one trail/petroglyph site, one rock pile/trash dump/hearth site, one hogan/sweatlodge/rock pile site, one windbreak site, one corral/windbreak/rock pile site, one pen/masonry shelter site, one cairn/hearth site, one rock shelter/hogan site, one hogan/sweatlodge/corral/rock wall site, one masonry structure/pen/corral/ash pile site, one sweatlodge/rock pile site, one trash dump/trough/ash pile site, and one hogan/sweatlodge/trash dump/hearth site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada, Armijo, early Archaic, Pelona, Basketmaker II, San Jose, En Medio and Pueblo.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chaco B/w, Kiatuthlana B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Crumbled House B/w, Laguna/Acoma, Puerco B/w, McElmo B/w, Wingate B/r, unspecified B/w, corrugated redware, whiteware, and greyware.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included purple glass, enamel pot, coffee pot, shoes, dutch oven, oil cans, china, and crockery.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 26

ARMS LOG NO. 27

AUTHOR Beal, John D.

DATE 1980a

TITLE Archaeolgical Survey of 13 Square Miles Adjacent to the Desliz Escarpment, McKinley Mine, New Mexico Part I-Survey and Results. School of American Research, Report No. 030, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 8,320 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted of basin and mesa landforms. Elevations ranged from 5,000 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation included grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-17m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 129 sites and 541 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 62 were lithic scatter sites, 18 were sherd and/or lithic scatter sites, six were sandstone/masonry structure sites, two were sherd/historic artifact scatter sites, two were rockwall alignment sites, two were hearth/lithic/sherd/cist sites, two were structure/lithic/sherd/ historic artifact sites, two were rock structure/petroglyph/lithic sites, two were structure/historic artifact sites, two were masonry/lithic sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, two were adobe wall sites, three were hogan sites, two were historic trash sites, two were historic water control sites, two were historic homestead sites, one was a sweatlodge site, two were corral sites, one was a sherd/rock shelter site, one was a hearth/ sherd site, two were sherd/lithic/historic artifact sites, one was a masonry structure/lithic, one was a masonry structure/sherd/historic artifact site, two were masonry structure/lithic/petroglyph/ historic artifact sites, one was a lithic scatter/corral site, one was a corral/structure/historic irrigation ditch site, and one was a petroglyph/sherd site. Twelve historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was Hispanic/Navajo, five were Hispanic, and six were Navajo/Hispanic/Anglo.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g., projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the early Archaic Period, 16 to the late Archaic Period, 14 to the Basketmaker II Period, 45 to the Pueblo Period, six to the Navajo Culture, and five to the Hispanic Culture.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Armijo, Bajada, Basketmaker, Jay, En Medio/Armijo, Trujillo, Archaic/Basketmaker II, and Grants Obsidian Basketmaker II. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages which contained Tularosa B/w, Gallup B/w, Crumbled House B/w, Socorro B/w, Puerco B/w, Escavada B/w, Chaco B/w, McElmo B/w, Wingate B/r, Puerco B/r, and plain grayware.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 27

ARMS LOG NO. 5271

AUTHOR Beal, John D.

DATE 1980b

TITLE An Archaeological Reconnaissance and Predictive Survey Conducted Between the Continental Divide and Mesa Chivato, McKinley County, New Mexico. School of American Research, Report No. 013, Santa Fe.



This stratified sample quadrat project encompassed 19,200 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of basin and range landforms. Elevations averaged approximately 6,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands. The survey consisted of an 8% sample in which 15-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 56 sites and 55 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 13 were lithic scatter sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, two were masonry feature sites, two were hearth/lithic sites, two were rock ring sites, one was a stone feature/sherd scatter site, one was a multi-room pueblo site, one was a one-room pueblo site, three were hearth sites, one was a masonry/petroglyph/hearth site, one was a windbreak/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a masonry structure/corral site, one was a masonry corral site, one was a corral/sherd/lithic scatter site, and one was a windbreak/stone wall pit/cairn site. Twenty historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, two were Hispanic sites. These sites included four homesteads, two sandstone slab sites, three masonry sites, three petroglyph sites, one masonry/historic trash scatter, one rock pile site, one check dam/corral site, one horizontal slab site, one historic storage feature/Basketmaker cist site, one masonry/sherd/lithic scatter site, and one masonry/corral site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g., projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, eight were assigned to the Archaic Period and eight were assigned to the Pueblo II Period. Seven sites contained multiple components (Cody-PaleoIndian/Archaic, Pueblo II/Historic, Archaic/ Historic, Basketmaker II/Archaic, Basketmaker III/Historic and Archaic/Pueblo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Pueblo, Jay, and Eden. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Puerco B/w, Escavada B/w, Wingate B/r, Gallup B/w, Crumbled House B/w, La Plata B/w, Tunicha B/w, Puerco B/r, and Red Mesa B/w wares. Historic artifacts noted in the report included bottle stopper, purple glass, crockery, china, soldered seam tin cans, frosted bottle glass, enamel cookware, Prince Albert Tobacco can lid, and brown and aqua glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 28

ARMS LOG NO. 26654T

AUTHOR Beal, John D.

DATE 1980c

TITLE 1979 Sample and Site Specific Testing Program at Abiquiu Reservoir. School of American Research, Report No. 920, Santa Fe.



This project focused on surface collections and test excavations at 65 sites in Rio Arriba County. Most of the sites were situated in canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 6,200 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavation sample fraction could not be determined. Artifact recovery methods were not specified.

Of the total number of tested prehistoric sites, 17 were Archaic fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter sites, 23 were indeterminate lithic scatter sites, one was an Archaic rockshelter, and two were tipi ring sites.

Three historic sites were surface collected or test excavated. Of these, 16 were Navajo sites, eight were Hispanic sites, and one was a Tewa site. Three sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Hispanic, Navajo and Hispanic). Historic excavation focused on hogans (10). Hispanic petroglyphs were found. A corral and Hispanic homestead were also noted.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses were cursory. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Basketmaker II, Bajada, and En Medio.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Apodaca Gray, San Juan R/t, Tewa Gray, Peñasco Micaceous, Tewa Polychrome, Tewa R/bu, Santa Fe B/w, and Kapo Black.

Specialized studies include pollen, flotation, radiocarbon, obsidian hydration, and tree-ring analyses. Pollen studies show persistent pinyon-juniper woodlands throughout the occupation history of the area. Flotation analyses proved unproductive for Archaic contexts. Navajo samples showed the presence of Cheno-ams and C.pepo. Radiocarbon dating focused on sites post-dating A.D. 1300. Obsidian hydration provided only rim thickness; sourcing was attempted. Tree-ring dates were "vv" dates post-dating A.D. 1845.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 29

ARMS LOG NO. 27184E

AUTHOR Beal, John, Terry Bantesh, Jennifer Gish, Linda Scott, and Jason Weekooty

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Investigation at Three Archaeological Sites, Near Farmington, San Juan County, New Mexico. Zuni Archaeology Program, Report No. 225, Zuni.



This project focused on excavations at three sites in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in escarpment landforms. Elevations varied between 1,620 and 5,240 feet. Vegetation in the study area included shrub grasslands (winterfat, Indian ricegrass, galleta, and Mormon tea).

Excavations ranged from 54% to 100% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on 5-10cm levels in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was an Archaic lithic scatter and one was a Pueblo habitation. One historic site was excavated. It was a Historic Navajo site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 91-406 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mesa Verde B/w, Cortez B/w, Mancos B/w, McElmo B/w, Mancos Corrugated, Mesa Verde Corrugated, Wingate B/w, and Wingate Polychrome.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include an evaporated milk can and a wooden lath.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dating, pollen, macrofloral, and faunal studies. C14 dates of 1260 + 60 A.D., 900 + 60 A.D., 1070 + 70 A.D., 1120 + 50 A.D., and 1160 + 60 A.D. were obtained. Pollen studies revealed the presence of Cheno-ams, Zea, Pinus edulis, Juniperus, and Low-Spine Compositae pollen. Macro-floral remains included Zea mays, Cheno-ams, and Gramineae seeds. Turkey, black-tailed jackrabbit, and prairie dog comprise the majority of the faunal remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 30

ARMS LOG NO. 35774

AUTHOR Beckes, Michael R.

DATE 1977

TITLE Prehistoric Cultural Stability and Change in the Southern Tularosa Basin. University of Pittsburgh, Ph.D. dissertation.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 138,240 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of dune, bolson, and bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 4,000 and 5,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 19.82% sample in which 30-70m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 414 sites were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at 12 sites, including sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatters and rockshelters.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 43 were lithic scatter/quarry sites, 156 were "sherd camp" sites, 119 were sherd/fire-cracked rock sites, 30 were "village complex" sites, 29 were rockshelters, and 24 were isolated hearth sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, six were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, 30 to the Archaic Period, 13 to the Doña Ana phase, 221 to the El Paso phase, and 254 to the Formative Period. Of these, 26 were Mesilla phase sites. The remainder could not be dated.

Artifact data were based on in-field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes averaged 53 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Folsom, Plainview, Livermore, Ensor, Pandale, Paisano, Fairland, Lerma, Shumla, Harrel, and Meserve.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages which contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Mimbres Classic B/w, Three Rivers R/t, Playas Red, Casas Grandes Plain, Jornada Brown, Seco Corrugated, San Andres R/t, Alma Plain, Alma Corrugated, Mimbres Boldface B/w, Ramos Polychrome, Convento Patterned Incised Corrugated, Tucson Polychrome, San Francisco Red, Reserve Plain Corrugated, Villa Ahumada Polychrome, Mata R/bu Textured, Lincoln B/r, Three Circle R/w, Ochoa Brown Smudged Indented, Tularosa Indented Corrugated, Gila Polychrome, Galisteo B/w, and Corralitos Polychrome.

Prehistoric burials, ramadas, and marine shells were found at tested sites. Specialized studies included radiocarbon dating, raw material analyses, and human osteology. Radiocarbon dates ranging from A.D. 770 + 50 - A.D. 1260 + 70 were obtained.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 31

ARMS LOG NO. 596

AUTHOR Beckes, Michael R., Alan R. Dulaney, John D. Pigott, Robert F. Scott IV, and Nancy D. Smiley

DATE 1977

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory and Assessment of McGregor Guided Missile Range, Otero County, New Mexico Part-II: Special Archaeological Studies. University of Texas at Austin, Report No. 65, Austin, TX.



This project focused on excavations at 12 sites in Otero County. Most of the sites were situated in terrace, ridge, cliff, and canyon landforms. Elevation and vegetation were not presented in the report.

Limited subsurface testing was carried out at 12 sites. Arti-fact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, four were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, one was a burial/ lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter site, three were rock- shelter sites (two with pictographs), one was a rectangular depression/fire-cracked rock /sherd/lithic scatter site, two were fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd scatter/mound sites.

One historic site was excavated. It was a historic ranch/ lithic/sherd scatter site. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric/historic).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of 1,924 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Folsom, Plainview-like, Livermore-like, Ensor-like, Shumla, Harrel, and Meserve Points.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Mimbres Classic B/w, Three Rivers R/t, Playas Redware, Casas Grandes Plainware, Jornada Brown, Seco Corrugated, San Andres R/t, White Mountain Redware, Alma (Plain and Corru-gated), Mimbres Boldface B/w, Ramos Polychrome, Covento Patterned Incised Corrugated, and Tucson Polychrome.

Specialized studies include human skeletal analyses. The study was done on a fairly complete burial. The study consisted of age-sex determination and paleopathology.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 32

ARMS LOG NO. 20184

AUTHOR Bertram, Jack B.

DATE 1987

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Lands Proposed for Development of the City of Socorro Waste Water Facility Sludge Management Project. Chambers Group, Inc., Albuquerque. Report No. 88-3.



This block project encompassed 640 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of alluvial fan and parallel drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 4,880 and 5,040 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, snakeweed, narrow-leaf yucca, banana yucca, and cholla).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and 13 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a water control site, and one was a lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Largo Glaze Polychrome and Rio Grande Glaze wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 33

ARMS LOG NO. 25788

AUTHOR Bertram, Jack B., Glen R. Burgett, and Kenneth J. Lord

DATE 1989

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of an AT&T Fiber Optics Communication Cable: The Albuquerque to New Mexico/Arizona Border Segement. Chambers Group, Inc., Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 1,629 acres in Bernalillo, Valencia, Catron, and Socorro Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plains landforms. Elevations varied between 4,700 and 8,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included yucca, grasslands, and mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 27 sites and 40 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at eight sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were sherd and lithic scatter sites (some with hearths), 12 were lithic scatter sites, and three were pueblo sites. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included a trash dump and a homestead (masonry) dating to the 1930's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, three were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo I Period, five were assigned to the Pueblo I/Pueblo II Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo II Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III Period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo IV/Pueblo V Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Pueblo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched, Folsom, and late Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Socorro B/w, Wingate B/r, red, gray, Reserve B/w, Tularosa B/w, Los Lunas Smudged, brownware, Clapboard Neckbanded, Red Mesa B/w, Glaze, Jeddito B/o, Kiatuthlana B/w, Alma Incised, Puerco B/r, and Pilweres Banded wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple) and cartridges (.32 S&W, .44-40 Peters).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 34

ARMS LOG NO. 31176T

AUTHOR Bertram, Jack B., Jeanne A. Schutt, Steven Kuhn, Amy, C. Earls, John C. Acklen, Charles M. Carrillo, and Janette Elyea

DATE 1987

TITLE Report of Surface Collection and Testing at 18 sites Near Abiquiu Reservoir, Northern New Mexico. Mariah Associates, Inc., Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at 18 sites in Rio Arriba County. Most of the sites were situated in canyon and terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 6,200 and 6,400 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

Excavation samples were difficult to determine, but probably did not exceed 1% of each site. Graded 1/4in. and 1/8in. mesh screens and arbitrary 10cm levels formed the basis for data collection. Surface collections preceded excavations at all sites.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, all were lithic scatter sites. Four sites contained masonry structures. No historic sites were excavated. All sites contained multiple components (ranging from Archaic to historic).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 200 - 9000 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were En Medio, San Pedro, Lamy/Llaves, San Jose, Thoms #27, Thoms #26, Thoms #14, Thoms #35, and Abiquiu Ewered.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Powhoge Polychrome, Kwahe'e B/w, Peñasco Micaceous, Valdito, Ocate, Tewa Polished, Santa Fe B/w, and Pueblo II-Pueblo III Corrugated.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include a glass bead and a brass thimble.

Specialized studies include obsidian hydration dating and sourcing, radiocarbon dating, and pollen analyses. Most obsidian was from the Polvadera source. Dates indicate very late ages of purported Oshara projectile points. Radiocarbon and obsidian dates were obtained at LA 51698. Pollen studies proved negative.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 35

ARMS LOG NO. 18996

AUTHOR Bond, Mark

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Survey of a Six-Mile Fenceline on White Sands Missile Range North of Organ, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8717, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 42.9 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo, ridge, and colluvial fan landforms. Elevations varied between 4,810 and 5,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included juniper, creosote, mesquite, squawberry brush, cholla, and prickly pear cactus.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and two isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 36

ARMS LOG NO. 23230

AUTHOR Bowman, James E., Kathleen M. Bowman and John L. Montgomery

DATE 1988a

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Report for ENMR Telephone Cooperative: Bingham Exchange Extension. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology , Report No. F89-101, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 306 acres in Socorro and Torrance Counties. The project area was situated in the Mexican Highlands Section of the Basin and Range Province and consisted primarily of small basin, arroyo, ephermal drainages, ridges, and bajada slope landforms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 6,628 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands with some pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 3-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and eight isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd and lithic scatter site. Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. All of these were Anglo sites. These sites included homesteads/corrals (frame, adobe, and stone) and a trash dump that date to the 1900-1940 period.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the El Paso phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, neck-banded, Glaze, Jornada Brown, and Corona Corrugated wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (solder-seal and "Prince Albert"), glass (Kerr Maufacturing; blue, clear, aqua and brown), and ceramics (whiteware and transfer print).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 37

ARMS LOG NO. 20966

AUTHOR Bowman, James E., Kathleen M. Bowman, and John L. Montgomery

DATE 1988b

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Report for ENMR Telephone Cooporative: Bingham Buried Telephone Cable Project. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. F88-135, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 1,755 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 5441 - 6497 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included semi-desert grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample and judgemental sampling in which 3-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 19 sites and 47 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, four were lithic quarry sites, one was lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock site, four were lithic scatter sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, and one Pueblo IV pueblo was noted. Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These included eight homesteads containing both wood and 19 adobe buildings, corrals and dugouts. Included in this inventory was the abandoned town of Bingham, NM.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo IV phase of the Pueblo Period and one was assigned Pueblo V phase of the Pueblo Period. One site contained multiple components (PaleoIndian to Pueblo IV).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Folsom, Darl, and Leslie's 3-A and 3-F types.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, Glaze, corrugated, and unidentified B/r wares. Historic remains included glass (purple, clear, and aqua), stoneware, and unidentified tin cans (some soldered).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 38

ARMS LOG NO. 20548

AUTHOR Bowman, James E., Kathleen Bowman, John Montgomery, Keith Landreth, and Joanne Dickenson

DATE 1988c

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Report for ENMR Telephone Cooperative: Claunch Buried Telephone Cable Project. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. F88-129, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 1,461 acres in Socorro and Lincoln Counties. The project area consisted primarily of valley-mesa landforms. Elevation varied between 5400 - 6300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a mixed sample in which 100% (BLM and State) and judgemental (private) survey coverage using 3-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 12 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at two sites.

Of the total number of recorded sites, three were lithic scatter sites and one was a burial site. Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all appear to be Anglo sites. Historic sites included homesteads (adobe dugout and frame) and corral/well complexes.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, three were assigned to the later phase of the Archaic Period. One site contained multiple components (historic and prehistoric). Most historic sites post-date A.D. 1900.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Palmillas, Fresno and Darl.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tewa Polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts included metal (iron, hole-in-top cans), glass (brown, clear, green, purple, and aqua), and domestic ceramics (stoneware and earthenware). Specific maker's marks included Southern Potters Inc. (Dallas, TX 1928-1938).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 39

ARMS LOG NO. 16395

AUTHOR Boyd, Douglas K. and Meeks Etchieson

DATE 1986

TITLE Historic Resources Related to Construction Activities at Elephant Butte Reservoir. Bureau of Reclamation, Southwest Region, Amarillo, TX.



This judgemental project is located in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected bajada (Elephant Butte Reservoir) landforms. Elevations varied between 4400 - 4620 feet. Vegetation present in the project area consisted of desert-scrub.

The survey consisted of a reconnaissance survey of historic sites around Elephant Butte Dam. The purpose was to locate historic resources related to the original construction of Elephant Butte Reservoir and later CCC work in the area. Survey methods were not specified.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites include Elephant Butte Townsite/fish hatchery, Water Tank Hill, the construction plant area, Hospital Canyon, Elephant Recreation Area, Elephant Butte cemetery, a structural ruin/trash dump site, a trash dump site, and a multiple foundation/trash dump site.

The sites were dated through architectural, artifactual, and archival sources. All of the sites date to 1900-1940.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Historic artifacts noted in the report include cans, refined earthenware, stoneware, condensed milk cans, Coca Cola bottle fragment, round soda pop bottle fragments with an Indian logo, brown glass medicine bottle, glass fruit jar, purple glass, green glass, and liquor bottles. The report contained a detailed discussion of maker's marks.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 40

ARMS LOG NO. 27471T

AUTHOR Boyer, Jeffery L.

DATE 1986

TITLE Non-Sedentary Sites on the Taos Plateau and in the Rio Ojo Caliente Drainage: The Hernandez-Taos Archaeology Project. Kit Carson Memorial Foundation, Inc., Report No. 19, Taos.



This project focused on excavations at six sites in Taos County. Most of the sites were situated in mesa, gorge, and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 6,720 and 7,050 feet. Vege-tation in the study area included sagebrush-grassland, pinyon-juniper woodlands, and riparian types.

One site, LA 15273, was partially excavated through the placement of three test pits on the site. The test pits were 1 x 1m in size. The total excavation sample was less than 1%.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter site, and one was lithic/groundstone scatter/historic can site. The sites date to the A.D. 700-1400 period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 22 - 378 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Biscuit A, Biscuit B, and Potsuwii Incised.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include cans.

Specialized studies include obsidian hydration dates. The dates range from approximately A.D. 600 to A.D. 1600.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 41

ARMS LOG NO. 7569

AUTHOR Boyer, Jeffrey L.

DATE 1984

TITLE Archaeological Investigations at the San Antonio Mountain Scoria Mine, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. Kit Carson Memorial Foundation, Inc., Report No. 5, Taos.



This block project encompassed 45.4 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of plateau landforms. Elevations varied between 8,350 and 8,460 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 12-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and three isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd and lithic scatter site. One Hispanic historic site is recorded in the study area. This site was a sheep camp (dating between 1900-1934).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and one was assigned to the Puebloan Period. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric Archaic and historic). Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada and San Jose "Basketmaker".

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Taos Plain wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple, "Acieta Mexico") and cans ("KC Baking Powder").

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 42

ARMS LOG NO. 17608

AUTHOR Bradley, Ronna Jane and Michael S. Foster

DATE 1981

TITLE Pasture Ridge: A Cultural Resource Survey of the Proposed Wilding and Christmas Tree Area. Lincoln National Forest, Cloudcroft Ranger District. Report No. 1981-08-039.



This block project encompassed 250 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,080 and 7,261 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 16 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 11 were lithic scatter sites and five were lithic/sherd scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Eden.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, El Paso Polychrome, Jornada Brown and Three Rivers R/t wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 43

ARMS LOG NO. 24533

AUTHOR Broilo, Frank J.

DATE 1971

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Fruitland Coal Lease, San Juan County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 72a, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 6,833 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo and terrace landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation was not specified.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which a truck bumper survey of unspecified spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were groundstone, lithic, and fire-cracked rock scatter sites, 14 were sherd and lithic scatter sites with surface architecture, and one was a petroglyph site. Six sites have 1-5 rooms, three sites have 6-12 rooms, and five sites have 13-20 rooms.

Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Navajo sites. These sites included ranch (hogans) and sheep camp locations.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, none were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, three were assigned to the Archaic Period, 10 were assigned to the Mancos phase of the Pueblo Period. Nine McElmo phase sites and five Mesa Verde phase sites were recorded.

Little artifact data were presented. No projectile points were noted. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mancos B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 44

ARMS LOG NO. 17540

AUTHOR Broom, Patricia and Hugh Davidson

DATE 1977

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Calaveras Timber Sale. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1977-10-027.



This block project encompassed 1,800 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 8,151 and 9,066 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a unspecified judgemental sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of one possible site and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The one possible site recorded was a fieldhouse having no artifacts. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated age of this site was not determined. No artifact data were presented.

REFNO. 45

ARMS LOG NO. 23551

AUTHOR Broster, John B. and Arthur K. Ireland

DATE 1984

TITLE Cultural Resource Management Plan for Timber Sale and Forest Development Areas on the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation Volume I. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Albuquerque Area Office, Foresty Archeological Program, Albuquerque.





This project encompasses 155,200 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consists primarily of upland plateau, canyon, arroyo, and valley landforms. Elevations vary between 7,000 and 9,500 feet. Vegetation in the study area includes ponderosa pine, pinyon, juniper, Gambel oak, sage, gramas, blue grass, and rice grass.

The survey consisted of a 10% sample in which 15m crew spacing forms the basis for data collection. A total of 321 sites and approximately 359 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 60 are sherd/lithic scatter sites, 38 are lithic scatter sites, 32 are pithouse/pithouse village sites, 22 are surface structure sites, and 19 are sherd scatter sites. One hundred and twenty-five historic sites were recorded. These sites include camp/structures (19), homesteads (17), camps (17), trash dumps (30), camp/hearth (5), corrals (14), camp/corrals (5), and sweatlodges (2).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Paleoindian period, 19 were assigned to the Archaic period, and 119 were assigned to the Anasazi period.

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rarely exceed 3,454 artifacts. Lithic analyses focus primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Folsom, Midland, Jay, Bajada, Chiricahua, San Jose, corner-notched, and side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rosa Gray, Rosa Black-on-white, Piedra Black-on-white, Arboles Black-on-white, Gallina Black-on-gray, Gallina Utility, gray wares, and Jemez Black-on-white wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include bottles, purple whiskey flask, medicine bottles, earthenware, vitreous china, stoneware, true porcelain, bone china, Jicarilla Apache Micaceous, Rio Grande Historic and San Juan Historic wares.

The report contains statistical analyses of artifact assemblages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 46

ARMS LOG NO. 8284

AUTHOR Broster, John B. and Bruce G. Harrill

DATE 1982

TITLE A Cultural Resource Management Plan for Timber Sale and Forest Development Areas on the Pueblo of Acoma. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 3,520 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa (Cebolleta) landforms. Elevation ranges from 7,900 to 8,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (pinyon-juniper and ponderosa pine woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 29% stratified sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 89 sites and 70 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 69 were lithic scatter sites, 49 were sherd/lithic scatter sites, four were pueblo sites, and three were rockshelter sites.

Ninety-two historic sites were recorded in the study. Of these, 14 were sheep camps, three were logging camps and the balance were cattle/hunting camps. Most post-date 1930.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, 15 were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, 12 were assigned to the middle-late phase of the Archaic Period and most Anasazi sites date to the Red Mesa phase Period. Twenty-five sites could not be dated. Nineteen sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages (n=5,583). Obsidian was more common in Archaic sites, whereas chert was more frequent in Anasazi sites. Twenty sites had more than 100 lithics; most had less than 20 items. Stylistic analysis was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Clovis, Folsom, Eden (PaleoIndian), with San Jose/San Pedro points equally common in the Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained White Mountain, Red Mesa, Cebolleta, Pilweres, and Acoma phase wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites, both for prehistoric and historic during the project.

Functional classifications of metal containers, earthenware and glassware was presented.

REFNO. 47

ARMS LOG NO. 18612

AUTHOR Brunsman, Julie, Eric Ritter, and Pamela Smith

DATE 1985

TITLE An Archaelogical Survey of 1,435.91 Acres in the Vicinity of Hillsboro, New Mexico. Bureau of Land Management, Las Cruces District, Report No. 030-85-052, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 1,436 acres in Sierra and Doña Ana Counties. The project area consisted primarily of dissected ridge landforms overlooking Percha Creek. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30+m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of seven sites and seven isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were lithic scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site, and one was a rock wall without associated artifacts. No historic sites were recorded in the study area and no estimated ages of sites in these groups were provided.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sites were less than 40 items. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained only brownware sherds.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 48

ARMS LOG NO. 25730

AUTHOR Burns, George, R.

DATE 1989

TITLE An Archaeological Inspection of Five Well Locations in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. San Juan College, Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 89-SJC-005a, Farmington.



This block project encompassed 102.04 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of alluvial plain, arroyo, and bench landforms. Elevations varied between 6,800 - 7,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 5-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 12 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites; seven were sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were fire-cracked rock/sherd/lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic scatter site, and one was a jacal/lithic/sherd scatter site.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. The historic site was a corral/lithic/sherd scatter site. The historic component was Navajo in origin.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric/historic Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Dinetah Gray, Gobernador Polychrome, grayware, and Jemez B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 49

ARMS LOG NO. 24404

AUTHOR Bussey, Stanley D.

DATE 1976

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of a Proposed Water Pipeline Transmission System in Alamo, Caballero, and Gordon Canyons, Otero County, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 70, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 750 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 4,750 and 8,650 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which a 7 m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites were recorded during this project.

All four of the sites recorded consisted of surface lithic scatters. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem- blages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 50

ARMS LOG NO. 11639

AUTHOR Bussey, Stanley D., Shirley Rorex, Jeffrey B. Worrell, and Doug Bretbauer

DATE Undated

TITLE An Archaeological Reconnaissancee of 42 Miles of a Proposed Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Railroad Spur in McKinley County, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 26, Las Cruces.



This project encompassed 3,394 acres in McKinley County. This corridor project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Elevations and vegetation for the project area were not presented in the report.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 30 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were pithouse sites, two were pithouse depression sites, two were rock hogan sites, two were structure sites, two were sherd scatter sites, two were lithic/sherd scatter/possible pithouse sites, one was a rockshelter site, one was a roomblock site, and one was a pithouse/Historic Navajo stone hogan. Thirteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Historic Navajo sites. These sites include six hogan sites, two structure sites, and a metate/lithic/sherd scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 12 were assigned to the Anasazi Cultural tradition, one site was assigned to the Pueblo I Period, one site as assigned to the Pueblo I-Pueblo II Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, eight were assigned to the Pueblo II-Pueblo III Period, and one site was assigned to the Pueblo III Period. One site contained multiple components (Pueblo II/Modern).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rio Grande Glazeware, Kwahe'e B/w, Wingate B/r, Red Mesa B/w, McElmo B/w, Gallup B/w, Chaco Corrugated, Escavada B/w, St. John's B/r, and Santa Fe B/w. Historic artifacts noted in the report include bottles.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 51

ARMS LOG NO. 35775

AUTHOR Camilli, Eileen L., LuAnne Wandsnider, and James I. Ebert

DATE 1988

TITLE Distributional Survey and Excavation of Archaeological Landscapes in the Vicinity of El Paso, Texas. Bureau of Land Management, Las Cruces District Office, Report No. 88-024-3120, Las Cruces.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 15,591 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of dune and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 3,740 and 4,080 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 7.76% sample in which 5m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A non-site approach was adopted. A total of 155 features and 40,350 artifacts were piece-plotted during this project. Site types as usually construed were not defined. Most of the remains consisted of low density lithics and fire-cracked rock. Limited testing was completed of 28 features.

The estimated ages of sites could not be determined given the field methods used. The area was occupied from Archaic to contact times.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes average 2.6 artifacts per acre. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Folsom, Cody, Jay, Augustine, Datil, San Jose, Chiricahua, San Pedro, En Medio, Figeroa, Paisano, Yarbrough, Haves, Scallorn, and Bonham.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Bichrome, El Paso Polychrome, Obliterated Corrugated, Textured Brown, Indented Corrugated, Smudged Indented Corrugated, Clapboard Corrugated, Mimbres Boldface B/w, Mimbres B/w, Chupadero B/w, Ramos Polychrome, Playas Red, Chihuahuan Polychrome, Glazed Mexican Polychrome, and Red Slipped.

Special analyses included radiocarbon dating, obsidian hydration dating, and floral studies. Twenty-six radiocarbon dates from 16 features range from 3115 + 255 B.C.--A.D. 1060 + 160. Seventy-four obsidian dates range from 5012 B.C.--A.D. 1420. Floral analyses showed assemblages dominated by Portulaca, Amarantaus, and Sporobolus.

The report contained tabular summaries and detailed spatial statistical analyses of artifact assemblage sites found during the project.

REFNO. 52

ARMS LOG NO. 16029

AUTHOR Camilli, Eileen

DATE 1980

TITLE Final Report: Intensive Survey of 23 Miles of Hondo Valley-Roswell Section, U.S. 70 Corridor. Bohannan-Huston, Inc., Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 267 acres in Lincoln County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected pediment land-forms. Elevations varied between 4,000 and 5,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and seven isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were lithic scatter sites (some with fire-cracked rock). Seven historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included homesteads (2) and trash dumps (5). Most date between 1880-1930.

Few estimated ages of sites in these groups could be determined. Of these sites, one was assigned to the middle-late phase of the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Augustine.

No ceramics were found.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass ("Kerr", purple, clear, aqua, "McLeans Volacanic", brown), tin cans ("KC Baking Powder"), and ceramics (stoneware and porcelain). Some maker's marks were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 53

ARMS LOG NO. 24366

AUTHOR Camilli, Eileen, Dabney Ford, Signa Larralde

DATE 1988

TITLE San Augustine Coal Area Archaeological Investigations in West-Central New Mexico Vol. 1: Report of the First Field Season. USDA, Bureau of Land Management Stet Series Report No. 3., Farmington.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 43,080 acres in Cibola and Catron Counties. The project area consisted primarily of escarpments and basalt-capped mesa landforms. Elevation ranges from 6,600 to 7,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of 10% sample randomly distributed within four topographically defined strata in which 20-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 303 sites and 75 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The total number of recorded sites contained the following components 61 lithic scatter sites, 211 pueblo sites, seven sherd sites, and two unknown sites.

Seventeen historic components were recorded in the study area. These include corrals (12), trash dumps (3), windmills (2), ovens/hearths (4), outbuildings (2), tanks (1), and structures (17). The age of these phenomena were not indicated.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, three were Basketmaker III-Pueblo I sites, two were Basketmaker III-Pueblo II sites, one was a Pueblo I site, 57 were Pueblo I-Pueblo II sites, three were Pueblo I-III sites, 46 were Pueblo II sites, 44 were Pueblo II-III sites, 14 were Pueblo II-IV sites, 14 were Pueblo III sites, and 32 were Pueblo III-IV sites.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada, San Jose, Armijo, En Medio, Cazador, San Pedro, Chiricahua, and early Pottery Horizon.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Reserve B/w, Tularosa B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Reserve/Tularosa B/w, Lino B/g, La Plata/Kana'a B/w, Kiatuthlana B/W, Escavada B/w, Puerco B/w, Gallup B/w, Socorro B/w, Mimbres B/w, Three Circle B/w, Cheap Johns, Klagetoh, Lino Plain, Kana'a Banded, Plain Gray, Plain Corrugated, Clapboard Corrugated, Indented Corrugated, Obliterated Corrugated, Neck Corrugated, Lino Red, Puerco B/r, Wingate Polychrome, St. Johns B/r, St. Johns Polychrome, Springerville Polychrome, San Francisco Red, Plain Brown, Polished Brown, Neck Banded Brown, Indented Corrugated Brown, Patterned Corrugated, Tooled Corrugated, Fillet Rim, Br/g Corrugated, Mogollon R/b, and Wingate B/r wares.

The report contained considerable statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 54

ARMS LOG NO. 916

AUTHOR Campbell, John M.

DATE 1984b

TITLE Survey and Excavation in the Middle Vermejo Region of Northeast New Mexico, Vols. 1 and 2. Kaiser Steel Corporation, Raton.



This block project encompassed 5,390 acres in Colfax County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected plateau land-forms. Elevations were between 6,000 - 8,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers and mixed grass-lands.

The survey consisted of a 100% discontiguous, environmentally-stratified block in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 157 sites and localities were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at three rockshelters, one lithic scatter, one stone ring, and one rock alignment. Arbitrary 13cm levels and 1/4" mesh screens were used in all testing.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 82 were lithic sites, 17 were stone circle sites, 14 were undefined rock alignment sites, four were sherd sites, four were rockshelter sites, and four were masonry pueblo sites. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. No additional details were provided.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Counts of sites by time period were not presented.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes average 75 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Ellis, Scallorn, Reed, Fresno, Catan, Washita, Archaic, and Bonham. Ceramic assemblages contained Taos Incised, Taos Plain, Taos Neckbanded, Taos B/w, Taos Corrugated, and Rio Grande B/w wares. Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (brown, green and aqua) and cans (sanitary).

Specialized studies included faunal, floral, and radiocarbon dating analyses. Faunal analyses resulted in the identification of charred Sylvilagus, Lepus, Odocoileus, and Antilocapra were primary animals at most sites. Numerous microfauna were found. Radiocarbon dates ranging from 1460 + 80 BP - 1255 + 75 BP were obtained from Deer Fly Shelter. Red Bow shelter had dates of 900 + 115 B.C. - A.D. 1130 + 50. Dates of 1200 + 50 BP - 820 + 50 BP were obtained from KS 259. Floral analyses resulted in the identification of Cheno-ams, Portulaca, Sporobolus, P. edulis, Scirpus, Juniperus, P. ponderosa, Helianthus, Cactaceae, Yucca, and Zea.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from surface and excavated sites found during the project.

REFNO. 55

ARMS LOG NO. 11550

AUTHOR Carroll, Charles

DATE 1985

TITLE An Archaeological Reconnaissance of the Proposed Bureau of Land Management Zuni Salt Lake Exchange Lands. Bureau of Land Management, Socorro Resource Area, Soccoro.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 1,080 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of drainages, mesas and volcanic intrusion landforms. Elevation averaged 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% judgemental sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 16 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, six were lithic scatter sites, one was a rockshelter site, one was a pueblo site, one was a hearth/lithic site, one was a masonry structure site, one was a structure/lithic/sherd site, and one was a cairn site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics from each site. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Anasazi Mogollon Culture Tradition.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tularosa B/w and Reserve B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 56

ARMS LOG NO. 4187

AUTHOR Carrol, Charles H., Michael P. Marshall, and David E. Stuart

DATE 1976

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Public Service Company of New Mexico's 345 KV Transmission Line Right-of-Way: Four Corners to Ambrosia Lake, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 101-147, Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 1,182 acres in McKinley and San Juan Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plains and mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 5,250 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation in the study area was short grass prairie.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 38m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 34 sites and 27 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were fieldhouse sites, two were unit house sites, one was a masonry pueblo (3-6 room) site, three were sherd and/or lithic scatter sites, one was an isolated hearth site, and one was an isolated shrine site. Twenty-two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites included masonry homestead/hogan complexes (8), farmstead/ storage sites (5), sheep camps/corrals (4), and an isolated stone oven (1). Most post-date to 1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II phase, five were assigned to the Pueblo I phase, two were assigned to the Pueblo I/Pueblo IV phase, and two were assigned to the Pueblo II phase of the Anasazi Period. Many sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Kana'a B/w, Black Mesa B/w, Theodore B/w, Chaco Gray, Red Mesa B/w, Chaco B/w, Bennett Plain, Newcomb B/w, Chuska B/w, Sosi B/w, Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, White Mound B/w, Bluff B/r, Blue Shale Corrugated, Hunter Corrugated, and Tocito Gray wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (amber, clear, purple, white, and brown/ "Pippo Brand Beverage, Durango Colorado"), tin cans (soldered top, crimped, and "Calumot Baking Powder"), and ceramics (ironstone, Navajo Redware, and porcelain). Correlations between (quantified) topography and site locations showed little spatial clustering of archaeological sites.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 57

ARMS LOG NO. 19226

AUTHOR Cartledge, Thomas R. and Bob Crostic

DATE 1987

TITLE Peggy Mesa Diversity Unit Timber and Multiple Wood Products Sale Area, Part I Cultural Resources Report. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1987-10-068.



This block project encompassed 639 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa valley and steep escarpment landforms. Elevations varied between 6,400 to 8,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine, Gamble oak).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and seven isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were fieldhouse sites and one was either a pueblo or fieldhouse site. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a log trough and one was a historic cabin foundation/pole corral/trash deposit.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, five were assigned to the Pueblo IV Period, and three were assigned to the Pueblo VI Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jemez B/w and Grey wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included a cabin foundation, a pole corral and trash.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 58

ARMS LOG NO. 21871

AUTHOR Cartledge, Thomas R. and Cathy VanCamp

DATE 1986

TITLE Alamitos Broadcast Burn, 1987 Cultural Resources Report. Santa Fe National Forest, Española Ranger District. Report No. 1986-10-105.



This block project encompassed 3,380 acres in Los Alamos County. The project area consisted primarily of east-west running ridges with interspersed arroyo and canyon landforms. Elevations ranged from 6,900 to 8,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, white fir, Gambel oak, and pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 59

ARMS LOG NO. 20183

AUTHOR Cella, Nancy S.

DATE 1987

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Approximately 800 Acres West of the Double Eagle Airport, Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Chambers Group, Inc., Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 800 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and escarpment landforms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 5,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desert grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and 81 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Heavy ground cover was noted.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period and two were assigned to the early phase of the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Isolated occurrences contained points classified as En Medio.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, brownware, unidentified B/w, and Socorro B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 60

ARMS LOG NO. 7140

AUTHOR Cella, Nancy and William J. Whatley

DATE 1985

TITLE Cultural Resource Investigations on White Mesa Near San Ysidro, New Mexico. Chambers Consultants and Planners, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 800 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa top landforms. Elevations varied between 5,580 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of six sites and 22 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd and lithic site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was recorded as an Anglo trash scatter.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the early Archaic phase, three were assigned to the late Archaic period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo IV phase of the Formative Period. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio and Bajada.

Although ceramics were found, no ceramic analyses were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 61

ARMS LOG NO. 112

AUTHOR Chandler, Susan M. and Susan Eininger

DATE 1982

TITLE Report of the 1981 Field Season Cultural Resources Inventory for the Colorado-Ute Electric Association Rifle to San Juan Transmission Line Project. Nickens and Associates, Montrose, CO.



This corridor project was located in San Juan County and the state of Colorado. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, drainage and terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 5,824 and 7,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included salt-brush, sagebrush, Mormon tea, and galleta grass.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 13-18m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 166 sites and 101 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 81 were lithic scatter sites, 48 were "camp sites", 17 were pueblo sites, eight were sherd/lithic scatter sites, four were lithic quarry sites, two were circular stone structure sites, two were hearth sites, one was a rockshelter site, one was a cliff dwelling site, one was a rock pile site and one was an isolated wall site. Ten historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, seven were Anglo sites. These sites included a homestead, trash dump, cabin, and an earthen dam.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, eight were assigned to the Archaic Period, six were assigned to the Anasazi Period, three were assigned to the Basketmaker II-III Period, two were assigned to the Basketmaker III-Pueblo II Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo I Period, 29 were assigned to the Pueblo I-Pueblo III Period, two were assigned to the Pueblo II-Historic Aboriginal Period, and eight were assigned to the late Prehistoric-Ute Period. Nine sites contained multiple components (Archaic/late prehistoric and Archaic/Anasazi).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 30 - 90 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as side and basally notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Moccasin Gray, Anasazi, plain gray, Chapin Gray, McElmo B/w, Chapin B/w, Mancos B/w, Mancos corrugated, Cortez B/w and Mesa Verde B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included; purple glass, an animal harness, canning jars and lids, tin cans, scrap metal, a "Clabber Girl" lid, white ironstone sherds and a washer wringer.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 62

ARMS LOG NO. 31341

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1990

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Hubbell, Hay and Bear Timber Sales, Lincoln National Forest, Otero County, New Mexico. Las Cruces: Don Clifton Archaeological Consultant.



This project encompasses 3,817 acres in Otero County. The project area consists primarily of mountain landforms. Elevations vary between 7900-9460 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes White fir, ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, Southwest White Pine, and Aspen.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing form the basis for data collection. A total of 20 sites and 52 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were "campsite" sites, one was a lithic scatter site, and one was a "hunting camp" site. Four sites include both historic and prehistoric elements; one was a "hunting camp"/historic trash scatter site, one was a prehistoric/historic "habitation", one was a "hunting camp"/historic nanehing site, and one was a campsite/ historic farmstead site. Eleven historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites include railroads (2), railroad trestle (4), "habitation" (4), and a sawmill (1). The historic resources are realted to homesteading and the railroad, and date to the 1900-1930 period.

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as dart point.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include silver plated concho, cast iron stove parts, white glazed earthenware, glass (clear, amber, milkglass aqua, and purple), railroad ties, milled lumber, a brass hinge, a shell button, galvanized wash tub, and a wood stove.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 63

ARMS LOG NO. 29846

AUTHOR Chavez, Richard

DATE 1983

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of the Bear Timber Sale. USDA Forest Service, Quemado Ranger District, Apache National Forest. Report No. 1983-06-005.



This project encompasses 3,805 acres in Catron County. The project area consists primarily of mountain and canyon landforms. Elevations vary between 8300-9400 feet.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 13m crew spacing on foot and horseback forms the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 64

ARMS LOG NO. 29761

AUTHOR Chavez, Richard

DATE 1981

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Camp Timber Sale. USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region, Quemado Ranger District, Gila National Forest, Report No. 1981-06-048.



This project encompasses 3,418 acres in Catron County. The project area consists primarily of ridge, bench, terrace, and wet weather lake landforms. Elevations vary between 8500-8700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area is not specified.

The survey consisted of a 99% sample in which unspecified crew spacing form the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 65

ARMS LOG NO. 20964

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1988a

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Seismic Line E-87-62 in Indian Basin, Eddy County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8807, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 480 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of hill, ridge and shallow drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 4,068 and 4,476 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included catclaw acacia, creosotebush, mesquite, barberry, and wolfberry.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of one site and 21 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a lithic scatter site. Due to a lack of diagnostic artifacts, the estimated age of the site was not determined.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages within the site found during the project.

REFNO. 66

ARMS LOG NO. 23921E

AUTHOR Clifton, Don and Karl W. Laumbach

DATE 1988b

TITLE Data Recovery at Site LA 66186, Doña Ana County: New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8801, Tularosa.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Doña Ana County. The site is situated in alluvial slope landforms, with an elevation of 3,940 feet. Vegetation in the study area included creosotebush, mesquite, four-wing saltbush, indiqobush, narrow-leaf yucca, and Mormon tea.

A series of test trenches were dug perpendicular to a fenceline within the right-of-way. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and natural stratigraphic levels were used in all excavations.

The site is a lithic/fire-cracked rock site. The site contained a middle-late Archaic Period component.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 442 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Armijo.

Specialized studies include obsidian hydration dating. The dates ranged from 3318 B.C. to A.D. 1691.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages.

REFNO. 67

ARMS LOG NO. 23920

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1988c

TITLE The Small Missile Range Planning Survey and the HVM Camera Project: Archaeological Survey of 2043 Acres on White Sands Missile Range, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8721C and 8708, Tularosa.



This mixed (block and corridor) project encompassed 2,043 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of upper bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 3,956 and 4,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote, mesquite, yucca, and prickly pear cactus.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of eight sites and 69 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd/groundstone/fire-cracked rock site, one was a lithic/sherd/ groundstone site, two were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock/ground-stone sites, and three were sherd/lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the early Mesilla phase and four were assigned to the late Mesilla phase of the Formative Period. One site contained multiple components (historic and prehistoric of the Doña Ana/El Paso phase).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware, Mimbres B/w, Mimbres Corrugated, El Paso Bichrome, St. John's Polychrome, and Chupadero B/w wares. RSI values were computed for sherds at six sites.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included solder-seal cans, hole-in-top cans, barrel hoop, and Fresno.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 68

ARMS LOG NO. 24273

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1988d

TITLE The Environmental Test Area Project: An Archaeological Survey of 1,070 Acres on White Sands Missile Range, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8653, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 1,070 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of Organ Mountain and drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 4,000 and 4,175 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: mesquite, four-wing saltbush, yucca, broom snakeweed, and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and 186 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at one site.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were lithic/sherd scatter/fire-cracked rock sites, five were lithic/ sherd scatter sites, and two were lithic scatter sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, nine were assigned to the Mesilla phase of the Formative Period, one was assigned to the late Mesilla/Doña Ana phase of the Formative Period, and one was assigned to the El Paso phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as late Archaic corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, Mimbres B/w, Chupadero B/w, Mimbres Corrugated, Playas Red Incised, El Paso Polychrome, Alma Plain, and Three Rivers R/t wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 69

ARMS LOG NO. 35776

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1987a

TITLE The Range Road 7 at Sheep Mountain Project: An Archaeological Survey of 830 Acres on White Sands Missile Range, Sierra County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research Report No. 8726, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 830 acres in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected fluvial slope landforms. Elevations varied between 4,238 and 4,460 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included creosote, mesquite, and saltbush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 25 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic and sherd scatter sites, and two were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the early/Mesilla phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown and Mimbres B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (solder-seal) and cartridges (.45-60 UMC).

The report contained no tabular statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 70

ARMS LOG NO. 18995

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1987b

TITLE The TACM Archaeological Project: Survey of 2,950 Acres and Data Recovery from 6 sites, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8709, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 2,950 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 4,360 and 4,921 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included dropseed, yucca, and sagebrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 77 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at six sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, six were lithic/ groundstone/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, and three were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, five were assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period, and two were assigned to the later phase of the Formative Period. One site contained multiple components (PaleoIndian and late Archaic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 40 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched, Armijo and Cody.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brown and plain wares.

Obsidian source data indicate use of material from Corro Del Medio. Obsidian hydration dates were attempted, but proved unsuccessful. Lepus sp. remains were recovered from two sites.

The report contained detailed statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 71

ARMS LOG NO. 35777

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1987c

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Three Areas and a Review of Archaeological Surveys at Helstf, White Sands Missile Range, Otero County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8644, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 92.6 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of low rises and playa landforms. Elevations were approximately 3,960 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: four-wing saltbush, wolfberry, Mormon tea, yucca, and prickly pear cactus.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and one isolated occurrence was recorded during this project.

REFNO. 72

ARMS LOG NO. 24873

AUTHOR Clifton, Don, Karl Laumbach and Marie Stapp

DATE 1987

TITLE The White Sands Missile Range Fiber Optics Communication Network Project: Survey and Testing of Archaeological Sites, 1985-86 (Vols. 1 and 2). Human Systems Research, Report No. 8524, Tularosa.



This corridor survey project encompassed 353.6 acres in Doña Ana, Otero, Sierra, Lincoln, and Socorro Counties. The project area consisted primarily of bolson, dune, and lower bajada landforms. Elevation averaged 4,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote bush, mesquite, and four-wing saltbush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 30 sites and 81 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at nine test units (1 x 1m) and were excavated in arbitrary 10cm levels and 1/2" mesh screens were used. An average of 13 test pits were excavated per site.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 20 were lithic and/ or sherd/groundstone scatter sites, seven were lithic scatter sites, three were sherd/lithic scatter sites, and one was a pithouse site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was an Anglo ranch complex dating to the 1940's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 11 were assigned to the Archaic Period and one to the Formative Period. Four sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 15 (survey) or 100 (testing) artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro, Shumla, El Paso phase, Pelona, and Hueco. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages which contained El Paso brownware, Mimbres B/w, Chupadero B/w, El Paso Polychrome, and Playas Red Incised wares. RSI indices were presented for El Paso and Alma plain sherd groups. Historic artifacts noted in the report included purple glass.

Radiocarbon dates of 220 + 80 B.C., A.D. 280 + 70, A.D. 760 + 60, A.D. 750 + 70, and A.D. 690 + 60 were obtained. Obsidian hydration dating from 24 yielded ages of A.D. 650, A.D. 900, 1300 B.C., A.D. 824, A.D. 188, and 615 B.C.

Flotation analyses of seven samples from two sites found carbonized corn, prickly pear, saltbush, mesquite, dropseed, hedgehog cactus, goosefoot, pigweed, purslane, globemallow and tansy mustard from contexts dating to A.D. 700.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 73

ARMS LOG NO. 16739

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1986a

TITLE The MLRS CINE PROJECT: Archaeological Survey of Three Areas on White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8613, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 71 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, blowout, and plain landforms. Elevations varied between 4,700 and 4,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included narrow-leaf yucca, mesquite, Mormon tea, and prickly pear cactus.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Jornada Mogollon tradition.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 74

ARMS LOG NO. 35778

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1986b

TITLE The Misty Pictures Archaeological Project: An Archaeological Survey of 10 Areas near the Trinity Site, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8602, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 571 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of plain, playa, ridge, and drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 4,685 and 4,875 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included narrow-leaf yucca, mesquite, four-wing saltbush, creosote bush, and broom snakeweed.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 29 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter site and one was a lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter/hearth site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was a 1930's campsite.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 15 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included automobile parts, tin cans, and glass fragments.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 75

ARMS LOG NO. 20325

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1986c

TITLE The Navy Werena Project: An Archaeological Survey of Six Areas on White Sands Missile Range, Otero County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8541, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 536 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of sand dune, ridge, drainage, and playa landforms. Elevations varied between 3,960 and 4,010 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: mesquite, creosote bush, narrow-leaf yucca, and four-wing saltbush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 78 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter/fire-cracked rock sites, two were lithic scatter sites, two were fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a hearth/lithic scatter site, and one was a hearth/lithic/sherd scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, eight were assigned to the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown and Mimbres B/w wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 76

ARMS LOG NO. 11011

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1986d

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of 240 Acres near Stallion Range Center, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8536, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 240 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of low ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 4,957 and 5,149 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included snakeweed, narrow-leaf yucca, prickly pear cactus, creosote, and mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and 47 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 77

ARMS LOG NO. 16743

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1986e

TITLE An Archaeological Survey at the Greasewood Site, the Navy Ordnance Storage Area, and Helstf Area, White Sands Missile Range, Otero and Lincoln Counties, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8529, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 380 acres in Otero and Lincoln Counties. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, alluvial fan and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 4,630 and 4,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: creosote bush, mesquite, Mormon tea, cholla cactus, and prickly pear cactus.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 32 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were sherd/lithic scatter sites and one was a lithic scatter site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was a portion of an old wagon road dating to the 1880-1920 period.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and six were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic/Jornada Mogollon).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 20 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Pelona.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown and El Paso Polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included; cartridges, wagon parts, glass fragments, and tin cans.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 78

ARMS LOG NO. 7094

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1985

TITLE Red Rio I: An Archaeological Survey of 1,280 Acres Near Chupadero Mesa, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8516, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 1,280 acres in Socorro County. The project area was situated in the Basin and Range Province and consisted primarily of low mesa, ridge, Red Canyon, arroyo, and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 6,105 and 6,270 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of an 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of nine sites and 78 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter sites, two were lithic/sherd scatter sites, and one was a lithic/historic trash scatter site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was a campsite dating to the 1920-1930 period.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, and two were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon cultural tradition. One site contained multiple components (lithic/20th Century historic trash).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Mogollon, brown, and Mimbres B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included china, rusted cans, and purple glass.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 79

ARMS LOG NO. 5900

AUTHOR Clifton, Don

DATE 1983

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Simms Mesa Road, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, NMSHD Project AHL7039(1) New Mexico State Highway Department, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 433.2 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 6,150 and 6,640 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and sagebrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 25 sites and three isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were pithouse village sites, four were unit house sites, 11 were sherd and lithic scatter sites, one was a rockshelter site, one was a masonry pueblo site, and three were lithic scatter sites. Three historic components were recorded at prehistoric sites in the study area. Of these, one was a Native American (Navajo) site and two were Anglo sites. These included habitation and petroglyph sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 14 were assigned to the Rosa phase (A.D. 700-850), one was assigned to the Piedra phase, and six were assigned to the Gobernador phase of the Pueblo Period. Twenty-five sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rosa Brown, Piedra B/w, Piedra Gray, Gobernador Polychrome, Dinetah Utility, Jemez B/w, and Gobernador Indented wares. No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 80

ARMS LOG NO. 25998T

AUTHOR Clifton, Donald E., David A. Phillips, Jr., Linda J. Scott, and Margweret Van Ness

DATE 1986

TITLE The Las Cruces Airport: Archaeological Testing at Three Lithic Scatters, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 352, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at five sites in Doña Ana County. Most of the sites were situated in mesa landforms. Elevations were not discussed in the report. Vegetation in the study area included mesquite, saltbush, and creosote bush.

Deposits at each site were hand tested and a series of trenches were made with a backhoe.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was a lithic/fire-cracked rock site, one was a lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock site, and one was a lithic scatter site. The sites were probably utilized sporadically during the ceramic, Archaic and PaleoIndian Periods.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 1,102 - 2,148 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Cody-like, Chiricahua, and San Pedro.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon, and flotation samples. The radiocarbon sample yielded a date of 70 B.C. Flotation studies produced pigweed and purslane remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages.

REFNO. 81

ARMS LOG NO. 11454

AUTHOR Cockerham, Laurel H.

DATE 1978

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Four Seismic Testing Lines in Otero County, New Mexico, and Hudspeth County, Texas. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 188, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 1,280 acres in Otero and Hudspeth Counties. The project area consisted primarily of upper bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 5,113 - 5,376 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 100m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 82

ARMS LOG NO. 58

AUTHOR Hammack, Laurens C.

DATE 1981

TITLE Cultural Resource Inventory Shell CO2 Mainline. Woodward-Clyde Consultants, San Francisco, CA.



This corridor project encompassed 257.41 acres in Sandoval, McKinley and San Juan Counties. The project area consisted of dune, dissected ridges, terraces, plains, and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 3,600 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation included creosote, sagebrush, and rabbitbrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 53 sites and 82 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 20 were lithic /sherd scatter sites, four were cobble mound/sherd sites, three were masonry pueblo sites, one was a pithouse/sherd site, one was a structure/ash stain/lithic site, two were lithic/groundstone scatter sites, one was a jacal structure site, one was a campsite, one was a hearth site, one was a cobble-walled room site, two were field house/lithic/sherd sites, one was a habitation site, one was a cobble mound site, one was sherd/historic trash scatter site, and one was a habitation site/historic homestead. Twelve historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, five were Native American Navajo sites, two were Anglo sites, five were Hispanic sites, two were historic Navajo structure sites, one was a Navajo hogan site, one was a Navajo sweathouse site, one was a Navajo campsite/hearding site, one was a masonry structure site, one was a cobble outline site, one was a trash scatter site, and one was an Anglo homestead site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g. projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, five were assigned to the Archaic Period, one to the Archaic/Basketmaker III Period, two to the Anasazi Cultural tradition, three to the Anasazi/Basketmaker Periods, three to the Anasazi/Basketmaker III/Pueblo I Period, seven to the Anasazi/Pueblo IV Period, four to the Anasazi/Pueblo II-III Period, and one to the Protohistoric/Plains affiliation Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Anasazi-Pueblo/Historic Zia and Anasazi-Pueblo II-III/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages which contained La Plata B/w, Lino Gray, Jemez B/w, Kwahee B/w, Kana'a neck banded, Kana'a B/w, Red Mesa B/w, White Mound/San Marcial B/w, Socorro B/w, Santa Fe B/w, and Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 83

ARMS LOG NO. 2645T

AUTHOR Condie, Carol J.

DATE 1986

TITLE La Cantera, A Pueblo IV Quarry Site on Sandia Pueblo Land, Sandoval County, New Mexico. Quivira Research Center, Publication No. 91, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Sandoval County. The site is situated in mesa and alluvial terrace land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,060 and 5,090 feet. Vegetation in the study area included Indian ricegrass, dropseed, and black grama.

The excavations consisted of digging three 1m by 1m test pits, a backhoe trench, and 20 small shovel tests over the site. Natural stratigraphic levels were used in the excavations.

The La Cantrera Site is a lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter/charcoal stain/subsurface hearth site. The site definitely contained Anasazi components. It is impossible to determine if other cultural affiliations were present at the site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 621 artifacts from the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rio Grande Glaze.

Specialized studies include ethnobotanical and radiocarbon studies. C14 analyses produced an uncorrected date of 300 BP + 50. Ethnobotanical studies revealed the presence of Zea mays at the site.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 84

ARMS LOG NO. 7137

AUTHOR Condie, Carol J.

DATE 1985

TITLE Archaeological Survey of 12.5 Miles of the Pecos River Road. Dalton Canyon to Cowles, San Miguel County, New Mexico. Quivira Research Center, Publication No. 58, Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 285 acres in San Miguel County. The project area was situated in the Southern Rocky Mountain Province and consisted primarily of ridge and Sangre de Cristo Mountain landforms. Elevations varied between 7,300 and 8,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine, alder, wild plum, cottonwood, oak, boxelder, and mountain mahogany.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which transects formed the basis for data collection. A total of 15 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The 15 sites recorded in the survey were all historic sites. The sites represent Hispanic farming and ranching families as they moved from the village of Pecos up the Pecos River Canyon in the 1800's and sites pertaining to the Pecos mine era of the 1890's. The sites included: a chapel/campo-santo, a pre-1890 flume and surface ditch system, a bar/restaurant, the Terrero Cemetery, house foundations (ca. 1926-1939 and 1850-1920), a wood truss bridge, and mine-related structures.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 85

ARMS LOG NO. 19804T

AUTHOR Condie, Carol J. and James L. Moore

DATE 1985

TITLE Investigation of Five Sites Along the Pecos River Road, Dalton Canyon to Terrero, San Miguel County, New Mexico. Quivera Research Center, Publication No. 67, Albuquerque.



This project summarizes testing of five sites in San Miguel County. The project area was situated in the Southern Rocky Mountains Province. Landforms were not mentioned in the report. Elevation is approximately 7,620 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine, and oak).

Excavation samples could not be determined. One-by-one meter test pits using arbitrary 10-20cm levels and 1/4" mesh screens were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature and structure oriented.

Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included a homestead/ brothel complex, a mercantile store, a water control system, and a historic Pecos road. These sites were occupied during the 1880-1939 period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 50 artifacts. Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (clear, purple, amber, green and blue/"E.R. Durkee and Co.", "Hazel-Atlas", "Illinois Glass Company", and "Krick Soft Drink"), ceramics (earthen ware, porcelain, and "Etruria" ironstone), and cans (sanitary, key-open coffee, "Harriet Hubbard Ayers Famous Toilet Preperation", "KC Baking Powder", and "Johnson's Baby Powder"). There was a thorough discussion of artifact assemblages and maker's marks.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages in the sites found during the project.

REFNO. 86

ARMS LOG NO. 23966

AUTHOR Copeland, Denise R.E.

DATE 1988

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of the Microwave Timber Sale, Prescribed Burn, and Water Developments. Cibola National Forest, Mt. Taylor Ranger District, Report No. 1988-03-133.



This block project encompassed 1,588 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevation ranged between 9,640 and 8,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, and aspen.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Only historic sites were recorded in the study area; one dugout, two corrals (recent), and a piece of mixed lumber. The remaining rock wall site was classified as unknown (Laguna Pueblo).

The estimated age of sites in this project area were all modern.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Clear glass was found at one site. Most sites contained no artifacts.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 87

ARMS LOG NO. 20536

AUTHOR Copeland, Denise R.E.

DATE 1987

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of the Copperton Timber Sale, Prescribed Burn and Wild Horse Canyon Water Development Project. Cibola National Forest, Mt. Taylor Ranger District, Report No. 1987-03-108.



This block project encompassed 1,650 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected ridge landforms. Elevations ranged between 8,330 and 8,920 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine and Gamble oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 16 sites and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Five sites were re-recorded from an earlier project.

All sites in the study area were historic. Of these, one was a Navajo site and 15 were Anglo sites. Of these, three were corrals, one was a sweatlodge, three sites were cabins, two were rock foundations, one was a wild horse trap, and one was a collapsed structure of indeterminate function.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on tin can technology and maker's marks. All but one of these sites appear to post-date 1910.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Tin cans included KC Baking powder, evaporated milk, and hole-in-top varieties. Only clear glass was observed.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 88

ARMS LOG NO. 19070

AUTHOR Copeland, James M.

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Survey of F.Y. 1987 Rice Park Preparation, Blocks A, B, C, D, and E. Cibola National Forest, Mt. Taylor Ranger District, Report No. 1987-03-064.



This block project encompassed 437 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of slope, ridge, and hill landforms. Elevations varied between 8,220 and 8,330 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine, short grass, and shrubs.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter sites and one was a lithic scatter/historic log and brush corral site. Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included three log/brush corral sites, two lamb pen sites, and two corral/pen sites.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included hinge-lid tobacco cans, key-opened collar coffee cans, Log Cabin Syrup can, cork lined crown bottle caps, and an Owens Illinois Glass Company brown bottle base.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 89

ARMS LOG NO. 16544

AUTHOR Copeland, James M.

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Survey: Canyoncito CDBG North Extension Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Navajo Nation Cultural Resource Management Program, Report No. 85-221, Window Rock, AZ.



This mixed (block and corridor) project encompassed 161.73 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of hog-back ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 5,670 and 5,930 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included short shrubs and grasslands with scattered juniper.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 15 sites and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were lithic/sherd scatter sites, three were lithic scatter sites, and one was a lithic/sherd/architecture site.

Six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, three were Native American sites. These sites included three trash dumps, one Navajo ceremonial site, and two Navajo residential sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Anasazi Pueblo II-III Period and one was assigned to the Archaic/Pueblo II Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained corrugated gray, plain gray, plain white, and B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included: glass, oven, "Wheatstraw" pennies (ca. 1952-1953), and cork-lined "Royal Crown" bottle caps.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 90

ARMS LOG NO. 7433

AUTHOR Copeland, James M.

DATE 1985

TITLE The Tse Bee Kintsoh Chacoan Outlier Community and An Archaeological Survey of the IHS East Thoreau Project, NA-83-451, McKinley County, New Mexico. Navajo Nation Cultural Resource Management Program, Report No. 84-387, Window Rock, AZ.



This mixed (corridor and block) project encompassed 320.3 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of talus slope, hill, ridge and plain landforms. Elevations varied between 7,000 and 7,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 95 sites and 22 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 25 were structure/midden sites, eight were structure/pit structure depression/midden sites, six were midden sites, six were structure sites, six were shrd/lithic scatter sites, two were structure/pit structure depression/Great Kiva sites, two were sherd scatter sites, one was a pit structure depression/midden site, one was a structure/pit structure depression site, and one was a pit structure depression/Great Kiva site. Several historic sites were recorded in the study area. They all appear to date to the early to mid 20th century and were Native American. These included sweatlodges, probable camps, squaw dance grounds, abandoned homes and clusters of burned rock.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 77% were assigned to the Anasazi Period, 15% were assigned to the Navajo Period and 7% of the sites contain both Anasazi and Navajo elements. One sites was of unknown age.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Kiatuthlana B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Gallup B/w, Escavada B/w, Chaco B/w, Gallup/Chaco B/w, Puerco B/r, Wingate B/r, plain gray, neck banded gray and corrugated gray wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 91

ARMS LOG NO. 27247E

AUTHOR Cronk, Lynn E., Daisy Levine, and Frederick York

DATE 1982

TITLE Archaeological Excavations At An Early Navajo Temporary Campsite Located Near Moncisco Wash In Northwestern New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 293, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in Chaco Plateau landforms, with an elevation of 6,330 feet. Vegetation in the study area included blue grama, galleta, Indian ricegrass, dropseed, and threeawn.

Excavation was based on a 1 x 1m grid system laid over the site. Feature areas were excavated. This was followed by a series of random test areas throughout the site. Artifact recovery was based on 10cm levels in all excavations.

The excavations took place at a Historic Navajo site. The site consisted of a hearth, a horno, a post structure, and an ash/trash dump area. The site was a temporary summer habitation occupied from 1910 until 1913.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. The sample size was 223 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass, tin cans, squwere nails, wire, shoe gommets, and metal fragments.

Specialized studies include flotation, faunal, and pollen analyses. Faunal samples included sheep and goats. Flotation studies revealed the presence of juniper, goosefoot, mallow, plantain, and evening primrose at the site. Cheno-ams was the dominant pollen from the site.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 92

ARMS LOG NO. 31036E

AUTHOR Dart, Al

DATE 1980

TITLE Archaeological Investigations at San Antonio de Padua, LA 24, Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Labora-tory of Anthropology, Note No. 167, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Bernalillo County. The site was situated in valley landforms. Elevation is 6,600 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

Excavation samples could not be determined. Excavation methods were not specified. Archaeological data were prefaced by an ethnohistoric overview of the Hispanic village.

Each historic Pueblo and Hispanic site was excavated. Of the features at the site, 14 were rooms, one was a plaza wall, and one was a palisaded fence. Irrigation systems were also explored.

Artifact data were based on field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes exceeded 90,000 artifacts for the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were side-notched, corner-notched, and stemmed.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Utility Corrugated, Br/w, Utility Neckbanded, Chupadero B/w, St. John's B/r, St. John's Polychrome, Santa Fe B/w, Wiyo B/w, Los Padillas Glaze Polychrome, Klageto B/w, Heshotauthla G-P, Galisteo B/w, Kwakina Polychrome, Glaze A, Biscuit A, Glaze B, Biscuit B, Glaze C, Ocate Micaceous, Glaze E, Jemez B/w, Glaze F, Historic Matte Paint Polychrome, Casitas R/b, Kapo Black, and red ware. Detailed ceramic descriptions were provided. Worked bone and shell were found.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include ceramics (majolica, earthenware, ironstone), glass (aqua, clear, black, amber, green, red, yellow, purple), metal (buttons, tokens, buckles, coins, cartridges, stoneware, and porcelain. Detailed maker's marks were presented for ceramic and glass artifacts.

Specialized studies include human osteology, faunal analyses, and tree-ring dating. Human osteology focused on age-sex determinations of 31 burials, metric studies or stature, dentition studies, and Paleopathologies. Faunal studies using MNI's show Puebloan reliance on cottontail rabbit, turkeys, and Artiodactyls. In contrast, Hispanics relied on sheep, goats, some cattle, and cottontail rabbits. Butchering studies were also presented. Two tree-ring dates were both "vv" dates post-dating A.D. 1775.

The report is both descriptive and interpretive in nature and contained spatial statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 93

ARMS LOG NO. 17558

AUTHOR de Barros, Phillip L. and James N. Hill

DATE 1980

TITLE Report on Archaeological Investigations Done in 1979 on the Santa Fe National Forest by the Pajarito Archaeological Research Project. University of California, Los Angeles.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 567 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa, slope and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 6,500 and 8,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area was not mentioned in the report. However, botanical and pollen were discussed.

The survey consisted of a 0.6% judgemental sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 45 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 16 were pueblo sites, eight were fieldhouse sites, eight were artifact scatter sites, five were water/soil control sites, and one was a trail/step site. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. One site was classified as unknown.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 94

ARMS LOG NO. 25846

AUTHOR Dechambre, David J. and Kent V. Hotsenpiller

DATE 1989

TITLE Oak Timber Sale Sample Survey and Fuelwood Areas: A Cultural Resource Survey. Northland Research Inc., Flagstaff, AZ.



This block project encompassed 1,317 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Eleva-tion ranges between 7,400 and 9,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (pinyon-juniper and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

All of the sites in the study area were recent historic lambing pens. These were recorded as isolated occurrences and not considered eligible for National Register status.

REFNO. 95

ARMS LOG NO. 20982

AUTHOR DeFrancia, Carol

DATE 1988

TITLE Interim Archaeological Survey Report for Fourteen Seismograph Lines for Petty-Ray Geophysical, UTE Mountain Reservation, Colorado and New Mexico. La Plata Archeological Consultants, Report No. 8606, Dolores, CO.



This corridor project encompassed 1,479 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and sagebrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 85 sites and two isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 38 were "habitation" sites, 27 were "limited activity" sites, six were "temporary habitation" sites, and one was a fieldhouse site. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American sites. These sites included "temporary habitations" and hogans. Criteria for these named site types were not presented.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one isolated occurrence was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, one isolated occurrence was assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period, two were assigned to the Basketmaker III Period, 17 were assigned to the Basketmaker III/Pueblo I transition, 11 were assigned to the Pueblo I Period, two were assigned to the Pueblo I/Pueblo II transition, 20 were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, seven were assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III transition, and three were assigned to the Pueblo III Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Pueblo I, Pueblo II and Pueblo III).

Artifact data were not presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 96

ARMS LOG NO. 31157E

AUTHOR Del Bene, Terry, Allen Rorex, and Linda Brett

DATE 1986

TITLE Report on Excavations at LA 30949 and LA 30951. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. MD 82.1, Portales.



This project focused on excavations at two sites in Otero County. Most of the sites were situated in valley landforms. Elevations varied between 5,900 and 6,200 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and riparian associations.

Excavations ranged to upwards of ca. 50% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and both arbitrary 10cm and natural levels were used in both excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric features, one was a Glencoe phase pithouse and 15 were hearth/trash pits. One historic Hispanic homestead was excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 2,000 - 3,000 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were side-notched and corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres B/w, Lincoln B/r, Three Rivers R/t, Chupadero B/w, brownware, Reserve/Tularosa B/w, and Gila Polychrome.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass (brown, clear, green, purple), ceramics (whiteware, buffware), metal (buckle, buttons), and cartridges (.44-60 WRA, .44 Henry).

Specialized studies include radiocarbon, tree-ring dating, pollen, faunal, soil chemistry, and chemical sourcing of obsidian. Radiocarbon dating was productive although some samples may have been contaminated. Tree-ring dates were all "vv" dates. Pollen studies show use of Zea, Cheno-ams, and cholla cactus. Faunal studies at LA 30951 show Lepus, Sylvilagus,and Dama. Selenium studies showed some potential interpretive value. Obsidian chemical studies could not be related to a specific source.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained spatial analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 97

ARMS LOG NO. 25754

AUTHOR Doleman, William H.

DATE 1988

TITLE The Holloman Test Track Impact Area Archaeological Survey. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archeology, Proposal No. 185-366, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,280 acres in Otero County. The project area was situated in the Basin and Range Province and consisted primarily of basin and ephemeral stream landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included yucca, Mormon tea, sagebrush, mesquite, rice grass, giant dropseed, and creosote.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 55 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, two were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock/ash stained sites, one was a lithic scatter site, one was a lithic/fire-cracked rock/hearth site, and one was a lithic scatter/historic site containing 44-caliber Henry Cartridges dating to mid-late 1800's.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. The two historic sites were trash dumps. One site probably dates to the 1940-1950 period and relates to early military activity in the area. The other historic site probably dated to the ca. 1944-1950 period. It was most likely associated with early post-war activity at White Sands Missile Range.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the late Archaic Period and three were assigned to the Formative Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as late Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, Los Lunas Smudged, El Paso Brown, and brownware.

The report contained an extensive statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 98

ARMS LOG NO. 6109

AUTHOR Doleman, William

DATE 1976

TITLE Cultural Resources and Inventory for Phillips Petroleum Company, Noserock Project McKinley County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 129A, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 3,200 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of slope landforms. Elevations varied between 6,300 - 6,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grama grass, dropseed grass, saltbush, prickly pear cactus, snakeweed, and Mormon tea.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30-50m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 75 sites and 41 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were sherd scatter sites, six were fieldhouse sites, four were multi-room structure sites, three were structure/sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were fieldhouse/sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were rectangular wall/sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were sandstone slab wall/hearth/sherd scatter sites, two were cave/wall/hearth/ sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were sandstone slab wall/hogan/ fieldhouse/lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a mound/rock alignment/sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a structure/sandstone slab wall/sherd scatter site, one was a stone pile site, one was a hogan/rock shelter site, two were pueblo sites, one was a sandstone slab wall/rubble mound/sherd scatter site, one was a rubble mound/sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a rectangular structure site, and one was a hearth site.

Thirty-four historic sites were recorded in the study area. All of the historic sites were Navajo in origin. These sites included 20 Navajo shelter sites, five corral sites, four corral/shelter/hogan/historic trash sites, two hogan/corral/historic trash sites, one shelter/lithic/sherd scatter site, one wall/rock pile site, and one pen site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 12 were assigned to the Anasazi cultural tradition. One site contained multiple components (Archaic/Anasazi/historic Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages which contained Red Mesa B/w, Gallup B/w, Anasazi, Puerco B/r, Pueblo III, Indented Corrugated, and White Mound B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included a .44 caliber bullet casing (ca. 1880).

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 99

ARMS LOG NO. 6122

AUTHOR Donaldson, Marcia and Joseph C. Winter

DATE 1983

TITLE Cultural Resource Inventory Along the Proposed Continental Divide Pipeline Southwestern Colorado and Northwestern New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-107, Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 4,242.42 acres in La Plata, San Juan, Sandoval, McKinley, and Cibola Counties. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of alluvial valley, ridge and sand dune landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 5,600 and 7,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 75m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 68 sites and 92 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 50 were lithic and/or sherd scatter sites, four were masonry roomblock/ trash scatter site, four were rubble/sherd/lithic scatter sites, three were masonry structure/sherd/lithic sites, two were petroglyph sites, one was a sandstone rubble/sherd scatter site, two were roomblock/kiva/trash scatter sites, two were rubble/lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter/hearth/historic trash site, one was a sweatlodge/fire-cracked rock site, one was a lithic/historic trash site, one was a hearth/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a sweatlodge/corral/lithic/hearth site, and one was a lithic scatter/hearth site. Thirty-three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 31 were Navajo sites. These included four hogan foundation/historic trash scatter sites, four hogan/corral/historic trash scatter sites, six masonry hogan/historic trash scatter sites, three historic trash scatters, three hogan/sherd/lithic scatter sites, three hogan sites, one structure/historic trash scatter site, three sherd/lithic scatter sites, one hogan/sherd scatter site, one lithic/sherd scatter/midden site, and a railroad bed site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g. decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II-III, five to the Basketmaker III-Pueblo I, 13 to the Pueblo Periods. Four sites contained multiple components (Pueblo III/Navajo and Anasazi/Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages which contained Navajo Utility, Puname Polychrome, Gobernador Polychrome, Jemez B/w, Lino-Chapin, San Juan Red, Piedra B/w, Dinetah Utility, and Mesa Verde White. Historic artifacts noted in the report included china, tin cans, soda bottles, sheep shears, lard cans, coffee cans, and an oven.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 100

ARMS LOG NO. 10700

AUTHOR Duran, Meliha S. and Allen S. Rorex

DATE 1985

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Five Seismic Testing Transects in Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8514, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 748 acres in Eddy and Lea Counties. The project area consisted primarily of coppice dune landforms. Elevations varied between 3,450 and 4,390 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shinnery oak, mesquite, sand sage, and yucca.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 30 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were sherd and lithic sites, six were lithic sites, and two were fire-cracked rock sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, and six were assigned to the Mogollon Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and Mogollon). Seven sites could not be assigned to a time period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not indicated. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Maljamar and Hueco phase types.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brownwares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 101

ARMS LOG NO. 309

AUTHOR Duran, Meliha S.

DATE 1982

TITLE Patterns of Prehistoric Land Use in Doña Ana County, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 471, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 1,618 acres in Doña Ana and Luna Counties. The project area consisted primarily of fault-block range and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 3,700 and 8,870 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite, acacia, creosote, cat's claw, saltbush and White sage.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 144 sites and 903 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 37 were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, 27 were lithic/ fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, 17 were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock sites, 14 were lithic/groundstone sites, 12 were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, 11 were lithic sites, and one was a pithouse village site.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, nine were Anglo or Hispanic sites. These sites include ranch complexes, adobe structure remnants, trash dumps, and possible squatter or bootlegging remnants.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 21 were assigned to the early, middle, and late phases of the Archaic Period and 48 were assigned to the early, middle, and late phases of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed an average of 9/m2 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro, Chiricahua, Shumla, Fresno, and Harrell.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, Mimbres White, Mimbres B/w, El Paso Bichrome, El Paso Polychrome, Alma Plain, Chupadero B/w, Three Rivers R/t, San Andres R/t, Lincoln B/r, Gila Poly- chrome, Cibola White, White Mound/San Marcial B/w, Mogollon White, St. John's Polychrome, Casas Grandes Polychrome, Playas Red Incised, Western Mogollon Corrugated, and Tularosa B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include purple glass, cans, license plates, and barrel hoops.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 102

ARMS LOG NO. 18528

AUTHOR Dykeman, Douglas D.

DATE 1987

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Four Proposed Seismic Lines (5-26-86, 15-26-86, 6-26-86, and 14-26-86) for Conoco, Inc., in San Juan and Sandoval Counties, New Mexico. Navajo Nation Cultural Resource Management Program, Report No. 86-314, Window Rock, AZ.



This corridor project encompassed 619.87 acres in San Juan and Sandoval Counties. The project area consisted primarily of broad rolling plain landforms. Elevations varied between 6,560 and 7,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which a 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 19 sites and 51 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter sites. Fifteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 14 were Navajo sites and one was an Anglo site. These sites included four sweatlodge sites, three habitation sites, two sherd/lithic sites, one lithic/sherd/historic artifact scatter site, one horno/wood chopping site, one lithic/historic trash scatter site, one post-and-brush structure site, one water well site, one horno site, and one camp site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Anasazi Period, and two were assigned to the prehistoric Navajo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained B/g, plain gray, polychrome, Chuska B/w, Birmhall B/w, Taylor B/w, Navajo Gray and Tohatchi Gray wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included: a sardine can, a milk glass, milled lumber, clear glass, an iron Dutch oven, scrap metal, and tin cans.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 103

ARMS LOG NO. 25756T

AUTHOR Earls, Amy C., Christopher Lintz, and W. Nicholas Trierweiler

DATE 1989

TITLE Analysis of Three Cobble Ring Sites at Abiquiu Reservoir Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. Mariah Associates, Inc., Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at three sites in Rio Arriba County. Most of the sites were situated in valley landforms. Elevations varied between 6,300 and 6,400 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Both auger holes and 1-m squwere test units were placed in structural and nonstructural features of all three sites. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

The three sites contain both prehistoric and historic elements. The sites contain one cobble ring/hearth/fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter site, one cobble ring/hearth/amorphous structure/fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd site, and one cobble ring/fire-cracked rock scatter/hearth/lithic scatter site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 111 - 459 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were San Jose/Armijo/En Medio, San Jose, Armijo, En Medio, San Jose/Armijo, Bajada, Trujillo, and Bajada/San Jose.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plainware, Smewered Indented Corrugated, and Chacoan Micaceous. Petrographic studies were presented in the report.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass beads, gunflint, knife blade, metal cans, and a metal strip.

Specialized studies include obsidian hydration, radiocarbon, faunal, and archaeomagnetic analyses. Six C14 dates were obtained from the excavations. The dates include 2515-1870 B.C., A.D. 1320-1425, 2390-1775 B.C., 3875-3370 B.C., A.D. 655-1010, and A.D. 1265-1655. The obsidian hydration dates range from 2500 B.C. to A.D. 1491. The one archaeomagnetic date obtained was pre-A.D. 1870-1970. Faunal studies produced mule deer remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 104

ARMS LOG NO. 2436

AUTHOR Eck, David C.

DATE 1981a

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Approximately 2,300 Acres Near Gallup, New Mexico, For Carbon Coal Company. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-80, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 2,300 acres in McKinley County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of dissected plains. Elevations varied between 6,665 and 8,010 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and 63 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd scatter site. Thirteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 11 were Native American (Navajo) sites and two were Anglo sites. These sites included homesteads, corrals, mines(Catalpa), hogans(wood, stone), tent pads, and sweathouses (one pre-dates 1900, four date between 1900-1940, and one post-dates 1940). One site contained multiple components (Anasazi and Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallup B/w, redware, and corrugated wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (tobacco, KC Baking, solder-seal), glass (blue, purple, clear, brown and green), and stoneware.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 105

ARMS LOG NO. 16209

AUTHOR Eck, David C.

DATE 1981b

TITLE The Virgin Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory Survey. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1981-10-067A.



This block project encompassed 4,030 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevation ranged from 7,200 to 8,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 201 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were sherd scatter sites, one was a hearth site, one was a waffle garden site, one was a cave/rockshelter site, one was a kiva/rock ring site, two were three-sided structures, one was a cavate room, and 175 were fieldhouses. Fourteen historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of isolated occurrences only. Jemez B/w types were mentioned.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 106

ARMS LOG NO. 16188

AUTHOR Eidenbach, Peter L. and Mark Wimberly

DATE 1980

TITLE Archaeological Reconnaissance in White Sands National Monument, New Mexico, 1978. Human Systems Research, NPS Contract No. CX702970060, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 17,920 acres in Doña Ana and Otero Counties. The project area consisted primarily of parabolic dune and bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 3,900 and 4,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of an unspecified sample in which 300m horseback traverses form the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were "village" sites, three were "hearth" sites, two were possible "field" sites, and two were sherd/lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic period and seven were assigned to the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes varied from 2-112 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses were minimal. Stylistic analyses were restricted to one unspecified projectile point.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Wingate B/r, Jornada Plain, San Andres Plain, Mimbres B/w, Chupadero B/w, El Paso Bichrome, El Paso Polychrome, San Andres R/t, Three Rivers R/t, Playas Red, and Reserve Corrugated wares.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 107

ARMS LOG NO. 8309

AUTHOR Eidenbach, Peter L., Richard C. Chapman, A.H. Warren, Cye Gossett, Bill Gossett, D.W. Love, J.W. Hawley, and J.D. Young.

DATE 1982

TITLE Inventory Survey of the Lower Hidden Mountain Floodpool, Lower Rio Puerco Drainage, Central New Mexico. Human Systems Research, DOD Contract No. DACW47-79-C-0009, Tularosa.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 10,360 acres in Socorro and Valencia Counties. The project area consisted primarily of river-terrace landforms. Elevations approach 5,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands with sparse pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 28.1% environmentally-stratified sample in which 25m spacing between crew members formed the basis for data collection. A total of 160 sites and 2700 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at six sites. Detailed topographic and environmental contexts were provided for each site.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 75 were lithic scatter sites, 50 were sherd/lithic scatter sites, 18 were sherd/lithic camp sites, seven were lithic/"camp" sites, two contain structures, and four were buried "camp" sites. Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These included a corral, lineshack, dump and concrete foundation.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the Archaic Period with equal proportions of early and late manifestations. Twelve were assigned to Basketmaker II, eight to Basketmaker III, three to Pueblo I/II, seven to Pueblo II, 35 to Pueblo II/Pueblo III, one to Pueblo III, one to Pueblo III/Pueblo IV, eight to Pueblo IV, and one to Pueblo V. Two sites contained evidence of successive occupations from Pueblo II-Pueblo IV. A total of 102 sites could not be assigned to a specific period. Six radiocarbon dates ranging from 780 B.C.-A.D. 1340 were obtained. Artifact data were based on field and laboratory analyses of time period assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Jemez Short-Barb, Tesuque Narrow Base, Ojo Barbed, Espanola Wide Blade, San Pedro, and Chiricahua. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic/technological (temper) analyses of assemblages which contained Lino Polished, Lino Red, San Marcial B/w, Corrugated Washboard, Alma Plain/Smudged, Socorro B/w, Santa Fe B/w, brownware, Kiatuthlana B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Agua Fria G/r, San Clemente Glaze Polychrome, Corona Corrugated and Plain, and Acoma Polychrome wares.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact classes by site and statistical analyses of artifact and site

distributions by landform.

REFNO. 108

ARMS LOG NO. 25724

AUTHOR Elliott, Michael L.

DATE 1989

TITLE Guadalupe Prescribed Burn Cultural Resources Inventory, Jemez Ranger District, Santa Fe National Forest. Jemez Mountain Research Center, Report No. 1988-011, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 600 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 7,000 - 7,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed pine and oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-25m spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 124 sites and 27 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Poor ground visibility was noted.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 106 were fieldhouse sites with 1-3 room and two were surface masonry pueblo sites. Sixteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included logging camps, log cabins, dugouts, and trash dumps. Most could not be dated.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, most were assigned to the Pueblo IV and Pueblo V phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. No projectile points were found.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jemez B/w, grayware, brownware corrugated and plain, Glaze, Cieniguilla Glaze Polychrome, Vallecitos B/w, and Puaray Glaze Polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included "KC Baking Powder" tins.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 109

ARMS LOG NO. 21341O

AUTHOR Elliott, Michael L.

DATE 1988

TITLE The Jemez Falls Campground Cultural Resources Site Evaluation, Jemez Mountain Research Center, Report No. 1988-006, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed unspecified acreage in Sandoval County. Elevations and landforms were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area was not specified.

The survey consisted of a judgemental sample of previously recorded sites. A total of 10 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at two sites. Shovel test using 1/8" mesh screens were employed.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were fieldhouse (1-2 room) sites, two were small masonry pueblo sites, and two were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, most were assigned to the Classic phase of the Pueblo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were between 13-107 (mean=48 items). Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jemez B/w and plain utility wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 110

ARMS LOG NO. 19976

AUTHOR Elliot, Michael L.

DATE 1987

TITLE The Valle Silvicultural, Fuel, and Road Treatment Projects Cultural Resources Inventory. Jemez Mountain Research Center, Report No. 1987-017, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 640 acres in Los Alamos County. The project area consisted primarily of pediment landforms. Elevations varied between 7,900 - 9,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifer and oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-25m spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 14 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Good ground visibility was noted.

Of the total number of recorded sites, one was a lithic scatter site. Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. They included a cabin/ corral complex, lean-to, and child's fort.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, one was assigned to the middle phase of the Archaic Period. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose.

No ceramics were noted. Historic artifacts included "sani-tary" cans.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 111

ARMS LOG NO. 29153

AUTHOR Elliott, Michael L.

DATE 1985

TITLE The Borrego Broadcast Burn Cultural Resources Investigations. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1985-10-005.



This block project encompassed 30.9 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and hill landforms. Elevations varied between 6,800 and 7,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (pinyon-juniper, ponderosa pine, and oak).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 6m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were fieldhouse/artifact scatter sites and one was a small obsidian quarry site.

No estimated ages of sites is provided. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 112

ARMS LOG NO. 29476

AUTHOR Elliot, Michael L.

DATE 1984

TITLE The Virgin Timber Sale: Specified Roads Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1981-10-067B.



This block project encompassed 131 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 7,609 and 8,365 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 54 sites and 31 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 39 were fieldhouse (1-4 rooms) sites, eight were sherd/lithic scatter sites, and three were rockshelter sites. Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included one homestead and three logging camps.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups was not provided. No artifact data were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 113

ARMS LOG NO. 29348

AUTHOR Elliot, Michael L.

DATE 1983a

TITLE The Stable Mesa Site Jemez Ranger Prep Cultural District Resource Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Report No. 1983-10-015.



This block project encompassed 870 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations ranged from 7,950 to 8,150 feet. Vegetation in the study area is not mentioned in the report.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 68 sites and 36 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 53 were fieldhouse sites, 14 were artifact scatter sites, and one was a small rock ring/artifact scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jemez B/w and Rio Grande Glaze wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 114

ARMS LOG NO. 29437

AUTHOR Elliott, Michael L.

DATE 1983b

TITLE The Bootjack Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory, Part 3. Santa Fe National Forest, Report No. 1981-10-100C.



This block project encompassed 1,599 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected ridgeline landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 104 sites and 10 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Author notes an earlier bias against recording non-architectural sites.

The total number of recorded prehistoric sites contained the following components: 23 sherd/lithic scatter sites, 16 single pithouse sites, 17 surface masonry structures with 1-6 rooms, 11 pueblo/pithouse sites, 10 rock pile concentrations, and 10 jacal/rockshelter/soil-water control/shrine sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

No estimated ages of sites in these groups were presented. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. No detailed lithic analyses or ceramics were presented.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina Plain, Gallina B/w, and brown corrugated wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 115

ARMS LOG NO. 29447

AUTHOR Elliot, Michael L.

DATE 1983c

TITLE The Stable Timber Sale Cable Logging Component: Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Report No. 1981-10-090F.



This discontiguous corridor project encompassed 190 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of cliff, rock outcrop, and slope landforms. Elevations varied between 7590 and 8000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 16% judgemental sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 65 sites and 13 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Poor visibility of the ground surface was noted.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 51 were fieldhouse (1-4 rooms) sites and one was a pithouse/fieldhouse site. Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included railroad complexes containing 19 structures.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Gallina phase of the Pueblo Period. No sites contained multiple components.

No artifact data were presented. No tabular or statistical summaries were presented.

REFNO. 116

ARMS LOG NO. 29329

AUTHOR Elliot, Michael L.

DATE 1983d

TITLE The Mesa Final Site Prep Project Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Report No. 1983-10-031.



This block project encompassed 915 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of plateau landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 7,550 and 8,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 40 sites and 37 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period, four were assigned to the Basketmaker Period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic and Basketmaker III.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained micaceous plainware wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 117

ARMS LOG NO. 21864

AUTHOR Elsesser, Kathryn

DATE 1986a

TITLE North Dalton Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory Pecos Ranger District, Santa Fe National Forest, Pecos Ranger District, Report No. 1986-10-117.



This block project encompassed 1,088 acres in Santa Fe and San Miguel Counties. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Elevations ranged from 7,400 to 9,010 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, spruce, juniper, aspen, and oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and two isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Hispanic. These sites included a cabin/corral (ca. 1890), a cabin and associated midden (ca. 1890-1920) and a home-stead (undated).

The estimated ages of these sites were based on typological cross-dating using nails and tin cans. Artifact data was virtually nonexistent. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina B/w.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans, sawn logs, and soldered caps.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 118

ARMS LOG NO. 17202

AUTHOR Elsesser, Kathryn

DATE 1986b

TITLE Tusas Timber Sale Cultural Resources Cuba Ranger District Inventory Report. Santa Fe National Forest, Report No. 1986-10-112.



This block project encompassed 1,398 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, mesa and minor drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 8,560 and 9,520 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included spruce, Douglas fir, and white fir.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a lithic scatter site, two were historic corral sites, one was a historic cabin/fence site and one was a historic quarry site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 119

ARMS LOG NO. 16069

AUTHOR Elsesser, Kathryn

DATE 1986c

TITLE Tusas Material and Gravel Pit-Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Cuba Ranger District, Report No. 1986-10-076.



This block project encompassed 2,500 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected meadow and riverine landforms. The elevation was 8,760 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included unidentified grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 4m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. One site and one isolated occurrence was recorded during this project.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was a two room structure with only the floor and foundation intact. No additional artifact data were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 120

ARMS LOG NO. 16080

AUTHOR Elsesser, Kathryn

DATE 1986d

TITLE Coyote Canyon Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Coyote Ranger District, Report No. 1986-10-069.



This block project encompassed 3,249 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of slopes, open meadows and timber flat area landforms. Elevations ranged from 9,862 to 7,521 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included white fir, Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, and scrub oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of six sites and 19 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, four were lithic scatter sites. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a historic log cabin site and one site was a buck and pole fence.

No estimated ages were provided for prehistoric sites. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. One projectile point was noted, but not named.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 121

ARMS LOG NO. 21898

AUTHOR Elsesser, Kathryn

DATE 1986e

TITLE Charcos Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Coyote Ranger District, Report No. 1986-10-068.



This block project encompassed 900 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations ranged from 8,400 to 8,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, white fir, blue spruce, and oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 6m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 26 sites and 27 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 25 were lithic scatter sites and one was a historic corral.

No estimated ages of prehistoric sites were provided. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 122

ARMS LOG NO. 16485

AUTHOR Elsesser, Kathryn

DATE 1986f

TITLE Rito Timber Sale: Cultural Resources Inventory Report. Santa Fe National Forest, Report No. 1986-10-063.



This block project encompassed 2,736 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain peaks, ridges and minor drainage landforms. Elevations ranged from 8,700 to 9,641 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: white fir, Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, Engelman spruce, and cork bark fir.

The survey consisted of a 99% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and nine isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, two were lithic sites and one is a hunting camp.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio, Pedernal, and Mallory types.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 123

ARMS LOG NO. 18705

AUTHOR Elyea, Janette

DATE 1987a

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Santa Teresa Restricted Patent Lands. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-247o, Albuquerque.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 960 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of Rio Grande Escarpment landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite, indigo bush (Dalea fremontii), and creosote.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 54 sites and 628 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded sites, 12 were lithic scatter sites, eight were lithic/sherd sites, five were lithic/sherd/ fire-cracked rock sites, 14 were artifact scatter sites, one Worley Pueblo site, one lithic/sherd/ash site, one fire-cracked rock scatter site, one lithic/burned caliche scatter site, one artifact/ ash site, one with the remains of 1881 camp from construction of Southern Pacific railgrade, one was the Anapara Pueblo site, and one was a railroad construction camp site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, seven were assigned to the Archaic Period, and 13 were assigned to the El Paso phase. Five sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as: Archaic, Pandale, Chiracahua, San Pedro, PaleoIndian, late Archaic, late Mesilla, and earlier Mesilla.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres B/w, El Paso Bichrome, Mexican Polychrome, El Paso Polychrome, brownware, and Mogollon wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 124

ARMS LOG NO. 18660

AUTHOR Elyea, Janette

DATE 1987b

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Hawk Battalion Facility, Bernalillo County, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-335, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 120 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, colluvial slope, and shallow drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 5,392 and 5,425 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included drop-seed, galleta, Russian thistle, snakeweed, wolfberry, saltbush, and yucca.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 18 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were lithic scatter sites and six were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, six were assigned to the Archaic Period and five were assigned to the Basketmaker III-Pueblo I Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic/Basket-maker III-Pueblo I).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino, Cibola Whiteware, and White Mound wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 125

ARMS LOG NO. 863

AUTHOR Elyea, Janette

DATE 1983

TITLE Fence Lake Coal Exploration II: An Archaeological Survey Near Quemado, New Mexico, for Salt River Project. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-202, Albuquerque.



This defacto sample quadrat (well pad) project encompassed 55 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of mesas, buttes, low benches, and draws. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 18 sites and 38 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were lithic scatter sites, two were Anasazi lithic/sherd sites, one was a pithouse site, one was a water control complex, and seven were surface roomblocks. The remaining two sites were classified as unknown. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, five were assigned to the early-late phase of the Archaic Period and three were assigned to the Pueblo II phase of the Anasazi Pueblo Period. Seven sites contained multiple components and one site contained Archaic and Anasazi components (Pueblo II and III).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analysis was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Scottsbluff, Bajada, San Jose, En Medio, and San Augustine.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plain gray or corrugated, Gallup B/w, Puerco B/w and Mogollon Brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 126

ARMS LOG NO. 6571

AUTHOR Elyea, Janette, Emily K. Abbink and Peter N. Eschman

DATE 1979

TITLE Cultural Resources of the N.I.I.P. Blocks 4 and 5 Survey. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Window Rock, AZ.



This mixed (block and corridor) project encompassed 38,400 acres in San Juan County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of badland, basin, canyon, and playa landforms. Elevations were not indicated. Vegetation present in the study area included juniper, sage, and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 9 - 23m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 293 sites and 154 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 102 were lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock sites and 41 were lithic scatter sites.

One hundred sixty-five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 162 were Navajo sites post-dating 1880, 82 were habitation sites (houses/hogans), 71 were temporary camps (tent pads/permanent corrals), and the remaining 21 included sweathouses, cemeteries, and trash refuse. Structural elements appear to have been reused.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Paleo-Indian Period, 84 were assigned to the middle-late phases of the Archaic Period, and four were assigned to the Basketmaker III-Pueblo I phase of the Pueblo Period. Twenty-three sites contained multiple components. Forty-four sites could not be assigned to a specific period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as: Jay, Bajada, San Jose/Armijo, En Medio, and Folsom.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Historic Zia Polychrome, Cochiti-Polychrome, and Gobernador Polychrome wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project. Tabular summaries of artifacts by site were provided.

REFNO. 127

ARMS LOG NO. 18607

AUTHOR Enloe, James G., Andrew T. Smith, and Stuart L. Peckham

DATE 1974

TITLE Archaeological Survey of the San Juan to Ojo 345 KV Transmission Line. Northwestern New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 105, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 1,818 acres in San Juan and Rio Arriba Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mixed mesa-canyon landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 8m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 32 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, seven were lithic scatter sites, three were lithic and groundstone sites, terrace gardens, and five were fieldhouse sites. Seventeen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 15 were Navajo sites and one corral was a Hispanic (?) site. The cultural affiliation of one site, a herders camp, could not be determined. Navajo sites included hogans, corrals, and herder camps.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the Archaic Period, 15 were assigned to the Gallina phase (Pueblo-III) and five were assigned to the Pueblo-III,Pueblo-IV phase of the Pueblo (Rio Grande/Mesa Verde) Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and Gallina Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. No projectile points were described.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mesa Verde Corrugated, Mesa Verde Whiteware, McElmo B/w, Mancos Corrugated, White Mountain Redware, Gallina B/w, Gallina Plain (utility and undecorated), Wiyo B/w, Abiquiu B/g, Tesuque Smewered Indented, Tewa Polychrome, and Tena Redware.

The report contained limited statistical analyses of artifact assemblages within sites found during the project.

REFNO. 128

ARMS LOG NO. 12526

AUTHOR Etchieson, G. Meeks

DATE 1983

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Additional Portions of the Brantley Project Area, Eddy County, New Mexico. Bureau of Reclamation, Southwest Region, Amarillo, TX.



This block project encompassed 1,696 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of Middle Pecos Valley landforms. Elevations varied between 3,300 and 3,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote, mesquite, ocotilla, all-thorn, yucca, sotol, and lechugilla.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 48 sites were recorded during this project. Isolated occurrences were not mentioned in the report.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 19 were artifact/fire-cracked rock sites, nine were fire-cracked rock scatter sites, seven were fire-cracked rock/structure sites, three were stone ring sites, one was a lithic resource site, one was a rock shelter site, and one was a tipi ring site. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. These contain slab masonry structures, a stone-line dugout and a cobble masonry structure.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and nine were assigned to the NeoIndian Period. Four sites contain multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as "dart" point.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware, redware, and B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 129

ARMS LOG NO. 31012

AUTHOR Fallon, Denise P.

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeological Investigation of the Petroglyphs at the Waterflow Site, LA 8970, San Juan County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 135, Santa Fe.



This project focused on investigations at one site in San Juan County. The sites were situated in cliff and bluff landforms. Elevations varied between 5,140 and 5,300 feet. Vegetation in the study area was not included in the report.

Field methods consisted of dividing the cliff into 11 sections along a transit established baseline. The petroglyphs present in each section were fully recorded and photographed. Other archeo-logical features were also recorded.

Of the total number of petroglyphs recorded, 481 identifiable elements were present. These include: 230 human figures, 23 parts of figures, 96 quadruped, 63 geometrics, 18 "retorts", three birds, seven snakes, nine spirals, five signed or dated, one architecture, and 26 modern miscellaneous elements.

The Waterflow Site appewered to have been heavily used during the Rosa-Piedra phase through the Mesa Verde phase (ca. A.D. 950-1300), and to a lesser extent, in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Cortex B/w, Mancos B/w, and Mesa Verde B/w.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 130

ARMS LOG NO. 16340

AUTHOR Fallon, Denise P., Brenda R. Yates and James W. Lancaster

DATE 1978

TITLE An Archaeological Survey for the Proposed Santa Fe Land Application Project, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 264, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 2,300 acres in Santa Fe County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and arroyo landforms. Elevation averages 6,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands (black and blue grama, galleta, western wheat grass, and muhly).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 18 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of the sites recorded, one was a Hispanic homestead which dated to the 1930-1940 period, one was a post-1900 foundation of basalt and river cobbles, one was a post-1900 site consisting of two homestead foundations, one was a late 18th-early 19th century rancho, and one was a 1-2 room Spanish colonial rancho dating to the 17th century.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating of historic artifacts and architecture. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Ogapoge Polychrome and Kotyiti Glaze-Red wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 131

ARMS LOG NO. 17421

AUTHOR Fehr, Russell T. and James G. Enloe

DATE 1981

TITLE The Burnham Mine Archaeological Survey: Human Occupations in the Lower Chaco Region, Northwestern New Mexico. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 81-139, Window Rock, AZ.



This block project encompassed 10,240 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of plains landforms. Elevations varied between 5,385 and 5,750 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% stratified sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 154 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 47 were lithic scatter sites, 10 were "habitation" sites, 10 were "field-house" sites, 13 were "plant processing" sites, 18 were "limited activity" sites, and one each of quarries, rockshelters, and kivas. Seventy-one historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites include 31 "habitations", 14 sheep camps, nine ceremonial sites, six sweatlodges, two trash dumps, and one "plant-processing" site. Most sites post-date A.D. 1933.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 47 were assigned to the Archaic or Basketmaker II Period, four were from A.D. 500-700, eight were from A.D. 875-950, 13 were from A.D. 950-1000, 10 were from A.D. 1000-1075, two were from A.D. 1075-1125, and three were from 1125-1200. Seventeen sites contained multiple components. Sixteen Anasazi sites could not be dated.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 50 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Jay, Bajada, San Jose, Armijo, and Basketmaker II.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Naschitti B/w, Newcomb B/w, Cortez B/w, Mancos B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Bluff B/o, Tocito Gray, Gray Hills Banded, Newcomb Corrugated, Captain Tom Corrugated, Blue Shale Corrugated, Mancos Gray, Mancos Corrugated, Brimhall B/w, Taylor B/w, Burnham B/w, Chuska B/w, Toadlena B/w, McElmo B/w, Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, Puerco B/r, Deadmans B/r, Sheep Springs Gray, Hunter Corrugated, Moccasin Gray, Mesa Verde Corrugated, and Mesa Verde B/w.

Few historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of sites by environmental zones.

REFNO. 132

ARMS LOG NO. 7273

AUTHOR Ferguson, T.J. and Barbara J. Mills

DATE 1982

TITLE Archaeological Investigations at Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico, 1977-1980. Zuni Archaeological Program, Report No. 183, Zuni.



This project focused on waterline trench excavations at Zuni Pueblo in McKinley County. The site is situated in valley landforms. Elevations is 6,300 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

Excavation sample fractions could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on selective use screen sizes of 1/4in. and varieding levels were used in these excavations.

Excavations were necessarily feature oriented. Of the total number of excavated features, trash pits were most commom, animal pens were second-most frequent, and ovens were least common. Portions of architecture (walls/floors) were most frequently encountered, but least fully excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes totaled 21,069 artifacts from the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained White Mound B/w, Kiatuthlana B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Tularosa B/w, Puerco B/w, Reserve B/w, Puerco B/r, Wingate B/r, Wingate Polychrome, St. John's B/r, St. John's Polychrome, Springerville Polychrome, Heshotauthla B/r, Heshotau-thla Polychrome, Kwakina Polychrome, Matsaki Br/Bu, Matsaki Polychrome, Zuni R/bu, Zuni Br/bu, Zuni Buff Polychrome, Pinnawa Gl/w, Pinnawa R/w, Kechipawan Polychrome, Hawikuh Polychrome, Ashiwi Polychrome, Kiapkwa Polychrome, Zuni Polychrome, Zuni R/w, Zuni Br/w, Zuni Wt/r, Zuni B/r, Lino Gray, Plain Gray, corrugated gray, obliterated corrugated gray, Indented Corrugated gray, blackware, Pinedale Polychrome, Hopi Buff Polychrome, Corrugated Brownware, Indented Corrugated brownware, and obliterated Indented Corrugated brownware. Vessel form, paste, color, surface treatment, and temper were discussed.

Shell artifacts from Haliotis, Conus, and Cypraca included pendants, beads, and buttons. Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass (clear, brown, green, aqua, red), metal, wood, and ceramics. Maker's marks were included for glass artifacts.

Specialized studies include faunal and floral analyses. Faunal studies show sheep, goats, and other domesticates most prevalent at Zuni. Butchering studies were also conducted. Floral remains show squash, peach, and corn to be most preserved. Wild species include Cheno-ams, juniper, P.eulis, Yucca, and cacti.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained some statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 133

ARMS LOG NO. 20267

AUTHOR Fowler, Andrew P.

DATE 1987

TITLE An Archaeological Reconnaissance of West-Central New Mexico: The Anasazi Monuments Project. Historic Preservation Division, Santa Fe.



This site specific judgemental project covered portions of McKinley, Catron, and Cibola Counties. The project area consisted primarily of canyon, mesa, and mountain landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 9,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands, pinyon-juniper woodlands, and mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a unspecified judgemental sample focuseding on large sites. A total of 42 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were large (40 acre) multi-room masonry pueblo sites presumably related to the Chaco Interaction Sphere. Most date between A.D. 1050-1325. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses were absent.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Puerco B/r, Wingate B/r, Wingate Polychrome, St. John's Polychrome, Klagetoh B/y, St. John's/Kintiel B/o, Puerco B/w, Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, Tularosa B/w, Klagetoh B/w, Plain Gray, corrugated gray, and brownware.

Architectural descriptions include kivas, great houses, plazas, and roads.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 134

ARMS LOG NO. 9045

AUTHOR Franklin, Hayward H.

DATE 1981

TITLE Kirtland Air Force Base 1980B Archaeological Survey Project, Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Albuquerque: Center for Anthrpological Studies. Report No. F29650-80-W1035.



This project encompasses 3,789 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consists primarily of bajada landforms. Elevations vary between 5200-6400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes juniper, pinyon, soapweed, prickly pear, broom snakeweed, and cholla.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m interval parallel zig-zag swaths form the basis for data collection. A total of 15 sites and 282 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic sites and two were "habitation" sites. Ten historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, nine date to the late Territorial-early Statehood (1890-1930) period and one dates to the Historic Pueblo period. These sites include temporary camps (2), habitations (3), and an automobile and equipment storage and/or repair STP (1).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic period and three were assigned to the Rio Grande Anasazi period. Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino smudged and plain utility wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include bottle glass and a porcelain insulator.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project. Site maps are not presented.

REFNO. 135

ARMS LOG NO. 9632

AUTHOR Franklin, Hayward H. and William R. Neal

DATE 1980

TITLE An Intensive Archaeological Survey Across the Northwestern Part of La Jara Mesa, Valencia County, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,280 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations ranged from 8,140 to 8,020 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which approximately 18m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 42 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, three were sherd/lithic sites. Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were recent Navajo sites and included sweat houses, hogans, and sheep corrals. Most of the sites post-date 1920.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Pueblo II phase of the Anasazi Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as "Archaic" and "Anasazi".

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic and technological analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Puerco B/w, Gallup B/w and corrugated wares. Tin cans included soldered and crimped types. KC Baking powder and evaporated milk cans were identified. No glass was indicated. Shell buttons were found.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 136

ARMS LOG NO. 152

AUTHOR Frizell, Jon

DATE 1979

TITLE Archaeological Survey of 97 Proposed Uranium Holes. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 79-092, Window Rock, AZ.



This defacto sample quadrat project encompassed 82.56 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 5,200 and 5,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grama grass, prickly pear, rabbit bush, Russian thistle, and narrow leaf yucca.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 6m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic scatter sites, one was a temporary camp site, one was an artifact scatter/charcoal stain/historic trash scatter site, and one was a wood and rock feature/lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and one was assigned to the Pueblo Period. One site contained multiple components (Navajo/Pueblo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose and Jay.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained utility, Chuska B/w, and B/w wares. Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 137

ARMS LOG NO. 17539

AUTHOR Frizell, Jon, Steven Hoagland, Kenneth J. Lord, Peggy Gerow, and Michael Craig

DATE 1986

TITLE Interim Report: Archaeological Clearance Survey of Forest Development Unit Compartment 46, Navajo National Forest. Aleutian Associates, Inc., Contract No. N00-1420-9916, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 7,146 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain-valley landforms. Elevations varied between 8,800 and 9,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine, Gambel oak, Douglas fir, spruce, and quaking aspen.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 84 sites and 40 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 30 were sweatlodges, 26 were hogans, two were hogan/cabin/sweatlodge sites, two were hogan/lithic sherd scatter sites, two were temporary sheep camps, two were lithic scatter sites, one was a sherd scatter site, one was a hogan/burial site, one was a sweatlodge/burial site, one was a camp/burial site, and one was a ceremonial forked pole.

Seventeen historic sites were recorded in the study area. All of the sites were historic Navajo and included six camp sites, five cabin sites, two squaw dance area sites, two pre-1945 burial sites, one shrine site, and one cabin/hogan site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 81 were assigned to the Navajo period, one was assigned to the late Archaic/Basketmaker Period, one was assigned to the late Archaic/Navajo Period, and one was assigned to the Anasazi/Pueblo II-III Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rarely exceeded 100 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Puebloan Corner-Notched, side notched, and Armijo.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plainware, B/o, and Dinetah Gray. The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 138

ARMS LOG NO. 20786

AUTHOR Fulgham, Tommy R.

DATE 1988

TITLE Devils Den Pipeline and Storage Cultural Resource Survey. Lincoln National Forest, Guadalupe Ranger District, Report No. 1988-08-011.



This corridor project encompassed 31 acres in Eddy County. Landforms were not discussed in the report. Elevations were approximately 7,200. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine and pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and two isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were midden ring sites and one was a lithic scatter site.

No estimated ages of sites in these groups were presented. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 139

ARMS LOG NO. 19236

AUTHOR Fulgham, Tommy R.

DATE 1987

TITLE Road Maintance, Repair and Construction, Part XII: Forest Road 269 Cultural Resources Report. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1987-10-077.



This corridor project encompassed 192 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of valley landforms. Elevations varied between 6,600 and 8,530 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, pinyon-juniper woodlands) and riparian associations.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 40 sites and 51 isolated occurrences were recorded or recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were rockshelter sites, 40 were fieldhouses (1-7 rooms) sites, four were pueblo sites of varieding size, and one was a petroglyph site. Fifty-one historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 50 were Anglo sites (CCC water control devices) and one was a Hispanic grave site.

No estimated ages of sites in these groups were provided. No artifact data were presented. A tabular summary of ranges of artifact numbers and surface features was provided.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 140

ARMS LOG NO. 29115

AUTHOR Fulgham, Tommy R.

DATE 1985a

TITLE Chavez Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe Forest, Coyote Ranger District, Report No. 1985-10-045.



This block project encompassed 2,700 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of gentle and steep slope landforms. Elevations ranged from 7,500 to 8,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (pinyon-juniper woodlands and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 65 sites and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded sites, 53 were Gallina pithouse sites, three were lithic/sherd scatter sites, and one was a lithic scatter site. The remaining eight sites were classified as unknown.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically ceramics. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages.

Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 141

ARMS LOG NO. 29132

AUTHOR Fulgham, Tommy R.

DATE 1985b

TITLE The Rito Timber Sale: A Sample Cultural Resources Inventory. Santa Fe National Forest, Cuba Ranger District, Report No. 1985-10-033.



This mixed (sample quadrat and corridor) project encompassed 896 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain peak, slopes, drainages, and meadow land-forms. Elevations ranged from 8,700 to 9,641 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included a mixed conifer forest with meadow and riparian grasslands and shrubs.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample of road right-of-way and a 33% simple random sample of the remainder of the affected area in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, three were lithic scatter sites, one was a rock alignment site, and one was a historic miner's cabin site.

No estimated ages of sites were provided. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 142

ARMS LOG NO. 28704

AUTHOR Fuller, Steven L.

DATE 1989

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Meridian Oil Company's Val Verde Gathering System: Trunk MC Pipeline System, Allison Unit Pipeline System, and Trunk MA Extension Pipeline system San Juan County and Rio Arriba Counties, New Mexico. La Plata Archaeological Consultants, Report 89 (IV) 243F, Dolores, Colorado.





This project encompasses 3377 acres in San Juan and Rio Arriba Counties. The project area consists primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations vary between 5,800 and 7,200 feet. Vegetation in the study area includes pinyon, juniper, sagebrush, yucca, oak, mountain mahogany, and cliffrose.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing forms the basis for data collection. A total of 215 sites and 93 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 106 are "habitation" sites, 50 are "camp" sites, and 18 are "limited activity" sites. Three historic sites were recorded. Of these, three are Anglo sites. These sites include farmsteads (2), and a habitation (1).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 40 were assigned to the Basketmaker III/Pueblo I period, 84 were assigned to the Pueblo I period, and 16 were assigned to the Gobernador period. Seven sites contained multiple components (Basketmaker III/Pueblo I/ Navajo, Gobernador/Historic, Archaic/Basketmaker III/Pueblo I, Basketmaker III/Pueblo I/Historic.

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focus primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Among the types noted are corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Piedra Gray, redware, Pueblo gray, Piedra Black-on-white, Piedra Neckbanded, Jemez Black-on-white, Gobernador Polychrome, Rosa Neckbanded, San Juan Red, Moccasin gray, Mancos Gray, and Mancos Corrugated wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include Dinetah wares, and Prince Albert cans.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contains no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 143

ARMS LOG NO. 9240

AUTHOR Futch, T.G. and R.L. Moorehead

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of Two Tracts of Land for Sagebrush Chaining on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation Conducted for the Bureau of Indian Affairs. New Mexico State University, San Juan Campus, Cultural Resource Management Program, Report No. 80-SJC-243, Farmington.



This block project encompassed 2,261 acres in Sandoval and Rio Arriba Counties. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo landforms. Elevations ranged between 7,100 and 7,220 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 99% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and 37 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, one was a lithic scatter site and one was a lithic/sherd scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically ceramics. The two sites appear to be from the Anasazi/Gallina Culture.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Ceramics were noted, but no additional details were provided.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 144

ARMS LOG NO. 26121

AUTHOR Gadd, Powys

DATE 1989a

TITLE Lobato Mesa 1989 Fuelwood Sale, Cultural Resource Survey. Santa Fe National Forest, Española Ranger District, Report No. 1989-10-059.



This block project encompassed 142 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,940 and 8,590 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 28 sites and 74 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Poor ground visibility was noted.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were sherd and lithic scatter sites, 21 were lithic scatter sites, and one was a sherd/lithic and groundstone scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, five were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II phase, one was assigned to the Pueblo III/Pueblo IV phase, and three were assigned to the Pueblo V phase of the Pueblo Period. Four sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Agua Fria, Subconcave, Bajada, Santa Cruz Barbed, En Medio, Echo Shouldered, Ojo Barbed, and Pojoaque Wide-Base.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Santa Fe B/w, Potsuge Red, and Biscuit A wares. No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 145

ARMS LOG NO. 24785

AUTHOR Gadd, Powys

DATE 1989b

TITLE 1988 Non-Project Cultural Resource Survey. Santa Fe National Forest, Española Ranger District. Report No. 1989-10-008.



This block project encompassed 423 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of drainage, floodplain, terrace, bench and mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 6,140 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 55 sites and 106 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites 12 were sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter sites, three were sherd/lithic/ groundstone/grid garden/rock feature sites, four were lithic scatter sites, three were sherd/lithic/groundstone/hearth sites, one was a lithic/fieldhouse/rock pile site, two were sherd/lithic/ rock scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter/ fieldhouse site, five were sherd/lithic/grid garden sites, four were sherd/lithic/rock feature sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter/cairn site, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone/earthen mound/ditch site, one was a sherd/lithic/pueblo site, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone/earthen mound/midden site, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone/burial site, one was a sherd/lithic/ groundstone/fieldhouse/roomblock/hearth site, one was a sherd/ lithic/groundstone/fieldhouse/earthen mound, one was a hearth/cist site, one was a grid garden site, one was a sherd/lithic/rock art site, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone/roomblock site, one was a lithic/grid garden/rock pile site, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone /roomblock/rock feature site, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone/rock pile/rock scatter site, one was a lithic/grid garden/ rock feature site, one was a lithic/groundstone/fieldhouse/rock feature site, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone/hearth/rock pile site, and two were lithic/groundstone/rock feature/hearth sites. One historic road and trail site was recorded.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g. projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and 33 to the Pueblo II-IV Periods.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Only Pueblo Parallel Edge styles were defined. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages which contained Santa Fe B/w, grayware, corrugated gray, Kwahe'e B/w, Wiyo B/w, Micaceous Gray-ware, Potsui Incised, St. John's Polychrome, Galisteo B/w, and Biscuit B wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 146

ARMS LOG NO. 21412

AUTHOR Gadd, Powys

DATE 1988

TITLE Rio del Oso/Palacio Arroyo Erosion Alignment Cultural Resource Survey. Santa Fe National Forest, Española Ranger District. Report No. 1988-10-037.



This corridor project encompassed 61 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of Rio del Oso, arroyo, terrace, and floodplain landforms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 6,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included riparian and mixed conifer woodland types.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 5m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and 32 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter sites, four were sherd/lithic scatter/hearth sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites, one was a fieldhouse/sherd/lithic scatter/hearth site and one was a pueblo/fieldhouse/hearth/sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 12 were assigned to the Pueblo III-IV Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Santa Fe B/w, Indented Corrugated, and micaceous grayware wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 147

ARMS LOG NO. 18812

AUTHOR Gadd, Powys

DATE 1987

TITLE Jesus Moya Salvage Timber and Fuelwood Sale Cultural Resource Survey. Santa Fe National Forest, Cuba Ranger District, Report No. 1987-10-021.



This block project encompassed 290 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain, stream terrace, toe slope, drainage, and sideslope landforms. Elevations varied between 7,420 and 7,680 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, sagebrush, Gambel oak, snakeweed, and rabbitbrush).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 15 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were Gallina surface structure/sherd/lithic scatter sites, four were pithouse/sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were pithouse/surface structure/sherd/lithic scatter sites, one was a rock shelter/sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a hearth/sherd scatter site, and one was a sherd/lithic scatter site. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included one cabin/trash scatter site and one historic lean-to site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 13 were assigned to the Gallina cultural tradition.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina plainware and Gallina B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass and sardine cans.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 148

ARMS LOG NO. 22354

AUTHOR Gadd, Powys

DATE 1986

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Tecolote Timber Sale, San Miguel County, New Mexico. Southwest Archaeological Consultants, Report No. 179, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 1,030 acres in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 9000 and 9,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of one site and seven isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. No details were provided about the area or the located site.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.





REFNO. 149

ARMS LOG NO. 578

AUTHOR Ganas, Mark

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of a Proposed Haul Road Near Bisti Trading Post, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology , Report No. 212, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 8.72 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of dune landforms. The elevation was 5,930 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands (Indian rice grass, ring muhly, alkali sacaton, and rabbitbrush).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of one site and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. The one prehistoric site recorded was a lithic scatter.

The estimated age of the site was based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. This site was assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 150

ARMS LOG NO. 26347

AUTHOR Garcia, Maria Teresa and Steve Lau

DATE 1989

TITLE Comanche Pinyon-Juniper Sale Blocks 3A and 3B. Carson National Forest, El Rito Ranger District, Report No. 1989-02-087.



This block project encompassed 230 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge-valley landforms. Elevations varied between 7,400 to 7,860 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands, sagebrush, ponderosa pine, and Gambel oak).

The survey consisted of a 93% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 57 sites and 83 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Artifact data were limited and based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Projectile points include pueblo, Agua Fria, late Archaic, Arroyo Hondo, En Medio, Scallorn-like, Lumbre, and lateral ewered types. No ceramic data were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 151

ARMS LOG NO. 24781E

AUTHOR Gauthier, Rory P., Michael L. Elliot, and Linda J. Scott

DATE 1989

TITLE Archaeological Investigations in the Jemez Mountains, New Mexico. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Cultural Resources Document No. 5, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at four sites in Sandoval County. Most of the sites were situated in hill, slope, and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 7,120 and 8,200 feet. Vegetation in the study area included ponderosa pine, juniper, aspen, and spruce.

Excavation methods differed for the four sites. One site was excavated using a 1 x 1m grid system installed over the entire site. The grid units were used as the basis for excavation. Another site employed the use of 50 x 50cm test pits in the north corner of each room. Still another site excavated all room fill for a single unit due to the appwerent lack of natural stratigraphy. The historic site was excavated through test pits. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 in. and natural strata levels were used in most of the excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, three were fieldhouse sites. The sites date to the A.D. 1300-1650 period. One historic site was excavated. It was a historic log cabin dating to the 1920-1950 period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 15 - 391 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jemez B/w and Peñasco Micaceous. Historic artifacts noted in the report include nails, window glass, stove pipe fragments, cans, glass, and leather fragments.

Specialized studies include pollen, radiocarbon, and obsidian hydration analyses. The obsidian hydration sample dates to approxi-mately A.D. 1578. Pollen studies found Zea and Cleome pollen. The one C14 sample produced dates of approximately A.D. 890 + 210.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 152

ARMS LOG NO. 23756T

AUTHOR Gerow, Peggy A. and Patrick Hogan

DATE 1988

TITLE Test Excavations at Sites Within the Proposed Hawk Battalion Facility, Rio Puerco Valley, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-335, Albuquerque.



This project summarizes test excavations at 12 sites in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of valley margin landforms. Elevations varied between 5,340 and 5,376 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands, saltbush, and yucca.

The test excavation samples average less than 5% of each sites. In most cases, large surface collections were made at each site. Data recovery is based on unspecified screen sizes and arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. All testing was judgemental.

Of the total number of tested prehistoric sites, nine were sherd and lithic scatter sites, two were jacal/pithouse village sites, and one was a lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. In addition, C14 dates were run from four sites; 1620 + 70 BP (LA 60834), 1300 + 70 and 1200 + 50 BP (LA 60838), 2040 + 100 BP (LA 60839), and 1230 + 60 BP (LA 60840). Flotation of seven one-liter samples from five sites resulted in the identi-fication of juniper, corn, goosefoot, purslane, Opuntia, and grass seeds from various contexts.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on raw material and technological analyses of debitage assemblages. Assemblages average 94 items per site. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio, San Pedro, and Anasazi.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic/technological analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Corrales Red, San Marcial B/w, Kiatuthlana-Red Mesa B/w, Lino Smudged, Lino Gray, Lino Fugitive Red, and Kana'a Gray wares. An average of 82 sherds per site was found.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 153

ARMS LOG NO. 35551

AUTHOR Gerow, Peggy A.

DATE 1986

TITLE Cultural Resource Survey for Two Telescope Scenes and a 2,000 by 2,000 feet. Area Near ABC-1 White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8606, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 129.4 acres in Otero and Sierra Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plain, lake basin and dune ridge landforms. The elevation was 4,090 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote bush, tumbleweed, and mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and seven isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites. Due to a lack of diagnostic artifacts at the sites, it was impossible to assign estimated ages to the sites.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 23 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 154

ARMS LOG NO. 31452

AUTHOR Gerow, Peggy A.

DATE 1990

TITLE Los Lunas Land Exchange Cultural Resources Survey: Draft Final. Albuquerque: Office of Contract Archaeology, University of New Mexico, Report No. 185-422.



This project encompasses 4,268 acres in Valencia County. The project area consists primarily of foothill, alluvial fan, piedmont uplands and escarpment landforms. Elevations vary between 4930-6320 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes grassland, juniper grassland, and scrubland.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m interval transects form the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 309 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at the sites. The testing consisted of one to six ca. 50m sq. shovel test pits. The pits were excavated in arbitrary 10cm levels until sterile.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were lithic scatter sites and one was a lithic scatter/temporally unknown structure site. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. These two sites date between 1910 and 1940. These sites included historic trash scatters and a historic homestead.

The estimated ages of the prehistoric sites could not be determined.

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Jay/Bajada and Chiracahua Cochise.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained smudged brown, corrugated brown and Socorro B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included pin-hinge tobacco tin, baling wire, milled lumber, machinery, a piece of ahandmade stove, hole-in-top cans, window glass, "KC" baking powder lids, glass (olive green, brown, aqua, clear, purple, green opalescence, green, qrridized brown, and dark amber). Several maker's marks are present (Roth and Co., Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co., and Missouri Glass Co.).

The report contains statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 155

ARMS LOG NO. 25848

AUTHOR Gillespie, William B. and Douglas W. Stephens

DATE 1989

TITLE Cultural Resources Survey of Long Timber Sale Concentration Piling. The Forestry Association, Inc.



This block project encompassed 600 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of slope landforms. Elevations varied between 8,160 and 8,840 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers, oak, and aspen.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 156

ARMS LOG NO. 177

AUTHOR Gleichman, Peter J. and Teri A Cleeland

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Conpaso Burnham South Railroad Right-of-Way. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 80-52, Window Rock, AZ.



This corridor project encompassed 1,045.5 acres in McKinley and San Juan Counties. The project area consisted primarily of valley and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 5,340 and 6,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 60 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 13 were multi-room pueblo sites, nine were 1-3 room fieldhouse sites, three were pithouse sites, eight were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, and three were lithic scatter sites.

Twenty-nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites include 17 hogans, five tent pads, two corrals, one grave, one sweatlodge, one oven, and one squaw dance site. Most date between A.D. 1880-1950.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were tentatively assigned to the Archaic Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo I-Pueblo II Period, eight were assigned to the Basketmaker III-Pueblo I Period, 14 were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo II-Pueblo III Period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo III Period. One site contained multiple components (Pueblo I-Pueblo III).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 100 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino Gray, Lino Fugitive, Bennett Gray, Tusayan Plain, White Mountain Red, Tusayan White, Alma Plain, Tusayan Red, Little Colorado White, and Mogollon Brown.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 157

ARMS LOG NO. 17426

AUTHOR Gomolak, Andrew R.

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Survey #CR86-66 of a Replacement Pipeline Right-of-Way for Benson Montin Greer Canada Ojitos Unit 17 G-1. Jicarilla Archaeological Services, Report No. 86-66, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 50.16 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of valley, foot slope, and toe ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 6,980 and 7,140 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 20 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic/sherd scatter sites and two were Gallina pithouse/lithic/sherd scatter sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, five were assigned to the Gallina phase.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina Plain Utility, Gallina B/g, neckbanded, and Gallina Finger Smewered wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 158

ARMS LOG NO. 26096

AUTHOR Gomolak, Andrew R. and Terry L. Knight

DATE 1989

TITLE Cultural Resources Survey of Compartment 6000374, Stand 7 of the Servilleta Fuelwood Area for the Carson National Forest. Jicarilla Archaeological Services, Report No. 89-2, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 120 acres in Taos County. The project area consisted primarily of hill and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 7,860 and 7,940 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (pinyon-juniper wood-lands, oak, and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 12-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 33 sites and 104 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 27 were lithic scatter sites, four were sherd and lithic scatter sites, and three were lithic and groundstone scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Archaic Period and eight were assigned to the Puebloan Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and Puebloan).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained corrugated, whiteware, and plain wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 159

ARMS LOG NO. 32670

AUTHOR Gossett, Cye Williams, and William J. Gossett

DATE 1990

TITLE Cultural Resource Inventory of 13.48 Sections Above 5000 Ft in the Socorro Mountain Range, Central New Mexico. Rio Abajo Archaeological Services, Socorro.





This project encompasses 8617.51 acres in Socorro County. The project area consists primarily of mountain, canyon, and playa landforms. Elevations vary between 5,000 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation in the study area includes sideoats, grama, blue grama, prairie, junegrass, vine-mesquite, alkala sacaton, fourwing saltbush, and black grama.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing forms the basis for data collection. A total of 122 sites and 665 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 52 are lithic scatter sites, 14 are lithic/sherd scatter sites, and 19 are rock shelter sites. Eleven historic sites were excavated. These sites include mines (3), structures (2), railroad bed/spurs (2), "ocean to ocean highway" (1), ranch (1), dugout (1), and earthen dams (1).

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focus primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focus on projectile points. Among the types noted are Scottsbluff, Augustine, Bajada, Chiricahua, San Jose, and San Pedro.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Agua Fria Glaze-on-red, Rio Grande grayware, Late Glaze E, Late Glaze F, Elmendorf Black-on-white, ribbed-rubbed brownware, and smudged interior brownware wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass. The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 160

ARMS LOG NO. 10253

AUTHOR Gossett, Cye W. and William J. Gossett

DATE 1985a

TITLE Archaeological Inventory of TERA Research Park, Socorro County, New Mexico. Rio Abajo Archaeological Services, Polvadera.



This block project encompassed 773 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of slope, arroyo, ridge, and bench landforms. Elevations varied between 4,650 and 4,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, shrub, mesquite, prickly pear cactus, broom-snakeweed, and four wing saltbush).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 43 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

All five of the recorded sites were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups could not be determined due to a lack of diagnostic artifacts at the sites.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 161

ARMS LOG NO. 8633

AUTHOR Gossett, Cye Williams and William J. Gossett

DATE 1985b

TITLE Cultural Resource Inventory of a 76 Mile Long Powerline Right-of-Way Between Elephant Butte Substation and Picacho Substation, Doña Ana and Sierra Counties. Rio Abajo Archaeological Services, Polvadera.



This corridor project encompassed 374 acres in Doña Ana and Sierra Counties. The project area consisted primarily of foot-hills and deep arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 3,940 and 5,120 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included riparian associations and mixed desert-scrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 31 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd and lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 20 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Eden.

Ceramics were noted, but not discussed. No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained a tabular summary of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 162

ARMS LOG NO. 8477

AUTHOR Gossett, Cye W. and William J. Gossett

DATE 1984

TITLE Cultural Resource Inventory of 1052 Acres for the Silver City-Grant County Airport. Rio Abajo Archaeological Services, Polvadera.



This block project encompassed 1,052 acres in Grant County. The project area consisted primarily of bolson landforms. Eleva-tions ranged from 5,360 to 5,450 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, two were lithic scatter sites with fire-cracked rock and one was a pithouse village with three kivas. No historic sites were recorded in the study area. No estimated ages of these sites is provided.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Alma plain and Mimbres non-obliterated corrugated wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 163

ARMS LOG NO. 28730

AUTHOR Greenwald, David H., Richard V.N. Ahlstrom, and Kirk C. Anderson

DATE 1990

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of the Mangitas Timber Sale, Luna Ranger District, Gila National Forest, New Mexico. Flagstaff, AZ: SWCA, Inc. Environmental Consultants, Report No. 1990-06-035.



This project encompasses 10,435 acres in Catron County. The project area consists primarily of mesa, butte, hills, canyons, and alluvial valley landforms. Elevations vary between 7390-9010 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes ponderosa pine/oak, pinyon/juniper, fir/aspen, and desert grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing form the basis for data collection. A total of 41 sites and 76 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, there were 21 lithic scatter sites, six sherd/lithic sites, three roomblock sites, one rubble mound/sherd/lithic scatter site, one lithic scatter/rock alignment site, one roomblock /pit structure depression site, one masonry structure site, one 5-6 room pueblo site, and one 15-18 room masonry pueblo site. Five historic Anglo sites were recorded in the study area. These sites include a sawmill, a rock enclosure, two trash scatters, and a log structure/trash scatter.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one site belongs to the Middle Archaic Period, six to the Mogollon/Reserve Period, four to the Mogollon/Reserve-Tularosa Period, and one to the Ceramic Period. Five sites were assigned to the Historic Anglo Period (1930-1950, post 1930-1950). Ten sites contained multiple components (Late Archaic/Basketmaker II/Ceramic, Mogollon/Ceramic, Archaic/ Basketmaker II/Mogollon/Ceramic, Middle Archaic/Mogollon/Reserve, Late Archaic/Basketmaker II /Ceramic/Historic, Middle Archaic/ Mogollon/Ceramic).

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Middle Archaic/San Jose, Middle Archaic Stemmed, Middle Archaic with Contractiy Stem, and Late Archaic/Basketmaker II. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plain brown, indented corrugated, gray indented corrugated, Puerco B/w, Cibola White, Mogollon Brown Corrugated, Reserve B/w, Reserve Plain Corrugated, and Wingate B/w wares.

Historic artifacts include food cans, bottles, jars, ceramics, china, and a 1940's truck cab.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 164

ARMS LOG NO. 18609

AUTHOR Grigg, Paul S.

DATE 1976

TITLE Second Interim Report of an Archaeological Clearance Survey of Selected Tracts Near Cownpoint and Prewitt, New Mexico for Homestake Mining Company. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 237, Santa Fe.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 3,200 acres in McKinley County. Landforms and vegetation were not discussed in the report. Elevations varied between 6,642 and 7,662 feet.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 165

ARMS LOG NO. 20680

AUTHOR Graybill, Donald A.

DATE 1975

TITLE Mimbres-Mogollon Adaptations in the Gila National Forest Mimbres District, New Mexico. USDA, Forest Service, Southwest Region, Archaeological Report No. 9, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 13,591 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of valley and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 8,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-50m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 168 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were pithouse sites, 134 were masonry pueblos, 16 were sherd/lithic scatter sites, and four were rockshelter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the A.D. 500-1000 Period and 134 were assigned to the A.D. 1000-1200 Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes averaged 144 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Alma Plain, Mimbres Plain Brown, Clapboard Corrugated, Incised Corrugated, Mimbres Boldface B/w, Mogollon R/b, Three Circle B/w, Alma Scored, Alma Incised, San Francisco Red, Mimbres Classic B/w, Alma Scored, Alma Neck Banded, Patterned Corrugated, Mimbres Polychrome, Reserve Smudged, Reserve Indented Corrugated, Reserve B/w, and Sikyatki Polychrome wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained statistical analyses of sites by major topographic zones.

REFNO. 166

ARMS LOG NO. 8113

AUTHOR Grigg, Paul S. and James G. Enloe

DATE 1981

TITLE WW-BA 345KV Transmission Project: Final Report and Summary. Public Service Company of New Mexico, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at six sites in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 5,075 and 5,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands.

The excavations averaged 2% of each site and employed 2 x 2m units. Screen size was not specified.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites; three were lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, one was a lithic/groundstone scatter site, one was a sherd/lithic/ground-stone/fire-cracked rock scatter site, and one was a lithic scatter site. No historic sites were excavated in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, four were assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period and one was assigned to the early Archaic Period. One site con-tained multiple components (PaleoIndian and Archaic).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Modal sample sizes rwerely exceeded 300 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed quantitative data were presented. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Basketmaker II and Armijo.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Puname Polychrome wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

C14 dates of A.D. 870 at LA 18426 were deemed contaminated; a 550 B.C. and 210 B.C. date were accepted. An archaeomagnetic date of A.D. 100 was consistent with the latter two dates.

Cluster analyses were used in an effort to define reduction trajectories and site types.

Flotation analyses recovered Juniperus monosperma and Opuntia whipplei; modern intrusives were also noted.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages frome sites found during the project.

REFNO. 167

ARMS LOG NO. 17308

AUTHOR Haecker, Charles M.

DATE 1986a

TITLE Cultural Resource Survey of Proposed R-O-W Fencelines Maintenance in Northern New Mexico Project No. SP-4-87 (654), (655), (656), and (657). New Mexico State Highway Department, Report No. 86-145, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 1,040 acres in Harding, Quay, Union, San Miguel, and Mora Counties. Elevations averaged 5500 feet. Landforms and vegetation were not discussed in the report.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. One site and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. The site was identified as a lithic scatter.

No additional details regarding artifact assemblages was presented. The age of the site could not be estimated.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project

REFNO. 168

ARMS LOG NO. 14296

AUTHOR Haecker, Charles M.

DATE 1986b

TITLE Cultural Resource Survey of State Road 4 Near Jemez Springs: New Mexico State Highway Department District 6 Project. New Mexico State Highway Department Report No. 86-083, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 170 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 1,900 and 2,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 75m zig-zag crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were fieldhouse sites with 1-4 rooms, one was a masonry pueblo site with 20-30 rooms, and one was a sherd/lithic scatter site. Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a Native American (Navajo) site, and three were Hispanic sites. These sites included a sweatlodge and cobble/adobe homesteads. Sites range in age from A.D 1650 to A.D. 1920.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, four were assigned to the late Prehistoric-Protohistoric (A.D. 1350-1600) phase of the Pueblo Period.

Little artifact data were presented.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained corrugated and Jemez B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 169

ARMS LOG NO. 9323

AUTHOR Haecker, Charles M.

DATE 1985a

TITLE Cultural Resource Survey of 6.4 Miles of U.S. 60 Right-of-Way and Proposed Surfacing Pit 82-7-S Extension Projects No. St-(F)-027-2(204). New Mexico State Highway Department, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 723.5 acres in De Baca and Guadalupe Counties. The project area consisted primarily of rolling prairie landforms. Elevations varied between 4,020 and 4,080 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. One site was recorded during this project. Limited testing was not conducted at this site.

The one recorded site was identified as a lithic scatter. Due to a lack of diagnostic artifacts it was impossible to assign an approximate age to the site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 170

ARMS LOG NO. 2900

AUTHOR Haecker, Charles M.

DATE 1985b

TITLE Cultural Resource Investigations Along SR 95 New Mexico State Highway Department District 5. New Mexico State Highway Department, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 1,093 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa, ridges, and intermittent stream landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers and grasslands (pinyon, juniper, ponderosa, sage, grasslands, and cacti).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of eight sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were lithic/sherd sites, one was a structure/lithic/sherd site, and one was a fieldhouse/sherd scatter site.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. The site was a ca. 1920-1940 homestead consisting of a dugout, collapsed dugout/frame structure, and a standing framehouse.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, six were assigned to the Largo-Gallina phase of the Anasazi Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained "Largo-Gallina" sherds.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 171

ARMS LOG NO. 26682

AUTHOR Hall, Donald

DATE 1989

TITLE Box Canyon Trail Construction. Cibola National Forest, Mountainair Ranger District, Report No. 1989-03-105.



This corridor project encompassed 5 acres in Torrance County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Eleva-tions ranged from 8,000 to 8,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine, and oak).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 172

ARMS LOG NO. 24618E

AUTHOR Hammack, Laurens C., Stanley D. Bussey, Ronald Ice, and Alfred E. Dittert, Jr.

DATE 1966

TITLE The Cliff Highway Salvage Project. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 40, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at three sites in Grant County. Most of the sites were situated in terrace landforms. Elevations were not stated in the report. Vegetation in the study area included mesquite, juniper, and oak.

Excavation procedures were those put forth in the "Procedural Manual" (Dittert and Wendorf, 1963). Recovery methods were not discussed in detail. Excavations were feature and structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was the Lee Village, LA 5779. It is a pithouse village that comes from the Mogollon Cultural Tradition. The 34 pithouses that were excavated at Lee Village date to the early Mangus and Three Circle phases. One site is the Dinwiddie Site, LA 6783. This site is a Mangus phase masonry-lined pithouse ruin. The site also included three burials. The third site excavated, Ormand Village (LA 5793) is a pithouse/cremation area site. The site may have been occupied for at least 1,000 years and may represent 2-3 cultural traditions. The major occupier of the site was the Salado people (A.D.1400's).

No analysis of the artifacts collected during the excavations was done during the project.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres Boldface, Mimbres B/w, Tucson Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Jeddito B/y, and El Paso Polychrome. The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 173

ARMS LOG NO. 21599E

AUTHOR Hancock, Patricia, Timothy Kearns, Roger A. Moore, Margweret A. Powers, Alan C. Reed, Linda Wheelbarger, and Penelope A. Whitten

DATE 1988

TITLE Excavation in the Middle La Plata Valley for San Juan Coal Company. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Studies in Archaeo-logy No. 6, Farmington.



This project focused on testing and excavations at 35 sites in San Juan County. These sites were situated in valley landforms. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavations ranged between 1-4% samples of each site. Arti-fact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4" and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, there were five Archaic/lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone scatter sites, two pithouse (Basketmaker II) sites, two Basketmaker II-Pueblo I sites, 10 Pueblo II-Pueblo III sites, five sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, and five pithouse/ fieldhouse sites. Four protohistoric and historic sites dating to A.D. 1300-1700 were excavated. There were sherd/lithic/ground-stone sites (3), Dinetah sweatlodge site (1), rock-pile/check dam site (1), Anglo masonry homestead sites (3), sheepherder's camps (2), Dinetah corral site (1).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem- blages. Sample sizes range from 9-5100 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused on debitage assemblages and raw material studies. Stylistic analyses focused on projectile points. Types included En Medio, Basketmaker II, AEM 7, Armijo, Basketmaker III-Pueblo I, Pueblo III-Pueblo IV, Thoms Type 37, Type MM 19, San Jose, Chiricahua, San Augustine, and Eden. Ceramic assemblages contained Chapin B/w, Chapin Gray, Plain Gray, Piedra B/w, Moccasin Gray, Lino Smudged, Indented Corrugated, Cortez B/w, Zoned Corrugated, Mancos Corru-gated, Mancos B/w, Dolores Corrugated, McElmo B/w, Wetherill B/w, Dinetah Gray, Jicarilla Micaceous, Navajo Painted, Gobernador Polychrome, and La Plata Plain. Historic artifacts included cans (sanitary, hole-in-top), glass (purple, clear, aqua), ceramics (procelain, stoneware,earthen ware), cartridges, and metal. Maker's marks were presented.

Specialized studies include pollen, flotation, tree-rings, human osteology, obsidian hydration, and faunal analyses. The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained intra-site statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 174

ARMS LOG NO. 7638

AUTHOR Hannaford, Charles A.

DATE 1985

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the I-40 Right-of-Way at the SR 6 Interchange. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 367, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 472.80 acres in Bernalillo and Cibola Counties. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain, mesa, tableland, and rolling high plano landforms. Elevations varied between 5,480 and 5,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and one isolated occurrence was recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were pueblo sites, three were sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter/hearth sites, two were lithic scatter/hearth sites, one was a pueblo/fieldhouse site, one was a fieldhouse site, and one was a sherd scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the Anasazi/Pueblo I-II Period and one was assigned to the Anasazi/Basketmaker III-Pueblo I Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained White Mound B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Socorro B/w, Wingate B/r, Kiatuthlanna B/w, Kana'a Neck Banded, plain and corrugated, and Lino Gray wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 175

ARMS LOG NO. 31045E

AUTHOR Hannaford, Charles A.

DATE 1984

TITLE Historical Investigations at the Mills Townsite, Harding County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 319, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Harding County. Most of the sites were situated in mesa landforms, with an average elevation of 6,100 feet. Vegetation in the study area included various grasslands.

Excavations totaled less than 1% sample of the site. Recovery methods were not specified. Excavations were feature oriented.

Excavations took place at five possible house foundations made out of limestone slab or cement. Post-1900 trash surrounds the foundations. The site contained both Anglo and Hispanic components and dates to the 1880-1962 period.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include a lard bucket, a coffee can, barbed wire, hole-in-top cans, a wheat scale, car parts, oil cans, and glass fragments.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 176

ARMS LOG NO. 10903

AUTHOR Harkey, Marylin

DATE 1986

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of 800 Acres for the State Land Exchange Area East of Las Cruces, New Mexico. Bureau of Land Management, Las Cruces District, Las Cruces Resource Area, Report No. 030-86-34, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 800 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area was situated in the Basin and Range Province and consisted primarily of alluvial fan, ridge, and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 4,307 and 4,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: creosote, catclaw, tarbush, broom snakeweed, and mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and 203 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were lithic scatter sites, one was a sherd scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site, and one was a campsite site. Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included a historic homestead, a historic rock marker, and a historic wagon road.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 177

ARMS LOG NO. 5912

AUTHOR Harlan, Mark E.

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Section 32 T17N, R13W for Pathfinder Mining Incorporated. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-52, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 640 acres in San Juan County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of domal structure and flat lying bed land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,000 and 7,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine, scrub oak, and aspen).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of eight sites and 15 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were sherd scatter sites and two were structure/sherd sites. Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. All four were Navajo sites. These sites included one petroglyph site, one hogan ring/trash scatter site, one hogan/corral/sweathouse site, and one hogan/corral/brush shelter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, four were assigned to the Pueblo I-II Period and three were assigned to the Historic Navajo Period. One site contained multiple components (Pueblo/Historic Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, late Red Mesa B/w, Whiteware, and Gallup B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included church-key cans, aerosol can, and purple glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 178

ARMS LOG NO. 16282

AUTHOR Harper, Randy A.

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Survey and Monitor of Approximately 22 Miles of Electro Magnetic Seismic Line Right-of-Way West of Llaves, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. Conducted for Benson--Montin--Greer Drilling Corporation. San Juan College, Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 86-SJC-059, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 164 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of dissected plateau landforms. Elevations varied between 7,494 and 7,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, oak) and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and 16 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were pueblo/pithouse village sites, four were fieldhouse sites, and three were sherd and lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Rosa phase (A.D. 700-900), four were assigned to the Piedra phase (A.D. 850-950), and seven were assigned to the Gallina phase (A.D. 1050-1300) of the Anasazi Period. One site contained multiple components (Piedra and Gallina phases).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina B/g, Utility, Piedra B/w, and neck banded wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 179

ARMS LOG NO. 872

AUTHOR Harper, Randy and Linda Wheelbarger

DATE 1983

TITLE The 1982 Ancho Canyon Survey. York Canyon Archaeological Project, Kaiser Steel Corporation, Raton.



This block project encompassed 700 acres in Colfax County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, slope, and valley bottom landforms. Elevations varied between 7,080 and 7,149 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 18m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 49 sites and 41 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 43 were lithic scatter sites, two were lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a lithic/historic artifact scatter site, and one was a lithic/ sherd/historic artifact scatter site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was a lithic/sherd/historic scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one site was assigned to the late Archaic Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Protohistoric/Historic, Neo-Indian/Pueblo/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as lanceolate, En Medio, and Bonhams.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plain gray, B/w, whiteware, Taos Gray, Taos B/w, Taos Incised, Ocate Micaceous, and Rio Grande B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included metal, glass, and leather goods.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 180

ARMS LOG NO. 19265

AUTHOR Harrill, Bruce G.

DATE 1987

TITLE Cultural Resources Survey: Proposed Timber Sale in the Deer Pond Logging Unit on Santa Clara Pueblo Land. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Albuquerque Area Office, Report No. 86-227, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,019 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 7,200 to 8,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Gamble oak, white fir, and Douglas fir).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 18-23m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 181

ARMS LOG NO. 17861

AUTHOR Harrill, Bruce G.

DATE 1980

TITLE Cultural Resource Management Plan for Timber Sale and Forest Development Areas on the Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation. Volume I. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Forestry Archeological Program, Albuquerque.





This project encompasses 21,600 acres in Otero County. The project area consists primarily of ridge, steep slope, and canyon landforms. Elevations vary between 5,500 and 12,003 feet. Vegetation in the study area includes pine, fir, and mixed conifer.

The survey consisted of a proportionate stratified 10% random sample in which 15m interval transects form the basis for data collection. A total of 98 sites and 283 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 39 are lithic scatter sites, five are sherd/lithic scatter sites, and one is a sherd scatter site. Sixty-two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 50 are Mescalero sites,and four are Anglo sites. These sites include trash dumps (22), camps (16), corrals (7), logging activities (6), erosion control dumps (3), stone alignments (2), cabin/homesteads (2), and cattle pen/water tank (1) sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Archaic period, and six were assigned to the Mogollon period. Three sites contained multiple components (Archaic/Mogollon).

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rarely exceed 1,277 artifacts. Lithic analyses focus primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Among the types noted are Jay, Folsom, San Jose, Datil, Pelona, San Pedro, and Augustin.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware, Three Rivers Red-on-terracotta, El Paso polychrome, Chupadero Black-on-white, and Lincoln Black-on-red wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass (amber, purple, aqua, clear), white earthenware, vitreous china, stoneware, true porcelain, bone china, and cans. Numerous maker's marks are presented in the report. These include Owens-Illinois Glass Co., Northwestern Glass Co., Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Co., and Buck Glass.

The report contains statistical analyses of artifact assemblages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 182

ARMS LOG NO. 16738

AUTHOR Hart, Linda P.

DATE 1986a

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Missy Site, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8620, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 58 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 5,150 and 5,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, sagebrush, soaptree yucca, prickly pear cactus, and broom snakeweed).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of one site and 12 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. The site was a lithic/sherd scatter.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained smudged brown and Agua Fria G/r wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 183

ARMS LOG NO. 31082T

AUTHOR Hart, Linda P.

DATE 1986b

TITLE Test Excavations at Helstf, Site HSR 8529-6: A Mesilla Phase Jornada Mogollon Campsite on White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8603, Tularosa.



This project was located in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of basin landforms. The elevation was 3,960 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, four-wing saltbush, soaptree yucca, cholla, and Mormon tea).

Data recovery was based on unspecified methods. Nine test pits were excavated. The site consisted of two hearths, sherds, lithics, and fire-cracked rock.

Site HSR 8529-6 was assigned to the Mesilla phase of the Jornada Mogollon Period. It may have included an Archaic com-ponent.

Artifact data were based on field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 129 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. The site contained points classified as Hueco.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown wares.

Six radiocarbon dates were obtained from the site. C14 dates ranging from 2170 - 1100 + 80 BP were obtained from this site.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within the site.



REFNO. 184

ARMS LOG NO. 16580

AUTHOR Hartman, Russell P.

DATE 1977

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Survey Report of a Tract of Land in the Vicinity of McKinley Mine, McKinley County, NM. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Window Rock, AZ.



This block project encompassed 12,360 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of flats and mesa landforms. Elevations ranged from between 6,600 and 7,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 272 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The total number of recorded sites contain the following components: 55 historic Navajo hogan sites, 37 Anasazi structures and surface features. The remaining four sites were classified as unknown. Two hundred thirteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 203 were Navajo sites. Details regarding these sites were not presented.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, 55 were assigned to the Pueblo Period. Ten sites contained multiple components (Navajo and Pueblo).

Artifact data were based on in-field random sample analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 185

ARMS LOG NO. 25

AUTHOR Hayes, Alan C., David M. Brugge, and W. James Judge.

DATE 1981

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Chaco Canyon New Mexico. US Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Publications in Archaeology 18A, Washington, D.C.



This block project encompassed 21,120 acres in San Juan County. The project were was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of canyon and plateau landforms. Elevations range from 5,000 to 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included savannah or shrub-grassland.

The survey consisted of a 100% inventory sample in which 7-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 2,220 sites were recorded during this project.

The total number of recorded sites contained the following components: 68 lithic scatter sites, 2,193 pueblo sites, 659 Navajo structure sites, and 845 historic components. These included 320 hogans, 215 storage rooms, 389 corrals, sheep beds, and lamb pens, 48 sweathouses, three pueblitos, and three Navajo miniature houses.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, 75 were assigned to the Archaic Period-Basketmaker II phase, 188 were Basketmaker III phase, 457 were Pueblo I, 498 were early Pueblo II, 449 were late Pueblo II, 440 were early Pueblo III, 221 were late Pueblo III, and 659 were historic Navajo.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analysis was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as: Folsom, Jay, Pinto Basin, middle Archaic, late Archaic, San Jose, and Basketmaker II.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Escavada and Gallup B/w, Coolidge Corrugated, Chaco B/w, Chaco Corrugated, Wingate B/r, Puerco B/r, McElmo B/w, Mesa Verde B/w, Ashiwi series, Puname series, Tewa series, and Northeastern Keres wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 186

ARMS LOG NO. 26132

AUTHOR Hester, Thomas R.

DATE 1977

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Radium Springs Area, Southern New Mexico. University of Texas San Antonio, Center for Archaeological Research, Report No. 26, San Antonio, TX.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 20,480 acres in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of bolson and mountain landforms. Elevations varied between 4,000 and 5,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 10% environmentally stratified sample in which 50m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 90 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 38 were sherd and lithic scatter sites, 33 were lithic and fire-cracked rock scatter sites, eight were lithic scatter sites, and five were pithouse village sites. Petroglyph and two bead caches (freshwater) were also found. One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was an Anglo cemetery dating to the early 1900's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, upwards of 33 may relate to the Archaic Period and 41 were assigned to the post-A.D. 900 interval of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rarely exceeded 14 artifacts. Detailed artifact descriptions were provided. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Folsom, Angostura/Belen, expanding stem, and side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres Boldface, El Paso Polychrome, San Francisco Red, Chupadero B/w, Playas Red Incised, neckbanded, Mimbres Classic B/w, Cibola Whiteware, San Andres R/t, Three Rivers R/t, Seco Corrugated, Titoche Rubbed-Ribbed, Socorro B/w, Ramos Polychrome, and St. John's Polychrome wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project. PCA analyses of environmental factors were used to order sites in the region.

REFNO. 187

ARMS LOG NO. 5417

AUTHOR Hewett, Nancy S.

DATE 1981a

TITLE Cultural Resource Inventory and Assessment for the Proposed Public Service of New Mexico 500 KV Transmission Line, San Juan Basin, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 271a, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 2,521 acres in San Juan and McKinley Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mesa, basin and slope landforms. Elevations varied between 5,000 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 11m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 55 sites and 42 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were groundstone/fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter sites, three were sherd/lithic sites, eight were fieldhouse (2-4 rooms) sites, and one was a pithouse village. Thirty-seven historic sites were re-corded in the study area. All of these were historic Navajo sites. These sites included habitations (hogans), corrals, lambing pens, hornos, and temporary camps (tents). Most post-date 1950, although three pre-date 1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker III Period, four were assigned to the Pueblo I Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo I/Pueblo II Period, four were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III Period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo III Period. Many sites contained multiple components (Navajo and prehistoric).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino Gray and Red Mesa B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 188

ARMS LOG NO. 113

AUTHOR Hewett, Nancy S.

DATE 1981b

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory and Assessment for the Proposed 500 KV Transmission Line, Ambrosia Lake to Pajarito Station, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 271B, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 1,673 acres in McKinley, Cibola, and Bernalillo Counties. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of mesa, basin, and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 5,300 and 8,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (saltbush, snakeweed, blue grama, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 12m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 57 sites and 129 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 11 were lithic scatter sites, 13 were lithic/sherd scatter sites, three were rubble/sherd scatter sites, two were sherd scatter sites, one was a pueblo/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a hearth/sherd/ lithic scatter site, one was a masonry structure site, one was a structure/lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter site, and one was a rock shelter/sherd scatter site.

Nineteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 12 were Native American sites, four were Anglo sites, and two were Hispanic sites. These sites included five historic rock alignment sites, five historic corral sites, four structural sites, one habitation site, one erosion control site, one sweatlodge site, one structure/historic artifact scatter site and one camp site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and 25 were assigned to the Anasazi Cultural Tradition. One site contained multiple components (Anasazi/historic Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallup B/w, Puerco B/w, Escavada B/w, Wingate B/w, Indented Corrugated, Red Mesa B/w, Chaco B/w, Navajo Utility, Lino Gray, McElmo B/w, Tularosa B/w, Wingate Redware, Santa Fe B/w, Pitoche Utility, and Socorro B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included: porcelain, milled wood, 1930's car fender, condensed milk cans, oil drum stove, glass, and shotgun shells.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 189

ARMS LOG NO. 8116

AUTHOR Hewett, Nancy S.

DATE 1978

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Survey Report for Benson Minerals Group. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 77, Farmington.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 10.44 acres in McKinley and Sandoval Counties. The project area consisted primarily of dissected ridge and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 6,900 and 6,918 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included sage, rabbitbrush, prickly pear cactus, yucca, ponderosa pine, and juniper.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 190

ARMS LOG NO. 8618

AUTHOR Higgins, Howard C.

DATE 1984

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory of Site "B" for the Proposed Sierra Blanca Airport, Lincoln County, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-231, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,700 acres in Lincoln County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevation averages 6,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area in-cluded pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and 98 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites: 10 were lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a lithic/groundstone site, one was a lithic/historic trash scatter site, and one was a lithic/purple glass scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic and a possible Scallorn.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w and El Paso Brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 191

ARMS LOG NO. 859

AUTHOR Higgins, Howard C. and James L. Moore

DATE 1983

TITLE The Upper York Canyon Site Surveys. The York Canyon Archaeological Project, Kaiser Steel Corporation, Raton.



This block project encompassed 5,400 acres in Colfax County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,680 and 8,845 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (spruce, pine, and scrub oak).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 26 sites and 27 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 12 were lithic scatter sites, three were lithic scatter/historic cabin sites, one was a rock cairn site, and one was a stone ring/lithic scatter site.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites were all historic cabin sites (ca. 1880-1940).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating. Three sites contained multiple com-ponents (prehistoric/historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included purple glass, porcelain, milled lumber, a horseshoe, leather and metal fragments.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 192

ARMS LOG NO. 115

AUTHOR Hilley, John

DATE 1981

TITLE 407 Miles of Archaeological Transect Sampling in the Basins of Southern New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 475, Volumes I and II, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 2,467 acres in Sierra, Doña Ana, Luna, and Hidalgo Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mountain range and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 3,700 and 4,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 173 sites and 2,298 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 42 were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, 35 were lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, 29 were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, 14 were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock sites, 14 were lithic sites, and 12 were lithic/groundstone sites.

By today's standards, 22 of the 42 lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, 14 of the 35 lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, one of the 29 lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, 14 of the 14 lithic sites, four of the 14 lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock sites, and nine of the 12 lithic/groundstone sites might be considered isolated occurrences.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, two were Anglo sites. These sites include well remnants and trash.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Paleo-Indian Period, 22 were assigned to the Chiricahua and San Pedro phases of the Archaic/Cochise Period, 62 were assigned to the Formative Period, one was assigned to the Mesilla phase, one was assigned to the Hueco phase, and one was assigned to the El Paso phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro, Chiricahua-Armagosa, and Cochise.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, Mimbres B/w, San Fransico Red, Alma Plain, El Paso Polychrome, El Paso Bichrome, Playas Red Incised, Chupadero B/w, Casas Grandes Red, and Mimbres Corrugated wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include solder cans and well drilling remnants.

The report contained no analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 193

ARMS LOG NO. 662

AUTHOR Hilley, John P., Glenda G. Hilley, and Bill Bloch

DATE 1982

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of Eleven Seismic Testing Transects in Hidalgo, Grant, Luna, and Doña Ana Counties. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 502, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 393 acres in Luna, Grant, Hidalgo, and Doña Ana Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mountain and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 3,000 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 5m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 46 sites and 206 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 13 were lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock sites, 11 were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, and six were lithic scatter sites.

A total of five sites (two lithic/fire-cracked rock, one groundstone, and one lithic) defined as sites would be considered isolated occurrences by today's standards.

Eleven historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, eleven were Anglo sites or Hispanic sites. These sites include trash dumps, an unidentified structure, and a line camp.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Paleo-Indian period, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, and one was assigned to the Animas or Salado and El Paso phases of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro and Folsom.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Playas Red Incised, El Paso brownware, Alma Plain, Gila Polychrome, Reserve/Tularosa Fillet Rim, and Cloverdale Gouged red.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include solder sealed cans, purple glass, crockery fragments, and china fragments.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 194

ARMS LOG NO. 26352

AUTHOR Hobbs, Alfred

DATE 1989

TITLE Broke-Off Timber Sale Cultural Resource Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1989-02-017B.



This block project encompassed 1,055 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of drainages, ridges, and steep slope landforms. Elevations varied between 9,200 to 10,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 60% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of seven sites and 66 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all seven were lithic scatters.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as BM II and Ojo Barbed. The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 195

ARMS LOG NO. 35779

AUTHOR Hogan, Patrick

DATE 1988

TITLE Interim Report: A Class III Archaeological Survey of the Cox Ranch Land Exchange. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 7,658 acres in Doña Ana, Otero, and Eddy Counties. The project area consisted primarily of basin landforms. Elevations varied between 3,135 and 4,455 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands and desertscrub (creosotebush, mesquite, mesa dropseed, black grama, and bush muhly).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 80 sites and 750 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at 25 Category I sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric Category III sites, 15 were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock sites, 14 were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, six were lithic/sherd sites, two were pithouse village sites, and one was a possible pueblo village site.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. Of these, one is an Anglo or Hispanic site. These sites included the rem-nants of an above ground water storage tank and pump house.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the Archaic Period and six were assigned to the late phase of the Formative Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Formative).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 50 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada and San Jose.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres B/w, El Paso Brown, Jornada Brown, and Chupadero B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included a cement livestock cistern and two cement slab foundations.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 196

ARMS LOG NO. 20545E

AUTHOR Hogan, Patrick

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Investigations at Eight Small Sites in West-Central New Mexico: Data Recovery at the Fence Lake No. 1 Mine. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-211b and 185-271, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at eight sites in Catron County. Most of the sites were situated in arroyo, valley, and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 6,200 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavations ranged from less than 1% to 8% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were structure and feature oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, two were hunting stands sites, one was an Archaic/lithic scatter site, and five were Puebloan fieldhouse sites. Most post-date A.D. 950. No historic sites were excavated.

Artifact data were based on field/laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes range from 20 - 1200 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic anal-yses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Bajada, Armijo, and San Augustine.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Reserve Plain Smudged, Zoned Corru-gated, Clapboard Corrugated, Neck Corrugated, Reserve Indented Corrugated, Plain Brown, Indented Corrugated, Kana'a Neckbanded, Lino Gray, Plain Gray, Red Mesa B/w, Escavada B/w, Snowflake B/w, Puerco B/w, Reserve Incised Corrugated, Reserve Corrugated Smudged, Reserve Plain Corrugated, Tularosa Patterned Corrugated, Tularosa Patterned Corrugated Smudged, and Three Circle Neck Corrugated. Ceramic production Loci may have been found at LA 48649. Archi-tectural features include jacal structures and pithouses (rectilinear).

Specialized studies include radiocarbon, flotation, and faunal. Radiocarbon dates show most of these sites to post-date A.D. 1000. Flotation studies found Cheno-ams, Yucca, Zea cupules, Phaseolus, Portulaca, and Helianthus in many sites. Faunal anal-yses showed Slyvilagus, Lepus, and Artiodactyl remains at most sites.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature, contained few statistical analyses of artifact assemblages, but provides detailed tabular summaries.

REFNO. 197

ARMS LOG NO. 17371

AUTHOR Hogan, Patrick

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Survey of the Venada Airport, Sandoval County, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-305, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 900 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 5,500 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 211 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were lithic scatter sites, three were sherd and lithic scatter sites, and two were lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, most were assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Cody.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Glaze wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 198

ARMS LOG NO. 5401

AUTHOR Hogan, Patrick, Frederick York and Joseph C. Winter

DATE 1981

TITLE A Survey of Cultural Resources in Eight Sections Surrounding Crownpoint, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-79, Albuquerque.



This mixed (block, sample quadrat and corridor) project encompassed 5,120 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected slope landforms. Elevations varied between 6,780 and 6,940 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of an indeterminate sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were sherd scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter/historic Navajo masonry hogan site, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site, and one was a rock ring site.

Seven historic sites were recorded in the study area. All of these were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites contained three historic masonry hogan rings, one historic trash site, one historic Navajo house site, one historic hogan/trash scatter/grave site, and one historic masonry oven site. The report also included descriptions of 15 historic structures recorded in Crownpoint. The structures dated from 1912 to 1938.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Anasazi phase of the Pueblo I-II Period. Three sites contained multiple components (Anasazi/ Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, Chaco B/w, and Corrugated Gray wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included an oven.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 199

ARMS LOG NO. 30914E

AUTHOR Hubbel, Lyndi and Diane Traylor

DATE 1982

TITLE Bandelier: Excavations in the Flood Pool of Cochiti Lake, New Mexico. National Park Service, Branch of Cultural Research.



This project focused on excavations at 23 sites in Sandoval County. Most of the sites were situated in canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 5,460 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation in the study area included riparian and juniper grasslands.

Excavation samples could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/8in. and arbitrary levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, 19 were 1-3 room masonry fieldhouse sites, two were multi-room masonry (8-23 rooms) pueblo sites some with kivas (squwere and D-shaped), and two were pithouse sites. Most sites date between A.D. 1200-1600. One rockshelter containing multiple occupations ranging from 2000 B.C. to A.D. 1450 was excavated. One historic corral site was dug. Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 2 - 30,522 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Selected raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Rio Grande, stemmed, side-notched, Basketmaker III, Bat Cave, En Medio, Armijo, and Chiricahua. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Kwahe'e B/w, Santa Fe B/w, Wiyo B/w, Galisteo B/w, Agua Fria G/r, San Clemente Glaze Polychrome, Tesuque Corrugated, Abiquiu B/w, Bandelier B/g, Socorro B/w, Chaco B/w, Mancos B/w, McElmo B/w, Puerco B/r, Cieneguilla G/y, Largo G/y, Largo G/r, Espinosa G-P, San Lazaro Glaze Polychrome, Puaray Glaze Polychrome, Pecos G-P, Pecos Glaze V, Ogapoge Polychrome, Salinas Red, Kapo Black, Lino Gray, Peñasco Micaceous, Los Lunas Smudged, Tsankawi B/c, Trios Polychrome, Sanchez G/r, Escondido G-P, and Potsuii Incised. Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass, metal, and cartridges.

Specialized studies include human osteology, faunal, obsidian hydration dating, pollen, dating of tree-rings, flotation, radiocarbon dating, and archaeomagnetic dating. Human osteology of two burials focused on age-sex determinations and pathologies. Faunal studies show deer, rabbit, and turkey to have been primary resources. Pollen analyses of 75 samples from six sites showed Cheno-ams and arboreal pollen to dominate most spectra. Flotation recovered Zea and Phaseolus as well as such wild plants as P. edulis, Quercus, and Cheno-ams. Tree-ring and radiocarbon dating support a post-A.D. 110 occupation for most sites. Obsidian hydration dating did not confirm the ages of some point types.

The report is descriptive in nature and contained detailed tabular summaries/statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 200

ARMS LOG NO. 35780

AUTHOR Humans Systems Research

DATE 1989

TITLE Mountains of Sunlit Silence: White Sands Missile Range Inventory Sample Survey of the Southern San Andres Mountains, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report 8855, Tularosa.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 9,390 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain, pediment, upper bajada, and lower bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 3,937 and 5,250 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 2% environmentally stratified disproportionate sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 91 sites and 1,384 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 32 were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, 24 were lithic scatter sites, 18 were sherd/lithic scatter sites, eight were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, six were pithouse/pueblo midden sites, three were petroglyph sites, two were stone ring sites, and one was a rockshelter site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. This was an Anglo tent platform.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 53 components were assigned to the Archaic Period, 32 were assigned to the Mesilla phase, and 35 were assigned to the El Paso phase of the Formative Period. Many sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes average 19 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points (n=198). Sites contained points classified as Jay and Bajada.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic/petrographic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, Glaze A Red, Chupadero B/w, Mimbres B/w, Mimbres Corrugated, Playas Red Incised, St.John's Polychrome, Lincoln B/r, El Paso Polychrome, Seco Corrugated, and Three Rivers R/t wares. Petrographic analyses of Mimbres B/w sherds (n=13) indicates that they were of non-local origin.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project. Estimates of site density by environmental zones were presented.

Radiocarbon dates from 10 sites were: 80 + 60 BP, 240 + 50 BP, 560 + 90 BP, 170 + 100 BP, 470 + 50 BP, 680 + 90 BP, 5870 + 120 BP, 290 + 70 BP, 4070 + 170 BP, and 540 + 100 BP. Thirty-three obsidian dates from 20 sites were also presented. Overlapping C14 and OH dates from six sites were not in close agreement. Most obsidian derives from Obsidian Ridge, with East Grants Ridge, and Mule Creek in lesser quantities.

REFNO. 201

ARMS LOG NO. 24257

AUTHOR Hunt, James E.

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Survey Report for Western Geophysical Company's Seismic Testing Line No. 8205. Situated on Federal Lands in Eddy County, New Mexico. Pecos Archaeological Consultants, Report No. 88161, Carlsbad.



This corridor project encompassed 230.29 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of dune and mesquite anchored-hummock landforms. Elevations varied between 3,390 and 3,670 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shinery oak, mesquite, sandsage, broom snakeweed, and yucca.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 24 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter sites and four were lithic/sherd scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, four were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 202

ARMS LOG NO. 7380

AUTHOR Hunt, James E.

DATE 1984

TITLE Archaeological Survey Report for Western Geophysical's Seismic Testing Lines 84-31, 84-32, 84-33 Situated on Federal Lands in Eddy County, New Mexico. Pecos Archaeological Consultants, Carlsbad.



This corridor project encompassed 157.5 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of dune, mesquite-anchored hummock, and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 3,050 and 3,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite, creosotebush, yucca, snakeweed, and grama grass.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and 68 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were sherd/lithic scatter sites, four were sherd/fire hearth/lithic scatter sites, three were lithic scatter sites, two were lithic/ fire hearth sites, two were lithic/freshwater mollusk/sherd scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic/bone scatter site, and one was a limestone rock ring site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period. One site contained multiple components (late Archaic/Jornada Mogollon).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown and Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 203

ARMS LOG NO. 22834

AUTHOR Hunt, James E. and Robert J. Martin

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Survey Report for Geophysical Service, Inc's., Seismic Testing Line Bureau of Land Management 88-32, Situated on Federal Lands in Eddy and Chaves Counties, New Mexico. Pecos Archaeological Consultants, Report No. 88111, Carlsbad.



This corridor project encompassed 291 acres in Eddy and Chaves Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plains landforms. Elevations varied between 3,410 and 3,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: shinnery oak, mesquite, sand sage, and creosote.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 10 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock sites, and seven were lithic/ sherd/groundstone/fire-cracked rock sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Querecho/Maljamar phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Leslie's Type 3-C.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres Boldface B/w, brownware, and Chupadero B/w wares.

No analyses of artifacts from these sites were presented.

REFNO. 204

ARMS LOG NO. 22467

AUTHOR Hunter-Anderson, Rosalind L.

DATE 1979

TITLE Archaeological Reconnaisance Survey, South Doña Ana County Airport. Bohannan-Huston, Inc., Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 1,730 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of valley margins and dune landforms. Elevation ranges from 4,100 to 4,112 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 25% systematic sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of seven sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, two were lithic scatter sites, two were sherd/lithic sites and one consisted of multiple hearths. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Both of these were Anglo sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the El Paso phase of the Formative Period. The two lithic scatters and one hearth site could not be dated.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. No projectile points were found.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Bichrome wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 205

ARMS LOG NO. 11019

AUTHOR Hunter-Anderson, Rosalind L., James I. Ebert, Stephen Fosberg and Martha Heck

DATE 1978

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Yellowhouse Dam Area. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 101-152, 101-152A, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 4,896 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of alluvial floodplain, aeolian sand dune, and mesa top landforms. Elevations varied between 6,560 and 7,320 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 318 sites and 115 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. There is no discussion of site types.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo Basketmaker-Pueblo I Period, 15 were asigned to the Pueblo Period, 97 were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, 122 were assigned to the Pueblo III Period, two were assigned to the Pueblo III-IV Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo IV Period, 37 were assigned to the Zuni Cultural Tradition, three were assigned to the Navajo Cultural Traditon, and 39 were assigned to the Anasazi Cultural Tradition.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 250 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Cibola Gray, Cibola White, White Mountain Red, and Mogollon Brown wares.

The report contained the results of preliminary remote sensing analysis of climatic and environmental change in the project area. There is no analysis of artifacts.

REFNO. 206

ARMS LOG NO. 13018

AUTHOR Hunter-Anderson, R.L.

DATE 1976

TITLE The Nageezi-Carrizo Survey: Results and Conclusions. Historic Preservation Division, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 2982 acres in San Juan and Rio Arriba Counties. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and floodplain landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 80m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 36 sites and 39 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, six were pithouse sites, seven were hearth sites and 14 were artifact scatter sites. The remaining site was classified as unknown.

Seven historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, three were Navajo sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Dinetah Utility, Rosa Gray, Rosa B/w, Jemez B/w, Kotyiti Glaze F, and Gobernador Polychrome wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 207

ARMS LOG NO. 4217

AUTHOR Huse, Hannah, Bradley A. Noisat, and Judith A. Halasi.

DATE 1978

TITLE The Bisti-Star Lake Project: A Sample Survey of Cultural Resources in Northwestern New Mexico. Archaeological Associates, Inc., Contract No. YA-512-CT7-130.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 37,610 acres in Sandoval, Rio Arriba, San Juan, and McKinley Counties. The project area consisted primarily of badlands, plains, and mesa landforms. Elevations range from 5,800 to 7,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 6% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 421 sites and 267 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The total number of recorded sites contained the following components: 35 pueblo sites, 128 lithic scatter sites, nine quarries, one masonry structure site, and six rock alignment sites. Three hundred ninety historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 300 contained Navajo components and one contained Jicarilla Apache components.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, three were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, 84 were assigned to the Archaic Period, 38 were assigned to the Anasazi Period, 31 were assigned to the Gobernador phase, 19 were assigned to the Cabezon phase, and 286 were assigned to the Reservation phase of the Historic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada, San Jose Armijo, late Armijo-early En Medio, and En Medio.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Dinetah Scored, Dinetah Indented, Dinetah Micaceous, Navajo Filleted, Gobernador Polychrome, Navajo Polychrome, and Ogopoge Polychrome, Lino Gray sherds.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass (aqua, purple, black), cans, and fasteners (nails). Maker's marks were discussed.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 208

ARMS LOG NO. 8067

AUTHOR Ireland, Arthur K., Henry J. Walt, and John R. Stein

DATE 1981

TITLE A Cultural Resource Management Plan for Timber Sale and Forest Development Areas on the Pueblo of Isleta. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Albuquerque Area Office, Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 2,584 acres in Torrance, Valencia, and Bernalillo Counties. The project area consisted primarily of the Manzano Mountains landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, fir, and Pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 30% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. All of the sites contained multiple components--prehistoric and historic. Very heavy ground cover was noted as a factor affecting site densities.

Of the total number of recorded sites, eight were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd and lithic scatter site. Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, six were Isleta Pueblo sites, one was an Anglo site and one could not be

determined.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II phase of the Formative Period. Three sites contained multiple components. Seven could not be assigned to a specific time period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Assemblage size rwerely exceeded 10 items per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Pueblo I and Apache and Basketmaker II in age and style.

No ceramics were noted from the sites in this area.

The report contained a presence-absence tabulation of artifact assemblages within and between sites found during the project, as well as a more detailed breakdown of lithic assemblages.

REFNO. 209

ARMS LOG NO. 17460

AUTHOR Jacklin, Marian

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Survey: Three Roads in the Iyanbito, New Mexico Chapter. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 86-073, Window Rock, AZ.



This corridor project encompassed 1,248 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of basin and bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 6,700 and 6,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

No additional information was presented regarding these sites. No additional information was presented regarding artifact assem-blages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 210

ARMS LOG NO. 29987

AUTHOR Janes, Joseph B.

DATE 1984

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of the Jewett Timber Sale, Gila National Forest, New Mexico. USDA Forest Service, Quemado Ranger District, Gila National Forest, Report No. 1984-06-013.



This project encompasses 8,268 acres in Catron County. The project area consists primarily of ridges, rims and terraces landforms. Elevations vary between 7200-9000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area is not specified.

The survey consisted of a 3,500 acre sample in which 30 ft crew spacing form the basis for data collection. A total of 42 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Specific information on the sites is not presented, except that the sites are prehistoric.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 211

ARMS LOG NO. 29863

AUTHOR Janes, Joseph B.

DATE 1982

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of the Leggett Timber Sale, Reserve Ranger District, Gila National Forest. USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region, Reserve Ranger District, Gila National Forest, Report No. 1982-06-020.



This project encompasses 5,105 acres in Catron County. The project area consists primarily of basin, canyon and mountain landforms. Elevations vary between 7000-8300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area is not specified.

The survey consisted of a 90% sample in which walking, driving, and horseback forms the basis for data collection. A total of 21 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

The report does not contain specific information on any of the 21 sites.

REFNO. 212

ARMS LOG NO. 29779

AUTHOR Janes, Joseph B.

DATE 1981

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Killion Timber Sale. USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region, Apache National Forest, Report No. 1981-06-015.



This project encompasses 4,000 acres in Catron County. Information concerning landforms, elevations and vegetation in the project area was not presented.

The survey consisted of a 75% sample in which 30ft. transects form the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 213

ARMS LOG NO. 29797

AUTHOR Janes, Joseph B.

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Hell Timber Sale and Roads USDA Forest Service. Southwestern Region, Luna Ranger District, Gila National Forest, Report No. 1980-06-022.



This project encompasses 6,984 acres in Catron County. The project area consists primarily of ridge and mesa landforms. Elevations vary between 7800-8800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area is not specified.

The survey consisted of a 15% grab sample in which 50ft. crew spacing forms the basis for data collection. A total of zero sites and several isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 214

ARMS LOG NO. 8070

AUTHOR Johnson, Carl B.

DATE 1976

TITLE An Archaeological Reconnaissance of the Llano de Albuquerque in the Vicinity of the Proposed West Mesa Airport, Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Portales.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 614 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of hill and dune landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 12% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 24 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter sites, five were lithic/ground-stone and fire-cracked rock scatter sites, eight were lithic scatter sites, some with groundstone, and two were sherd/lithic/ groundstone and fire-cracked rock scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period. Most were assigned to the Archaic Period based on an absence of ceramics. Almost all sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Puebloan).

Artifact data was limited. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Santa Fe B/w, Glaze A, Puname Polychrome, Lino Gray, Glaze B/r, Red Mesa B/w, and McElmo B/w wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 215

ARMS LOG NO. 19490

AUTHOR Johnson, David M.

DATE 1987

TITLE Rim Road--Alternating "A" Cultural Resource Survey. Lincoln National Forest, Guadalupe Ranger District, Report No. 1987-08-097A.



This corridor project encompassed 108 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 6,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 10 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic/fire-cracked rock/midden ring sites, six were sherd/lithic/ fire-cracked rock/midden sites, and two were lithic sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

No estimated ages of sites in these groups were assigned.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Los Lunas Smudged, unspecified B/w, Chupadero B/w, and unspecified R/t wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 216

ARMS LOG NO. 16077

AUTHOR Johnson, David M.

DATE 1986

TITLE Turkey Timber Sale Cultural Resources Survey. Lincoln National Forest, Cloudcroft Ranger District, Report No. 1986-08-054.



This block project encompassed 826 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and slope landforms. Elevations varied between 8,840 and 9,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (spruce and fir) and aspens.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and 12 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Poor ground visibility was noted.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, both were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

No estimated ages of these sites were assigned.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

No ceramics or historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 217

ARMS LOG NO. 26364

AUTHOR Johnson, Michael

DATE 1989

TITLE Mountainair District 1989 Commercial Fuelwood Parcels 9, 26 and 27 Archaeological Survey. Cibola National Forest, Mountainair Ranger District, Report No. 1989-03-062.



This block project encompassed 182 acres in Torrance County. The project area consisted primarily of round top mesa landforms. Elevations were between 6,500 and 6,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 83 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were lithic scatter sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, and one was a masonry structure site.

No estimated ages were assigned to these sites.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 218

ARMS LOG NO. 2867

AUTHOR Joyce, Daniel J.

DATE 1985

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey for the Proposed Location of a Municipal Airport for the City of Portales, Roosevelt County, New Mexico. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. PA 85.10, Portales.



This block project encompassed 816 acres in Roosevelt County. The project area consisted primarily of plains and arroyo land-forms. Elevations varied between 4,000 and 4,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shortgrass prairie.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

All five sites were historic and Anglo. These sites included homestead complexes and corral/trash dumps. All sites post-date 1935.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass, tin cans and windmills ("Eclipse, Fairbanks, MO"). Maker's marks were discussed.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 219

ARMS LOG NO. 31163T

AUTHOR Joyce, Daniel J., and Daniel G. Landis

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Testing and Evaluation of Site LA 32276, Eddy County, New Mexico. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. AR 85.8, Portales.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Eddy County. Most of the sites were situated in terrace, pediment, and dune landforms. Elevations varied between 3,577 and 4,143 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub (black grama, curly mesquite grass, sotol, agave, and yucca)

Three separate grids of squwere collection units were placed over three artifact concentrations. Each grid squwere was 1 x 1m in size. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 30-45cm levels were used in all excavations.

The site was a hearth/lithic/sherd scatter. The site was probably occupied during the A.D. 700 to A.D. 1150 period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of 225 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso/Jornada Brown, South Pecos Brown, Roswell Brown, Three Rivers R/t, and Roswell Brown-polished.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dating. A radiocarbon date of A.D. 700 + 80 was obtained from the site.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 220

ARMS LOG NO. 7392

AUTHOR Kalina, Arlan F. and James E. Hunt

DATE 1984

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Geophysical Service, Inc., Seismic Line No. 84-352 in Eddy County, New Mexico. Pecos Archaeological Consultants, Carlsbad.



This corridor encompassed 98 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of basin landforms. Elevations varied between 3,300 and 3,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shinnery oak, mesquite, yucca, and creosote.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 12 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites and four were lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period and six were assigned to the Querecho phase (A.D. 950-110) of the Formative Period. One site contained mul-tiple components (Querecho and Ochoa phase).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named to a type.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown and Ochoa Corrugated wares.

Shell was noted at one site.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 221

ARMS LOG NO. 26430

AUTHOR Kantner, JoAnne, Miles Linnabery, Alan Reed, and James Richards

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeological Reconnaissance of the Ned Houk Memorial Park, Clovis, New Mexico. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 79-11, Portales.



This block project encompassed 312 acres in Curry County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo and plain landforms. Elevations were between 4,250 and 4,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shortgrass prairie (Buffalo and grama grasslands).

The survey consisted of 100% sample in which 9m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 30 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at two sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites. Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. All of these were Anglo sites. These sites included ranches (1940's), homesteads (dugout and frame), dumps (1927?), and ranch complexes (1916, 1940, and 1930).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were tentatively assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period.

No artifact data were presented. Sites contained points classified as late Archaic but no details were provided.

No ceramics were noted. No historic artifacts were noted. A good overview of historic land use patterns was provided.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 222

ARMS LOG NO. 31122E

AUTHOR Katz, Susana R. and Paul Katz

DATE 1985

TITLE The History of the Carlsbad Basin, Southeastern New Mexico: Technical Report of Historic Archaeological Investigations in the Brantley Project Locality. Incarnate Word College, San Antonio, TX.



This project focused on excavations at seven historic sites in Eddy County. Most of the sites were situated in floodplain, bluff, and terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 3,000 and 3,300 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands and desertscrub.

These excavations were preceded by a 5,100 acre block survey. A total of 58 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Subsurface excavations were conducted at three sites. Data recovery is based on unspecified screen sizes and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature oriented.

Seven components were excavated. Of these, all were Anglo components. These include a mill, an oil well pad, a townsite, a homestead, a gypsum kiln, and a reservoir complex. Most date between 1880-1920..

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes seldom exceeded 100 items per site.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass (purple, brown, olive, black, and aqua marine), cans ("Fairbank Lard", "Bakers Cocoa", "Bucklens Salve", and "Clipper Mills: blasting powder), earthen ware, and bricks ("Acme Everlast" and "Butler"). Maker's marks were presented.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages. There is a good review of regional history and historic artifact technology.

Cow, goat, and dog bones were recovered at one site.

REFNO. 223

ARMS LOG NO. 32453O

AUTHOR Katz, Susana R. and Paul Katz

DATE 1985

TITLE The Prehistory of the Carlsbad Basin, Southeastern New Mexico: Technical Report of Prehistoric Archaeological Investigations in the Brantley Project Locality. Incarnate Word College, San Antonio, TX.



This project focused on survey and excavations at 43 sites in Eddy County. Most of the sites were situated in floodplain and bluff landforms. Elevations varied between 3,250 and 3,500 feet. Vegetation in the study area included riparian associations.

Excavations were less than 1% to 2% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on unspecified screen sizes and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in most excavations. Excavations were feature oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, 18 were burned rock rings/scatter sites, 13 were lithic scatter sites, seven were stone circle/tipi ring sites, and one was a rockshelter site. No historic sites were excavated (see prior citation).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 1 - 575 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were PaleoIndian, Darl, Pecos Contracting, Pecos Rectanglar, Pecos Indented, Scallorn, San Pedro, Livermore, Fresno, Harrell, Washita, Toyah, Marcos, Leslie 3-D, Historic Metal, Leslie 1-D, and Palmillas.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Polychrome, Jornada Brown, Chupadero B/w, South Pecos Brown, Three Rivers R/t, Lincoln B/r, Gila Polychrome, Seco Corrugated, and Corona Corrugated.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dating, thermolumin-escent dating, faunal, pollen, and floral analyses. Radiocarbon dated from burned rock middens (n=38) ranged from A.D. 220-1500. Thermoluminescent dates proved unproductive. A local phase sequence is developed using these data. Faunal studies show domesticated cattle and goats to be most common, and freshwater mollusks may have been used. Pollen and floral studies show grasslands and Composites to have been frequent.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained tabular summaries and statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 224

ARMS LOG NO. 21337

AUTHOR Kauffman, Barbara and W. Edward Wright

DATE 1987

TITLE Cultural Resources of the Alluvial Fan Zone on the West Side of the San Andres Mountians, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 31, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 4,844 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo and alluvial fan landforms. Elevations ranged from between 4,400 and 4,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, tarbush, and mesquite).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which transects formed the basis for data collection. A total of 36 sites and 85 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were lithic scatter sites, seven were lithic/sherd scatter sites, two were sherd scatter sites, one was a rock cairn site, one was a fire-cracked rock/artifact scatter site, three were isolated hearth sites, one was a lithic/groundstone site, one was a surface ash stained site, and three were "habitation" sites . The remaining two sites were classified as unknown.

Ten historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a mining site and the remainder were house foundations and trash dumps. Check dams (CCC?) were also noted.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, four were assigned to the Mesilla phase of the early Formative Period. One site contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analysis was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Formative.

Ceramic analyses focused on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained San Fransico Red, Alma Plain, Mimbres Boldface, and Mimbres Corrugated wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 225

ARMS LOG NO. 20522

AUTHOR Kauffman, Barbara and Wayne Howell

DATE 1987

TITLE A Cultural Resoures Inventory of Approximately 1200 Acres of Land at the NASA White Sands Test Facility Near Las Cruces, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 16, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 1,189 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo landforms. Eleva-tions ranged from between 4,400 and 5,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, mesquite, tarbush, yucca, and cholla).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 37 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were ground-stone/lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic/groundstone/sherd scatter site, one was a sherd/lithic site, one was a lithic scatter site, one was a buried hearth site, and one was a sherd scatter site. One historic site was recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Mesilla phase of the Formative Period and two were assigned to the Formative Period. One site contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro and Shumla.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 226

ARMS LOG NO. 24320D

AUTHOR Kauffman, Barbara, David Batcho, and Deborah Sick

DATE 1987

TITLE Final Report of Archaeological Investigations at Four Sites Along the Columbus to Anapra Road, Near Santa Teresa, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 26, Las Cruces.



This project focused on excavations at four sites in Doña Ana County. Most of the sites were situated in coppice dune landforms. Elevations varied between 4,080 and 4,110 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, four-wing saltbush, and soaptree yucca).

Excavations consisted of 2 x 2 meter test units on each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, two were lithic/sherd/groundstone/burned caliche scatter sites and one was a lithic/sherd scatter/burned feature site. One historic site was excavated. The historic site consisted of Mastodon Station, a small rail stop.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 29 - 38 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Leslie's Type 9.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include purple glass, shell, metal garter, metal valve, and a metal washer.

Specialized studies include flotation analysis, radiocarbon, and obsidian hydration. Flotation results indicate the presence of Sporobolus and Prosopis. The radiocarbon samples were dated to 600-910 A.D. and 935-1315 A.D. The obsidian hydration samples were assigned dates of 446-654 A.D., 722-794 A.D., 284-366 A.D., 710-852 A.D., and 895-983 A.D.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 227

ARMS LOG NO. 17651

AUTHOR Kayser, D. and T.G. Futch

DATE 1981

TITLE Cultural Resource Inventory: Stable Mesa Timber Sale, Jemez District, Santa Fe National Forest. Taos Archeological Research Associates, P.O. No. 43-8379-1-466, Taos.



This block project encompassed 1,974 acres in Sandoval County. Landforms, vegetation, and elevation were not mentioned in the report.

The survey consisted of a 99% sample in which 18m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 46 sites and 53 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

No information is provided regarding the kinds of sites that were encountered, the kinds of artifacts discovered or estimated ages of any sites.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 228

ARMS LOG NO. 28160E

AUTHOR Kayser, David W., Anita M. Reiley, Gail D. Tierney, David E. McNeece, Helene Warren, and Phyllis Hughes

DATE 1975

TITLE The Mesa Top Mogollon: A Report on the Excavations at Gallita Springs, Gallo Mountains, Gila National Forest, Catron County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 113, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at six sites in Catron County. Most of the sites were situated in rincon and gentle slope landforms. Elevations varied between 7,850 and 8,000 feet. Vege-tation in the study area included mixed conifers (juniper, mountain cottonwood, and ponderosa pine).

The excavations consisted of 50cm wide trenches. Artifact recovery was based unspecified screen sizes and 15-30cm levels in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated sites, one was a structure/hearth/burial/storage pit/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was structure/burial/hearth/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a surface room/check dam/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a room/agricultural terrace/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a room/rock terrace/lithic/sherd scatter site, and one was a room/lithic/sherd scatter site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 1 - 3,060 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were laterally notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tularosa B/w, San Francisco Red, Gray Plain Corrugated, Red Mesa B/w, Mogollon Brown Utility, late Reserve B/w, Mimbres B/w, and St. John's Polychrome.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 229

ARMS LOG NO. 70

AUTHOR Kemrer, Meade F.

DATE 1982

TITLE Archaeological Variability Within the Bisti-Star Lake Region Northwestern New Mexico. Bureau of Land Management, Albuquerque District, Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 11,360 acres in San Juan, Sandoval, Rio Arriba, and McKinley Counties. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of plateau, basin, and arroyo landforms. Elevation ranges from 5,770 to 6,780 feet. Vegetation present in the study area is not discussed in the report.

The survey consisted of a 15% sample in which 15-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 92 sites and 213 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The total number of recorded sites contained 42 lithic sites and 31 Anasazi components.

Twenty-nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were historic Navajo sites. These included sheep camps (6), trash dumps (2), livestock tanks (1), "habitation" or hogan complexes (10), "camps" (2), Squaw Dance locality (1), and an abandoned field (1). Most post-date A.D. 1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, eight were assigned to the Archaic Period, 31 were assigned Anasazi Period, and 29 were of the Navajo Historic Period. Eleven sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio, Bajada, Armijo, Paleo-Indian, and Midland/Belen.

Ceramic studies indicated the presence of Gallup B/w, Chuska whitewares, White Mountain redwares, Cibola Grayware, Escavada B/w, Navajo Utility, Chaco B/w, Mancos B/w, McElmo B/w, Newcomb Corrugated wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 230

ARMS LOG NO. 31113O

AUTHOR Kemrer, Meade F., Miles S. Linnaberry, and Charles M. Haecker

DATE 1979

TITLE An Analysis of Two Archaic Period Sites in the Gallegos Canyon Region, Northwestern New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 110, Farmington.



This project focused on excavations at two sites in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in dissected plains land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands.

Excavation samples were not specified. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and unspecified levels.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, both were Archaic lithic scatter sites.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 89 - 248 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were En Medio, Armijo, and San Jose.

Ceramics were present but were not discussed.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 231

ARMS LOG NO. 31141E

AUTHOR Kemrer, Mead, Alan Reed, Penelope Whitten, and Marilyn Swift

DATE 1980

TITLE Excavation at Shumway Pueblo, An Early Pueblo III Village. San Juan County Museum Association, Divison of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 193, Farmington.



This project focused on excavations at one site in San Juan County. The site is situated on ridge landforms. Elevations could not be determined. Vegetation in the study area included mixed shrub-grasslands.

Excavations approached a 47% sample of the site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/8in. and unspeci-fied levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were structure/feature oriented.

The site is a muli-room pueblo. Both rooms and a plaza were excavated. The site dates between A.D. 1100-1250.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 60 artifacts per room. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mesa Verde B/w, McElmo B/w, Mancos B/w, and Wingate/St. John's B/r.

Specialized studies include flotation. Flotation studies showed use of Cheno-ams, Zea, Cyloloma, Oryzopsis, Descurania, and Portulaca.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries, but no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 232

ARMS LOG NO. 873

AUTHOR Kershner, John M., James L. Moore and Randy A. Harper

DATE 1983

TITLE Ancho Canyon Corridor Survey. The York Canyon Archaeological Project, Kaiser Steel Corporation, Raton.



This corridor project encompassed 300 acres in Colfax County. The project area consisted primarily of plateau, ridge, and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 7,080 and 7,542 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 22 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 17 were lithic scatter sites, two were rock shelter/lithic scatter sites, and one was a lithic/sherd/historic artifact site. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included one sandstone structure/artifact scatter (ca. 1880) and one corral/ historic artifact/lithic scatter site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plain gray, brownware, and micaceous plain gray wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple, aqua) and hole-in-top cans.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 233

ARMS LOG NO. 31466

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T. and Cody Browning

DATE February 1990

TITLE Preliminary Report the Saws Archaeological Project: An Archaeological Clearance Survey of 3,900 Acres East of Mine Site, Socorro County, New Mexico. Tularosa: Human Systems Research. Report No. 8944.



This project encompasses 3,900 acres in Socorro County. The project area consists primarily of valley landforms. Elevations vary between 5200-5900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes foot slope grassland, desertscrub, creosotebush, American tarbush, prickly pear, soaptree, and banana yucca.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which a 15m transect forms the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 220 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were lithic scatter sites and two were lithic scatter/hearth sites. One historic sites was recorded in the study area. The site was an Historic Anglo site consisting of a structure, and trash scatter, and dating to the 1912-1945 period. Two sites contained both prehistoric and historic elements. These sites include a lithic/"one time (historic) visit" site and a lithic scatter/hearth/sherd scatter/historic rock structure/historic trash scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Early Middle and Late phases of the Archaic period, three were assigned to the Late Archaic period, one was assigned to the Archaic/Formative period, and one was assigned to the Historic Anglo period (1912-1945). Two sites contained multiple components (Historic Anglo/Unknown and Archaic Formative/Historic Anglo).

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched and Bajada.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Pitoche brown, Glaze A, and late glaze wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include a harness buckle, pre-1947 tobacco tins, purple glass, hole-in-top cans, and a cartridge.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project

REFNO. 234

ARMS LOG NO. 21388

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T.

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Investigations in the Helstf Area, White Sands Missile Range, Otero County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8731, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 2,070 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of bolson landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 3,941 and 3,977 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (saltbush, Mormon tea, mesquite, and mixed grasslands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 54 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at four sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites and two were lithic scatter sites. One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was an Anglo site dating to 1912-1940. This site consisted of a trash dump.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Mesilla phase of the Formative Period. One site contained multiple components (historic and prehistoric).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 10 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were found.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brownware, Mimbres B/w, El Paso Bichrome, Red Mesa B/w, and Chupadero B/w wares. Rim sherd indices were computed for six sherds.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (hole-in-top, sanitary seal), glass (Owens Illinois, Firch's Condiment Bottle, Hazel-Atlas) and stoneware. Maker's marks were presented.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 235

ARMS LOG NO. 35781

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T.

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Survey of the Red Rio and Oscura Bombing Target Areas, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro and Lincoln Counties, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8631, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 1,910 acres in Socorro and Lincoln Counties. The project area was situated in the Mexican Highlands of the Basin and Range Province and consisted primarily of valley and mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 4,629 and 5,783 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 58 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter site and three were lithic scatter sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the early and late phases of the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 30 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched and Shumla.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained only unspecified brownwares.

Historic isolated occurrences noted in the report included: glass (purple), cartridge cases (.38-56), hole-in-top cans, and metal sanitary seal cans.

The report contained a tabular summary of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 236

ARMS LOG NO. 24872

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T.

DATE 1986

TITLE Cultural Resources Inventory Survey of Three Areas on White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico: Headquarters, Stallion Range Center and Portions of Nike Avenue. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8420, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 7,520 acres in Doña Ana, Socorro, and Sierra Counties. The project area consisted primarily of pediment and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 3,989 and 5,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 57 sites and 442 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 22 were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, one was a pithouse village site, and 33 were sherd/lithic scatter sites (some with fire-cracked rock). No historic sites were recorded in the study area. The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 12 were assigned to the Archaic Period and 35 were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon/Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Jay, side-notched with convex base, and Bajada.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Bichrome, El Paso Brownware, El Paso Polychrome, Mimbres B/w, and corrugated wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 237

ARMS LOG NO. 11117

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T.

DATE 1986

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of Eleven Areas for the Bushwhacker/Blazing Skies IV Exercises, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8543, Tularosa.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 1,114.5 acres in Sierra, Doña Ana, Socorro, Otero, and Lincoln Counties. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 3,900 and 4,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, four-wing saltbush, black grama, ocotillo, and creosote bush).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 80 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic scatter/fire-cracked rock site, and one was a lithic/historic trash/sherd scatter site. The historic trash component was Anglo in nature.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic/Jornada Mogollon/Historic Anglo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Jornada Mogollon and Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included tin cans, an harmonica part, milled lumber, and a nail and rivet concentration.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 238

ARMS LOG NO. 11069

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T.

DATE 1981

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of the Proposed Medium Security Prison Site, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 462, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 640 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of basin landforms. Elevations varied between 4,380 and 4,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite and four-wing saltbush).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 19 sites and 117 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, five were lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, three were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, three were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock sites, two were lithic sites, and one was a fire-cracked rock/ groundstone site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 12 were assigned to the Archaic Period and five were assigned to the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as early middle Archaic, Chiricahua, late Archaic, and San Pedro.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brownware, El Paso Poly-chrome, El Paso Bichrome, and Alma Plain wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 239

ARMS LOG NO. 8215

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T.

DATE 1981

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 3.51 Squwere Miles in the Magdalena District, Cibola National Forest, Socorro County, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Divison, Report No. 447, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 2,245.4 acres in Socorro County. This project area consisted primarily of ridge, slope, hill, plain, and alluvial fan landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 6,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included juniper savannah (galleta, black grama, blue grama, juniper, and cholla).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 32 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, one was a hearth/lithic/ fire-cracked rock scatter site, and one was a lithic/historic earthenware scatter site. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric/historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include white earthenware and a glass bottle.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 240

ARMS LOG NO. 26758T

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T. and Karl Laumbach

DATE 1989

TITLE Archaeological Test Excavations at Sites LA 54811, LA 54812, LA 69119, LA 69120, and LA 69121 within the U.S. West Right-of-Way Between Deming, Luna County, and Las Cruces, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8860, Tularosa.



This project focused on test excavations at five sites in Luna and Doña Ana Counties. Most of the sites were situated in plains and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 4,000 and 4,250 feet. Vegetation in the study area is desertscrub.

Excavations ranged from 2.5% to 9.3% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/8in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, three were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, one was a lithic scatter site, and one was a lithic/fire-cracked rock site. These included one Archaic and two El Paso phase sites. No historic sites were excavated.

Artifact data were based on field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 13 - 3215 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Polychrome, El Paso Brown, Gila Polychrome, Ramos Polychrome, Seco Corrugated, Tonto Polychrome, Medanos Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Playas Red Incised, Mimbres B/w, Polished Brown, Tularosa Fillet Rim, and Mimbres Corrugated.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dating, flotation, and obsidian sourcing. Three radiocarbon dates ranging from 620 + 50 BP and 1150 + 110 BP were obtained. Flotation studies found Zea, Purslane, and squash remains. Obsidian sourcing showed use of Polvadera, Mule Creek, and Beaver Creek sources.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 241

ARMS LOG NO. 18226

AUTHOR Kirkpatrick, David T. and Linda P. Hart

DATE 1986

TITLE Preliminary Cultural Resources Survey Report for the U.S. Telecom Fiber Optic Cable Project from San Timoteo Canyon, California to Socorro, Texas: The New Mexico Segment. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8607, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 2,080 acres in Hidalgo, Luna, Grant, and Doña Ana Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mountain range and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 3960 - 4455 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (black grama, tobosa, mesquite, juniper, barrel cactus, and creosotebush).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and 56 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter sites and six were lithic/sherd sites. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, five were Anglo sites. These sites include a tent camp, two railroad towns, a trash scatter, and a 1920's homestead.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the Mesilla phase and the Black Mountain/El Paso phase. One site contained multiple components (lithic/sherds and 20's homestead).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres B/w, Mimbres Boldface, El Paso Brownware, El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, and Ramos Polychrome.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include cans, glass, ceramics, and metal.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 242

ARMS LOG NO. 34

AUTHOR Klager, Karol J.

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 3.5 Sections of Land and 5 Drill Pad Locations in the Vicinity of Borrego Pass, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-63, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 2,100 acres in McKinley County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of valley, slope, and mesa landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 6,700 and 7,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-50m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 93 sites and localities and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

The total number of recorded prehistoric sites consisted one sherd/lithic scatter, and one lithic scatter site. Ninety-one historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 87 were Native American (Navajo) sites and three were Hispanic sites. Navajo sites included hogans (cribbed log=22, stone=15), sweat-lodges (22), corrals (9), pens (8), petroglyphs (4), rockshelters (3), isolated stone walls (2), and ramada/windbreak (2). Hispanic sites included homesteads (2) and petroglyphs (1).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III phase of the Anasazi Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unidentified B/w, corrugated, plainware, and Dinetah wares.

Historic artifacts were noted in the report in such general terms as cans, glass, and so forth.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 243

ARMS LOG NO. 4248

AUTHOR Klager, Karol J.

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 160 Acres of Land in the Crownpoint, New Mexico, Area for the Continental Oil Company. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-38b, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 160 acres in McKinley County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of mesa and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 6,800 and 6,920 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of eight sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter/possible structure site, one was a sherd scatter site, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site, and one was a sherd/historic artifact scatter site.

Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. All of the historic sites were identified as historic Navajo sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Pueblo I Period and one was assigned to the Basketmaker III-Pueblo I Period. One site contained multiple components (Pueblo I-II/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, Gallup B/w, Lino Gray, White Mound B/w, and neckbanded utility wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 244

ARMS LOG NO. 25356E

AUTHOR Klausner, Stephanie

DATE 1980

TITLE The Westridge Site: A Lithic Quarry and Workshop in Tucumcari, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 165, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Quay County. The site is situated in ridge landforms, with an elevation of 4,200 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub (grama grass, galleta grass, buffalo grass, mesquite, cholla, yucca, and sage).

Excavation samples approached 25% of the site. Artifact recovery was based on unspecified screen sizes and 5cm levels were used in all excavations.

The site is a lithic scatter and quarry site. Although the actual occupation dates could not be determined, comparative indications suggest PaleoIndian or Archaic occupations.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. The sample size was 2,700 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 245

ARMS LOG NO. 22458

AUTHOR Kluge, Margweret J. and Solveig A. Turpin (eds.)

DATE 1981

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory and Assessment of Doña Ana Range, New Mexico. University of Texas, Report No. 69, Austin, TX.



This sample quadrat (1 km2) project encompassed 22,500 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain, bajada, and bolson landforms. Elevations exceed 4,750 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 10% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 198 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were "village complex" sites, 11 were "large complex camp" sites, 42 were "complex camps" sites, 67 were "small camp" sites, 53 were "isolated hearth" sites, and 14 were sherd and/or lithic scatter sites.

Fifteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites include four ranches, one homestead, five wells/tanks, one mine, and one CCC water control dam.

Estimated ages of sites in these groups were too difficult to determine from the report. Eighty-five sites could not be dated.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not clear; ceramics averaged six per site. Lithic analyses were minimal. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Paisano, Pandale, and Shumla.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Three Rivers R/t, San Andres R/t, Mimbres Classic B/w, Seco Corrugated, Playas Red, Ramos Polychrome, Corralitos Polychrome Incised, and El Paso Brown Corrugated.

The report contained statistical analyses site distributions by environmental zones.

REFNO. 246

ARMS LOG NO. 19154

AUTHOR Kneebone, Ronald R.

DATE 1987

TITLE A Reconnaissance Survey of Federally Owned Land in Torrance County, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-340, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,994.7 acres in Torrance County. The project area consisted primarily of basin (Estancia) landforms. Elevations range from 5,600 to 8,164 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mainly mixed conifers and shrub grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 7% sample in which 16m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 30 sites and 51 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, four were lithic/ sherd scatter sites, eight were lithic scatter sites, three were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, one was a lithic scatter/camp site, three were pueblo sites, and two were petroglyph panels.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a Hispanic site. These included "structures" (3), homestead complexes (2), a stone corral, a trash dump, a ranch complex, and a petroglyph site. Most post-date A.D. 1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and five were assigned to the Pueblo period. Five sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Ellis, Ensor, En Medio, Edgewood, San Jose, Perdiz, and Scallorn.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Socorro B/w, Jornada Plain, Santa Fe B/w, and Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 247

ARMS LOG NO. 2845

AUTHOR Knight, Terry L. and Andrew R. Gomolak

DATE 1983

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of Twelve Seismic Rights-of-Way for Frontier Exploration. Jicarilla Archaeological Services, Report No. 83-23, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 47 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa, scarp, and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 6,800 and 7,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

No prehistoric sites were found. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Both of these were Anglo sites. These sites included homestead/corral complexes. No artifact data were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 248

ARMS LOG NO. 31028E

AUTHOR Koczan, Steven A.

DATE 1981

TITLE Cultural Resource Investigations at Bis Deezahi, Newcomb Flats, Jim John and Bush Mound Sites Near Newcomb, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, No. 272, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at four sites in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in mesa, ridge, and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 5,500 and 9,000 feet. Vege-tation in the study area included mixed conifers (shadscale, ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, wolfberry, rabbitbush, and Russian thistle).

Excavations were 17% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was a sherd scatter/structure and one was a sherd scatter/hearth/habi-tation. Two historic sites were excavated. Of these, one was an historic Navajo hogan site and one was a historic Navajo tent camp site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 37 - 966 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were diagonally notched and laterally notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chuska Gray, Cibola Gray, Mesa Verde Gray, and Tusayan Gray sherds. Petrographic studies were presented in the report.

Specialized studies include pollen, faunal, flotation, and radiocarbon analyses. Four C14 dates were obtained from the Bis Deezahi excavations. The four dates were A.D. 435 + 140, A.D. 860 + 90, A.D. 445 + 75, and A.D. 715 + 60. Faunal materials included rodent, sheep, and dog remains. Pollen studies revealed Cheno-ams, Gramineae, Low-Spine Compositae, pine, corn, and pinyon pollen. Flotation studies produced Atriplex, Artemisia, Juniperus, Lycium, and Pinus ponderosa remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 249

ARMS LOG NO. 18214

AUTHOR Kramer, Kweren, Amy Earls, Stephen Lent, John Frizell, Mary Stiner, John C. Acklen, and Steve Kuhn.

DATE 1986

TITLE Draft Report of Class II Survey and Testing of Cultural Resources at Conchas Lake, New Mexico. Mariah Associates, Inc., Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 3,200 acres in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain, escarpment, and plateau landforms. Elevation varies between 4,165 and 4,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands (needle and thread, gramas, galleta grass, muhlies, sand dropseed, threeawn, and Indian rice grass).

The survey consisted of a Class II sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 55 sites and 228 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at three sites.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 22 were lithic scatter sites, 15 were lithic/rockshelter sites, three were lithic/historic trash scatter sites, one was a rock/lithic/historic corral, two were lithic/sherd scatter sites, two were groundstone/lithic scatter sites, and one was a lithic/firecrack rock scatter site. The remaining three sites were classified as unknown.

Six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was the Los Chavez historic habitation complex.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Sites contained points classified as Yarbrough, Scallorn, Alba/Bonhan, Harrell, and Marcos.

Ceramic analyses focused on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Mogollon Plainwares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 250

ARMS LOG NO. 6929

AUTHOR Kyte, Michael

DATE 1985

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Report for Southwestern Public Service, Eddy County Interchange to Chaves County Interchange, 230 KV Transmission Line. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. F85-259, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 598 acres in Eddy and Chaves Counties. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 3,400 and 3,750 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (catclaw, creosote, prickly pear cactus, mesquite, and grasslands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 48 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were groundstone/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site, and two were lithic scatter sites. One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was an Anglo site containing a cistern (A.D. 1880-1915).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, and one was assigned to the Querechol Maljamar phase of the Formative Period. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included tins ("Cottolen" baking powder), ceramics (porcelain, stoneware), and glass (brown and purple). Maker's marks were discussed.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 251

ARMS LOG NO. 9842

AUTHOR Kyte, Michael

DATE 1984

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Report for Geco Geophysical. Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Eastern New Mexico University, Report No. F84-168, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 1,197.92 acres in Chaves County. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain and terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 3,440 and 3,670 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, cane cholla, creosote bush, Engleman prickly pear, and yucca).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 7.5m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and 15 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a lithic scatter site, one was a lithic/sherd scatter site, and one was a fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Leslie's Type 8-A and Leslie's Type C-15.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownwares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 252

ARMS LOG NO. 5550

AUTHOR Lancaster, James W.

DATE 1982

TITLE The Recording of Archaeological Sites Along the La Plata Highway, San Juan County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 283, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 48 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain-terrace land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,200 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area is not discussed in the report.

The project area consisted of a 3m right-of-way on both sides of New Mexico Road 170. A total of 47 sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 12 were cobble mound/structure sites, seven were cobble/sherd/lithic scatter sites, five were cobble/lithic scatter sites, three were sherd/lithic scatter sites, four were masonry roomblock sites (some with kivas and middens), one was a sherd scatter site, one was a lithic scatter site, one was a structure/sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a structure site, one was a wall alignment site, one was a kiva/sherd scatter site, and one was a cobble/kiva site. Note that "structures" may include single to multiple room phenomena.

Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a Native American site. These sites included three homestead sites and one rubble mound/sherd scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Basketmaker III/Pueblo I-III Period and 34 sites were assigned to the Pueblo I-III Periods.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramics were found, but were not discussed.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 253

ARMS LOG NO. 7564

AUTHOR Landis, Dan

DATE 1985

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Report for Geco Geophysical Company: ECA Line 24, BLM Seismic Permit No. 85-30. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. F85-298, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 125.3 acres in Eddy and Lea Counties. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, plain, and small intermittent drainages. Elevations varied between 3,250 and 3,570 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and 23 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were "gathering camp" sites, seven were "temporary camp" sites, and three were "base camp" sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as late Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, Jornada Brown, and Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 254

ARMS LOG NO. 10776

AUTHOR Landis, Daniel G., John L. Montgomery and Kathleen M. Bowman

DATE 1985

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of 2,116 Acres for Chevron USA, Inc. in Lea County, New Mexico. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. F86-139, Portales.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 2,116 acres in Lea County. The project area consisted primarily of plain, hill, and mesa land-forms. Elevation averaged 3,570 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands (black grama, sotol, beargrass, agave, and yucca).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of seven sites and 67 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were "temporary camp" sites, two were "gathering camp" sites, and two were "base camp" sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. The majority of sites appear to date between A.D. 900 1350.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware, Jornada Brown, El Paso Brown, and Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 255

ARMS LOG NO. 7563

AUTHOR Landreth, Keith

DATE 1985

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Report for Geco Geophysical Company, Northern Portion of Line ECA #19. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. F86-115, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 136 acres in Eddy and Chaves Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plains, dune, and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 3,430 and 3,710 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shinnery oak, mesquite, and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 31 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were fire-cracked rock and lithic (some with groundstone) sites and four were lithic quarry sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, three were assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the late phase (post A.D. 900) of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as late Archaic.

Tabular summaries were not provided.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 256

ARMS LOG NO. 16004

AUTHOR Landreth, Keith and John L. Montgomery

DATE 1985

TITLE An Intensive Cultural Resources Survey of the Eagle Tumbleweed Watershed Project, Eddy County, New Mexico. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. ET 86.2, Portales.



This block project encompassed 1,230 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo landforms. Eleva-tions range from 3,439 to 3,630 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shrub-grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and 26 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Prehistoric isolated occurrences included debitage, a basin metate, flake tools, and bifaces.

Historic isolated occurrences included glass manufactured between 1880-1914, 1905-1914 and 1915-1930. Tin cans were also noted.

REFNO. 257

ARMS LOG NO. 15366

AUTHOR Lang, Richard W.

DATE 1978

TITLE The Archaeology and Culture History of The Conchas Dam and Resevoir Area San Miguel County, New Mexico. School of American Research, Report No. 80, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 1,760 acres in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of terrace, bluff, and floodplain landforms. Elevation was 4,250 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included juniper, snakeweed, prickly pear cactus, yucca, and squawbush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 14 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were lithic scatter sites, one was a stone-walled cist site, one was a sandstone wall site, one was a cave/rockshelter site, one was a hearth/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a petroglyph site, and one was a hunting blind site.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of the two historic sites recorded, one was a grave and one was a hunting blind.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. One is a possible PaleoIndian site, one to the Archaic period, and one site dates to the pre-A.D. 1200 period. The remaining sites could not be dated.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as BM II, Fresno and Harrell.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, and Agua Fria (?) G/r wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 258

ARMS LOG NO. 31156

AUTHOR Lang, Richard W.

DATE 1977

TITLE Archaeological Survey of the Upper San Cristobal Arroyo Drainage, Galisteo Basin, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. School of American Research, Report No. 37, Vols. I, II an III, Santa Fe.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 3,840 acres in Santa Fe County. The project area consisted primarily of valley and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 7,400 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 40% sample in which 10-17m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 227 "sites" were recorded during this project. Of these, 77 would be termed "sites" today and the remaining 150 would be classified as isolated occurences.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were walled rockshelter sites, 10 were tipi ring sites, nine were shrine sites, 17 were sherd and/or lithic scatter sites, seven were masonry room pueblos, two were petroglyph sites, three were windbreaks, and two were reservoir/water control devices. Ten historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites were all livestock and sheep pens of unknown affiliation.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Paleo-Indian period, 13 were assigned to the middle phase of the Archaic Period, and five were assigned to the late Archaic Period (Basketmaker III-Pueblo I). Two were Pueblo II sites, five were Pueblo III sites, and 100 were Pueblo IV sites.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Eden, Bajada, San Jose, Armijo, Chiricahua, San Pedro, and Basketmaker II.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, Kwahe'e B/w, Santa Fe B/w, Rio Grande Corrugated, Tesuque Corrugated, Mesa Verde B/w, Galisteo B/w, Rio Grande Glaze, Agua Fria G/r, Cieneguilla G/y, San Clemente Glaze Polychrome, Espinoso G-P, Kotyiti Glaze F, San Lazaro Polychrome, Tiquex Polychrome, Pecos Polychrome, and Puaray Polychrome.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 259

ARMS LOG NO. 27256E

AUTHOR Lange, Richard W., Cherie L. Scheick, Linda Scott Cummings, Dr. Stan Rhine, Mary Stiner, and Lonyta Viklund

DATE 1989

TITLE Limited Excavations at LA 2: The Agua Fria Schoolhouse Site Agua Fria Village, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. Southwest Archaeological Consultants, Project No. 216, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Santa Fe County. The site was situated in terrace landforms. Elevation at the site was 6,620 feet. Vegetation in the study area included blue grama, rabbitbrush, and juniper.

Less than 1/10 of one percent of the total site area was excavated. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

The Agua Fria Schoolhouse Site consisted of a large adobe pueblo constructed circa A.D. 1275. The pueblo was abandoned circa. A.D. 1425.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of 80 battered or groundstone artifacts and 1,476 chipped stone artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on tools and debitage assemblages. Detail-ed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were corner-notched Basketmaker II and Puebloan.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Santa Fe B/w, Abiquiu B/g, Agua Fria G/r, Tesuque Corrugated, Cordova Micaceous Ribbed, Cundiyo Mica-ceous Smewered Indented, Sapawe Micaceous Washboard, and Galisteo B/w.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include Tewa Micaceous, Nambe Polychrome, Tewa Series Polychrome, and Koyiti G/r.

Specialized studies include faunal, human skeletal, pollen, and floral. Pollen studies revealed the presence of Gramineae, Cylindroputia, Opuntia, Curcurbita, Zea mays, and Cheno-ams pollen. Macrofloral samples contained Juniperus, conifer, Pinus, Cheno-ams, Zea mays, and Kochia remains. Faunal samples included turkey, jackrabbit, cottontail, prairie dog, and rodent remains. Studies were also conducted on two incomplete burials. Human osteology focused on age-sex determination, and paleo-pathology.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 260

ARMS LOG NO. 10565

AUTHOR Langenfeld, Kristen

DATE 1984

TITLE The Gallup Eight Project: Archaeological Surveys on Eight Navajo Holdings in the New Mexico Checkerboard Area. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 82-218, Window Rock, AZ.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 1,441 acres in McKinley County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of mesas, buttes, and dissected plains landforms. Elevations varied between 6,240 and 7,450 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included sagebrush and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 65 sites and 18 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were sherd and lithic scatter sites, 11 were "habitation" (masonry rooms), and nine were "other occupation" sites.

Thirty-five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites included habitations (2), sweathouses (3), "ceremonials" (2), "other occupations" (4), temporary camps (7), isolated corrals (5), and petroglyphs (2). Most sites post-date 1920.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Basketmaker III/Pueblo I Period, two were assigned to the Pueblo I Period, three were Pueblo I/Pueblo II, one was a Pueblo II, 16 were assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III Period, and three were assigned to the Pueblo III Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 40 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Basketmaker II and Basketmaker III.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, Brinhall B/w, San Juan B/r, Gallup B/w, Escavada B/w, Puerco B/w, La Plata B/w, Lino B/g, Cibola B/w, Cibola Corrugated, Chaco B/w, White Mountain B/r, Tusayan B/r, Lino Gray, White Mountain B/w, Kiatuthlana B/w, and St. John's Polychrome wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

Eight case studies of historic Navajo land use patterns, including secular and ceremonial activities, were presented. Demographic and economic data were also summarized for 1974.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 261

ARMS LOG NO. 16742

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W.

DATE 1986

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 40 Acres Near the Navy Blockhouse, White Sands Missile Range, Human Systems Research, Report No. 8541, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 40 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of coppice dune landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 3,990 and 4,020 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite and saltbush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 22 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

REFNO. 262

ARMS LOG NO. 8634

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W.

DATE 1985

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Two Areas Near the Helstaf Facility, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8502, Tularosa.



This mixed (sample quadrat and corridor) project encompassed 366.5 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of basin and playa landforms. Elevations varied between 3,960 and 3,975 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desert-scrub (tobosa, saltbush, mesquite, snakeweed, and yucca).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and 14 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a lithic scatter site and one was a sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period and one was assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as PaleoIndian.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 263

ARMS LOG NO. 488

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W.

DATE 1982

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 150 Miles of Seismic Testing Transects in Sierra and Doña Ana Counties, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 518, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 1,455 acres in Sierra and Doña Ana Counties. The project area consisted primarily of low alluvial terraces and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 4,080 and 5,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, tarbush, mesquite, grasslands, broom snakeweed, and soaptree yucca).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 27m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of eight sites and 119 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, one was a lithic site, one was a sherd/fire-cracked rock/groundstone site, and one was a lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock/groundstone site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Chiricahua phase of the Archaic Period, and two were assigned to the Mesilla to El Paso phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Chiricahua.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 264

ARMS LOG NO. 11080

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W.

DATE 1981

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Plains Electric Transmission Line From Las Cruces to Alamogordo, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 446, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 786.5 acres in Doña Ana and Otero Counties. This project area consisted primarily of bolson, bajada, pediment and mountain landforms. Elevations varied between 3,950 and 4,940 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, snakeweed, yucca, mesquite, ocotillo, juniper, oak brush, cholla, prickly pear, and desert willow).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which one 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 30 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were lithic scatter sites. Two historic sites, both dating the the late 19th century, were recorded in the study area. These sites include historic trash.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, six were assigned to the Archaic Period. The remainder could not be dated.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample size was four artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plain brownware, Jornada Brown, and Mimbres B/w.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include purple glass, tobacco cans, syrup tin, and white crockery.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 265

ARMS LOG NO. 11152

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W.

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Inventory of the Pup Target Site, White Sands Missile Range. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 419, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 2,200 acres in Sierra and Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 4050 - 4150 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 31 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 266

ARMS LOG NO. 23427

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W.

DATE 1980

TITLE An Intensive Archaeological Survey of 2,200 Acres on the White Sands Missile Range: A Preliminary Report on the Denver Target Site. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 407, Las Cruces.



This project encompassed 2,200 acres in Sierra and Otero Counties. This block project area consisted primarily of dune, ridge, grasslands, and playa landforms. Elevation averaged 4,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite, saltbush, and creosote.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of seven sites and 42 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at seven sites.

All of the sites represent Archaic Period lithic scatters. Several of the sites also contain hearths and fire-cracked rock.

Artifact data were based on in-field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 267

ARMS LOG NO. 8213

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W.

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of Six Proposed Drill Locations Near Magdalena, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 401, Las Cruces.



This mixed (discontiguous block and corridor) project encom-passes 11.1 acres in Socorro County. This sample project area consisted primarily of ridge and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 6,700 and 7,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified cres spacing formed the basis for data recovery. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 268

ARMS LOG NO. 5506

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W. and David T. Kirkpatrick

DATE 1985

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory of the Plains Electric Trans-mission Line from Storrie Lake to Springer, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8516, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 423 acres in San Miguel, Mora, and Colfax Counties. The project area consisted primarily of valley and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 6000 - 7500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 13 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were sherd and lithic scatter sites and four were lithic scatter sites. Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, three were Anglo sites. These sites included trails, homesteads, line camps, and churches. Most dated between 1880-1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, three were assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period, and four were assigned to the late Prehistoric-Protohistoric Period (A.D. 500-1700).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched and side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unspecified micaceous, unspecified B/w, Pecos Glaze, Kapo Black, and Rio Grande Polychrome wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 269

ARMS LOG NO. 17836

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W., Marie Stapp and Joe Ben Sanders

DATE 1986

TITLE Red Rio II: An Archaeological Survey of 2,280 Acres Near Chupadera Mesa, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8534, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 2,280 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of low mesa, ridges, canyon arroyo, and floodplain landforms. Elevations varied between 5,548 and 5,995 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included: pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of an intensive sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 21 sites and 184 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were lithic scatter sites, six were sherd scatter sites, three were sherd/lithic scatter/hearth sites, one was a lithic scatter/ historic site, and one was a sherd/lithic scatter/corral site.

One site was the remains of a 1920's to 1930's homestead or tent camp.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, four were assigned to the Archaic Period, and six were assigned to the Formative Period. Four sites contained multiple components (Archaic/Formative, late Formative/ Historic and Formative/Apache/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 20 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as early Archaic, Shumla, Bajada, and late Formative. Obsidian hydration studies on projectile points at four of the sites resulted in dates of A.D. 188, A.D. 900, 1300 B.C., and 615 B.C.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, brownware, polished brownware, Mimbres Boldface B/w, redware, El Paso Brown, Chupadero B/w, Lino Gray, and G/r wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included baking powder cans, stove pipe, cast iron range fragments, purple, agua, brown, clear, blue and milkglass glass, bisque doll arm fragment, and kerosene lantern chimney fragments.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 270

ARMS LOG NO. 7498

AUTHOR Laumbach, Karl W., Helen Shields, Gerrie Smith, and Jackie Talley DATE 1985

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory of 1,884 Acres in the Capitol Peak Valley. White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8509, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 1,884 acres in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of valley landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 4,840 amd 5,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (broom snakeweed, ocotillo, soaptree yucca, creosote bush, and Apache Flume).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 21 sites and 36 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 20 were lithic scatter sites. One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was the Burris Ranch headquarters and dates to the 1940's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the middle Archaic Period, and four were assigned to the late Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as late Archaic.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 271

ARMS LOG NO. 21052

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1988a

TITLE 1988 D-1 Heavy Road Maintenance: Roads 693 and 802 Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Canjilon Ranger District, Report No. 1988-02-028.



This corridor project encompassed 39 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 7,680 and 7,700 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands, sage, and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 26 sites and 21 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

All 26 of the recorded sites consisted of lithic scatters. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. The sites appear to represent Archaic to late prehistoric occupation of the area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 272

ARMS LOG NO. 23278

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1988b

TITLE D-6 Pinyon and Juniper Fuelwood Sale: 1988/North Area Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1988-02-144a.



This block project encompassed 135 acres in Rio Arriba and Taos Counties. The project area consisted primarily of hill slope landforms. Elevations varied between 7,950 and 8,086 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 49 sites and 41 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 40 were lithic scatter sites and nine were lithic/historic artifact scatter sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. The sites represent Archaic and late prehistoric occupations of the area. Nine sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched, Archaic, and Bajada.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included soldered cans, ceramics, glass, and cartirdges.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 273

ARMS LOG NO. 23465

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1988c

TITLE D-6 Pinyon and Juniper Fuelwood Sale: 1988/South Area Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1988-02-144b.



This mixed (block and corridor) project encompassed 145 acres in Rio Arriba and Taos Counties. The project area consisted primarily of hill slope landforms. Elevations varied between 7,900 and 8,050 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 51 sites and 32 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 33 were lithic scatter sites, nine were lithic/sherd scatter sites, and one was a lithic/rock alignment site. Seventeen sites contained both lithics and historic artifacts.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched, Jay, and Armijo.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unspecified micaceous, Plain Gray, corrugated, B/g/ and white wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass, soldered can lids, and metal buttons.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 274

ARMS LOG NO. 21402

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1988d

TITLE Mesa Road Obliteration: Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Canjilon Ranger District, Report No. 1987-02-117.



This corridor project encompassed 40 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of plains landforms. Elevations varied between 7,900 and 8,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included sagebrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 6m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 39 sites and 59 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 29 were lithic scatter sites, five were groundstone /lithic scatter sites, and two were sherd/lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the Archaic Period and three were assigned to the late Prehistoric Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose and Bajada.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained San Juan R/ta and micaceous plain wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 275

ARMS LOG NO. 26102

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1987a

TITLE Nutritas Road: Survey Testing and Data Recovery Plan. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1987-02-111d.



This block project encompassed 18 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 8,800 and 9,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included riparian associations and mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 36 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at 11 sites. Excavation employed shovel testing and 1/4in mesh screens.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were lithic scatter sites.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, both were Anglo sites. These sites included homestead complexes dating to A.D. 1890-1920.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tewa Redware and Kapo Black wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included: glass (aqua, olive, brown, amethyst), tin cans (hole-in-top, sanitary), ceramics (white ware), and cartridges (.44 Henry short).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 276

ARMS LOG NO. 18844

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1987b

TITLE La Jara Timber Sale Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, El Rito Ranger District, Report No. 1986-02-012.



This block project encompassed 669 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of ridges, meadows, and drainage landforms. Elevation ranges from 7,580 to 9,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 79% judgemental sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 43 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, six were carved aspen sites and four were lithic scatter sites. The carved aspen sites appewered to be related to early 20th century Hispanic herding activities.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 277

ARMS LOG NO. 21802

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1986a

TITLE Lower Lopez Revegetation Project: Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Canjilon Ranger District, Report No. 1986-02-093.



This block project encompassed 300 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 7,500 and 7,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included sagebrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 65 sites and 46 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 43 were lithic scatter sites, 12 were groundstone/lithic scatter sites, and eight were sherd/lithic scatter sites.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area, but few additional details were provided.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, eight were assigned to the Pueblo IV phase of the Pueblo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Plain Micaceous, Biscuit Ware, Red Ware, Glaze Ware, and polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple, amber, aqua) and tin cans ("KC Baking Powder"). Maker's marks were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 278

ARMS LOG NO. 16060

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1986b

TITLE Warm Springs Timber Sale: Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Peñasco Ranger District, Report No. 1985-02-051.



This block project encompassed 1,025 acres in Taos County. The project area consisted primarily of ridges, steep slopes, and relatively flat landforms. Elevations varied between 7,500 and 9,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 87% judgemental sample in which 15-25m spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 20 sites and 261 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Poor ground visibility was noted in upper elevations.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were sherd/lithic scatter sites.

Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, two may have been Apache sites and the remaining were Anglo sites. These sites included three log cabin/trash sites and five clusters of ponderosa pines showing cutting/blaze marks.

No estimated ages of sites in these groups were provided other than the observation that middle Archaic-prehistoric remains were found. One site contained multiple components (historic and pre-historic).

No artifact data were presented.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included unspecified tin cans and purple glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 279

ARMS LOG NO. 10982

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1986c

TITLE Lamy Timber Sale Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1985-02-049.



This block project encompassed 2,155 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, meadows and steep slope landforms. Elevations varied between 9,000 and 10,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 45 sites and 117 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 20 were lithic scatter sites, two were sherd scatter sites, and five were stone structure sites.

Six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, two were log cabin sites and four were carved aspen tree sites. Twelve sites were multicomponent sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points classified as side-notched were recorded at two of the sites.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plainware sherds.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 280

ARMS LOG NO. 10981

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A.

DATE 1985

TITLE Blanco Timber Sale Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Canjilon Ranger District, Report No. 1985-02-052.



This block project encompassed 1,800 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa tops and slope landforms. Elevation ranges between 7,000 and 8,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a less than 100% judgemental sample in which 15m transects formed the basis for data collection. A total of 76 sites and 146 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at four of the sites.

Of the total number of recorded sites, the majority of sites were lithic scatters. Four sites contained sherds.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically ceramics from each site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained micaceous wares which could be either Northern Rio Grande Puebloan or Apache.

Historic artifacts included purple glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 281

ARMS LOG NO. 29439

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert

DATE 1982

TITLE Boot Jack Timber Sale Cultural Resource Survey 1982. Santa Fe National Forest, Cuba Ranger District, Report No. 1981-10-100b.



This block project encompassed 805.6 acres in Rio Arriba County. Landforms and vegetation were not mentioned in the report. Elevations could not be determined from maps in the report.

The survey consisted of a 27% judgemental sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 49 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 17 were one room above ground structural sites, eight were multi-room above ground structural sites, nine were pithouse or kiva depression sites, four were rock alignment sites, three were rock art sites, six were sherd/lithic sites, and one was a lithic scatter site.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. This consisted of several undefined structures with associated artifacts.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically ceramics. Of these sites, 13 were assigned to the Gallina phase of the Anasazi Cultural Tradition.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Specific types were not indicated.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 282

ARMS LOG NO. 24240

AUTHOR Lawrence, Robert A. and Cheryl Muceus

DATE 1988

TITLE South Amador Timber Sale Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1988-02-166.



This mixed (block and corridor) project encompassed 218 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of meadow landforms. Elevations varied between 7,920 and 8,350 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Gambel oak, Pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 63 sites and 72 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 58 were lithic scatter sites and four were lithic/groundstone scatter sites.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. The site was a historic artifact scatter.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, two were assigned to the late PaleoIndian Period or early Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Jay and San Jose.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included: glass (purple, green, and olive), soldered cans, a piece of chain, and coal shovel without a handle.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 283

ARMS LOG NO. 8479

AUTHOR Lekson, Stephen H.

DATE 1984

TITLE Archaeological Reconnaissance of the Rio Grande Valley, Sierra County, New Mexico. Historic Preservation Division, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 9,000 acres in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain and terrace land-forms. Elevations varied between 4,100 and 6,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included riparian associations.

The survey consisted of a unspecified judgemental sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 180 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 25 were lithic scatters (some with groundstone) sites, 33 were lithic and fire-cracked rock scatter sites, seven were pithouse sites, 54 were (Mimbres) masonry sites with an average of five rooms, and 21 were (El Paso) masonry sites. Another 34 small masonry sites were recorded.

Twenty-three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, most were Anglo sites. These sites include cemeteries, trash dumps, forts (McRae), homesteads, a line shack, and towns (Palomas, Alamosa).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, six were assigned to the Archaic period, 54 were assigned to the Mimbres Mogollon Period, and 21 were assigned to the El Paso phase of the Jornada Mogollon Period. Thirteen sites contained multiple components (Mimbres and El Paso components).

Little artifact data were presented. No projectile points were noted. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Alma Plain, San Francisco Red, Boldface B/w, Mimbres B/w, Corrugated Brownware, El Paso Brownware, Chupadero B/w, Indented Corrugated, El Paso Polychrome, St. John's Polychrome, Mogollon R/br, Three Circle R/w, San Marcial B/w, El Paso Bichrome, Three Rivers R/t, Red Mesa B/w, Playas Red, Gila Polychrome, and Seco Corrugated.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 284

ARMS LOG NO. 24875

AUTHOR Lekson, Stephen H. and Allen S Rorex

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Survey of the Cottonwood Spring and Indian Tanks Sites, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8634, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 250 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of upper bajada and pediment landforms. Elevations varied between 4,900 and 5,000 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, both were large pithouse-pueblo sites with petroglyphs. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, both were assigned to the Mesilla-El Paso phase of the Formative Period. Neither of the sites contained multiple com-ponents.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses were not performed.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres B/w, El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Three Rivers, R/t, Ramos Polychrome, Gila Polychrome, Seco Corrugated, Lincoln B/r, Playas Red Incised, and Glaze A wares.

No historic artifacts were noted.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 285

ARMS LOG NO. 454

AUTHOR Lent, Stephen

DATE 1982

TITLE The Arco CO2 Pipeline Archaeology Project, Volume I: The Survey. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Project No. 185-102, Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 2,827 acres in Colfax, Union, Quay, Harding, and Roosevelt Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mesa, valley, and bolson landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 3,990 and 8,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 23m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 39 sites and 53 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd/lithic scatter site.

Thirty-one historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, two were Native American (Apache) sites, 28 were Anglo sites, and one was a Hispanic site. These sites included homesteads (masonry, frame), four wagon trails (Santa Fe, Ft. Union), two abandoned railroad beds, and one well. Most pre-date 1930.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, three were assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

No ceramics were found.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple, aqua, and clear), stoneware, and metal (Clabber Girl, Harrow). Maker's marks were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 286

ARMS LOG NO. 11735

AUTHOR Lent, Stephen C. and Randall Schalk

DATE 1977

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of a 13.5 Mile Power Line Right-of-Way on Santa Clara Pueblo Lands and Bureau of Land Management Lands. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-19, Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 164 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain and terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 5,600 and 6,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands, grasslands, and riparian associations.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites were recorded during this project. No isolated occurrences were noted.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, two were lithic scatter sites, one was a masonry structure site, one was an isolated structure site, two were isolated hearth sites, and one was a sherd/lithic scatter site.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, both may have been Native American (Santa Clara Pueblo) sites. These sites included stone enclosures and stone rings. The age of these sites was uncertain.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Archaic Period and three were assigned to the Pueblo I/Pueblo III phase (A.D. 900-1300) of the Pueblo Period. Few sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Abiquiu B/g, Santa Fe B/w, Red-on-White, micaceous slipped, and Indented Corrugated wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 287

ARMS LOG NO. 20546

AUTHOR Lent, Stephen C., Mark E. Harlan, and Gale McPherson

DATE 1986

TITLE Preliminary Results of an Archaeological Survey in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico for the Public Service Company of New Mexico Ojo Line Extension Project. Public Service Company of New Mexico, Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 3,494.50 acres in Sandoval and Rio Arriba Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mountain landforms. Elevations range from 6,531 to 10,060 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (spruce, ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 57 sites and 79 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

All of the sites were lithic scatter sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, two were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, 12 were assigned to the Basketmaker II phase, five to the Armijo phase, five were assigned to the San Jose phase, one was assigned to the Chiricahua phase of the Archaic Period, and two were assigned to the Pueblo Period. One site contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Oshara.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 288

ARMS LOG NO. 31172O

AUTHOR Levine, Frances and Joseph C. Winter

DATE 1987

TITLE Investigations at Sites 48 and 77, Santa Rosa Lake, Guadalupe County, New Mexico: An Inquiry into the Nature of Archaeological Reality. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-168, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at two sites in Guadalupe County. The sites were situated in floodplain landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 4,600 and 4,800 feet. Vegetation in the study area included short-grass prairie and riparian associations.

Excavations approached 100% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary levels were used in all excavations.

Both historic sites were excavated, but site 48 comprises the bulk of the report. Of the excavated features, 83 of 150 rooms were dug, 69 pits were dug, 14 "structures" were dug, 99 hornos were dug, and seven fire places were dug. An added 14 courtyards were stripped.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 200 - 60,357 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Reed, Scallorn, Garza, Armijo/Darl, Fresno, Ellis, and Marshall.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Pecos Polychrome, Kotyiti G/r, Ocate Micaceous, Taos Grayware, Santa Fe B/w, Perdido Plain, Pecos Glaze, Peñasco Micaceous, Cimarron Micaceous, Puname, Acoma Matte, Zuni Matte, Tewa B/w, Carnue Plain, and Utiltiy.

Detailed discussions of historic artifacts were presented. Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass (purple, brown, clear, black, aqua, blue, green, gray, yellow), ceramics (earthenware, stoneware, porcelain), cartridges, and metal (fasteners, pots, cans, tools). Maker's marks were presented for ceramics and cartridges.

Specialized studies include faunal, floral, pollen, tree-ring, and archaeomagnetic dating. Faunal studies showed sheep/goat, cattle, Lepus, and Sylvilagus to occur throughout the occupational sequence. Butchering practices were discussed. Floral/pollen studies showed reliance on Zea, chili, grape, squash/gourd, purslane, amaranth, and Cheno-Am. Archaeomagnetic dates ranging from A.D. 1780-1875 show modes at 1815, 1880 and 1905. Radiocarbon dates from contexts dated archaeomagnetically were discrepant.

The report contained considerable spatial and statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.



REFNO. 289

ARMS LOG NO. 24070T

AUTHOR Levine, Frances E., John C. Acklen, Jack B. Betram, Stephen C. Lent, and Gale McPherson

DATE 1985

TITLE Archaeological Test Excavations at LA 16769. Public Service Company of New Mexico, Report No. 5, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Santa Fe County. The site is situated in terrace landforms, with an elevation of 6,250 feet. Vegetation in the study area included New Mexico thistle, threadleaf groundsel, Indian woolywheat, and Russian thistle.

Excavation sample fractions of only 0.14% were examined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and natural stratigraphic levels were used in all excavations, unless they exceeded 10cm in depth.

Site LA 16769 consisted of a late 18th century rancho. The site probably dates from the late 1700's until the 1820's.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 42 artifacts for the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Biscuit Ware, Cunyada B/p, Kapo Black, Kotyiti (Glaze F), Ogapoge Polychrome, Peñasco Micaceous, Powhoge Polychrome, Puname Polychrome, and Tewa Buff-tan, Maroon and Red.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon, flotation, and pollen studies. C14 analyses produced dates of 100 + 80 BP, 620 + 90 BP, and 700 + 130 BP The pollen samples yielded Zea mays and Cheno-ams pollen. Flotation results indicated Zea, hedgehog, prickly pear, pigweed, goosefoot, and purslane at the site.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 290

ARMS LOG NO. 19151

AUTHOR Linz, Christopher, Kweren Kramer, Amy Earls, W. Nicholas Trierweller, Terry Del Bene, John Acklen, Fred Nials and Jack Bertram.

DATE 1988

TITLE Class III Survey and Testing of Cultural Resources at the Melrose Air Force Range, Curry and Roosevelt Counties, New Mexico. Mariah Associates, Inc., Albuquerque.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 9,940 acres in Curry and Roosevelt Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plains and playa landforms. Elevations varied between 4,100-4,700 feet. Vegetation in the study area included short-grass prairie.

The survey consisted of a 12.3% sample in which 160 acre parcels and 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 53 sites and 77 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at eight sites. Of the total number of recorded sites, 31 were lithic/groundstone scatter sites, seven were lithic scatter sites, and three were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites.

Thirteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. The majority were ranch/homestead complexes with trash dumps, with smaller numbers of corrals. Most date between 1900-1950.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g., projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, nine were assigned to the Archaic Period, and three were assigned to the early-middle Ceramic Period. Six sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field and laboratory analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to pro-jectile points. Sites contained points classified as Ensor, Copley-Yarborough, Ellis, Plainview, Sequoyah-Haskell, Leslie's Type II Biface, Leslie's Type 3-A, Leslie's Type 9, Leslie's Type 2-B, Fresno, Bonham-Alba Series, Folsom, Bajada, Bassett/P78, Uvalde/San Jose, and Marshall/Salt Creek. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic/petrographic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assem-blages contained Chupadero B/w, El Paso Brownware, corrugated and micaceous wares.

Radiocarbon, obsidian hydration, and thermoluminescent dating was conducted at four sites. Matched sample dates from two sites indicate little overlap between C14 and TL dating. Obsidian chemical studies showed use of the Jemez Mountain source. Petro-graphic analyses indicated non-local manufacture of corrugated and redware ceramics. Flotation analyses were not productive.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact classes by site and some statistical analyses of site types by enviromental zones. Little spatial patterning was discerned and adaptations in the regions were thought to be highly mobile.

REFNO. 291

ARMS LOG NO. 33511

AUTHOR Logan, Noel

DATE 1989

TITLE Lagunilas Archaeological Survey Coyote Ranger District, Santa Fe National Forest, New Mexico. SEC, Inc. Environmental Consultants, Sedona, AZ: FSC 1989-10-114.



This project encompasses 4,163 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consists primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations vary between 7700-9091 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes pinyon, juniper, sagebrush, rabbitbrush, ponderosa pine, oak, aspen, Douglas fir, locust mountain, mahogany, and oakbrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m intervals form the basis for data collection. A total of 16 sites and 96 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 12 were lithic scatter sites, three were lithic/sherd scatter sites, and one was a seasonal/food processing site.

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina gray, Gallina B/g, and Mesa Verde B/g wares.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 292

ARMS LOG NO. 16808

AUTHOR Lord, Kenneth J.

DATE 1980

TITLE Cultural Resource Support Document: McGregor Range Grazing Environmental Impact Statement. Complete Archaeological Services, Albuquerque.



This corridor project encompassed 2,170 acres in Doña Ana County. Project area consisted of mesa, alluvial fan, and bolson landforms. Elevations and vegetation were not specified in the report.

The survey consisted of an unspecified environmentally-stratified judgemental sample in which 50m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, two were isolated fire-cracked rock scatter sites, and one was a sherd/groundstone/fire-cracked rock site.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included a line shack and a ranch/outbuilding complex. Most dated to 1890-1920.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and four were assigned to the El Paso phase of the Formative Period. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were found.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, and brownware wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (clear and purple), stoneware, and unspecified cans.

Tabular summaries of sites by environmental zones were provided.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 293

ARMS LOG NO. 25596

AUTHOR Lujan, Evelyn

DATE 1986

TITLE Pavo Salvage Sale Cultural Resources Report. Santa Fe National Forest, Coyote Ranger District, Report No. 1986-10-058.



This block project encompassed 1,000 acres in Rio Arriba County. Landforms were not discussed in the report. Elevations varied between 9,500 and 10,310 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included spruce and fir.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample which formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 294

ARMS LOG NO. 10363

AUTHOR MacLennan, Rodrick B. and James H. Richards

DATE 1979a

TITLE An Archaeological Reconnaissance for Western Geophysical of a Seismic Grid in Doña Ana County. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 79-148, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 236 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of bolson and dune landforms. Elevations varied between 4,180 and 4,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (acacia, mesquite, shinnery oak, and creosote).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 19 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, six were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, two were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic site, and two sites contained fire-cracked rock with no associated artifacts. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and three were assigned to the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brown and unspecified R/br wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cartridges (.38-55).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 295

ARMS LOG NO. 45

AUTHOR MacLennan, Rodrick B. and Scott C. Schermer

DATE 1979b

TITLE An Archaeological Survey for the Waste Isolation Pilot Project: Access Roads and Railroad Right-of-Way. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 79-23, Portales.



This corridor project encompassed 506.66 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo, ridge and high plateau landforms. Elevations varied between 3,301 and 3,350 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub. The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 12m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and two isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was an sherd/lithic scatter site.

One hearth site, probably related to historic cattle branding operations, was found.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown, Chupadero B/w, and B/g wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 296

ARMS LOG NO. 7240

AUTHOR Mallouf, Michael and James A. Neely

DATE 1984a

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation Western New Mexico Telephone Co. Archaeological Survey-Part I-1984 Location for Placement of Buried Telephone Cable Along State Highways 61, 90, 35 and 15. W.S. Ranch Site Archaeological Project, University of Texas, Austin, TX.



This corridor project encompassed 274.33 acres in Luna County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and terrace land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,000 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, juniper, broom snakeweed, Mormon tea, yucca, Russian thistle, and prickly pear cactus.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 20 sites and three isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter sites, two were masonry pueblo sites, one was a bedrock mortar site and one was a fieldhouse/historic cabin site.

Thirteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. All 13 sites were historic Anglo cabins.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained White Glazed Earthenware, B/w and brownware wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included metal cans and glass bottle fragments.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 297

ARMS LOG NO. 6999

AUTHOR Mallouf, Michael and James A. Neely

DATE 1984b

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation Valley Telephone Co-Op Archaeological Survey-Part I: 1984 Location for Placement of Buried Telephone Cable Along State Highway 9. W.S. Ranch Site Archaeological Project, University of Texas, Austin, TX.



This corridor project encompassed 104.36 acres in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of bench, ridge, and terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 4,160 and 4,640 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, four-wing saltbush, Russin thistle, yucca, prickly pear cactus, scrub, mesquite, and grama grass).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 13 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd/lithic scatter site.

Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a Hispanic site. This site included six trash scatters, the original town site of Hermanas and a cobble wall outline site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. No ceramics were noted.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (hole-in-top and solder-sealed).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 298

ARMS LOG NO. 17781

AUTHOR Mallouf, Michael and James A. Neely

DATE 1983

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation Western New Mexico Telephone Co. Archaeological Survey-Part 3: 1983 Locations of Trenching for Placement of Telephone Cable Along Highway 59 and Forest Road 226. W.S. Ranch Site Archaeological Project, University of Texas, Austin, TX.



This corridor project encompassed 38.16 acres in Sierra County. The project area consisted primarily of terrace, canyon, ridge, and outcrop landforms. Elevations varied between 7,400 and 7,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ponderosa pine and grama grass.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 6-10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were lithic scatter sites. Due to a lack of diagnostic artifacts, estimated ages could not be assigned to the prehistoric sites.

Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. The four sites were all Anglo sites. These included three log cabin sites and one silver ore processing site. The historic sites all date to the early 20th century.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included a metal boiler and automobile parts.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 299

ARMS LOG NO. 22770E

AUTHOR Marshall, Michael P.

DATE 1985

TITLE The Excavation of the Cortez CO2 Pipeline Project Sites, 1982-1983. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal 185-161A, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at 13 sites in San Juan, McKinley, and Sandoval Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plains landforms. Elevations varied between 5,720 and 6,925 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grass-lands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Only four sites were totally excavated; the remainder were sampled at 0.37-35% fraction of the total site area. Quarter-inch mesh screens were used in all excavations. Excavations were oriented toward features.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were sherd/lithic sites with features and six were lithic and fire-cracked rock sites (mostly Archaic).

Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Navajo (protohistoric and historic) sites. The historic sites included a corral, tent camps, and hogan founda-tions.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Los Pinos phase, and one was assigned to the Rosa phase.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes ranged from 10-1,239 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio, Armijo, San Raphael, and small side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Piedra Gray, Rosa Gray, Gobernador Nail-Incised, Chapin Gray, Lino Gray, Acoma Glaze Polychrome, Piedra Brownware, Piedra B/w, La Plata B/r, Gobernador Polychrome, Dinetah Plain, and Dinetah Scored wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 300

ARMS LOG NO. 2427

AUTHOR Marshall, Michael P.

DATE 1974

TITLE Archaeological Survey for Chaining Operations, Upper Pescado Drainage, Zuni Indian Reservation, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 101-57, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 3,000 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and valley landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and sage.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 50 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were petroglyph sites, eight were sherd/lithic scatter sites, seven were fieldhouse (1 room) sites, 13 were 2-3 room pueblo sites, four were "U" shaped multi-room pueblos, 10 were block pueblos, and three were rockshelters.

Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American (Zuni) sites. These sites included ranches (2), corrals, and cairns. Most post-dated 1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Pueblo II Period, two were assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III Period, and 30 were assigned to the Pueblo III Period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes average 78 artifacts. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Puerco B/r, Wingate B/r, St. Johns B/r, St. Johns Polychrome, Heshotauthla Polychrome, Pinedale Polychrome, Reserve B/w, Tularosa B/w, Tularosa Gray, Red Mesa B/w, White Mound B/w, Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, Chaco B/w, Socorro B/w, Sosi B/w, Dogosthi B/w, Tusayan B/w, and Tsegi Orange wares.

Historic artifacts were noted, but no details were provided.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 301

ARMS LOG NO. 23494

AUTHOR Marshall, Michael P., John R. Stein, Richard W. Loose, and Judith E. Novotny

DATE 1979

TITLE Anasazi Communities of the San Juan Basin. Public Service Company of New Mexico and Historic Preservation Division.



This project encompassed 119 major characteristics in McKinley, Rio Arriba, and Santa Fe Counties. The project area consisted primarily of basin floor landforms. Elevations varied between 5,580 - 7,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of an unspecified judgemental sample. A total of 119 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 85 were Great Kiva sites and 34 were multi-room masonry pueblo sites. Most post-date A.D. 1000. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes averaged 150 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino Plain, Lino Polished, Kana'a Neckbanded, Neck Corrugated-Indented, Coolidge Corrugated, Chaco Corrugated, La Plata B/w, White Mound B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, Chaco B/w, Theodore B/w, Pena B/w, Tunicha B/w, Newcomb B/w, Burnham B/w, Chuska B/w, Toadlena B/w, Nava B/w, Crumbled House B/w, Sanostee R/o, Sanostee B/r, Bennett Plain, Sheep Springs Banded, Tocito Banded, Gray Hills Banded, Captain Tom Banded-Incised, Newcomb Corrugated, Blue Shale Corrugated, Hunter Corrugated, Crozier B/w, Drolet B/w, Naschitti B/w, Taylor B/w, Brimhall B/w, Chapin Gray, Twin Trees Gray, Mocassin Gray, Mancos Gray, Mancos Corrugated, Mesa Verde Corrugated, La Plata B/w, Piedra B/w, Cortez B/w, Mancos B/w, Wetherill B/w, McElmo B/w, Mesa Verde B/w, Abajo R/o, La Plata B/r, Lino Gray, Obelisk Gray, Lino Gray-Fugitive Red, Kana'a Gray, Coconino Gray, O'Leary Tooled, Hanoni Tooled, Medicine Gray, Tusayan Appliqued, Tusayan Corrugated, Moenkopi Corrugated, Kietsiel Gray, Lino B/g, Kana'a B/w, Black Mesa B/w, Sosi B/w, Dogoszhi B/w, Flagstaff B/w, Tusayan B/w, Kayenta B/w, Deadman's B/r, Medicine B/r, Tusayan B/r, Dogoszhi Polychrome, Cameron Polychrome, Citadel Polychrome, Tusayan Polychrome, Tsegi Orange, Tsegi B/o, Tsegi R/o, Tsegi Polychrome, Kayenta Polychrome, Kiet Siel B/r, Kiet Siel Polychrome, Little Colorado Corrugated, Holbrook B/w, Padre B/w, Walnut B/w, Leupp B/w, Chevelon B/w, Puerco B/r, Wingate B/r, Wingate Polychrome, St. John's B/r, St. John's Polychrome, Springerville Polychrome, Heshotauthla Polychrome, Kwakina Polychrome, Pinnawa Glaze-on-White, Pinnawa R/w, Kechipawan Polychrome, and Woodruff Smudged.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 302

ARMS LOG NO. 31162T

AUTHOR Marshall, Michael P., Janette Elyea, Betty Garrett, James Stephen, and Mollie Toll

DATE Undated

TITLE Archaeological Investigations in a 16th-Early 17th Century Piro Pueblo in the Village of San Antonio, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Report No. 185-296, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Socorro County. The site was situated in bench landforms, with an elevation of 4,550 feet. Vegetation in the study area included creosote bush, mesquite, black grama, willow, and smartweed.

The construction area was divided into 39 grid units of 1 x 1m size. North-south test trenches were then used. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and excavations were conducted to the sterile substratum.

The excavations occured at the Pargas Pueblo Site. It was a Piro Pueblo that dated to the 16th and early 17th centuries.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of 213 lithic artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were En Medio.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained gray wares, Elmendorf white and Rio Grande Glaze wares. Petrographic studies were presented in the report.

Specialized studies include faunal, flotation, C14, and archaeomagnetism. The radiocarbon samples date to A.D. 1510-1670. Faunal studies revealed the presence of cottontail, jackrabbit, wood rat, deer, pronghorn, domestic cattle or bison, and spiny softshell turtle remains. Flotation samples included prickly pear seed, mesquite, cottonwood/willow, saltbush, juniper, pinyon, goosefoot, pigweed, Zea, and bean fragments. The archaeomagnetic dates confirmed a late 16th-early 17th century occupation of the site.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 303

ARMS LOG NO. 10538

AUTHOR Martin, Rena and Tim McEnany

DATE 1985

TITLE An Archaeological Survey for Utah International Inc. 1985 Coal Exploration and Drilling Program. Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 85-373, Window Rock.



This block project encompassed 1,683.7 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of drainage, arroyo, and badland sideslope landforms. Elevations varied between 5,150 and 5,560 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included tamarisk and rabbitbrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 25 sites and 21 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were lithic scatter sites, five were sherd/lithic scatter sites, three were hogan sites, one was a structural site, one was a sherd scatter site, and one was a lithic scatter/historic sheep camp site. Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all sites were Navajo in origin. These sites included four temporary sheep camps, three multiple dwelling sites, and one coal mine site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the Anasazi Cultural Tradition. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric/Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chuska Gray, Chuska White, Mesa Verde Gray, Cibola Gray, Captain Tom Corrugated, Blue Shale Corrugated, Burnham B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Gallup B/w, Cibola Plain Gray and San Juan Redware wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included amber colored glass and aqua colored glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 304

ARMS LOG NO. 21437

AUTHOR Maxwell, Timothy D.

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Santa Fe Bypass, Santa Fe County. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratoy of Anthropology, Note No. 413, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 675 acres in Santa Fe County. The project area was situated in the Southern Rocky Mountain Province and consisted primarily of basin and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 1,910 and 2,252 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 49 sites and 65 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 26 were lithic scatter sites, five were lithic scatter/water control sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, four were lithic/hearth sites, two were lithic/hearth/water control sites, one was a lithic/ash stain site, one was a lithic/farming facility/hearth site, one was a lithic/sherd/hearth site, one was a lithic/sherd/possible architecture site, one was a lithic/sherd scatter/water control/hearth site, and one was a lithic scatter/historic campsite. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Both sites were historic trash dumps dating to the 1920-1940 period.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites 10 were assigned to the Anasazi Culture, three were assigned to the Anasazi/Pueblo II-Pueblo IV Period and three were assigned to the Euroamerican Cultural Tradition. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric unknown and historic Euroamerican).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 25-50 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, Santa Fe B/w, Abiquiu B/g, and Bandelier B/g wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 305

ARMS LOG NO. 31073T

AUTHOR Maxwell, Timothy D.

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Test Excavations at the Townsend Site (LA 34150), Chaves County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 344, Santa Fe.



This project focused on test excavations at one sites in Chaves County. Most of the sites were situated in floodplain landforms. Elevations varied between 3,610 and 3,650 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands.

Excavation samples were not specified. Artifact recovery was based on unspecified screen sizes and 10cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations.

This site was a lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter with some sherds. No historic sites were excavated. The site contained multiple components (490-250 B.C., A.D. 460-820, and A.D. 1200-1400).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size approached 4000 artifacts for the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Ellis, Scallorn, Fresno, Maljamar, Leslie's Type 3B, and Harrell.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown, El Paso Brown, South Pecos Brown, Three Rivers R/t, McKenzie Brown, Corona Corrugated, Middle Pecos Micaceous, El Paso Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, Tularosa B/w, and Glaze A.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dates, faunal, and human osteology. The three radiocarbon dates range from 2320 + 120 BP--1210 + 80 BP Faunal studies showed use of Bison, Sylvilagus, Lepus, and large mammals during Archaic and late Prehistoric times. Studies of human remains focused on age-sex determinations.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 306

ARMS LOG NO. 31077E

AUTHOR Maxwell, Timothy D., Kathleen Groody, Charles A. Hannaford, Guadalupe Martinez, and Elisa A. Novick

DATE 1983

TITLE Excavations at the Cavanaugh Site, Las Vegas, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 321, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in San Miguel County. The site was located in rolling hummock landforms, with an elevation of 6,577 feet. Vegetation in the study area included blue grama, western wheatgrass, wolftail, and sideoats.

A grid composed of 9m squwere units, covering a total area of 81 x 105m was laid over the site. All features were excavated. Artifact recovery was based on 1/4" screen sizes and natural stratigraphic levels.

The Cavanaugh Site consisted of a late 19th century Anglo homestead. The site included the remains of a house, outbuildings, well, and refuse pit.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include cans, beer bottles, pharmacy bottles, liquor bottles, earthenware, ironstone, thimbles, furniture parts, tools, hardware, wood fragments, nails, shoes, clothing, jewelry, railroad spikes, and brickbats.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 307

ARMS LOG NO. 29048

AUTHOR McCrary, Oliver

DATE 1988

TITLE Questa Road Closures: Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Questa Ranger District, Report No. 1988-02-052.



This corridor project encompassed 31.5 acres in Taos County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 7,020 and 8,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 7m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 38 sites and 51 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 18 were lithic scatter sites, 15 were lithic/groundstone (some with fire-cracked rock) scatter sites, and four were sherd/lithic (some with fire-cracked rock) scatter sites. One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was an Anglo mine site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 15 were assigned to the Archaic Period and three were assigned to the late phase of the Prehistoric Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched, side-notched, Armijo, and stemmed.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Taos Incised, Taos Grey and plain wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 308

ARMS LOG NO. 21257

AUTHOR McKean, Summer

DATE 1988

TITLE Moore Timber Sale Cultural Resource Survey. Lincoln National Forest, Cloudcroft Ranger District, Report No. 1988-08-079.



This block project encompassed 653 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 8,800 and 9,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Poor ground visibility was noted.

REFNO. 309

ARMS LOG NO. 24177

AUTHOR McKean, Summer, Lori S. Reed and Paul F. Reed

DATE 1988

TITLE Frijole Trap Fuelwood Sale Cultural Resource Survey. Lincoln National Forest, Guadalupe Ranger District, Report No. 1988-08-122.



This block project encompassed 450 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and slope landforms. Elevations varied between 6,080 and 6,360 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites and 30 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock/midden ring sites, 10 were lithic scatter sites, and two were sherd/lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

No estimated ages of sites in these groups were presented. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

No ceramics were noted.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 310

ARMS LOG NO. 11869

AUTHOR McKenna, Peter J. and Robert P. Powers

DATE 1986

TITLE Preliminary Report on the 1985 Test Survey of Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico. National Park Service, Branch of Cultural Research, Albuquerque.



This sample project encompassed 280 acres in Los Alamos and Sandoval Counties. The project area consisted primarily of plateau and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 5,320 and 10,199 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 75% environmentally stratified sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 83 sites and 11 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were "Communal" Pueblo sites(100+ rooms multistoried), 11 were Pueblo sites(6-100 rooms), nine were lithic scatter sites, 33 were small structure sites(1-6 rooms), and five were "Cavate" Pueblos. Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included corrals and temporary campsites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 63 were assigned to the A.D. 1150-1700 phase of the late Anasazi Period. Three sites contained multiple components (historic and prehistoric). Site densities and occupational durations declined with increasing elevation.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 100 artifacts (lithics=32 and ceramics=138). Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose and unspecified side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Santa Fe B/w, Rio Grande Indented Corrugated, Biscuit A and B, Glaze A, B, and C wares, Corrugated San Lazaro, Sankawi'i B/c, and Sapawi'i Washboard.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 311

ARMS LOG NO. 30991T

AUTHOR McKeown, C. Timothy and Dennis Gilpin

DATE 1984

TITLE Technology, Function, and Pattern Recognition at Harry Benally's 1930's Home (NM-H-20-1). Navajo Nation Cultural Resources Management Program, Report No. 84-31, Window Rock, AZ.



This project focused on excavations at one site in San Juan County. The site is situated in terrace and gravel pit landforms,with an elevation of 5,240 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grama grass and rabbitbrush.

All features on the site were tested. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4" and unspecified levels.

The historic Navajo site contained a hogan, an ash pile, a concrete pile, and a pile of construction materials. Ethnographic data date the site to the 1934-1961 period.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include metal, paper, earthenware, cans, cloth, glass, leather, plastic, rubber, and wood.

Specialized studies include faunal and flotation studies. Faunal samples included cattle, sheep and/or goat. Flotation studies produced peach pit, melon seed, pinyon shell, pumpkin seed, peanut shell, and squash seed remains.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 312

ARMS LOG NO. 23752

AUTHOR Michalik, Laura

DATE 1988a

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of 80 Acres of Bureau of Land Management Land Slated for Purchase by the City of Las Cruces For a Future Landfill Site, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 64, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 80 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, slope, and wash landforms. Elevations varied between 4,300 and 4,370 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote and acacia.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and 27 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

No estimated ages were assigned to sites in these groups.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

No ceramics were noted.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 313

ARMS LOG NO. 21023

AUTHOR Michalik, Laura

DATE 1988b

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of 640 Acres of State Trust Land Near NASA-WSTF, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 49, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 640 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of pediment and bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 4,451 and 4,540 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote and mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and 12 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose.

No ceramics were found.

Historic isolated artifacts noted in the report included solder cans.

REFNO. 314

ARMS LOG NO. 21552

AUTHOR Michalik, Laura and Chris Kugler

DATE 1988a

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of 640 Acres of Bureau of Land Management Land for the Wallace Private Land Exchange Near Las Cruces, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 53, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 640 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of upper bajada landforms. Elevations varied between 4,460 and 4,680 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote, mesquite, and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 52 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 315

ARMS LOG NO. 21024

AUTHOR Michalik, Laura and Chris Kugler

DATE 1988b

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of 690 Acres of NASA-WSTF Land in the Foothills of Quartzite Mountain, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 50, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 690 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 4,800 and 5,245 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included creosote, tarbush, and mesquite.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 19 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic scatter sites and two were sherd/lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the Mesilla phase of the Jornada Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Pelona and San Jose.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 316

ARMS LOG NO. 17524

AUTHOR Miller, John and Jon Frizell

DATE 1980

TITLE The Conoco-Thoreau Survey: An Archaeological Survey of 2,000 Acres in McKinley County, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-56, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 2,000 acres in McKinley County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of sandstone cliff, hill, and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 6,920 and 7,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included ring muhly, galleta, grama, dropseed, saltbush, snakeweed, and rabbitbrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 93 sites and 29 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 45 were habitation sites, 10 were fieldhouse sites, eight were sherd/lithic sites, three were midden/sherd/lithic sites, two were hearth/sherd sites, one was a cist/sherd/lithic site, one was a hearth/sherd/lithic site, one was a sherd site, and one was a kiva/sherd site. Twenty-five historic sites were recorded in the study area. All of these were Navajo sites. These contain hogans, corrals, sweatlodges, ornos, temporary shelters, hearths, and cisterns.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 62 were assigned to the Pueblo II Period and one was assigned to the general Puebloan Period. Four sites contained multiple components (Pueblo II/Historic Navajo and Prehistoric/Historic Navajo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Pueblo III and Basketmaker II.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chacoan B/w, Red Mesa B/r, Gallup B/w, Wingate B/r, corrugated, Wide Band Corrugated, Painted Corrugated, Clapboard Corrugated, Plain Ehite, Smudge Ware, Lino Gray, Flat and Coiled Corrugated wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included purple glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 317

ARMS LOG NO. 25490T

AUTHOR Miller III, Myles R. and Jeanne Swarthout

DATE 1988

TITLE The Archaeology of the Elena Gallegos Land Exchange: Prehistoric and Historic Settlement of the East and West Mesas of Las Cruces, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 72, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 5,440 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of terraces, pediment and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 4,250 and 4,450 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mesquite, creosotebush, and broom snakeweed.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 133 sites and 51 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at 28 sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were lithic/sherd/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, six were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, and five were lithic scatter sites. Thirty-six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 36 were Anglo sites or Hispanic sites. These sites include refuse dumps, artifact scatters, and hearths.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, decorated ceramics, and obsidian hydration dating. Of these sites, 12 were assigned to the Archaic Period, 14 were assigned to the Mesilla phase, and four were assigned to the Doña Ana phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 20 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, Jornada Brown, Alma Plain, El Paso Polychrome, El Paso Bichrome, Mimbres B/w, Chupadero B/w, Playas Red, and San Andres R/t.

Obsidian hydration dating was performed on projectile points and all other artifacts which were well suited for dating, not excessively weathered, in the presence of other corroborative chronometric samples, distributed for intersite and intrasite identification, and in surface and subsurface contexts. The minimum date was 3682 B.C. and the maximum date was A.D. 1189.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include food cans, bottle fragments, automobile parts, and household trash.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 318

ARMS LOG NO. 16212

AUTHOR Mills, Beth H.

DATE 1981a

TITLE The Borrego Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory: Part II. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1981-10-089b.



This block project encompassed 2,572 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of ridgetop, bench, terrace, slope, and drainage bottom landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area is not mentioned.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 16m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 75 sites and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded sites, 51 were fieldhouse sites, seven were lithic scatter sites, five were historic structure sites, four were water/soil control sites, and eight sites were classified as unknown.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 319

ARMS LOG NO. 16448

AUTHOR Mills, Beth H.

DATE 1981b

TITLE The Borrego Timber Sale Cultural Resources Inventory: Part III. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District. Report No. 1981-10-089c.



This block project encompassed 1,437 acres in Sandoval County. Landforms and vegetative conditions were not mentioned in the report. Elevations varied between 7,000 and 7,495 feet.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 23 sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were lithic scatter sites, eight were "habitation" sites, and two were rockshelter sites. Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. The three sites were historic structure sites. Two of the structures were probably tent foundations and the other was a lean-to.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 320

ARMS LOG NO. 19449

AUTHOR Mishler, Robert

DATE 1981

TITLE Report: Cultural Resources Survey of the Rights-of-Way for the Raton, New Mexico, Supplemental Water Supply Project, Cimarron Diversion. New Mexico Highlands University, Project No. HG-81-4, Las Vegas.



This corridor project encompassed 243 acres in Colfax County. The project area consisted primarily of valley and pediment landforms. Elevations varied between 6,150 and 6,640 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine) and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 8m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and 19 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter/groundstone sites and three were lithic scatter sites. Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included wagon roads (Santa Fe Trail), ranch complexes (masonry), and trash dumps. Most post-date A.D. 1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were broad and lacked precision. The basis for these dates were not clear.

Artifact data was limited. Sample sizes were not specified. No projectile points were noted.

No ceramics were noted.

Historic artifacts were noted, but not discussed.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 321

ARMS LOG NO. 26533

AUTHOR Montgomery, John and Kathleen Bowman (eds.)

DATE 1989

TITLE Archaeological Reconnaissance of the Chupadera Arroyo Drainage, Central New Mexico. Eastern New Mexico University, Agency for Conservation Archaeology, Report No. CD 89.1, Portales.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 7,680 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 5,500 and 5,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of an unspecified sample. A total of 10 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were multi-room masonry pueblo/plaza sites originally located by Mera and Yeo. One kiva was also noted. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, most date between A.D. 1200-1500.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes varied between 52-214 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as side-notched. Obsidian sourcing studies were completed.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, Agua Fria G/r, San Clemente Glaze Polychrome, Cieneguilla G/y, Kwakina Polychrome, Ramos Polychrome, Tabira Polychrome, Corrugated Utility, brown, Tularosa B/w, Werenal G-P, Heshotauthla Polychrome, Mimbres B/w, San Lazaro Glaze Polychrome, and Jeddito Polychrome wares.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 322

ARMS LOG NO. 26060T

AUTHOR Moore, James L. and Anthony Martinez

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Test Excavations at the Dead Raven Site Near Montezuma, San Miguel County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 466, Santa Fe.



This project was in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of Creston Range landforms. Elevations varied between 6,540 and 7,540 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine) and grass-lands.

The project consisted of test excavations conducted at LA 55396. Test pits were 1m grids excavated in arbitrary 10 cm levels unless natural stratigraphic breaks were located. Sample surface artifacts were collected.

LA site 55396 was a multicomponent site containing both prehistoric and historic artifacts. The prehistoric component of the site could not be dated due to a lack of diagonostic artifacts. The historic component consisted of a cabin dating to ca. A.D. 1940-1960.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Historic artifacts collected during the project included a Columbia Coffee can (1914), a "KC Baking Powder" can (1925-1950), a Mission Soda can (1953), purple glass (1880-1917), blue earthenware (1830-1900), and an ironstone with rose transfer (1870-1950).

The report contained statistical analyses of artifacts located within the site.

REFNO. 323

ARMS LOG NO. 22779

AUTHOR Moore, James L. and Daisy F. Levine

DATE 1987

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Proposed Adjustments and Realignments to State Road 4, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 408, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 162 acres in Santa Fe County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 5,600 and 6,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 24 sites and eight isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were lithic scatter sites, two were masonry pueblo (3-6 room) sites, three were water control sites, three were fieldhouse sites, one was a petroglyph site, one was a shrine site, and three were sherd and lithic scatter sites. Two historic sites were recorded in the study. Both were Anglo sites. These sites included a masonry outbuilding and a sheepherder`s camp. Most post-date 1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Pueblo IV phase (A.D. 1325-1550) of the Anasazi Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and Pueblo IV).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Armijo/En Medio, San Jose and Basketmaker II.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tewa Polychrome, Tewa Red, Biscuit B, Biscuit A, and corrugated wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 324

ARMS LOG NO. 30924E

AUTHOR Moore, James L. and Joseph C. Winter (eds)

DATE 1980a

TITLE Human Adaptations in a Marginal Environment: The UII Mitigation Project. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-21a, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at eight sites in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in dune and arroyo landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands.

Excavation sample sizes could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4" and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations. Excavations focused on structures and extramural features (e.g. hearths).

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, four were Archaic lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, and one was a Pueblo II sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock site. Three historic sites were excavated. Of these, all were Navajo sites and post-date A.D. 1900. Structures included stone hogans, corrals, sweatlodges, and tent pads.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 131 - 2250 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were San Jose, Basketmaker II, Jay, Bajada, and Chiricahua. Experimental use-wear studies were reported.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained corrugated tools, R/bu, Burnham B/w, Toadlena B/w, Chuska B/w, Crumbled House B/w, Mancos B/w, La Plata B/r, Corrugated Clapboard (Newcomb), and Indented Corrugated.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include cans (sanitary, hole-in-top), glass (clear, brown, blue, green, amber), metal (buckles, fasteners, wire), cartridges, and ceramics (ironstone, porcelain). Maker's marks were discussed.

Specialized studies include faunal, pollen, and flotation. A basic faunal inventory shows horse, cattle, and sheep to dominate Navajo assemblages. Pollen and flotation focused on Navajo sites. Zea, Cucurbith, and Lagenaria were found, as well as considerable wild resources. Cheno-am and Pinus dominate all pollen spectra. Navajo fuelwood use focused on juniper and pine.

An ethnohistory of the project area is included in the report. Detailed settlement-subsistence models were examined and more interpretations than usual were presented.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained spatial analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 325

ARMS LOG NO. 11712

AUTHOR Moore, James L. and Gail Bailey

DATE 1980b

TITLE An Archeological Survey in a Portion of the Mesilla Bolson, Southwestern New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-74, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,700 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of basin and range landforms. Elevations average 4,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included yucca, mesquite, saltbush, sagebrush, and sacaton grass.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 24 sites and 13 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Isolated occurrence recording was suspended part way through the project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 12 contained lithics, sherds/hearths, eight were lithic/sherd sites, two were lithic /hearth sites, and two were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the generalized Jornada Mogollon Formative Period. One site dated to the Mesilla phase and seven date to the El Paso phase.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic assemblages rwerely exceeded 30 items, while ceramic assemblages rwerely exceeded 80 items. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analysis was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro styles and raw material. Variations were presented.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, Mimbres B/w, Mimbres Boldface, Playas Indented, Gila Polychrome, El Paso Polychrome, and Ramos Polychrome.

The report contained only tabular summaries of each site--there was no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.





REFNO. 326

ARMS LOG NO. 8261

AUTHOR Moore, James L., Bradley J. Vierra, Gale M. McPherson, and Mark E. Harlan

DATE 1978

TITLE An Investigation into High Altitude Adaptations: The Baca Geothermal Project. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-30, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,984 acres in Sandoval County. The project area was situated in the Southern Rocky Mountain Province and consisted primarily of mesa and mountain landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 30 sites and 104 isolated occurrences/localities were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 21 were lithic scatter sites. Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included homestead complexes (4), single log cabins (3), and isolated outbuildings (1). Most date between 1900-1940.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II phase of the Anasazi Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic-Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 70 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Basketmaker II and Archaic.

No ceramics were found.

Site distributions were analyzed by major floral environmental zones. Mountain zones were argued to have been used in the late summer.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (clear, white, blue, purple).

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages among sites found during the project.

REFNO. 327

ARMS LOG NO. 31128T

AUTHOR Moore, Roger A.

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Test Excavation of a Valdez Phase Site, KC: TGP: 1, Near Taos, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 1150, Farmington.

This project focused on excavations at one site in Taos County. The site is situated in terrace landforms, with an average elevation of 7,320 feet. Vegetation in the study area included sagebrush, threeawn grass, grama grass, snakeweed, and prickly pear cactus.

Excavations consisted of 26 auger holes and four test trenches. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/16" and 10cm levels were used in test trench excavations.

The site is a lithic/sherd scatter/midden deposit/hearth site. Ceramic typologies date the site to the Valdez phase (A.D. 1000-1200) of the Pueblo Period. The site may also contain Pot Creek phase (A.D. 1200-1250) components.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. The sample size consisted of 81 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Taos Plain, Taos Incised, Taos Neckbanded, and Taos B/w. Specialized studies include flotation and radiocarbon analyses. Flotation studies yielded fragments of Zea mays, Amaranathus, Portulaca, Artemisia, and Sporobolus remains. The radiocarbon study provided a date of 750 + 80 BP (A.D. 1120-1280).

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 328

ARMS LOG NO. 10909

AUTHOR Moore, Roger, Penelope Whitten and Patricia Hancock

DATE 1983

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 101 Coal Exploration Drill Location and Access Routes Near Quemado in Catron and Cibola Counties, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 786, Farmington.



This mixed (block and corridor) project encompassed 390 acres in Cibola and Catron Counties. The project area consisted primarily of upland ridge and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 6,400 and 7,400 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 22 sites and 71 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were artifact scatter sites, two were structure/artifact scatter sites, two were rubble mound/midden sites, two were rubble mound/midden/lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a cobble structure/midden/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a lithic quarry site, one was a camp/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a processing/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a block structure/midden/sherd scatter site, one was a rubble mound/artifact scatter site, and one was an artifact scatter/fire-cracked rock site. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was an Anglo site. These sites included three homestead sites, one temporary camp site and one historic trash/corral/Puebloan sherd scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker III Period, nine were assigned to the Pueblo I-II Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo II-III Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo I-III Period, and one was assigned to the general Pueblo Period. One site contained multiple components (Pueblo/historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Plain Gray and Plain White wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 329

ARMS LOG NO. 31165E

AUTHOR Morenon, E. Pierre and T.R. Hays

DATE 1984

TITLE Archaeological Investigations in the Placitas Arroyo, New Mexico. North Texas State University, Contract No. CX 1200-6-3548, Denton, TX.



This project focused on excavations at six sites in Doña Ana County. Most of the sites were situated in floodplain landforms. Elevations varied between 4,060 and 4,500 feet. Vegetation in the study area included riparian species.

Excavations averaged less than 1% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4" and 5cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Both test pits and features were dug.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, all contained lithics, sherds, groundstone, and fire-cracked rock. No historic sites were excavated. Structures include oval pithouses and extramural features (hearths and storage pits).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes averaged 4,200 items per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown, El Paso Brown, Alma Plain, San Francisco Red, Mimbres B/w, Three Rivers R/t, and Three Circle Corrugated. Trace element studies of pastes were presented in the report.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dating, flotation, pollen, faunal, magnetometer surveys, and mollusk studies.

Radiocarbon dates varied between 80 B.C.-A.D. 690. Flotation resulted in the recovery of Zea remains. Faunal studies show deer to be the most common fauna at these sites. Mollusks suggest that the Holocene environment near these sites consisted of slackwater zones. Pollen studies encountered trace Zea pollen, as well as grasslands, composites, Cheno-am, ash, and pine.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature, but contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 330

ARMS LOG NO. 24248

AUTHOR Muceus, Cheryl and Robert A. Lawrence

DATE 1988

TITLE Meadow and L Tank Timber Sales Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1987-02-120.



This mixed (block and corridor) project encompassed 370 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of meadow landforms. Elevations varied between 7,920 and 8,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Gambel oak, Pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 40 sites and 56 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 23 were lithic scatter sites, 14 were lithic/groundstone scatter sites, and three were lithic/sherd scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. The sites appear to represent PaleoIndian, Archaic and late Prehistoric occupations.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada and Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained micaceous and plain utility wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 331

ARMS LOG NO. 9038

AUTHOR Neal, William R.

DATE 1981

TITLE An Intensive Archaeological Survey of Six Drill Pads and Two Access Roads Near San Mateo Mesa, Cibola National Forest, McKinley County, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquer-que.



This mixed (corridor and sample quadrat) project encompassed 5.2 acres in McKinley County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of slope, mesa, and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 7,160 and 7,480 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands (blue grama, galleta, side oats, Indian rice grass, western wheat grass, three awn, sand dropseed) and pinyon-juniper woodlands. The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 332

ARMS LOG NO. 19314

AUTHOR Neeley, James A.

DATE 1987

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation: The Datil Exchange. Archaeological Research, Inc., Austin, TX.



This corridor project encompassed 1,415 acres in Catron, Socorro and Sierra Counties. The project area was situated in the Datil-Mogollon Province and consisted primarily of plains-mountain landforms. Elevations range from 6,000 to 10,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included shrub grassland and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 28 sites and 31 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 17 were lithic scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic site, and three were surface masonry sites containing 1-4 rooms. The remaining one site was classified as unknown.

Six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. Historic sites included cabins (1900-1938?), corrals, wells/windmill, checkdams, schoolhouse, and a sawmill (ca. 1960's).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, two sites might contain PaleoIndian components, five were assigned to the middle-late phase of the Archaic Period, and three were assigned to the A.D. 950-1100 phase of the Formative Mogollon Period. One site contained multiple components (historic and prehistoric).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Projectile points were presented. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro and Chiricahua-type.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Alma Plain, Brown Corrugated, Unidentified B/w, and Red Mesa B/w wares.

Historic artifacts included purple glass and sanitary cans. The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 333

ARMS LOG NO. 16557

AUTHOR Nelson, Norman B.

DATE 1986

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of State Road 28 in La Mesilla: New Mexico State Highway Department Project M-4511(1). New Mexico State Highway Department, Report No. 86-138, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 15.3 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain land-forms. Elevations averaged ca. 3,880 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included ceramics (stoneware and earthenware) and glass (brown, clear, purple, aqua). These were considered isolated occurrences.

No additional analyses of artifact assemblages is provided.

REFNO. 334

ARMS LOG NO. 20893

AUTHOR Nelson, Norman B. and Katherine Fuller

DATE 1988

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of the State Road 61/35 Right-of-Way on the Continental Divide. New Mexico State Highway Department, Report No. 88-34, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 171 acres in Grant County. The project area consisted primarily of plateau landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 6,151 and 6,640 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifer and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and two isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were structure/mound sites, one was a lithic scatter site, and two were sherd/lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Mimbres Classic phase of the Formative Period.

Little artifact data was presented. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic types were not specified. No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 335

ARMS LOG NO. 25253

AUTHOR Newton, Richard E.

DATE 1988

TITLE Aspen Maness Fuelbreaks Cultural Resources Survey. Gila National Forest, Luna Ranger District, Report No. 1989-06-070.



This block project encompassed 533 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 6,800 and 8,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (juniper, oak, and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 10 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were Pueblo sites and one was a sherd/lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Reserve phase of the Mimbres Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained red wares, brownwares, whitewares, corrugated, Mimbres Boldface B/w, smudged corrugated, and Reserve B/w wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 3361

ARMS LOG NO. 20535

AUTHOR Newton, Richard E.

DATE 1987a

TITLE 1987 Para Archaeologist Field Training/Cruzville Area. Gila National Forest, Reserve Ranger District, Report No. 1987-06-142.



This block project encompassed 345 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of alluvial park, drainage and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 6,440 and 6,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (grama grass, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, Gambel oak, grey oak, and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 2m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 21 sites and two isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were rubble mound/artifact scatter sites, three were pueblo sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites, two were fieldhouse sites, one was a rock alignment/sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a rock alignment/sherd scatter site, one was a pueblo/sherd/historic trash scatter site, and one was a pueblo/sherd/lithic scatter/check dam site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 21 were assigned to the Reserve or Tularosa phase of the Cibola Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware, greyware, corrugated, B/w, White Mountain Redware, Reserve B/w and plainware wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included automobile parts, bottles, and cans.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 3372

ARMS LOG NO. 18915

AUTHOR Newton, Richard E.

DATE 1987b

TITLE Badger Fuelbacks and Romero Machine Piling: A Cultural Resources Survey Report. Gila National Forest, Luna Ranger District, Report No. 1987-06-002.



This block project encompassed 663 acres in Catron County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of mesa and butte landforms. Elevations varied between 8,368 and 8,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine and alpine-like meadows).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 2m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 3383

ARMS LOG NO. 25915

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian B.

DATE 1989a

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation #1989-06-050: An Archaeological Survey of the Harden Cienega Allotment/1-891, Mechanical Treatment of Juniper Invasion, U.S. Forest Service, Gila National Forest. Archaeological Research, Inc., Report No. 89-5, Albuquerque.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 410 acres in Grant County. The project area consisted primarily of valley and hill landforms. Elevations varied between 5,500 and 5,760 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grassland and juniper-oak woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 18 sites and 79 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were lithic scatter sites, five were pueblo (3-8 rooms) sites and six were surface structure/fieldhouse sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, four were tentatively assigned to the Archaic Period and nine were assigned to the Mimbres Classic phase (A.D. 1000-1200) of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Chiricahua and corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Alma Plain, plain corrugated, and Mimbres B/w wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 3394

ARMS LOG NO. 25914

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian B.

DATE 1989b

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Socorro Electric Cooperative Proposed Adobe/Beaverhead Distribution Line, Catron County, New Mexico. Archaeological Research, Inc., Report No. 89-4, Albu-querque.



This corridor project encompassed 560 acres in Catron County. The project area was situated in the Datil-Mogollon Section and consisted primarily of mountain, alluvial fan and drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 6,300 and 10,250 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grassland, desert scrub, and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of seven sites and 18 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic scatter sites. Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included a 1930's summer camp, an adobe structure (ca. 1920-1930), homestead foundations (ca. 1920-1950), a dam, and a dugout structure.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included: a wood stove, Log Cabin Syrup cans, clear, brown and purple glass, leather, and rubber shoe parts.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 3405

ARMS LOG NO. 24572

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian B.

DATE 1986b

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation: An Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Fort Bayard Seed Orchard; U.S. Forest Service, Gila National Forest, Archaeological Research, Inc., Silver City.



This block project encompassed 645 acres in Grant County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 6,150 and 6,425 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 22 sites and 45 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic scatter sites, five were sherd/lithic scatter sites with surface structures, six were fieldhouse sites, one was a pithouse village, and one was a pueblo site.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included barn foundations and CCC check-dams. All post-date 1910.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, eight were assigned to the Mimbres Classic Animas phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named. Sites contained points classified as corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres B/w, Playas Red Incised, Chupadero B/w, plain corrugated, boldface B/w, Indented Corrugated, and obliterated corrugated wares. Exotic items included a turquoise bead.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cartridges, (.45-70), glass (clear, brown, blue, purple), cans (sanitary), and stoneware. Maker's marks were recorded but do not appear in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 341

ARMS LOG NO. 32286

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian B. and John A. Peterson

DATE 1990

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Lost Latke Timber Sale, Reserve Ranger District, Gila National Forest Catron County, New Mexico. Albuquerque: Archaeological Research, Inc. Report No. 1990-06-084.



This project encompasses 4,643 acres in Catron County. The project area is situated in the Datil-Mogollon Section Province and consists primarily of colluvial slopes and ridge landforms. Elevations vary between 7760-9200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes pinyon, juniper, ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, Gamble's oak, and gray oak.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m interval parallel transects form the basis for data collection. A total of two sites and ten isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site and one was a lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Tularosa phase of the Mogollon Period.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tularosa Filled Rim and plain brown wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include evaporated milk and a lard bucket.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 342

ARMS LOG NO. 20324

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian B. and John Peterson

DATE 1987

TITLE Cultual Resources Clearance Investigation An Archaeological Survey of a Proposed Fuelwood Sale Area Southeast of the Junction of Forest Roads #522 and #67, in the Guadalupe Mountains, Otero County, New Mexico. Archaeological Research, Inc., Austin, TX.



This block project encompassed 1,125 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of fault escarpments and interfluvial ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands (one-seed juniper, shrub, oak, squawbush, agarita, lechugilla, agave, cholla, prickly pear cactus, blue grama, sideoats, grama, and three-awn).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 20 sites and 58 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, seven were lithic scatter sites, eight were burned rock mounds, two were burned rock ring middens, and one was a lithic and sherd scatter site. The remaining two sites were classified as unknown. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the early Archaic Period, and one was assigned to the El Paso phase of the Jornada Mogollon Culture Tradition.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analysis was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as a possible Nolan point.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 343

ARMS LOG NO.

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian B. and James A. Neely

DATE 1986

TITLE Test Excavations Conducted at Three Historic Mining Sites and One Isolated Feature Located on the Gila National Forest and Adjacent Land Administered by the Bureau of Land Management Northwest of Pinos Altos, Grant County, New Mexico: Part I-II. Archaeolgical Research, Inc., Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at three sites in Grant County. Most of the sites were situated in bench, slope, and creek landforms. Elevations varied between 6,812 and 6,854 feet. Vege-tation in the study area is not included in the report.

Excavations averaged less than 1% sample of each site. Arti-fact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 20cm levels were used in all excavations.

The three sites represent late 19th and early 20th century Anglo mining/habitation sites.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 713 artifacts.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include squwere cut nails, wire nails, screws, iron rivets, cans, bottle glass, leather fragments, horseshoe nails, Levi reinforcing rivets, earthenware, and aqua glass. A detailed discussion of maker's marks is in-cluded.

Specialized studies include faunal analyses. Faunal studies revealed cow, domestic goat, and sheep remains.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 3448

ARMS LOG NO. 22702

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian and James A. Neely

DATE 1980

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation: Western New Mexico Telephone Co. Archaeological Survey-Part IX-1980 Locations of Trenching for Placement of Telephone Cable Along U.S. 180, and Taps. W.S. Ranch Site Archaeological Project, Austin, TX.



This corridor project encompassed 748 acres in Catron County. Landforms and vegetation were not discussed in the report. Eleva-tions averaged 7,400 feet.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 11 were Reserve phase multi-room discontiguous room blocks, two were multi-room pueblo sites, one was a lithic scatter site, one was a sherd scatter site, one was a "limited knapping" site, and one was an unknown site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area. The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 11 were assigned to the Reserve phase and two were assigned to the Tularosa phase of the Pueblo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

No ceramic data were presented. No historic artifacts were reported.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 3459

ARMS LOG NO. 17427

AUTHOR Nightengale, Christian B., James A. Neely and Michael G. Mallouf

DATE 1986

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation: The Riley Exchange Western New Mexico Telephone Company Archaeological Survey, 1982-1983: An Archaeological Survey of Locations of Trenching for the Placement of Buried Telephone Cable in the General Vicinity of the Town of Riley, Socorro County, New Mexico. Archaeological Research Inc., Silver City.



This project corridor encompassed 394.5 acres in Socorro and Cibola Counties. The project area consisted primarily of alluvial fan, colluvial slope, terrace, foothill and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 5,120 and 7,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 31 sites and 10 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, two were roomblock/midden/lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a one room fieldhouse site, one was a sandstone alignment/historic artifact scatter site, one was a rock alignment/sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a surface structure mound/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a trail site, and one was a rock alignment/check dam site.

Eleven historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, two were Anglo sites and seven were Hispanic sites. These sites included: three ranch complex sites, four structure site, one stone structure foundation site, one cemetery site, and one town site/sherd scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the Pueblo I-II Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Pueblo II/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plain gray, B/w, San Marcial B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Socorro B/w, Wingate B/r, San Francisco Red, and Mogollon Red-on-Black wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included purple glass, ironware, and metal cans.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 346

ARMS LOG NO. 28328

AUTHOR Oakes, Wayne

DATE 1989

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of 4,400 Acres in the Mesa Gurule Area of Coyote Ranger District, Santa Fe National Forest. Albuquerque: Chambers Group, Inc, FS Report No. 1989-10-104.



This project encompasses 4,400 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consists primarily of mesa, slope, and canyon landforms. Elevations vary between 7800-9205 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes ponderosa pine, gambel oak, blue sprude, and kinnikinnick.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m interval parallel transects form the basis for data collection. A total of eight sites and 73 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter sites, one was a rock alignment site, one was a masonry structure/lithic scatter site, one was a lithic quarry site, one was a cave/lithic scatter site, and one was a room structure/lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses are restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Armijo, Ghost Ranch Serroded, En Medio, San Jose, Pindi-Convex, and Espanola Wide Blade.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include a boot spur.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 347

ARMS LOG NO. 17961

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R.

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Mine Lands in the Raton Coal Field for the Abandoned Mine Bureau. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 386, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 128 acres in Colfax County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,000 and 12,491 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

No prehistoric sites were recorded. Eleven historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included 10 mine complexes (adits/residences) and three prospects/shafts. Four dated between 1880-1900, three dated from 1901-1920, three dated from 1921-1940, and one dated from 1940-1960.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (aqua, purple), ironstone, and brick.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 348

ARMS LOG NO. 31068T

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R.

DATE 1986

TITLE Navajo and Basketmaker III-Pueblo I Occupations of Two Sites Near Quemado, Catron County. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 355, Santa Fe.



This project focused on test excavations at two sites in Catron County. Most of the sites were situated in pediment escarp-ment, bench, canyon, plain, and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 6,920 and 7,580 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavation samples did not exceed 0.5% of each site. Two by one meter test trenches were dug within the right-of-way of both sites. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in and arbitrary levels were used in all excavations.

Both prehistoric sites were hearth/lithic/sherd scatter sites. Faunal remains were found at both sites. No historic sites were excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 42 - 64 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. No projectile points were located at the two sites.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Red Mesa B/w, Navajo, and Lino Gray. Petrographic studies were presented in the report.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon and faunal. The radiocarbon test produced a date of A.D. 1560 + 90. Faunal studies revealed the presence of sheep and goats.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 349

ARMS LOG NO. 31042T

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R.

DATE 1983a

TITLE Colfax, New Mexico: A Study of Land Use Patterns on the Maxwell Land Grant. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropolgy, Note No. 313, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Colfax County. The site is situated in plain, canyon, and dissected mesa landforms, with an elevation of 6,180 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavation samples approached an 87% sample of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and natural levels were used in all excavations.

Excavations took place at the abandoned railroad town of Colfax, New Mexcio. The test excavations revealed a dugout or root cellar, privy, structural discard areas, and trash pits.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include Mason jars, seeds, shells, bones, medicine bottles, beer bottles, tobacco cans, soda bottles, ironware, porcelain, glassware, silverware, match sticks, hardware, wire, brick, tile, tarpaper, window glass, wood fragments, railroad hardware, insulators, buttons, footwear, clothes, watch parts, marbles, dolls, cartridges, and slugs.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 350

ARMS LOG NO. 16445E

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R.

DATE 1983b

TITLE The Ontiberos Site: A Hispanic Homestead Near Roswell, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 311, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Chaves County. The site is situated in bench landforms. Elevation was approximately 3,800 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands.

Excavations resulted in a 21.9% sample of the site. Artifact recovery was based on unspecified screen sizes of 10cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature and structure oriented.

An overview of Hispanic land-use history in the region is presented. A single historic homestead site was excavated. Of the features at the site, a dugout and house were excavated. A small protohistoric component was documented.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 6311 artifacts for the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include ceramics (whitewares, china, porcelain), metal (fasteners, cans), cart-ridges, and glass (purple, aqua, clear, brown, amber).

Specialized studies include faunal analyses. Faunal studies confirmed evidence for use of cattle as a food source.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 351

ARMS LOG NO. 31025T

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R.

DATE 1981

TITLE Prehistoric Subsistence Adaptations on White Sands Missile Range. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropolgy, Note No. 277, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at 12 sites in Otero and Doña Ana Counties. Most of the sites were situated in dune land-forms. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub (mes-quite, snakeweed, and creosote bush).

Thirteen prehistoric sites were test excavated using auger tests, test pits, and trenches. The percentage of each site tested could not be determined from the report descriptions.

The excavated sites include one pit structure/fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd/groundstone/tool scatter site, one fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd scatter site, one sherd/fire-cracked rock scatter site, one hearth/sherd/groundstone/fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter site, one hearth/sherd/groundstone/fire-cracked rock/lithic/tool scatter site, one lithic scatter site, one sherd scatter site, one pit/charcoal burn area/groundstone/fire-cracked rock/lithic/tool scatter site, and one pit/hearth/fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd scatter site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 6 - 19,792 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Chiricahua and other Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Bichrome, and El Paso Polychrome.

Specialized studies include C14 samples. Six C14 dates were obtained from the excavations. The dates were A.D. 500 + 80, A.D. 680 + 140, A.D. 740 + 69, A.D. 660 + 90, 1320 B.C. + 210, and 1330 B.C. + 210.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 352

ARMS LOG NO. 31038E

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R.

DATE 1979

TITLE The Cross L Ranch Site: A Study of Plains Adaptation. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 164, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Union County. Most of the sites were situated in alluvial ridge land-forms, with an elevation of 5,400 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and riparian associations. (cottonwood, willow, juniper, and pinyon).

Excavation samples could not be determined from the report description. Artifact recovery was based unspecified screen sizes and 2-3cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Excava-tions focused on feature/structure and non-feature portions of the site.

The Cross L Ranch site consists of six stone-ringed structures and a lithic scatter. It contained possible Plains Indian Compo-nents which date to A.D. 600-1000.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. The sample size was 2,055 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Bulverde, Scallorn, Bonham, and Maud-like points.

Specialized studies include pollen and flotation analyses. The pollen results indicated the presence of Zea pollen at the site. Flotation studies produced goosefoot, purslane, spurge, grass florets, Argemone, and Helianthus remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 3536

ARMS LOG NO. 16431E

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R.

DATE 1979

TITLE Excavations at Deadman's Curve, Tijeras Canyon, Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthro-pology, Note No. 137, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at four sites in Bernalillo County. Most of the sites were situated in canyon-slope land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,600 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation in the study area included mixed conifers (yellow pine, Douglas fir, oak, willow, cottonwood, juniper, and blue spruce).

Excavation samples did not exceed 15% of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 5-10cm levels were used in the excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was a late Basketmaker-early Pueblo I pithouse, one was a Developmental Period work area, one was an early Classic fieldhouse, and one was a late Coalition small pueblo.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 127 - 1346 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were corner-notched and side-notched points.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Wiyo B/w, Chupadero B/w, St. John's Polychrome, Indented Corrugated, smewered corrugated, smewered Indented Corrugated, clapboard corrugated, washboard corrugated, Galisteo B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Santa Fe B/w, Heshotauthla Polychrome, Agua Fria G/r, and Sam Clemente Glaze-Polychrome.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include an ox-shoe and a horse-shoe.

Specialized studies include faunal, pollen, and human skeletal studies. Faunal samples included mule deer, pocket gopher, pronghorn antelope, desert cottontail, black-tailed jackrabbit, rock squirrel, woodrat, and turkey remains. Pollen studies produced evidence of Pinus, Juniperus, Quercus, Ambrosia, Artemisia, Typha, Sphaeralcea, Zea, and Cheno-ams pollen. Human osteology focused on age-sex determinations of one burial, metric studies on stature, dentition studies, and paleopathologies.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 3547

ARMS LOG NO. 31063T

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R. and Michael Taylor

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Testing at Three Historic Sites at Lincoln State Monument , Lincoln County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 35, Santa Fe.



This project focused on testing at three sites in Lincoln County. Most of the sites were situated in valley-foothill landforms. Elevations varied between 5,760 and 11,977 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands. Excavation samples did not exceed ca. 2% of the area of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 14-16 inch levels were used in the test trenches and pits.

Three historic sites were tested. The sites iclude the Tunstall Store, Lincoln County Courthouse, and the Watson House.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 2,937 - 4,569 artifacts per site.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include clear and aqua glass, ironstone, earthenware, porcelain, stoneware, coins, wire nails, wood fragments, matchsticks, razor blades, newspaper fragments, and bone fragments.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 355

ARMS LOG NO. 28182T

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R., Kweren H. Clary, and Mollie S. Toll

DATE 1985

TITLE An Assessment of Gathering Sites Near Hackberry Lake, Eddy County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 415, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at five sites in Eddy County. Most of the sites were situated in coppice dune landforms. Elevations varied between 3,239 and 3,464 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub and grasslands.

Excavation samples could not be determined from the report description. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and alternative 5cm and natural levels were used in all exca-vations. Excavations were feature/structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, three were fire-cracked rock/sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic/groundstone scatter site, and one was a fire-cracked rock/lithic/groundstone scatter site.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 13 - 157 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, South Pecos Brown, Roswell Brown, Chupadero B/w, and Rio Grande Glaze A.

Specialized studies include C14, palynological, and ethnobotanical studies. The radiocarbon test resulted in dates of A.D. 890 + 60, A.D. 1240 + 80, 30 B.C. + 120, A.D. 530 + 60, and 230 B.C. + 100. Palynological and ethnobotanical studies produced evidence of goosefoot and purslane at most of the sites. The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 356

ARMS LOG NO. 28183E

AUTHOR Oakes, Yvonne R., Stuart Baldwin, Patrick Medlin, Ken Hewitt, Kweren Clary, Mollie S. Toll, and A.H. Warren

DATE 1986

TITLE The Fite Ranch Project: The Excavation of Two Pueblo Sites Along San Pedro Wash, Socorro County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 432, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at two sites in Socorro County. Most of the sites were situated in dune, terrace, and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 4,550 and 5,105 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub and grasslands.

Excavation samples could not be determined from the report description. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and natural deposition levels were used in all excavations. Exca-vations were feature/structure oriented.

The Fite Ranch Site, LA 45884, consisted of a complex of five pithouses. Radiocarbon and ceramic dates place the site to the Pueblo I/Pueblo II (A.D 900-1000) Period. The Gold Station Site, LA 45885, consisted of three rubble mounds that dated to the Pueblo IV/Pueblo V transitional phase (A.D. 1670 + 50).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 215 - 4,197 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were side-notched Anasazi, Basketmaker, and San Jose.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rio Abajo Plain, Stallion Plain, Jornada Red, Corona Plain, Jornada Brown (?), Jornada (?) smudged interior, Los Lunas (?), Lemitar Glaze-Polychrome, Escondido Glaze-Polychrome, Rio Grande Glaze, Apena G/r, Salinas Red and Tabira B/w wares.

Specialized studies include ethnobotanical and radiocarbon samples. The radiocarbon dates produced a weighted mean date of A.D. 955 + 31. Ethnobotanical studies revealed the presence of Zea and dropseed grass remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 357

ARMS LOG NO. 21148

AUTHOR O`Brien, Patrick M., A.E. Rogge, Andrew Fowler, Stephen A. Lekson, and Cody Browning.

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Survey Along the Arizona Interconnection Project Transmission Line Corridor An Interim Report for the Harlosa Ranch to Luna Substation Segment Sierra and Luna Counties, New Mexico. Dames and Moore/Zuni Archaeology Program, Albuquerque and Zuni.



This corridor project encompassed 8,537 acres in Sierra and Luna Counties. The project area consisted primarily of broad alluvial vallleys or basins interrupted by discontinuous mountain range landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included Chihuahuan desertscrub (52%), desert grassland (44%), pinyon-juniper woodlands, grasslands (3.5%), and riparian associations (0.5%).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 23 sites and 76 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, six were lithic scatter sites, two were artifact scatter sites, eight were Mogollon "habitations", and two were Archaic "camp sites".

Six historic sites were recorded in the study area. These include mining camps (2), habitations (1 frame structure), cattle camp (1) and trash dump (1). Most appear to post-date A.D. 1930.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics from each site. Of these sites, five were assigned to the Archaic Period and eight were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Culture. One site contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mimbres B/w, Cibola White, Chupadero B/w, Wingate B/r, St. Johns Polychrome, El Paso Bichrome and El Paso Polychrome wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 358

ARMS LOG NO. 31177E

AUTHOR O'Leary, Beth

DATE 1987

TITLE Prehistoric Land Use in the Southern Mesilla Bolson: Excavations on the Navajo-Hopi Land Exchange Near Santa Teresa, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal 185-247s, Albuquerque.



This project focused on non-site excavations of 40 features in Doña Ana County. Most of the sites were situated in dune and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 3,800 and 4,000 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub.

Given the feature orientation of these excavations, sample fractions were not relevant. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and mixed arbitrary and natural levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric features, 16 were ash stain features, four were pitstructure features, 16 were fire-cracked rock concentrations, and three were "roasting pit" fea-tures. No historic features were excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes totaled 2,240 artifacts from all features. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Polychrome, El Paso Bichrome, Chupadero B/w, Mimbres B/w, Chihuahua Polychrome, Clapboard Corrugated, Obliterated Corrugated, Smewered Indented Corrugated, Polished Brown, and Ramos Polychrome. Petrographic studies and vessel types were presented in the report.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dating and pollen. Forty-two radiocarbon dates from 17 features range from 900 B.C.-A.D. 1470. Pollen and floral studies show Portucaca, Chenopodium, Euphorbia, Amaranthus, and Yucca were processed at these locations.

The report contained detailed spatial analyses and tabular summaries of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 359

ARMS LOG NO. 24088T

AUTHOR O'Leary, Beth Laura, and Jan V. Biello

DATE 1985

TITLE Where's the Site? Archaeological Investigations at LA 33223 (The Taylor Ranch Site). Archaeological Research Consultants, Publication Series No. 106-85-2, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Bernalillo County. The site is situated in low lying dune landforms, with an elevation of 4,980 feet. Vegetation in the study area included grasslands.

Excavation samples could not be determined from the report description. Artifact recovery was based on selective use of screen sizes of 1/4in. and mixed arbitrary and natural strati-graphic levels were used in the excavations.

The Taylor Ranch Site was a fieldhouse/pithouse/lithic/sherd scatter site. The site contained multiple components (Basketmaker II/III and Pueblo IV).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of 3,000 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino Gray, Gallup B/w, Socorro B/w, Snowflake B/w, Santa Fe B/w, Abiquiu B/g, St. John's Polychrome, Los Padillas Glaze Polychrome, Werenal Glaze-Polychrome, Agua Fria G/r, Agua Fria Plain, San Clemente Glaze-Polychrome, Cieneguilla Gl/y, polychrome, and Cieneguilla Plain.

Specialized studies include C14, obsidian hydration, and faunal studies. The radiocarbon samples dates to 1730 + 100 BP and 2040 + 110 BP Obsidian hydration samples resulted in the following dates: A.D. 1347 + 38, A.D. 1355 + 32, A.D. 1344 + 27, A.D. 1169 + 40, A.D. 1330 + 18, and A.D. 1351 + 35. Faunal studies showed the presence of cottontail rabbit, jackrabbit, elk, turkey, bird, eggs, and fish remains at the site.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 360

ARMS LOG NO. 31031E

AUTHOR Peckham, Stewart L.

DATE 1980

TITLE The Piojo Dunes Site (LA 13669): Archaeological Investi-gation in Southwestern Sandoval County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 266, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Sandoval County. The site is situated in mesa landforms. The elevation was 6,400 feet. Vegetation in the study area included juniper-oak woodlands and grasslands.

Excavation samples could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature and non-feature oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric features, most were hearths or artifact concentrations. One historic Navajo component was excavated. This was a masonry hogan post-dating A.D. 1900.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size approached 1200 artifacts for the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were En Medio, Clovis, Folsom, and Chiricahua.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Dinetah Micaceous Utility and Dinetah Fillet-Banded.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

Specialized studies include pollen and faunal. Pollen studies show Cheno-ams, Gramineae, P.edulis, and P. ponderosa dominating cultural contexts. Navajo contexts contained sheep and goat remains.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 361

ARMS LOG NO. 16317

AUTHOR Peckham, Stewart L.

DATE 1971

TITLE Preliminary Report of an Archaeological Survey of the Tucson Gas and Electric Company 345 KV Transmission Line Between the San Juan Power Plant and the New Mexico--Arizona Boundary in New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note 215, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed an unspecified number of acres in San Juan and McKinley Counties. The project area con-sisted primarily of Manuelito Canyon landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area was not discussed in the report.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 54 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, two were pithouse sites, 16 were large pueblo sites, 19 were small pueblo sites, one had pictographs, and eight were sherd scatter sites. Two large pueblo sites had Great Kivas.

Eight historic Navajo sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included sweathouses (1), burial site (1), habitations (3 hogans and 2 "dwellings"). Most post-date A.D. 1900 (?).

There was no information regarding the estimated ages of prehistoric sites in these groups. Artifact data from each site was not presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project. Site locations were difficult to determine.

REFNO. 3625

ARMS LOG NO. 18997

AUTHOR Peterson, John

DATE 1987a

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation: An Archaeo-logical Survey of Priority #1 Conservation Projects near Cruzville, New Mexico. Archaeological Research, Inc.



This block project encompassed 581 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of badland, ridge and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 6,120 and 6,520 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 18m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 26 sites and 10 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were fieldhouse sites, nine were "artifact scatter" sites, six were pueblo roomblock sites, one was a pithouse site, and one was a multi-room pueblo site.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. It con-sisted of the 1880's homesteads of Gabriel Baca and of Pablo and Placida Lucero.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 12 were assigned to the Reserve phase and three were assigned to the Reserve/Tularosa phase.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plainware, Tularosa Fillet Rim, Reserve B/w, Tularosa B/w, San Francisco Red, and Classic Mimbres B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 363

ARMS LOG NO. 18830

AUTHOR Peterson, John

DATE 1987b

TITLE Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation: Basin-Leggett Archaeological Survey. Archaeological Research, Inc.



This block project encompassed 791 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,400 and 8,120 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (oak, ponderosa pine, and Douglas fir).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were multi-room pueblo sites, one was a one-room pueblo site, and one was a check-dam site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, all were assigned to the Reserve phase of the Mimbres Mogollon Period.

Artifact data was not presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 364

ARMS LOG NO. 17916

AUTHOR Peterson, John

DATE 1987c

TITLE A Survey of the Middle San Francisco River from the Reserve Sawmill to the LH Ranch, West-Central New Mexico. University of Texas, Austin, TX.



This corridor project encompassed 1,971 acres in Catron County. The project area consisted primarily of floodplain/ terrace landforms. Elevations varied between 5,200 and 5,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area was not specified.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 63 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded sites, three were multicomponent rockshelter sites, eight were pithouse sites, 17 were pithouse/ pueblo sites, and 35 were mansonry pueblo sites. Two kivas were also found.

Seven historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, there were four Anglo ranches (Kelly, LH, Giron, Franklin), a cemetery (1), and homestead (1 log cabin). Most appear to post-date A.D. 1880 (?).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, 11 were assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period, 10 were assigned to the Three Circle phase of the Mimbres Culture, seven to the Reserve/Red Mesa phase, and 35 to the Reserve phase.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Pedro.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Three Circle B/w, Mimbres Boldface, Red Mesa B/w, Tularosa B/w, and Reserve B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 365

ARMS LOG NO. 19624

AUTHOR Popelish, Linda

DATE 1987

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of the Salitre Mesa Timber Sale Cibola National Forest, Mt. Taylor Ranger District, Report No. 1987-03-101.



This block project encompassed 1,539 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevation ranges between 7,800 and 8,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of an unspecified judgemental sample in which 15-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 36 sites and 31 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, five were lithic scatter sites, one was a firecracked-rock site, one was a sweathouse site, one was a habitation site, one was a three-sided log structure site, one was a rectangular sandstone structure site, one was a rock site, and one was a prehistoric structure site. The remaining site was classified as unknown.

Twenty-eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was an Anglo site and one was a Navajo site. Anglo sites included logging camp (5) and tent camp (1). Navajo sites included a sweathouse (1), log hogans (2), and corrals (1). Sites whose affiliation is not certain included "temporary camps" (5), log cabins (7), trash scatters (4), and windbreaks (2). Most post-date A.D. 1930.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics from each site. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Anasazi Period. Several sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points include late Archaic-BM II types.

Ceramic analyses indicated the presence of unspecified B/w types.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 366

ARMS LOG NO. 19069

AUTHOR Popelish, Linda and Daniel Amick

DATE 1987

TITLE A Cultural Resources Survey of FY 1987 Reforestation Areas Blocks F, G, H, I, and J. Cibola National Forest, Mt. Taylor Ranger District, Report No. 1987-03-063.



This block project encompassed 535.7 acres in Cibola County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 7,720 and 8,320 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, and Gambel oak).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 26 sites and 15 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter and one was a lithic scatter site.

Twenty-eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included corrals (10), "habitation" sites (5), trash scatters (4), "camp" sites (2), one structure/trash scatter site, a log cabin site (1), one log enclosure site, one slab pile site. Three sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unspecified B/r and unspecified white wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included aqua, clear and purple glass, cans (Log Cabin Syrup, soldered seam), and ceramics (porcelain, china).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 367

ARMS LOG NO. 16802

AUTHOR Powers, Margweret A.

DATE 1986

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of About 7.3 miles of Water Pipeline Along Frances Creek in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 1172, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 85 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo landforms. Elevation ranges to 6,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 18-60m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of one site and three isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at the site.

Only one prehistoric sherd/groundstone scatter was recorded. The estimated ages of site was based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gobernador Polychrome and Rosa Gray wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 368

ARMS LOG NO. 18215

AUTHOR Powers, Margweret A. and Byron P. Johnson

DATE 1987

TITLE Defensive Sites of Dinetah. Bureau of Land Management, Cultural Resources Series No. 2, Albuquerque.



This judgemental project is located in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 5,800 and 6,500 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper, grasslands, and riparian associations.

The project consisted of an examination of Gobernador sites located within the project area. Of these, 48 sites were eventually chosen for closer study.

Of the total number of sites recorded, three were pueblito/ sherd scatter sites, four were pueblito/hogan/trash scatter sites, three were pueblito/hogan/sherd scatter sites, three were pueblito/ rock pile/midden sites, two were pueblito/masonry structure/trash scatter sites, two were pueblito/hogan/ windbreak/ trash scatter sites, four were pueblito/hogan/midden/sherd scatter sites, three were pueblito/hogan/rock pile/trash scatter sites, one was a hogan/ roomblock/sherd scatter site, one was a pueblito/hogan/ rock pile/ burial/trash scatter site, one was a pueblito/trash/sherd scatter site, one was a circular room/stone circle/trash/sherd scatter site, one was a masonry structure/sherd scatter site, one was a pueblito/masonry structure/fire-cracked rock scatter site, one was a pueblito/rock pile/trash/sherd scatter site, one was a rock pile/ slab-lined bin/hogan site, one was a pueblito/stone circle/sherd/ lithic scatter site, one was a rock shelter/rock pile site, one was a hogan/masonry structure/midden site, one was a masory walled crag/sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a pueblito/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a pueblito/rock art/rock pile/trash scatter site, one was a hogan/defensive wall site, one was a masonry structure/midden/trash scatter site, one was a rock shelter/midden site, one was a pueblito/defensive wall/midden site, one was a masory structure/sherd scatter site, one was a pueblito/masonry structure/hogan site, one was a masonry structure/hogan/sherd scatter site, one was a masonry structure/trash/sherd/scatter site, and one was a rock shelter/sweatlodge/sherd scatter site.

All of these sites date to the A.D. 1700-1750 period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Dinetah Gray, Gobernador Polychrome, Ashiwi Polychrome, Puname Polychrome, Tewa Polychrome, Kotyiti Glaze Polychrome, Ogapoge Polychrome, Pojoaque Polychrome, Payupki Polychrome, Jemez B/w, Biscuit B, Hawikuh Polychrome, and Payupki B/y wares, Hawikuh Polychrome, Jemez B/w, Biscuit B, Acoma, and Payupki B/y wares. Historic artifacts noted in the report include Chinese porcelain, trade beads, metal crosses, copper bells, buckles, buttons, bridle bit, and shell pendants.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 369

ARMS LOG NO. 5059

AUTHOR Powers, Margweret A., Frederick F. York and Charles M. Haecker

DATE 1979

TITLE An Inventory and Analysis of Archaeological Resources on 3.8 Section of Land Near the Bisti Badlands, Northwestern New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 119, Farmington.



This block project encompassed 2,432 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of wash and badland landforms. Elevations varied between 5,850 and 6,060 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 185 sites were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at one site.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 116 were lithic scatter sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, three were sherd scatter sites, two were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, and one was a "habitation" site. Three sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Fifty-six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Navajo in origin. These sites included camps (11), trash scatters (8), cairns (12), isolated hornos (3), multiple habitation sites (5), water control sites (2), isolated scwerecrows (3), a Navajo cemetery (1), an isolated hearth (1), a Navajo miniature hogan site (1), a corral (1), a petroglyph site (1), sherd scatters (2), a sweatlodge (1), a wagon and truck parts site (1), and mining complexes (2).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker III Period and five were assigned to the Anasazi/Pueblo II-III Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Archaic/Pueblo II and Historic Navajo/Anasazi/Pueblo II).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose and En Medio.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Corrugated Mesa Verde White, Gallup B/w, Tusayan White, Tesgi Orangeware, San Juan Redware, Cibola White, and Cibola Gray wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included rusted cans and clear glass.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 370

ARMS LOG NO. 580

AUTHOR Powers, Margweret A., Penelope Whitten, Mark Gavas, Alan Reed, David Simons, Wayne Williams, and Meade Kemrer.

DATE 1980

TITLE Prehistoric and Historic Resources of Westwater and Shumway Arroyos: Survey of the San Juan Mine Coal Lease. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 174, Farmington.



This block project encompassed 5,824 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of terrace and bajada land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,120 and 5,735 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 147 sites and 384 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were masonry pueblo sites with 1-11+ rooms.

Forty-nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, five were Navajo sites and six were Anglo sites. Navajo sites consist of homesteads (1870-1939), sheep camps and lookout sites. Anglo sites consist of homesteads (dugouts/frame), corrals and outbuildings (1880-1930) and mines /gravel pits..

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, four were assigned to the Archaic Period, 10 were assigned to the Basketmaker III phase, 46 to the Pueblo I phase, 80 to the Pueblo II phase, and 36 to the Pueblo III phase. Two sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Puebloan).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 22 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Cortez B/w, Red Mesa B/w, McElmo B/w, Mesa Verde B/w, San Juan B/w Series, Tsegi Redware, White Mountain Redware, Cibola Series, Hopi, and Chuska series wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included metal (nails, wire, barrel hoops, stove parts), cartridges, cans (evaporated milk, baking powder), ceramics (ironstone), and glass (soda bottles aqua, purple, green, brown, clear). Detailed descriptions were not provided.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages between sites found during the project and between parts of the study area. Analyses of spatial differences in site distribution shows the southern part of the area to have been abandoned by A.D 1075.

REFNO. 371

ARMS LOG NO. 14512

AUTHOR Powers, Robert P.

DATE 1983

TITLE Preliminary Report on Inventory Survey at Chaco Culture National Historical Park. National Park Service, Branch of Cultural Research, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 3,740 acres in San Juan County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of alluvial valley, mesa, badland, and cliff landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 594 sites and 97 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

No detailed information regarding the relative proportions of various site types was provided.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the Archaic Period, 454 were Anasazi or had Anasazi components, 162 were Navajo or had Navajo components and 33 were historic or had historic components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 372

ARMS LOG NO. 20265

AUTHOR Powers, Robert P. and Peter J. McKenna

DATE 1985

TITLE Preliminary Report on Inventory at Chaco Culture National Park. National Park Service, Branch of Cultural Research, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 2,520 acres in McKinley and San Juan Counties. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and scarp landforms. Elevations varied between 6,450 and 6,764 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 365 sites and 89 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 181 were sherd and lithic scatter sites, 57 were "fieldhouse" sites, 21 were "habitation" sites, and six were water-control feature sites.

One hundred eighty-four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 20 were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites included hogans and sheep herder's camps. Most post-date 1900, but some date to A.D. 1868-1900.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 42+ were assigned to the Archaic Period and 205 were assigned to the Anasazi Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages; no results were presented in this report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 373

ARMS LOG NO. 4328

AUTHOR Preslar, Tony M., Susan M. Strong, and D.P. Brethauer

DATE 1977

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 4.75 Sections Near Star Lake, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 112, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 1,894 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected plains landforms. Elevations varied between 6,579 and 6,692 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands. The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25-35m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 25 sites were recorded during this project. Four of these "sites" would be termed as isolated occurrences today.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 22 were fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter sites. Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Native American (Navajo) sites. These sites include "habitations". Most pre-date A.D. 1940.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, 17 were assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada, San Jose, and Basketmaker.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 374

ARMS LOG NO. 31123E

AUTHOR Preucel, Robert W.

DATE 1986

TITLE Preliminary Report of the Pajario Fieldhouse Project: 1986 Season. University of California, Archaeology Program, Los Angeles, California.



This project focused on test excavations at five sites in Los Alamos County. Most of the sites were situated in mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation in the study area included mixed conifers and riparian associations.

Excavation samples could not be determined from the report. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, all were single-room fieldhouse sites. No historic sites were excavated. Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. No lithic analyses were reported. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tesuque Smewered, Santa Fe B/w, and Wiyo B/w.

Specialized studies include archaeomagnetic dating, radio-carbon dating, thermoluminescent dating, floral, and pollen. Archaeomagnetic dates were not possible. C14 dates range from 1090 + 80 BP--350 + 60 BP A thermoluminescent date of 640 + 100 BP was obtained. Flotation studies indicated use of C. pepo, P. vulgaris, and Zea. Cheno-ams dominate pollen spectra from cultural contexts.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature.

REFNO. 375

ARMS LOG NO. 18693

AUTHOR Preucel, Robert W.

DATE 1985

TITLE Preliminary Report of the Pajarito Field House Project: 1985 Season Archaeology Program, University of California, Los Angeles, California.



This judgemental block project encompassed 1,984 acres in Los Alamos County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 71% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 55 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Total or partial excavation was performed at nine sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 31 were fieldhouse sites, 18 were pueblo sites, two were cavate sites, two were shrine sites, and two were agricultural sites. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, five were assigned to the early Coalition Period and 45 were assigned to the late Coalition Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 500 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Santa Fe B/w, Tesuque Corrugated, Rio Grande Corrugated, Galisteo B/w, and Wiyo B/w wares.

Carbonized corncob and pinyon scales were collected at several sites.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 376

ARMS LOG NO. 35782

AUTHOR Ravesloot, John C.

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeolgical Resources of the Santa Teresa Study Area, South-Central New Mexico. University of Arizona, Arizona State Museum, Tucson, AZ.



This block project encompassed 5,640 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of dune and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 4,053 and 4,127 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 3% sample in which 20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 68 sites and 198 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted of 20 features.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 54 were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites and 13 were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area. The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Paleo-Indian Period, 12 were assigned to the Archaic Period, 11 were assigned to the Mesilla phase, two were assigned to the El Paso phase, and five were assigned to the mixed Mesilla/El Paso phases of the Formative Period. Most sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 5 - 670 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Augustine, Chiricahua, Pelona, Shumla, San Pedro, Pueblo Side-Notched, Maljamar, Folsom, Jay, San Jose, Armijo, Beckett Type 9, and Beckett Type 10.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown, El Paso Bichrome, Mimbres B/w, Three Rivers R/t, and Playas Red.

Test excavations resulted in floral, radiocarbon, and obsidian hydration studies. Floral studies showed only Cheno-ams in fire-cracked rock features. Five radiocarbon dates from five features ranged from 2560 + 70 BP--360 + 50 BP Obsidian dating of projectile points provided dates ranging from 1232 + 37 B.C.--A.D. 936 + 50.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cartridges and glass (amethyst, aqua, brown, green, black, clear, and white). Maker's marks were discussed for glass.

The report contained a detailed spatial statistical analyses of artifact assemblages and tabular summaries of artifacts.

REFNO. 377

ARMS LOG NO. 17735

AUTHOR Ravesloot, John C.

DATE 1982

TITLE Archaeological Surveys in the Jicarilla Mountains, Lincoln National Forest, Smokey Bear Ranger District, Report No. 1982-08-040.



This block project encompassed 700 acres in Lincoln County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 6,500 and 6,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this pro-ject.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites and three were multi-room pueblo sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the A.D 110-1250 interval of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, Red Mesa B/w, San Andres R/t, and brown wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 378

ARMS LOG NO. 26358

AUTHOR Redmond, Louis A.

DATE 1989

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory of the Proposed Locations for the Pine Shadow Campground and Trail Head. Cibola National Forest, Mountainair Ranger District, Report No. 1989-03-095.



This mixed (block and sample quadrat) project encompassed 518 acres in Torrance County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and arroyo landforms. The mean elevation was 7,425 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper wood-lands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and 34 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 15 were lithic scatter sites, one was a fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter site, and one was a sherd scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, three were assigned to the late Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as late Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unspecified B/w sherds.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 379

ARMS LOG NO. 25346

AUTHOR Reed, Alan D.

DATE 1989a

TITLE A Cultural Resource Damage Assessment Report Along Pipeline Right-of-Ways Near Frances Creek and La Jara Canyon in the Eastern Navajo Reservoir District, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 1540, Farmington.



This corridor project of unspecified acreage was located in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 6,100 and 6,720 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

A total of four sites and two subsurface anomalies were monitored or recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were habitation sites and two were sherd/lithic scatter/ash stain sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Anasazi Period and two were assigned to the Gobernador phase of the Navajo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rosa Gray, Rosa Brown, Gobernador Polychrome, and Dinetah Gray wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 380

ARMS LOG NO. 27474E

AUTHOR Reed, Alan D.

DATE 1989b

TITLE Archaeological Excavations at Five Anasazi Sites Located at the San Juan Mine. San Juan County, New Mexico. Alpine Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Montrose, CO.



This project focused on excavations at five sites in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in ridge landforms with an elevation of 5,440 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub (four-wing saltbush, rabbitbrush, greasewood, and snakeweed).

Excavations averaged less than 1% samples of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10 and 30cm levels were used.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter/masonry feature, one was a sherd/lithic scatter/roomblock, and one was a sherd/lithic scatter/hearth/cist site. All of the sites were comprised of Pueblo II-Pueblo III Period Anasazi components.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 1,778 artifacts for all sites. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mancos Corrugated, Mancos B/w, White Mountain redware, Chapin Gray, Mummy Lake Gray, Cortez B/w, and Mesa Verde B/w wares.

Specialized studies include pollen, floral, flotation, faunal, C14, and obsidian trace-element analyses. The pollen samples were dominated by Cheno-ams and Low-Spine Compositae pollen. Zea mays samples were located at one site. Faunal studies provide evidence that Lagomorphs, prairie dogs, ground squirrels, turkey, mule deer, and quail were used as food sources. The obsidian trace-element anlyses indicate that the samples came from Polvadera Peak and Jemez in New Mexico.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 381

ARMS LOG NO. 26571E

AUTHOR Reed, Alan D.

DATE 1989c

TITLE Archaeological Data Recovery at Two Anasazi Sites Near the San Juan Mine, San Juan County, New Mexico. Alpine Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Montrose, CO.



This project focused on excavations at two sites in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in mesa landforms, with an average elevation of 5,425 feet. Vegetation in the study area included four-wing saltbush, rabbitbrush, greasewood, and snake-weed.

Excavation samples probably do not exceed 1% of the site area. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10cm-20cm levels were used. Excavations were feature and structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter/structure site and one was a sherd/lithic scatter/burial site. No historic sites were excavated. Both sites contain Pueblo III Anasazi components.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 1809 artifacts for all sites. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Puerco B/r, White Mountain Redware, Mancos Gray, Mummy Lake Gray, Mancos Corrugated, Dolores Corru-gated, McElmo B/w, and Wingate B/r.

Specialized studies include pollen, floral, radiocarbon, and faunal analyses. C14 samples produced a date of 900 + 60 BP. The pollen samples included Low-Spine Compositae, Artemisia, Cheno-ams, and High-Spine Compositae. Floral studies found Zea mays in some samples. Faunal studies revealed the presence of cottontail rabbit, ground squirrel, Kangaroo Rat, jackrabbit, and prairie dog remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 382

ARMS LOG NO. 24488

AUTHOR Reed, Alan D.

DATE 1988

TITLE A Cultural Resource Inventory for the Mesita Timber Sale Project, Santa Fe National Forest, Española Ranger District, New Mexico. Alpine Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Montrose, CO.



This block project encompassed 573 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 8,200 and 8,964 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, scrub oak, Pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 17 sites and 97 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 17 were lithic scatter sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic/Basketmaker II Period, and one was assigned to the Armijo phase of the Archaic Period. One site contained multiple components (PaleoIndian and Archaic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Basketmaker II-III and Armijo.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 383

ARMS LOG NO. 23549

AUTHOR Reed, Alan D. and Jonathon C. Horn

DATE 1987

TITLE A Supplemental Cultural Resource Inventory of the La Plata Mine, San Juan County, New Mexico. Nickens and Associates, Montrose, CO.



This block project encompassed 1,985 acres in San Juan County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of slope, arroyo and floodplain landforms. Elevations varied between 5,920 and 6,220 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 130 sites and 184 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 55 were sherd/lithic scatter sites, 49 were lithic scatter sites, seven were rock art sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter/check dam site, one was a sherd scatter/sandstone wall site, one was a storage site, one was a sherd/lithic scatter/historic camp site, one was a lithic quarry site, one was a "habitation" site, one was a lithic/groundstone scatter site, one was a pueblo site and one was a lithic scatter/hearth site.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, six were Anglo sites. These sites included two historic coal mine sites, two camp sites, one historic dump site, one stone fireplace site, one jacal/sherd/lithic scatter site, one coal mine/sherd/lithic scatter site and one rock art/sherd/lithic scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period and 46 were assigned to the Anasazi Cultural Tradition. Seven sites contained multiple components (Navajo/Anasazi, Navajo/Refugee Pueblo, Anasazi/European and Aboriginal/European).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Dinetah Gray, Chapin Gray, Moccasin Gray, Mancos Gray, Mancos Corrugated Gray, Navajo Gray, Piedra B/w, Mancos B/w, McElmo B/w, Mesa Verde B/w, Navajo Painted, Jeddito B/y and Anasazi wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included hole-in-top condensed milk cans, window glass, and food cans.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 384

ARMS LOG NO. 20311T

AUTHOR Reed, Alan D., Susan M. Chandler, Kim Kreutzer, and Diana Christensen

DATE 1982

TITLE Archaeological Data Recovery in the Abiquiu Reservoir Multiple Resource Area, New Mexico. Nickens and Associates, Contract No. CX-7029-20003, Montrose, CO.



This project included excavations at 98 sites in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 6,362 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and short-grass prairie.

Excavations consisted of a 40% sample of 244 known sites. The sample was stratified on the basis of projected adverse impacts, rather than on environmental or archaeological criteria. Limited data recovery was conducted at 98 sites. Excavations employed 1 x 1m test pits, use of 10cm levels and 1/4" mesh screens. Between 1-3 test pits were excavated at each site.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 71 were lithic scatter sites (some with fire-cracked rock and groundstone), eight were rockshelter sites, and seven were sherd/lithic scatter sites (some with fire-cracked rock and structures).

Twenty-three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 12 were Navajo sites, seven were Ute sites, and four were Hispanic sites. These sites included tipi rings, masonry structures/foundations, and homesteads.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Paleo-Indian Period, 17 were assigned to the Archaic Period, five were assigned to the Basketmaker II Period, three were assigned to the Pueblo I Period and one was assigned to the Pueblo IV Period. Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Surface artifact densities range between 0.003 and 1.18 artifacts per squwere meter. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Paleo-Indian, Bajada, Armijo, San Jose, En Medio, and Basketmaker II.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Unnamed Pueblo IV B/w, Tewa, Peñasco Micaceous, Apache, Tewa Red, and Tewa Tan wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included earthenware, glass (green), and nails (square-cut).

Radiocarbon dates of 50 B.C. and A.D. 380 (LA25446) and obsidian hydration dates of A.D. 1200 and 1550 (LA25446) were obtained from sites in this region.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 385

ARMS LOG NO. 21598E

AUTHOR Reed, Alan C., Patricia M. Hancock, Timothy M. Kearns, Margweret A. Powers, and Roger A. Moore

DATE 1988

TITLE Excavations at Three Early Navajo Sites in the La Plata Valley. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Studies in Archaeology No. 7, Farmington.



This project focused on excavations at three sites in San Juan County. Most of the sites were situated in hilltop landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 6,180 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavation samples could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10cm arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Excavations included feature and non-feature portions of these sites.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, all were multicomponent sites, with the majority of remains consisting of Proto-historic Dinetah phase, ephemeral brush structures, pit-structures, and associated features.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 212 - 1034 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Jay, Desert Side-Notched, Basketmaker II, Basketmaker III, Bitterroot/Chiricahua, Rosesprings/En Medio, and Cottonwood Triangular.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Dinetah Gray, Indented Corrugated, and Mesa Verde B/w. Vessel form, paste, color, and temper studies were presented.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon dating, pollen, flotation, thermoluminescent dating, obsidian hydration dating, and faunal analyses. Twenty-two radiocarbon dates from structures/ features range from A.D. 1351 + 30 to A.D. 1730 + 50. Pollen analyses showed economic pollen to consist of Cheno-ams, Cleome, Umbelliferae, Gramneae, Artemesia, and Typha. Some Zea pollen was found at one site. Faunal analyses showed use of Sylvilagus and Artiodactyls. Experimental comparisons of C14 and obsidian hydration dates show obsidian dates to be systematically earlier.

Architectural features included pitstructures consistent with temporary dwellings. Extra mural features included both unlined and stone lined hearths.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries and spatial analyses of artifact assemblages.



REFNO. 386

ARMS LOG NO. 30974

AUTHOR Reed, Alan D., Gordon C. Tucker, Jr., Douglas D. Scott, Linda J. Scott, Judith G.H. Andrews, and Steven Emslie

DATE 1983

TITLE Archaeological Investigations at Four Sites in the Abiquiu Reservoir Multiple Resource Area, New Mexico. Nickens and Asso-ciates, Montrose, CO.



This project focused on excavations at four sites in Rio Arriba County. Most of the sites were situated in Abiquiu Reservoir landforms. Elevations were approximately between 6,143 and 6,450 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavations averaged a 10% sample of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4 and 1/16in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of sites excavated, one is a masonry structure/lithic/sherd scatter, one is a lithic quarry site, one is a lithic/sherd/historic artifact scatter/log corral/log structure/masonry and adobe remains of a "habitation" site, and one is a lithic scatter site.

Subsurface excavation resulted in complete excavation of two Piedra Lumbre phase Navajo structures at LA 25322. A large portion of a Hispanic house, as well as a sample of outbuildings, was also excavated at LA 25466.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 89 - 1764 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tewa R/bu, Tewa B/w, Peñasco Micaceous, and Dinetah Scored.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include buttons, shoe fragments, sewing chalk and metal, nails, railroad spike cans, wagon parts, amber glass, aqua glass, and brown glass.

Specialized studies include pollen, faunal, micro-and macro-floral, C14, obsidian hydration, and tree-ring dating analyses. The pollen and micro- and macro-floral studies revealed the presence of Cheno-ams, Artemisia, Zea, Triticum, Sphaeralcea, Juniperus, Amaranthus, Chenopodium, Pinus aristata, and P.longaeva. Faunal remains indentified included Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Ovis--Capra, and Equus. C14 runs produced a date of 23,040 + 540 BP This date does not represent occupation of the site. Obsidian hydration dates produced approximate dates of A.D. 1238, A.D. 1284, and four dates that were less than 175 years old.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 387

ARMS LOG NO. 23672

AUTHOR Reed, Lori S.

DATE 1988

TITLE Whitetail Timber Sale Additional Cultural Resources Survey, Mescalero Tribal Lands, Otero County, New Mexico. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Albuquerque Area Office, Report No. 88-199.



This block project encompassed 700 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of ridgetop landforms. Elevations varied between 7,400 and 8,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-oak woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of one site and one isolated occurrence was recorded during this project.

One historic site was recorded in the study area--an Apache burial dating to 1900-1915.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple, aqua, brown, clear), metal (iron pots, enamelware, barrel hoops, bed springs), and china (Homer Laughlin). Some maker's marks were discussed.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 388

ARMS LOG NO. 25858

AUTHOR Reed, Lori S., David M. Johnson and Martyn D. Tagg

DATE 1988

TITLE Rimm Road Reconstruction and Caliche Pits Cultural Resource Survey, U.S. Forest Service, Lincoln National Forest, Guadalupe Ranger District. Report No. 1988-08-111.



This mixed (sample quadrat and corridor) project encompassed 381 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 5,550 and 6,760 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% judgemental sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 41 sites and 69 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 21 were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock midden rings, 14 were lithic scatter sites, and four were sherd/lithic scatter sites.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, both were Anglo sites. These sites included outbuildings and a CCC camp. Both post-date A.D. 1900-1930.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period, three were assigned to the Mesilla phase (A.D. 900-110), and 14 were assigned to the El Paso phase (A.D. 1150-1350) of the Jornada Formative Mogollon Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and Mogollon).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Lang, Livermore, Marshall, Scallorn, Nolan, Ensor, Montell, and Palmillas.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, El Paso Polychrome, Three Rivers R/t, and brownware wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included a cast iron stove.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 389

ARMS LOG NO. 9051

AUTHOR Rodgers, James B.

DATE 1980

TITLE Kirtland Air Force Base: 1979 Archaeological Survey Project. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 3,955 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area was situated in the Mexican Highlands Province and consisted primarily of pediment and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 4,850 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands and juniper-oak wood-lands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 59 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd/lithic site.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, five were Anglo sites. These sites included frame houses, corrals/lambing pens, and domestic refuse.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Archaic Period. Four sites contained multiple components (Native American and Historic Anglo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio and San Jose.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Agua Fria G/r and Corona-Ribbed wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included white granite ware, red-on-tan bowls, glass, and house foundations.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 390

ARMS LOG NO. 16806

AUTHOR Rodgers, James B.

DATE 1979a

TITLE The Jemez Canyon Dam Archaeological Survey Project, Sandoval County, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,200 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain and plateau land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,160 and 5,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 18 sites and 17 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were pithouse village sits, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites, three were petroglyph sites, three were terrace system complex sites, and three were fieldhouse sites.

Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were historic puebloan sites. These sites included corrals and sheepherder camps.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two predate A.D. 1500, while eight post-date A.D. 1500.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 40 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rio Grande Brownware, Coolidge Corru-gated, Tohatchi Corrugated, Kana'a Gray, Lino Gray, Ranchitos Poly-chrome, Puname Polychrome, Puaray Glaze Polychrome, Rio Grande Glaze, San Lazaro Glaze Polychrome, Santa Fe B/w, Kwahe'e B/w, Galisteo B/w, Wiyo B/w, Wingate Polychrome, Red Mesa B/w, and Kiatuthlana B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 391

ARMS LOG NO. 8182

AUTHOR Rogers, James B.

DATE 1979b

TITLE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jemez Canyon Dam Archaeo-logical Survey Projects, Sandoval County, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,200 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of river/terrace landforms. Elevation ranges from 5,200 to 5,500 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included riparian associations and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 18 sites and 17 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, four were sherd/lithic scatter sites, six were petroglyph sites, four were fieldhouse sites, two were agricultural terrace sites, and one was a pueblo/pithouse site with a kiva.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. It was a Santa Ana shrine.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically ceramics from each site. Of these sites, two pre-date A.D.-1000. Two date between A.D. 1000-1350 and 13 post date A.D. 1350 of the Pueblo Period. Three sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were found.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Ranchitos Polychrome, Kiatuthlanna B/w, Kana`a Gray, Lino Gray, Puname Polychrome, Rio Grande Glaze, San Lazaro Polychrome, and brown corrugated wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 392

ARMS LOG NO. 607

AUTHOR Rodgers, James B.

DATE 1978a

TITLE An Intensive Archaeological Survey of a Portion of Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, P.O. No. F2965078-M-4731, Albuquerque, NM.



This discontiguous block project encompassed 4,571 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of piedmont and alluvial plain landforms. Elevations range from 6,280 to 5,160 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grass-lands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample of two separate parcels in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 16 sites and 20 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, four were lithic scatter sites, two were lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a bipolar obsidian workshop site, two were fieldhouse sites, two were rock alignment sites, and one was a lithic workshop site.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was a linecamp occupied between A.D. 1890-1910.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically ceramics from each site. Of these sites, six were assigned to the A.D. 1150-1375 period. The remaining sites could not be dated.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Cordova Micaceous Ribbed, Los Lunas Smudged, Corona Rubbed-Ribbed, brownware, Agua Fria G/r, Santa Fe B/r, Socorro B/w, Tularosa B/w, and McElmo B/w wares.

Historic artifacts included cans, locks/hasps, nails (wire and squwere-cut), and cartridges (.44-40, .41).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.



REFNO. 393

ARMS LOG NO. 8088

AUTHOR Rodgers, James B.

DATE 1978b

TITLE La Boca Negra Park Project: An Intensive Archaeological Survey in Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,520 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and volcanic landforms. Elevations varied between 5,300 and 6,060 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included Indian ricegrass, black grama, bush muhly, sagebrush, and four wing saltbrush.

The survey consisted of an 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 22 sites and 42 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were petroglyph sites, three were water control sites, one was a masonry dam site, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site, one was a rock alignment/sherd scatter site, one was a fieldhouse site, one was a historic corral/lithic scatter , and one was a petroglyph/ rockshelter site.

Seven historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included corrals (5), "camp" sites (1), and windbreaks (1). Most of these sites date to between A.D. 1900-1920.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 13 were assigned to the Rio Grande Pueblo Cultural Tradition. One site contained multiple components (Anglo/Rio Grande Pueblo).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained San Lazaro Glaze, Rio Grande Brown, Rio Grande Glaze, Agua Fria G/r, Largo Gl/y, Cieneguilla Gl/y, and Wingate B/r wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 394

ARMS LOG NO. 8086

AUTHOR Rodgers, James B. and William R. Neal

DATE 1981

TITLE The Shooting Range State Park Archaeology Project in Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 3,526 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of plains landforms. Elevations varied between 5,900 and 6,060 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 29 sites and 483 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 14 were lithic scatter sites, eight were lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, and three were sherd/lithic scatter sites.

Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These included trash dumps (3), a bombing target (1) and observation tower (1). All of these sites dated to the 1940's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 22 were assigned to the Archaic Period and seven were assigned to the Classic phase (A.D. 1300-1600) of the Anasazi Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as En Medio, Cody, Folsom, Alameda, Rio Rancho, and "Baksetmaker III."

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Tohatchi Banded, Red Mesa B/w, Gallup B/w, Lino Smudged, Cibola B/w, Coolidge Corrugated, San Clemete Glaze Polychrome, and Cieneguilla Glaze Polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included tins (Prince Albert, "KC Baking Powder"), military ordnance (1940's), and glass ("Anchor Liquour Co.", Obear-Nester Glass Co). Maker's marks were discussed.

The report contained tabular summaries of isolated occurrences and site artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 395

ARMS LOG NO. 19746O

AUTHOR Rodgers, James B., Linda J. Smith and Marsha A. Moore

DATE 1981

TITLE Lithic Analysis of Site AR 03-10-08-422 Santa Fe National Forest, New Mexico. Center for Anthropological Studies, Report No. 1978-10-031E, Albuquerque.



This project was conducted in Los Alamos County. Landforms, elevation, and vegetation were not discussed in the report.

The project consisted of an examination of lithic assemblages excavated by the Santa Fe National Forest from site AR 03-10-08-422. The lithics were excavated from 92 stratigraphic levels in 24 exploratory test units.

The site appears to have been occupied during the two separate periods of 1000 B.C-A.D.1 and A.D 800-1200.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Sample sizes were 1,706 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Obsidian makes up 98.9% of the artifactual assemblage. The remaining 1-2% consisted of chalcedony (0.9%), tan quartzite (0.1%), graywash-black basalt (0.1%) and pink chert (0.1%). Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Rio Rancho and Bonham.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within the site.

REFNO. 396

ARMS LOG NO. 26650T

AUTHOR Rudecoff, Christine A.

DATE 1982

TITLE The Taos-Black Lake Testing Project: Basketmaker II and Pueblo Period Camps in the Taos Archaeological District. School of American Research, Report No. 80, Santa Fe.



This project focused on test excavations at seven sites in Taos and Colfax Counties. Most of the sites were situated in canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 8,400 and 8,800 feet. Vegeta-tion in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grass-lands.

Excavation samples could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on unspecified screen sizes and arbitrary levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature (firepit) oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, all were lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites. Most sites contain multiple components. No historic sites were excavated.

Artifact data were based on field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 6 - 624 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were San Pedro, En Medio, Basketmaker, Lang's (1977) Style B, Thoms Large Lateral, and Anasazi.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Taos Gray Incised, Peñasco Micaceous, and Powhoge Polychrome.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 397

ARMS LOG NO. 16295

AUTHOR Ruppe, Patricia

DATE 1986

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Survey Along New Mexico State Route 53 from the Nutria Road to Three Miles East of the McKinley County Line, McKinley and Cibola Counties, New Mexico. Zuni Archaeology Program, Report No. 230, Zuni.



This corridor project encompassed 374 acres in Cibola and McKinley Counties. The project area consisted primarily of valley, ridge and tributary drainage landforms. Elevations varied between 6,680 and 7,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 97 sites were recorded during this project. Nine of these sites would be termed isolated occurrences today.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 30 were artifact scatter sites, nine were rubble mound sites, and eight were isolated occurrences.

Thirty-five historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included nine water control features, eight rubble mound sites, five "masonry structure" sites, two hearth/oven sites, three corral sites, one artifact scatter site, one individual object site, one cattleguard site, and one trash dump site. Eight sites were classified as unknown. Cultural affiliation was not specified.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 10 were assigned to the general Pueblo Period and 33 were assigned to the Pueblo II-III Period. One site contained multiple components (Pueblo III/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained grayware, B/w, and corrugated gray wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included china and purple glass.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 398

ARMS LOG NO. 24647

AUTHOR Sale, Mark

DATE 1988a

TITLE The 15-Mile Fence Project: Archaeological Survey Along The Northern White Sands Missile Range Boundary, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Inc., Report No. 8802, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 89 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain, bajada and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 5,000 and 6,300 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands, grassland, and desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of eight sites and four isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd/lithic scatter site and four were groundstone/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter sites.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was an Anglo site, and one was a Hispanic site. These sites included a temporary camp and a ranch complex (rock structures). These sites date to 1920 and 1880, respectively.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, four were assigned to the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the Pueblo III Tajo phase of the Formative Period (ca. A.D. 900).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Lino Gray, Kana'a Gray, Red Mesa B/w, and Four-Mile Polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (solder seal key open) and glass (purple and aqua).

The report contained no tabular or statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 399

ARMS LOG NO.

AUTHOR Sale, Mark

DATE 1988b

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Rattlesnake Ridge, White Sands Missile Range, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Report No. 8742, Tularosa.



This block project encompassed 253 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of fluvial outwash fan landforms. Elevations varied between 4,480 and 4,740 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (catclaw acacia, creosote, and mesquite).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 22 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. These is a numerical discrepancy in the number of sites that were discussed.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were rockshelter sites and two were lithic and sherd scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two (?) were assigned to the Archaic Period and two were assigned to the Mesilla phase of the Formative Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Formative).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No defined projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brownware, El Paso Poly-chrome, El Paso Bichrome, and Chupadero B/w wares.

The report contained no tabular statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 400

ARMS LOG NO. 11018

AUTHOR Schaafsma, Curtis F.

DATE 1976

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Maximum Pool and Navajo Excavations at Abiquiu Reservoir, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. School of American Research, Report No. 11, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 13,834 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area was situated in the Colorado Plateau Province and consisted primarily of terrace, canyon and badland landforms. Elevations varied between 6,180 - 6,362 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included short-grass prairie and pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 246 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Extensive testing was conducted at four structures from two sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 137 were lithic scatter sites, five were masonry pueblo sites, eight were rockshelter sites, one was a petroglyph site, and 23 were "quarry" sites.

Sixty-nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 50 were Native American (Navajo, Comanche) sites, five were Anglo log cabins and homestead sites, and 14 were Hispanic homestead/corral sites. Most of these sites date to the 17th century and were the earliest evidence for Navajo use of this region.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose, En Medio, Armijo, Bajada, Baksetmaker II Style, Basketmaker III/Pueblo I Style, Clovis, and Meserve. A 17th century Navajo type having side notches and a basal notch was defined. Ceramic assemblages con-tained Tewa Polished, Tewa Polychrome, Peñasco Micaceous, plain utility, Tewa Black, Tewa Red, Tewa Gray, Tewa "Maroon", Glaze F, Tewa R/bu, Vadito Micaceous, and Santa Fe B/w wares. Historic remains noted in the report included domesticated sheep and goats. Flotation studies indicate the presence of beans from early historic contexts. Faunal remains included domesticated sheep and goats, turkey, mule, deer, jackrabbit, cottontail, antelope, dog, and small mammals (e.g., Neotoma).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g. projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the PaleoIndian Period, 41 to the Archaic Period, and 33 to the Protohistoric Period. Excavations foucused on small 1-2 room masonry struc-tures. A "vv" decdrochronometric date of A.D. 1887 from AR-513 was argued to be anomalous.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 401

ARMS LOG NO. 31021E

AUTHOR Schaafsma, Curtis

DATE 1974a

TITLE The Hatch Site: Archaeological Salvage Excavations on Interstate Highway 25, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 96, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Doña Ana County. The site is situated in terrace landforms. Elevations were not present in the report. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub.

The elevation techniques used were those described in the Procedural Manual of the Museum of New Mexico (Dittert and Wendorf, 1963) for small excavations. Details were not provided in the report.

The Hatch site consists of pithouses, rectangular, coursed adobe surface rooms, and trash scatters. The site was argued to contain Hueco, early Mesilla, late Mesilla, and Doña Ana phase components.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Chiricahua-like points.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained San Francisco Red, Alma Plain, Reserve Indented Corrugated, Smudged Interior Variety, Mogollon Plain Brown, Mimbres Incised, Mimbres B/w, El Paso Polychrome, El Paso Brown, Jornada Brown, and Chupadero B/w wares.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 402

ARMS LOG NO. 15454

AUTHOR Schaafsma, Curtis

DATE 1974b

TITLE Final Report on a Survey of Abiquiu Resevoir. The School of American Research, Report No. 1, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 2,057 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of banks, drainages, benches, and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 6,160 and 6,173.6 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included riparian associations.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 33 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at several sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 12 were lithic scatter/hearth sites, 11 were lithic scatter sites, one was a masonry/lithic/sherd site, one was a cobble ring/lithic/hearth site, and one was a slab-masonry structure/historic pottery/lithic scatter site.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. These included a historic sherd scatter site, five were stuctural sites, and three were petroglyph sites. Only three sites were assigned to specific time intervals including post-A.D. 1865, the 1930's, and the A.D. 1600's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 13 were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo Period, four were assigned to the Navajo Period, one was assigned to the Ute Historic Period, and three were assigned to the Historic Spanish or Anglo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as San Jose and Basketmaker II.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Kapo Black, San Juan Red, and Tewa Polychrome wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 403

ARMS LOG NO. 846

AUTHOR Schaafsma, Curtis

DATE 1974c

TITLE Archaeological Clearance Survey of Seven Well Lines and a Lateral Line for Northwest Pipeline Corporation. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 55.19 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon, mesa and slope landforms. Elevations varied between 6,600 and 6,780 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper wood-lands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, four were structural sites and one was a sherd scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, five were assigned to the Pueblo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Rosa Gray and B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 404

ARMS LOG NO. 31002E

AUTHOR Schaafsma, Curt

DATE 1974

TITLE Archaeological Salvage Excavation of the Hatch Site LA 3135. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 96, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Doña Ana County. The site was situated in terrace landforms. Vegetation in the study area included riparian associations.

The site was tested, excavated, and recorded during the field phase of the project.

The Hatch site, LA 3135, consisted of a pithouse complex. The site contained multiple components (Archaic/Mesilla/Doña Ana).

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Alma Plain, San Francisco Red, Chupadero B/w, and El Paso Polychrome.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 405

ARMS LOG NO. 11552

AUTHOR Scheick, Cherie L.

DATE 1986

TITLE The Bureau of Land Management and SF Coal Land Exchange Survey: Inventory of Federal Subsurface Mineral Rights Land Parcels. Southwest Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Project No. 165, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 2,520 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa, upland and bench landforms. Elevations varied between 6,500 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-17m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 15 sites and 39 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 11 were lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter site, and one was a lithic/historic habitation site.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. The two sites appewered to be Anglo or Hispanic in origin. These sites included a historic homestead and an historic livestock complex site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Archaic Period, four were assigned to the general Pueblo Period and one was assigned to the Anasazi Cultural Tradition. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada and Pueblo.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained plain gray, Red Mesa B/w, and unspecified B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included crockery, blue-on-white patterned china and purple glass.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 406

ARMS LOG NO. 91

AUTHOR Scheick, Cherie

DATE 1982

TITLE The Lee Ranch Mine Site: Additional Survey of Two Railroad Corridors School of American Research, Report No. 077, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 1,022 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa upland and bench landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands (galleta, Indian rice, threeawn, Russian thistle, snakeweed, cholla, prickly pear cactus, and yucca).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 17m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 38 sites and 135 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 23 were lithic scatter sites, four were lithic scatter/hearth sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, two were rubble mound/lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a lithic scatter/sandstone cobble scatter site, and one was a sherd/lithic scatter/hearth site.

Four historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included a homestead site, a basalt alignment site, a camp site/lithic scatter site, and a circular depression site. Sites included Puebloan, Navajo, Hispanic and Anglo occupations. Of the dated sites, one appears to date to the A.D. 1880's and another to the A.D. 1920-1930's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the late Archaic/Basketmaker II Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II Period and six were assigned to the Pueblo Period. Two sites contained multiple components (one Archaic/Anasazi/Historic Navajo site and one Archaic/Pueblo/ Historic Navajo site).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Chiricahua, San Pedro, Basket-maker II, Armijo, and Pueblo.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallup B/w, unspecified B/w, Lino Grey, and Red Mesa B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (aqua, purple), ceramics (white ironstone, white porcelain), and cans ("Prince Albert Tobacco").

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 407

ARMS LOG NO. 5438

AUTHOR Scheick, Cherie

DATE 1981

TITLE Investigations into Land Patterning in the South Hospah Mine Area, New Mexico. School of American Research, Report No. 028, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 6,720 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of plains and valley landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included grasslands and shrublands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-17m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 138 sites and 320 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 52 were lithic scatter sites, nine were sherd/lithic scatter sites, three were sherd/groundstone/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, and three were sherd scatter sites.

Sixty-nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, six were Native American (Navajo) sites, 61 were Anglo sites, and two were Hispanic sites. These sites include 21 corrals, 15 trash dumps, 10 petroglyphs, six windbreaks, and one each of earthen dams, cairns, shrines, and homesteads. Most date between A.D. 1900-1940.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 17 were assigned to the Archaic and Basketmaker II Period, one was assigned to the A.D. 1150-1300 Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker II Period, eight were assigned to the A.D. 675-1000 Period, and 10 were assigned to the A.D. 1000-1125. Many sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes cannot be determined. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Chiricahua, Jay, Bajada, San Jose, Armijo, Lobo, Trujillo, Basketmaker, and Puebloan.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Kiatuthlana B/w, Red Mesa B/w, Chaco B/w, Obliterated Corrugated, Escavada B/w, Socorro B/w, Tunicha B/w, White Mound B/w, and Tularosa B/w.

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages by site and environmental zone.

REFNO. 408

ARMS LOG NO. 15399

AUTHOR Scheick, Cherie

DATE 1980

TITLE A Cultural Resources Inventory of the Old Abe Coal Mine Lands, Near White Oaks, New Mexico. School of American Research, Report No. 947, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 160 acres in Lincoln County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected pediment land-forms. Elevations varied between 6,800 and 7,280 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter sites and one was an isolated slab-lined hearth site.

Six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included two trash dumps, one hand dug mineshaft, two modern hunter camps and a coursed sandstone foundation. All date to the late 19th or early 20th century.

The ages of sites in these groups were based on an absence of pottery. Of these sites, three were tentatively assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included tin cans, hand-hammered nails, glass (aqua, brown, clear, green) and stone-ware.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 409

ARMS LOG NO. 4924

AUTHOR Scheick, Cherie

DATE 1979

TITLE An Archaeological Inventory Survey of Four Sections of Land Near Tsaya, New Mexico. School of American Research, Report No. 923A, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 2,560 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of plateau, canyon and badland landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 6,100 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 68 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 45 were lithic scatter sites (some with groundstone and fire-cracked rock). Six historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, three were Native American (Navajo) sites and three were Anglo sites. These sites included cairns (3) and drill sites (3).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Paleo-Indian Period, 16 were tentatively assigned to the Archaic Period, three were assigned to the Basketmaker II phase, and three were assigned to the Pueblo I phase of the Anasazi Period. Many sites contained multiple components.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Cody, San Jose/Bajada, En Medio, Agate Basin, and Armijo.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, Chaco B/w, and corrugated wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 410

ARMS LOG NO. 29984

AUTHOR Schiowitz, Robert H.

DATE 1984

TITLE Horse Camp Timber Sale, A Cultural Resources Survey Report, Reserve Ranger District, Gila National Forest, New Mexico. USDA Forest Service, Reserve Ranger District, Gila National Forest. Report No. 1984-06-047.



This project encompasses 9,208 acres in Catron County. The project area consists primarily of foothill and mountain landforms. Elevations vary between 7400-9000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area includes ponderosa pine.

The survey consisted of a 8% judgemental sample in which 66 foot intervals form the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at no sites.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were rockshelter sites and one was a C-shaped rock hunting blind site. Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. The two sites were the locations of former Forest Servie Cabins. The cabins themselves had already been removed.

Artifact data are based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on analyses of debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Mogollon plain and Mogollon corrugated wares.

The report contains no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages within or between sites found during the project.

REFNO. 411

ARMS LOG NO. 20340

AUTHOR Schmader, Matthew F.

DATE 1988

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 107 Acres in Tierra West Estates Alone the "Ceja" in Southwest Albuquerque. Rio Grande Consultants, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 107 acres in Bernalillo County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 4,900 and 5,900 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands (black grama, sand dropseed, Indian ricegrass, and sand sagebrush).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 17m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 14 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were lithic scatter sites, one was a lithic/sherd scatter site, and one was a lithic scatter/ash stain site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Socorro B/w and Cebolleta B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 412

ARMS LOG NO. 21899T

AUTHOR Schmader, Matthew F. and Daniel Amick

DATE 1986

TITLE Testing and Evaluation of LA 55183, A Small Special Activity Site Near Ponderosa, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-303, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Otero County. The site is situated in canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 5,900 and 11.250 feet. Vegetation in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, spruce, fir, brush oak, and willow).

In all, 28 squwere meters of LA 55183 were test excavated. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10cm arbitrary levels were used.

LA 55183 is a prehistoric cobble/lithic/sherd scatter. No structural remains were found.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. A total of 49 lithic artifacts were recovered. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. No projectile points were found at the site.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jemez B/w sherds.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 413

ARMS LOG NO. 25438O

AUTHOR Schmader, Matthew F., Gordon Page, Linda S. Mick-O'Hara, Christopher Thompson, and Mollie S. Toll

DATE 1989

TITLE Analysis and Interpretation of the Bear Canyon Site (LA 61032), A Pueblo III-Pueblo IV Habitation in the Sandia Foothills. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Report No. 185-316, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Bernalillo County. The site is situated in arroyo landforms. The elevation was 6,600 feet. Vegetation in the study area included riparian associations (cholla, oak, big sagebrush, three-awn, bush muhly, willow, and toadflax).

Excavation samples could not be determined. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature/structure oriented.

The Bear Canyon Site, LA 61032, consisted of five excavated rooms and associated features. It was occupied during the Pueblo III-Pueblo IV Periods.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses 72 lithics. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were corner-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Santa Fe B/w and Galisteo B/w.

Specialized studies include floral and faunal analyses. Floral analysis revealed the presence of Zea, goosefoot, pigweed, and purslane. Faunal remains from the site exhibited high percentages (46.2%) of large mammals.

The report contained limited statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 414

ARMS LOG NO. 13221

AUTHOR Sciscenti, James V.

DATE 1986

TITLE Forest Road 1950: 1986 Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Questa Ranger District, Report No. 1985-02-001c.



This corridor project encompassed 271 acres in Taos and Colfax Counties. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 8,000 and 10,000 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included mixed conifers.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 13 sites and 25 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Poor ground visibility was noted.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all (10) were lithic scatter sites.

Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, all were Anglo sites. These sites included logging camps (2) and homesteads (1). Most date between 1900-1925.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, nine were assigned to the late Archaic Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 11 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Desmuke, Ensor/Ellis, Pindi Convex, Elam, and Armijo.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple) and cans (hole-in-top and sanitary).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 415

ARMS LOG NO. 883

AUTHOR Sciscenti, James V.

DATE 1983

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Six Seismeic Lines for Teledyne Exploration Company in Chaves County, New Mexico. Grant River Consultants, Report No. L8282, Roswell.



This corridor project encompassed 474 acres in Chaves County. The project area consisted primarily of basin and dune landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, creosote, and catclaw acacia).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which a 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 20 sites and 98 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock/groundstone sites, six were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock sites, and eight were sherd/lithic sites with fire-cracked rock and/or groundstone. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period, and 12 were assigned to the later phase (A.D. 900-1400) of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Ellis.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware, Chupadero B/w, and corru-gated brownware wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 416

ARMS LOG NO. 9069

AUTHOR Scurlock, Dan

DATE 1983

TITLE An Investigation of the Historic Cultural Resources of the Las Huertas Valley, Sandoval County, New Mexico. Historic Preser-vation Division, Project 35-12395.13, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 921 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and basin landforms. Elevations varied between 5,480 and 6,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and savannah grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 34 sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

No prehistoric sites were found. Thirty-four historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, nine were historic Pueblo Native American sites, two were Anglo sites, and 13 were Hispanic sites. These sites included Hispanic ranch complexes (adobe dugout), historic pueblo fieldhouses, acequias, checkdams, corrals/herder camps, and terraced fields.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating using ceramic and metal artifacts. Of the Hispanic sites, one was assigned to the A.D. 1750-1850 period, six were assigned to the A.D. 1870-1920 period and five were assigned to the A.D. 1900-1940 period. All historic pueblos were assigned to the A.D. 1500-1700 period, while Anglo sites post-date 1940.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Stylistic analyses were restrict-ed to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Meserve, historic metal point, and side-notched with expanding stem.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Glaze E, Glaze F, Ranchitos Poly-chrome, San Pablos/Trios Polychrome, Kiva Polychrome, Carnue Plain, Kapo Black, Kapo Gray, Tewa Redware, Tewa Polychrome, Casitas R/brown, Puebla Blue/white, and San Elizario Polychrome wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included, in addition to the ceramics metioned above, cartridges (.45-70), ceramics (stoneware, porcelain), glass (purple and clear). Vintage 1960's hippie communities were also noted.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 417

ARMS LOG NO. 656O

AUTHOR Scurlock, Dan

DATE 1982

TITLE A Cultural Resource Investigation of Two Historic Sites in Lemitar, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-120, Albuquerque.



This project focused on investigations at two sites in Socorro County. Most of the sites were situated in Rio Grande floodplain landforms, with an average elevation of 4,635 feet. Vegetation in the study area is not included in the report.

Two historic sites in Lemitar, New Mexico, were examined during the study. One site, the Sagrada Familia de Lemitar Church, was constructed between 1831 and 1837. The adobe church is a modified cruciform in plan and has a pitched roof made out of corrugated galvanized tin.

The second site examined is the Camposanto Viejo cemetery. The cemetery is located 300 meters west-southwest of the church. It dates to the 19th century. The cemetery contained both Anglo and Hispanic grave markers. Both sites date to the middle Mexican Period of New Mexico.

Specialized studies include tree-ring analyses of five core samples taken from the church vigas. The samples dated to A.D. 1685-1766, A.D. 1722-1771, and A.D. 1676-1771. All of the tree-ring dates were "vv" dates.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 418

ARMS LOG NO. 23904

AUTHOR Seaman, Timothy J.

DATE 1989

TITLE Cultural Resources Inventory of the NIMERI Test Site, Zia Pueblo Reservation, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 000, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 585 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 5,400 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 35 sites and 266 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 18 were lithic/groundstone scatter sites (some with fire-cracked rock), six were sherd/lithic scatter sites, and 11 were lithic scatter sites (some with fire-cracked rock). No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo II Period and five were assigned to the Pueblo IV Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 100 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Glaze A, Galisteo B/w, and Red Mesa B/w wares.

The report contained detailed tabular summaries and statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 419

ARMS LOG NO. 10541

AUTHOR Seaman, Timothy J.

DATE 1983a

TITLE An Inventory of Cultural Resources Along NM 112, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 310, Santa Fe.



This project area encompassed approximately 425 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of hills and ridge landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area was not specified.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 28 sites and 52 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at one site. Ten centimeter levels and 1/4" mesh screens were used for all excavations.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 24 were unit house/pithouse sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites, and two were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, 25 were assigned to the Gallina phase of the Pueblo Period. One site contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina B/g and Gallina Utility wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 420

ARMS LOG NO. 16444

AUTHOR Seaman, Timothy J.

DATE 1983b

TITLE Archaeological Investigations on Guadalupe Mountain, Taos County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 309, Santa Fe.



This mixed (block and sample quadrat) project encompassed 1,205 acres in Taos County. The project area consisted primarily of valley landforms. Elevations varied between 7,600 and 8,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands and ponderosa pine).

The survey consisted of a unspecified judgemental sample in which 12-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at one site.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic/groundstone/fire-cracked rock scatter sites, six were lithic/groundstone sites, and two were lithic scatter sites.

Two historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, both were Anglo sites. These sites included sheep camps and trash dumps. Most date to A.D. 1920-1940.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, seven were assigned to the late phase of the Archaic Period and the Basketmaker II phase of the Anasazi Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes average 89 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada, San Jose, Armijo, En Medio, Basket-maker, Jay, and Plainview.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans ("KC Baking Powder" and lard pails).

The report contained tabular summaries of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 421

ARMS LOG NO. 16754

AUTHOR Seaman, Timothy

DATE 1976a

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Investigation of the Four Corners-Ambrosia-West Mesa Transmission Line, Northwestern New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 127, Santa Fe.



This corridor project encompassed 1,891 acres in Bernalillo, San Juan, McKinley, an Sandoval County. The project were consisted primarily of plain, ridge, and shallow valley landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 5,350 and 7,270 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which four-wheel drive vehicle and pedestrian transects formed the basis for data collection. A total of 21 sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at one site.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were "nonsherd" sites and five were pueblo sites.

Eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, six were Native American (Navajo) sites; the affiliation of the remaining sites could not be determined. These sites included one hogan (masonry) and one pen (masonry).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and five were assigned to the Pueblo Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Only Agua Fria G/r sherds were noted.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 422

ARMS LOG NO. 31014E

AUTHOR Seaman, Timothy J.

DATE 1976b

TITLE Archaeological Investigations on the San Juan-to-Ojo 345 KV Transmission Line for the Public Service Company of New Mexico. Excavation of LA 11843: An Early Stockaded Settlement of the Gallina Phase. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, Note No. 111G, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in San Juan County. The site is situated in alluvial slope landforms. Eleva-tion is 7,500 feet. Vegetation in the study area included mixed conifers.

Excavation sample percentages of the site could not be determined. Natural levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature and structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric features, one was a pithouse, two were surface rooms, and 16 were hearths. A stockade wall of juniper posts was also excavated. The site appears to post-date A.D. 1050. No historic sites were excavated. Artifact data were based on field/laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes exceeded 4,000 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were side-notched, corner-notched, and Bat Cave.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Gallina B/g and Gallina Plain. Shell beads and pendants were noted.

Specialized studies include tree-ring dating, x-ray flourescence of ceramics, faunal, and human osteology. Tree ring dates were all "vv" dates. X-ray flourescence found little variation in clay sources. Small rodents comprise most of the faunal remains at the site, although Odocoileus, Cervus, and Ovis were found. Studies of five burials focused on age-sex determinations.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained some statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 423

ARMS LOG NO. 19583E

AUTHOR Seaman, Timothy J., Peggy Gerow, Glenna Dean, Terrence C. Blair, and William H. Doleman

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Investigations at Sites 030-3895 and 030-3900, Doña Ana County Fairgrounds, New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 185-340C, Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at two sites in Doña Ana County. Most of the sites were situated in slope landforms. Elevations average 4,438 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, broom snakeweed, dropseed grass, four-wing saltbush, and yucca).

A total of 17 features were excavated. Artifact recovery was based on 1/4in screen sizes and natural stratigraphic levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature oriented.

The sites were fire-cracked rock/lithic scatter sites. The sites were occupied during the late Archaic Period and early Mesilla phase.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 294 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Chiricahua, Paisano, and Augustin.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso Brown and Obliterated Corrugated Brownware.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon, phytolith, flotation, pollen, and charcoal analyses. Pollen studies revealed the presence of Pinaceae, Pinus, Carya, Celtis, Ephedra, Gramineae, Low-Spine Compositae, Artemisia, High-Spine Compositae, Erogonum, and Dimorphocarpa pollen. Both Cheno-ams and Portulaca were recovered in flotation samples. Charcoal samples included Prosopis/Quercus, Atriplex/Sacrobatus, and Prosopis. Phytolith studies showed the presence of Gramineae. Radiocarbon dates range from 1238-1002 B.C. to A.D. 42-278.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 424

ARMS LOG NO. 6019

AUTHOR Seyfarth, Jill

DATE 1983

TITLE An Intensive Archaeological Survey of the La Plata Trasportation Corridor and Mine Facilities Area. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Report No. 556, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 3,615.8 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of plain, uplift and mesa landforms. Vegetation present in the study area included juniper savannah (four-wing saltbush, snakeweed, greasewood, juniper, Mormon tea, and yucca).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-50m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 89 sites and 758 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 34 were lithic/sherd scatter sites, nine were lithic scatter sites, 10 were roomblock sites (some with middens), three were building stone concentration/artifact scatter sites, one was a pueblo site, one was a lithic scatter/hearth site, one was a structure/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a buried structure/artifact scatter site, one was a fire-cracked rock/lithic/sherd scatter/adobe site, two were roomblock/kiva sites, two were sandstone concentration sites, one was a petroglyph/hearth/lithic/sherd scatter site, one was a wall alignment/artifact scatter site, one was a water control site, one was a cobble mound site, and one was a roomblock/lithic scatter/midden site.

Thirteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. These sites included "camp" sites (4), lithic/sherd scatter/hearth sites (2), a dugout site, a homestead, an unspecified structure, a dugout/petroglyph/hearth/sherd scatter site, corrals (2), and one water control site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period, one was assigned to the Basketmaker III Period, 43 were assigned to the Anasazi/Pueblo II-III Period, six were assigned to the Pueblo I-III Period, three were assigned to the Anasazi/Archaic Period, and one was assigned to the Anasazi/Basketmaker III/Pueblo I-Pueblo III Period. Four sites contained multiple components (Anasazi/Historic and Basketmaker II/Historic).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained McElmo B/w, Mancos B/w, unspecified B/w, and plain gray wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 425

ARMS LOG NO. 28485

AUTHOR Shields, Helen B.

DATE 1989

TITLE FAADS II: An Archaeological Survey on the Northern End of White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Inc., Project No. 8715, Tularosa.



This mixed (sample quadrat and corridor) project encompassed 173.5 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted pri-marily of dissected peidmont landforms. Elevations varied between 6,363 and 7,792 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 47 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites and one was a lithic/groundstone site. One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was a rancher's line camp (1920-1940).

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo IV phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 12 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Chiricahua.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained San Clemente Glaze, brownware, and Red Mesa B/w wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cans (solder-seal, "KC Baking Powder") and glass ("Dr. J.H. McLean's", "Aceite Mexicano", "Volcanic Oil Liniment", Fairmont Glass Co.). Maker's marks were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 426

ARMS LOG NO. 18382

AUTHOR Sheilds, Helen B.

DATE 1987

TITLE A Preliminary Report of Cultural Resources Located Within the FAAD Project Area, White Sands Missle Range Lincoln and Socorro Counties, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Inc., Project No. 8650, Tularosa.



This mixed (block = 6750 and corridor = 557 acres) project encompassed 8,000 acres in Lincoln and Socorro Counties. The project area consisted primarily of bolson, mesa, and mountain landforms. Elevations varied between 5587-6207 feet. Vegetation consisted of desertscrub, grasslands, and pinyon-juniper woodlands. The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 59 sites and 620 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 21 were lithic scatter sites, 13 were lithic/sherd scatter sites, two were sherd scatter sites, one was a sherd/lithic/hearth, one was a bedrock mortar/ lithic, two were hearth/lithic scatter sites, and one was a sherd/ bedrock mortar site.

Sixteen historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, five were historic homesteads, one was a historic corral, one was an adobe structure, and one was Helms Ranch. The historic sites date to A.D. 1900-1940.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically ceramics from each site.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Only unidentified brownwares were found.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 427

ARMS LOG NO. 27983

AUTHOR Shields, Helen B. and Karl W. Laumbach

DATE 1989

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Non Line-of-Sight/Fiber Optics Guided Missile System Project, White Sands Missile Range, Socorro County, New Mexico. Human Systems Research, Inc., Project No. 8854, Tularosa.



This corridor project encompassed 1,606 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of pediment land-forms. Elevations varied between 5,500 and 6,750 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites and 63 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were lithic scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. Of these sites, one was assigned to the early phase and late phase of the Archaic Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and Formative).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded 20 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Bajada.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included glass (purple) and metal objects.

The report contained a tabular summary of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 428

ARMS LOG NO. 29146

AUTHOR Smith, Landon

DATE 1985

TITLE An Archaeological Report of the Hogback Hill Wilding and Crusher Projects. Santa Fe National Forest, Mayhill Ranger District, Report No. 1985-10-010.



This block project encompassed 1,432 acres in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations range from 7,250 to 7,580 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% foot and horseback sample in which unspecified coverage formed the basis for data collection. A total of zero sites and zero isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 429

ARMS LOG NO. 28864

AUTHOR Smith, R.J.T., Victor Gibbs, and Neal W. Ackerly

DATE 1989

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 1,533 Acres in the Vicinity of Tortugas Mountain, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Center for Anthropological Research, Report No. 679, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 1,533 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of bajada and mountain land-forms. Elevations varied between 4,100 and 4,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertcrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 80 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Limited testing was conducted at one site.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock scatter site and 10 were lithic/ fire-cracked rock scatter sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points, deco-rated ceramics, and obsidian hydration dating. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Archaic Period. One site contained multiple components (Archaic and Doña Ana phase).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceed 15 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 430

ARMS LOG NO. 8616

AUTHOR Snow, David H.

DATE 1984

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of 835 Acres Northwest of Santa Fe City Limits, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. Cross-Cultural Research Systems, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 835 acres in Santa Fe County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,000 and 7,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of four sites and 19 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

All of the recorded sites were lithic scatters. Due to a lack of diagnostic materials, approximate site ages could not be determined.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 431

ARMS LOG NO. 24026E

AUTHOR Snow, David H.

DATE 1978

TITLE Archaeolgical Excavations at Pueblo Del Encierro, LA 70, Cochiti Dam Salvage Project, Cochiti, New Mexico, Final Report: 1964-1965 Field Seasons. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropolgy, Note No. 78a, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Santa Fe County. The site is situated in floodplain landforms. The elevation is not specified. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavations samples and artifact recovery methods could not be determined. Excavations were structure oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric features, 198 were surface rooms, nine were kivas, and seven were pit structures, (10) were ramadas, (5) were borrow pits, and (9) were burial pits. The site was occupied from A.D. 1275-1550. One historic 18th century house site was excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample size was 4,735 artifacts from the site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were side-notched and corner-notched. Ceramic assemblages contained Abiquiu B/g, Agua Fria G/r, San Clemente Glaze Polychrome, Cieneguilla G/y, Clapboard Corrugated, Blind Indented Corrugated, Bandelier B/g, Largo G/y, Wiyo B/g, Espinoso G-P, San Lazaro Glaze Polychrome, Kwahe'e B/w, Plain Utiltiy, Santa Fe B/w, Sanchez G/r, Puaray Glaze Polychrome, Jeddito B/y, Socorro B/w, Historic Polychrome, Galisteo B/w, Tumacacori Polychrome, San Elizario Polychrome, Huejotzingo Bl/w, San Luis Bl/w, Fig Springs Polychrome, Abajo Polychrome, Puaray Polychrome, Puebla Bl/w, Aranama Polychrome, and Huejotzingo Banded. Vessel form, temper, pasted, and color data were presented. Analyses of 98 burials focused on age-sex, stature, and paleopathologies.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include Spanish Colonial metal items and historic ceramics.

Specialized studies include tree-ring dating, faunal, x-ray flourescence, flotation, pollen, and human osteology. Tree-ring dates were mostly "vv" dates but show that most of the features at the site post-date A.D. 1250. Faunal studies show fish, turkeys, Sylvilagus, Lepus, and Artiodactyls to comprise the majority of the assemblage. X-ray flourescence of turquoise was completed. Floral studies show corn, beans, squash, and Amaranthus to have been present. Pollen shows high levels of Ambrosia and Artemesia after A.D. 1400. Stylistic analyses of kiva murals were presented.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained spatial analyses and tabular summaries of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 432

ARMS LOG NO. 26336

AUTHOR Spielmann, Katherine A. and David C. Eshbaugh

DATE 1989

TITLE Summary Report: Salinas Archaeological Survey, May-June, 1988. Arizona State University, Department of Anthropology, Tempe, AZ.

This block project encompassed 4,096 acres in Socorro County. The project area consisted primarily of basin and playa landforms. Elevations varied between 6,280 and 6,630 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands with pinyon and juniper.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20m spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 116 sites and 149 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, six were lithic scatter sites, 67 were sherd/lithic sites, 38 were sherd/lithic/groundstone sites, nine were fieldhouse sites, nine were lithic/groundstone sites, 12 were isolated roasting pits, two were checkdams, and one was a shrine. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, all were assigned to the Pueblo IV phase (A.D. 900-1300) of the late Prehistoric Period.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites were dominated by side-notched types, with corner-notched, unnotched, and stemmed.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic and petrographic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w, Red Mesa B/w, St. Johns B/r, St. Johns Polychrome, Glaze A, and Kechipawan Polychrome wares.

Obsidian source analysis indicated use of redeposited nodules orginating from Corro dez Medio, Obsidian Ridge, and Polvadera Peak in the Jemez Mountains.

The report contained tabular summaries and limited descriptive statistical analyses of artifact assemblages between sites found during the project. An evaluation of site distributions by environmental zones found different elevational distributions of lithic and sherd/lithic scatters.

REFNO. 433

ARMS LOG NO. 24441

AUTHOR Spoerl, Patricia M.

DATE 1983

TITLE Cultural Resources Along Dog Canyon Trail: A Preliminary Report. Lincoln National Forest, Cloudcroft Ranger District, Report No. 1983-08-049.



This corridor project encompassed 50 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 4,415 and 7,544 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of nine sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, five were lithic scatter sites, two were sherd/lithic scatter sites, one was a rockshelter site, and one ring midden site was present. One historic component, an Anglo lineshack, was recorded in the study area.

No estimated ages were presented for sites in these groups. Little artifact data was presented. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 434

ARMS LOG NO. 22533

AUTHOR Spoerl, Patricia M.

DATE 1980

TITLE A Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation of the Proposed Upper Elk Timber Sale. Lincoln National Forest, Mayhill Ranger District, Report No. 1980-08-001.



This block project encompassed 270 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of drainage, slope and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,100 and 7,600 feet. Vege-tation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine and Douglas fir).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 14 sites were recorded during this project.

Thirteen of the recorded sites were lithic scatter sites and one was a lithic/sherd scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 435

ARMS LOG NO. 10735

AUTHOR Spoerl, Patricia M.

DATE 1979

TITLE A Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation of the Proposed Gilson Pasture Burn. Lincoln National Forest, Guadalupe Ranger District, Report No. 1979-08-007.



This block project encompassed 260 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of mountain and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 4,611 and 5,321 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of six sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, three were lithic scatter sites, two were rockshelter sites, and one was a sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock midden site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, one was assigned to the Pueblo IV (A.D. 110-1300) phase of the Formative Period.

Artifact data was limited. Sample sizes were not specified. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chupadero B/w and brown wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 436

ARMS LOG NO. 22243

AUTHOR Spoerl, Patricia M.

DATE 1978

TITLE A Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation of the Proposed Harvey Investment Company Land Exchange. Lincoln National Forest, Cloudcroft and Mayhill Districts, Report No. 1978-08-028.



This block project encompassed 640 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of dissected canyon-ridge landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 437

ARMS LOG NO. 11724

AUTHOR Stein, John R.

DATE 1976

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Tetilla Peak Recreation Area. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 101-103S, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 130 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations varied between 6,000 and 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed grasslands and pinyon-juniper woodlands. The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 15 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were fieldhouse sites with 1-2 rooms, four were basalt cobble alignment sites, and one was a lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 13 were assigned to the Pueblo IV phase (A.D. 1325-1500) of the Anasazi Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Glaze wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 438

ARMS LOG NO. 29124

AUTHOR Stephenson, Catherine D.

DATE 1985

TITLE Road Maintance, Repair and Reconstruction Part I: Cultural Resource Survey. Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District, Report No. 1985-10-040a.



This corridor project encompassed 376 acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa landforms. Elevations were not specified. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and mixed grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which a truck bumper survey formed the basis for data collection. A total of 22 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a petroglyph site, one was a fieldhouse (1-4 room) site, and two were sherd/lithic scatter sites.

A number of historic sites were recorded in the study area, but no details were provided. Of these, at least one was an Anglo site. This site included a railroad complex.

Estimated ages were selectively provided for sites in these groups. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Gallina phase of the Pueblo Period. A number of sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic).

No artifact data were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 439

ARMS LOG NO. 13708

AUTHOR Strand, John W.

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Survey in the Vicinity of Mariano Lake, New Mexico. Northern Arizona University, Project No. 232-NM-G, Flagstaff, AZ.



This block project encompassed 1,460 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 7,260 and 7,391 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands. The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-25m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 32 sites and three isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all (4) were masonry structure sites.

Twenty-eight historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, 27 were Native American (Navajo) sites and one was an Anglo site (CCC). These sites included mostly sweathouses with fewer hogans (wood, stone), corrals, sheep camps, and sandstone quarries. Most post-date A.D. 1940.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, four were assigned to the Pueblo II/Pueblo III phase of the Anasazi Period.

Little artifact data was presented. No projectile points were noted. Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assem-blages. Ceramic assemblages contained Cibola Gray, red ware, and Cibola White wares.

No historic artifacts were noted in the report.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 440

ARMS LOG NO. 16464

AUTHOR Struthers, Gordon F. and Jon Young

DATE 1986

TITLE Lonesome Timber Sale Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, El Rito Ranger District, Report No. 1985-02-050.



This block project encompassed 1,132 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa top land-forms. Elevations ranged from 8000 to 8,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine and oak).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of two sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, one was a lithic scatter site.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was recorded as an Anglo site. The site was a cabin/mine complex.

No estimated ages of the prehistoric or historic sites were presented. No artifact data were presented.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 441

ARMS LOG NO. 21021

AUTHOR Stuart, Trace

DATE 1988

TITLE Archaeological Survey of the Bear Creek Drainage and Adjacent Areas of NASA White Sands Test Facility near Las Cruces, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 43, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 2,645 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon and piedmont slope landforms. Elevation ranges from 5,000 to 5,480 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, tarbush, and mesquite).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 30 sites and 181 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, seven sites were lithic scatters only, another seven sites were lithic/groundstone scatters, nine sites were lithic/groundstone/sherd scatter, two sites were lithic/sherd scatter, two were isolated (charcoal) stains, one site was an isolated fire-cracked rock scatter, one site was a lithic/sherd/groundstone scatter with bedrock mortars, and one was a pot bust. The remaining 15 sites were classified as unknown. No historic sites were recorded in the study area. The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and four were assigned Formative Period. Three sites were assigned to A.D. 1150-1450, five to A.D. 200-900, and one site to A.D. 300-700.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on in-field analyses of assemblages. Stylistic analyses indicated the presence of brownware, Chupadero B/w, El Paso Polychrome, and El Paso Bichrome.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 442

ARMS LOG NO. 27944

AUTHOR Stuart, Trace and David G. Batcho

DATE 1989

TITLE An Archaeological Clearance Survey of An Area Proposed for the Doña Ana County Solid/Liquid Waste Disposal Facility on Bureau of Land Management Land Near Mesquite, New Mexico. Batcho and Kauffman Associates, Report No. 89, Las Cruces.



This block project encompassed 820 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consists of slope, ridge, and wash landforms. Elevations varied between 4,050 and 4,210 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (creosote, mesquite, acacia, and snakeweed).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 23 sites and 142 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 14 were lithic scatter sites, five were possible "camp" sites, and four were isolated buried hearth sites. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Artifact data were limited. No projectile points or ceramics were found.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 443

ARMS LOG NO. 797

AUTHOR Sundt, William M., Bettie Terry, Beryl McWilliams, and Richard A. Bice

DATE 1983

TITLE Report of Archaeological Survey of State of New Mexico Lands Along the Cañada De Las Milpas. Albuquerque Archaeological Society, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed acres in Sandoval County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo and floodplain landforms. Elevations varied between 5,500 and 6,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of an unspecified sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 38 sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, nine were fieldhouse sites, eight were roomblock sites, five were pueblo sites, two were rubble pile sites, one was a roch shelter site, one was a pueblo/fieldhouse site, and one was a lithic scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area. The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and decorated ceramics. Of these sites, 17 were assigned to the Pueblo III/Rio Grande Coalition Period, six were assigned to the Pueblo III/Rio Grande Classic Period, one was assigned to the Rio Grande Coalition Period, one was assigned to the Pueblo III/Rio Grande Developmental Period, one was assigned to the Rio Grande Classic Period, and one was assigned to the Pueblo III/Historic Anglo Periods. Eight sites contained multiple components (Pueblo III/Historic Anglo, Pueblo III/Rio Grande Classic, and Pueblo III/Rio Grande Developmental).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Kwahe'e B/w, Santa Fe B/w, McElmo B/w, Galisteo B/w, Socorro B/w, Tularosa B/w, St. John's B/r, St. John's Polychrome, early (A, B, C) Rio Grande Glaze, Tohatchi Banded, Plain Coil Corrugated, Chaco Corrugated, Indented Corrugated, Prieta Smewered Indented, smewered indented, and Zia Plain wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 444

ARMS LOG NO. 25237

AUTHOR Tagg, Martyn D.

DATE 1989

TITLE Chimney Trap Fuelwood Cultural Resource Survey. Lincoln National Forest, Guadalupe Ranger District, Report No. 1989-08-062.



This block project encompassed 260 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge, hill slopes, and limestone outcrop landforms. Elevations varied between 5,720 - 5,880 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 2m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 25 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were midden ring sites, three were "artifact scatter" sites, and one was a hearth site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Scallorn and Toyah/ Harrell.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained brownware and Three Rivers R/t wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 445

ARMS LOG NO. 24413

AUTHOR Tainter, Joseph A.

DATE 1978

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Wright Spring (Snake Canyon) Watershed. Lincoln National Forest, Cloudcroft Ranger District, Report No. 1978-08-008.



This block project encompassed 250 acres in Otero County. The project area consisted primarily of arroyo landforms. Elevation averages 7,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 18 sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this pro-ject.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 17 were lithic scatter sites and one was a lithic/sherd scatter site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

Estimated ages were based on decorated ceramics. All sites were assigned to the late Formative Period of the Jornada Mogollon.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. A chert hoe was found at one upper elevation site.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained B/r, B/w, and unspecified terracotta wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 446

ARMS LOG NO. 21869

AUTHOR Tatschl, Pete

DATE 1986

TITLE Hogback Hill and Springs Burn Cultural Resources Report, Santa Fe National Forest, Pecos Ranger District, Report No. 1986-10-107.



This block project encompassed 1,432 acres in San Miguel and Santa Fe Counties. Landforms were not discussed in the report. Elevation was 7,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. No sites or isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 447

ARMS LOG NO. 18381

AUTHOR Taylor, Michael

DATE 1981

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Anapra Off-Road Vehicle (ORV) Area. Bureau of Land Management, Las Cruces-Lordsburg Resource Area, Report No. 030-82-089, Las Cruces.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 374.50 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and arroyo landforms. Elevations varied between 3,900 and 4,150 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, creosote, saltbush, tarbush, white thorn, and range ratany).

The survey consisted of a 9% sample in which 30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 31 sites and 146 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 11 were "processing/procurement" sites, six were lithic scatter sites, four were lithic/sherd scatter sites, three were "habitation" sites, three were components of the Nuestra Señora de Los Conejos site, one was a lithic/hearth site, one was a hearth site, one was an "outlier" site and one was an El Paso phase/historic (ca. 1920) site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period and 18 were assigned to the Jornada Mogollon Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained late White Mountain Redware, Cibola Whiteware, Ramos Polychrome, Madera B/r, Gila Polychrome, Chupadero B/w, and Casas Grande Polychrome wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 448

ARMS LOG NO. 11154

AUTHOR Taylor, Michael R. and Douglas Brethauer

DATE 1980

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Five Geophysical Testing Transects in Southwestern Doña Ana County, New Mexico. New Mexico State University, Cultural Resources Management Division, Report No. 416, Las Cruces.



This corridor project encompassed 4800 acres in Doña Ana County. The project area consisted primarily of pediment, bajada, and bolson landforms. Elevations varied between 3,900 and 4,220 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included desertscrub (mesquite, yucca, broom snakeweed, and creosote).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 30-40m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 61 sites and 628 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 53 were "gathering/processing" sites and one was a "gathering" site.

Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, three were Anglo sites. These sites include trash dumps. Most of these sites appear to post-date A.D. 1910.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, two were assigned to the Archaic Period, and 29 were assigned to the Formative Period.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as early, middle, and late Archaic.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained El Paso brown, El Paso Bichrome, and El Paso Polychrome.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include glass and discarded appliances including a treadle sewing machine, a gas grill, a stove lid, and a push lawn mower.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 449

ARMS LOG NO. 22472

AUTHOR Tensfield, Jim

DATE 1978

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Placitas Revegetation Project. Carson National Forest, El Rito Ranger District, Report No. 1978-02-004.



This block project encompassed 1,300 acres in Rio Arriba County. Landforms were not mentioned in the report. Elevations were between 6,600 and 6,800 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included sagebrush.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which horesback survey with 6-12m crew spacing formed the basis for data col-lection. A total of eight sites and six isolated occurrences were recorded during this project. Site locations were not well established.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, seven were cobble cluster sites and one was a multi-room masonry pueblo site. No historic sites were recorded in the study area.

No estimated ages of sites in these groups were provided.

Artifact data were cursory. No debitage was found. Sites contained unclassified points.

Ceramic assemblages contained Glaze B/w wares.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 450

ARMS LOG NO. 16469

AUTHOR Thompson, Chris

DATE 1986a

TITLE Archaeological Survey Thunderbird Prescribed Burn. Cibola National Forest, Mountainair Ranger District, Report No. 1986-03-097.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 148.7 acres in Torrance County. The project area consisted primarily of slopes and drainage landforms. Elevation ranges from 7,600 to 8,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, alligator juniper, Douglas fir, and white fir).

The survey consisted of a 21% sample in which a 15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and five isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Three historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, one was a small farming homestead, one was a campsite consisting of two A-Frame huts and one was the remains of a saw mill and logging camp.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating. Based on the presence of purple glass. Two of the sites probably date prior to 1920.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 451

ARMS LOG NO. 16467

AUTHOR Thompson, Chris

DATE 1986b

TITLE Archaeological Survey: Mountainair Commercial Fuelwood Sale. Cibola National Forest, Mountainair Ranger District, Report No. 1986-03-092.



This block project encompassed 347 acres in Lincoln County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 7,180 and 7,420 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15-20m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 16 sites and 45 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, all were small lithic scatter sites. Most would be considered isolated occurrences. No historic sites were recorded in the study area. No estimated ages of these sites was presented.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes rwerely exceeded five artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. No projectile points were noted.

No ceramics were found. No historic artifacts were noted.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 452

ARMS LOG NO. 29405

AUTHOR Thompson, Ray

DATE 1982

TITLE Tank Eighteen Fuelwood Area Cultural Resource Survey on the Caja Del Rio. Santa Fe National Forest, Tesuque Ranger District, Report No. 1982-10-024.



This block project encompassed 1,850 acres in Santa Fe County. Landforms and elevations were not discussed in the report. Vege-tation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands. The survey consisted of a 92% judgemental sample in which 18m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of five sites were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic/sherd scatter sites. Three historic sites were recorded in the study area.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained B/w, B/r, redware, and grey wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included tin cans, large stone piles, and a rock cairn.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 453

ARMS LOG NO. 2428

AUTHOR Thrift, John B.

DATE 1974

TITLE Archaeological Survey on the Lumberton Watershed, Jicarilla Indian Reservation. University of New Mexico, Office of Contract Archaeology, Proposal No. 101-81, Albuquerque.



This block project encompassed 1,260 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of plateau and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 7,400 and 7,600 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, Gambel oak, and sage).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 26 sites and 12 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 14 were lithic scatter sites and two were "camp" sites.

Nine historic sites were recorded in the study area. Historic features noted in the report included "habitations" (house/barn - 1), sheep camps (2), ramada (1), "camps" (1), corrals (2), a trash dump. Of these sites, 8 were historic Apache sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. Two sites contained multiple components (possible Archaic/Historic Apache). Of these, 10 were assigned to the Archaic.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages and minimal data were presented. Projectile points were noted, but not named. Ceramics include only corrugated wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included cartridges (.44).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 454

ARMS LOG NO. 10764

AUTHOR Tjaden, Rex L.

DATE 1978

TITLE A Cultural Resource Survey of the Sawmill Springs Timber Sale. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1978-02-027.



This sample transect project encompassed 715 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of canyon landforms. Eleva-tions varied between 7,680 to 9,112 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, sage, brush, Pinyon-juniper woodlands).

The survey consisted of a 10% sample in which 40m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of three sites and 47 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, two were lithic scatter sites and one was a sherd/lithic scatter site.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically decorated ceramics. One site was tentatively dated to A.D. 1200 -1325.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 455

ARMS LOG NO. 24944T

AUTHOR Trierweiler, W. Nicholas, Christopher Lintz, and Charles Aylward

DATE 1988

TITLE Chronology and Subsistence in the Chama Valley: Archaeological Investigation of Eleven Lithic Scatter Sites in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. Mariah Associates, Inc., Albuquerque.



This project focused on excavations at 11 sites in Rio Arriba County. Most of the sites were situated in dissected ridge land-forms. Elevations varied between 7,120 and 7,320 feet. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavations were less than 1% of each site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary 10cm levels were used in all excavations.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, all were multicomponent lithic scatter sites. One historic component was excavated. This was an 1880-1920 Anglo masonry structure site. All sites contained multiple components (Archaic, Protohistoric, and Historic).

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 32 - 2300 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were Bajada, En Medio, San Jose, Armijo, Straight-Stemmed, Trujillo, and PaleoIndian. Chronometric studies of points showed that inferred ages may be erroneous.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Chaco Micaceous, San Juan Red, Tewa Utility, and Pueblo IV Micaceous.

Historic artifacts noted in the report include purple glass.

Specialized studies include radiocarbon, obsidian hydration, faunal, and pollen. C14 and obsidian hydration dates confirm that most sites were multicomponent. Sourcing studies of obsidian show that most derived from Polvadera Peak. Faunal studies found Odocoileus and birds. Pollen studies from cultural features found Pinus, Artemesia, and Cheno-ams as dominants.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained inter-site statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 456

ARMS LOG NO. 22727

AUTHOR Trompler, Mary Ann

DATE 1988

TITLE Tres Piedras Road Closures 1988 Cultural Resources Surface Survey. Carson National Forest, Tres Piedras Ranger District, Report No. 1988-01-112.



This corridor project encompassed 83 acres in Rio Arriba and Taos Counties. Elevations varied between 6,700 and 10,580 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 15m crew spacing form the basis for data collection. A total of 11 sites and 59 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 10 were lithic scatter sites.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. The site was the remains of a sawmill which was operational during the 1950's.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points. The sites appear to date to the late Archaic and Pueblo I-II Periods.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assem-blages. Stylistic analyses were restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Pueblo I and corner-notched dart point.

Historic artifacts noted in the report included the remains of a pick-up truck with a wooden frame.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 457

ARMS LOG NO. 22064

AUTHOR Trout, Jerry L.

DATE 1983

TITLE A Cultural Resources Clearance Investigation of the Proposed East Well Prescribed Burn. Lincoln National Forest, Guadalupe Ranger District, Report No. 1983-08-023.



This block project encompassed 700 acres in Eddy County. The project area consisted primarily of mesa and canyon landforms. Elevations varied between 4,660 and 5,272 feet. Vegetation present in the study area is not specified.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of no sites and no isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

REFNO. 458

ARMS LOG NO. 30964E

AUTHOR Varien, Mark

DATE 1986

TITLE Excavations at Three Prehistoric Sites Along Pia Mesa Road, Zuni Indian Reservation, McKinley County, New Mexico. Zuni Archaeological Program, Report No. 233, Zuni.



This project focused on excavations at three sites in McKinley County. Most of the sites were situated in dune and ridge land-forms. Elevations varied between 6,400 and 6,500 feet. Vegetation in the study area included desertscrub.

Excavation samples were not specified. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and arbitrary "fill"-"floor" levels were used in all excavations. Excavations were feature oriented.

Of the total number of excavated prehistoric sites, two were early pithouse sites and one was a Pueblo II kiva. No historic sites were excavated.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes range from 25 - 1427 artifacts per site. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Detailed raw material studies were included in the report. No projectile points were noted.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Wingate Polychrome, Puerco B/r, Win-gate B/r, St. John's B/r, Adamana Brown, Adamana Fugitive Red, Plain Gray, Plain Corrugated, Indented Corrugated, Red Mesa B/w, Puerco B/w, Escavada B/w, Gallup B/w, and Reserve B/w.

Specialized studies include tree-ring dating, radiocarbon dating, pollen, flotation, and faunal analyses. Most tree-ring dates were "vv" dates post-dating ca. A.D. 300-400 (NM: 12: K3: 201) and A.D. 1116-1120 (NM: 12: K3: 252). A total of 50 tree-ring and three radiocarbon dates were run. Flotation studies showed Amaranthus, Chenopodium, and Zea to have been used. These patterns were consistent with pollen results. Faunal studies showed Lepus, Canis, and Meleagris to have been present.

Architectural features include jacal, pithouses, and masonry kivas. Extramural features included hearths and bell-shaped pits.

The report is primarily descriptive in nature and contained detailed tabular summaries and statistical spatial analyses of artifact assemblages.



REFNO. 459

ARMS LOG NO. 23664

AUTHOR Velarde, Gifford

DATE 1988

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of the Timber Lake Sale in North-Central New Mexico, Conducted for the Jicarilla Apache Tribe. Jicarilla Apache Archaeological Services, Report No. 88-258b, Dulce.



This block project encompassed 2,900 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of hill and ridge landforms. Elevations varied between 7,144 and 8,000 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (ponderosa pine, Gamble oak, Pinyon-juniper woodlands, oak, and sage).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 20-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 20 sites and 34 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, 11 were lithic scatter sites, two were lithic/sherd scatter sites, one was a sherd scatter site, and one was a possible pithouse site.

Five historic sites were recorded in the study area. Of these, three were trash scatter sites and one was a historic sheep camp. Age and ethnic affiliation was not indicated.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics.

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named. There were not detailed discussions of ceramics.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 460

ARMS LOG NO. 18394

AUTHOR Velarde, Gifford

DATE 1987

TITLE An Archaeological Survey of Five Logging Units in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, Conducted for Bureau of Indian Affairs, Branch of Forestry. Jicarilla Apache Archaeological Services, Report No. 87-231, Dulce.



This sample quadrat project encompassed 300 acres in Rio Arriba County. The project area consisted primarily of hill and ridgeline landforms. Elevations varied between 7,280 and 8,200 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included mixed conifers (Pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine, oak, Oregon grape, Douglas fir, and narrow leaf yucca).

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which a unspecified crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 10 sites were recorded during this project. Of these, eight were prehistoric sites and two were historic sites.

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 461

ARMS LOG NO. 15947

AUTHOR Vierra, Bradley J., Patricia Prince, Margweret A. Powers, and Fred York.

DATE 1986

TITLE The Archaeological Resources of the Arch Joint Venture Project Along Coal Creek and De-Na-Zin Wash, San Juan County, New Mexico. San Juan County Museum Association, Division of Conservation Archaeology, Studies in Archaeology No. 3, Farmington.



This corridor project encompassed 1,200 acres in San Juan County. The project area consisted primarily of dunes and badland landforms. Elevation ranges from 5,900 to 6,100 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included sagebrush flats.

The survey consisted of a 100% survey in which 15-30m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 296 sites and 295 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded sites, 129 were lithic sites, 24 were sherd/lithic/fire-cracked rock sites (some with ground-stone), 61 were lithic/sherd scatter sites, 23 were lithic/fire-cracked rock sites (some with groundstone), six were "habitation" sites, three were lithic/groundstone sites, one was a sherd scatter site, one was a roomblock/kiva, one was a midden site, one was a circular coursed sandstone feature, one was a "quarry" site, one was a rubble mound site, and one site was a stone circle made of petrified wood logs. Seven sites contained multiple components (prehistoric and historic). Twenty historic sites were recorded in the study area. These included two historic tanner trading post complex sites (2), three earthen dams (3), two corrals (2), one Navajo structures (hogan, brush shelter, structure - 3), one windmill, trash scatters (2), "camps" (2), one homestead, one historic trash/sherd scatter, and two unknown sites.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, e.g., projectile points and ceramics from each site. Of these sites, three were assigned to the early Archaic Period, 8 to the middle Archaic, 15 were assigned were assigned to the late Archaic Period, 17 were assigned to the Anasazi, 65 were assigned to the Pueblo I-III, four were assigned to the Basketmaker III-Pueblo II, and ten were assigned to the Basketmaker II/Pueblo II-III.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assem-blages. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses was restricted to projectile points. Sites contained points classified as Jay, Bajada, early Archaic, San Jose, San Jose/Armijo, Armijo, En Medio, late Archaic, Chiricahua-Cochise, Desert Side-Notched, Rose Spring, Basketmaker III, Basketmaker III-Pueblo I, Pueblo I-II, Pueblo II, and historic metal point. Ceramic assemblages contained Cibloa, Puerco, Gallup, Red Mesa, Chusha, and San Juan wares.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 462

ARMS LOG NO. 31062E

AUTHOR Vierra, Bradley J., James W. Lancaster, T.G. Futch, Linda J. Scott, and David A. Phillips, Jr.

DATE 1987

TITLE Archaeological Excavations at the Rio Bonito Site Lincoln County, New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropolgy, Note No. 358, Santa Fe.



This project focused on excavations at one site in Lincoln County. The site is situated on floodplain landforms, with an elevation of 6,120. Vegetation in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands.

Excavation sample fractions approached 7.6% of the site. Artifact recovery was based on screen sizes of 1/4in. and 10cm levels were used in the pithouse excavations. Excavations were feature oriented.

The Rio Bonito site consists of a pithouse, a groundstone cache, and a sherd scatter. Ceramic typology dates the site to an 11th century occupation.

Artifact data were based on laboratory analyses of assemblages. The sample size was 94 artifacts. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Stylistic analyses of lithics focused on projectile points. Among the types noted were side-notched.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained Jornada Brown, El Paso Brown, Jornada Red, and Mimbres B/w.

Specialized studies include pollen, flotation, and radiocarbon analyses. A weighted C14 date of A.D. 1065 + 17 was obtained. Pollen analyses showed the presence of Cheno-ams, Artemisia, and Helianthus-type pollen at the site. Flotation studies resulted in the recovery of Zea, Juniperus, Cheno-ams, Pinus, and Amaranthus remains.

The report contained statistical analyses of artifact assemblages.

REFNO. 463

ARMS LOG NO. 26561

AUTHOR Viklund, Lonyta

DATE 1989

TITLE The Pecos Green Fuelwood Timber Sale Cultural Resources Survey. Southwest Archaeological Consultants Inc., Project No. 218, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 522 acres in San Miguel County. The project area consisted primarily of ridge and valley landforms. Elevations varied between 7,200 and 7,920 feet. Vegetation present in the study area included pinyon-juniper woodlands and grasslands.

The survey consisted of a 100% sample in which 10-15m crew spacing formed the basis for data collection. A total of 12 sites and 38 isolated occurrences were recorded during this project.

Of the total number of recorded prehistoric sites, eight were lithic scatter sites and three were sherd/lithic scatter sites.

One historic site was recorded in the study area. This site was an Anglo corral dating to pre-1950 times.

The estimated ages of sites in these groups were based on typological cross-dating, specifically projectile points and deco-rated ceramics. Of these sites, three were assigned to the Archaic Period and three were assigned to the later phases of the Anasazi Period. Two sites contained multiple components (Archaic and Anasazi).

Artifact data were based on in-field analyses of assemblages. Sample sizes were not specified. Lithic analyses focused primarily on debitage assemblages. Projectile points were noted, but not named.

Ceramic analyses focused on stylistic analyses of assemblages. Ceramic assemblages contained unspecified utility, Sanchez G/r, Puaray G/r, San Lazaro, Glaze Polychrome, Agua Fria G/r, and Espinoza Glaze wares.

Historic artifacts noted in the repot included glass ("Owens Illinois", purple).

The report contained no statistical analyses of artifact assem-blages from sites found during the project.

REFNO. 464

ARMS LOG NO. 26562

AUTHOR Viklund, Lonyta and Cherie L. Scheick

DATE 1989

TITLE Archaeological Survey of Proposed Lee Ranch Mine Expansion Parcels San Mateo, McKinley County, New Mexico. Southwest Archaeological Consultants, Inc., Project No. 226, Santa Fe.



This block project encompassed 992 acres in McKinley County. The project area consisted primarily of slope, sandstone outcrop, mesa and escarp